Abstract

We propose a method of determining interfacial shear strength between the glass fiber and primary coating in double-coated optical fibers. A commercial stripper is used to mechanically strip the polymeric coatings. It consists of two hinged arms and a pair of blades with a semicircular bore. In the mechanical stripping process the relationship between the strip force and stripper displacement is measured. The interfacial shear strength between the glass fiber and primary coating is then determined from this relationship. The measured interfacial shear strength increases with the increasing stripping rate. It is found that measured results are compatible with theoretical results.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. R. Kurkjian, J. T. Krause, M. J. Matthewson, “Strength and fatigue of silica optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1360–1370 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. H. Cherin, Introduction to Optical Fibers (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1983).
  3. W. W. King, C. J. Aloisio, “Thermomechanism for delamination of polymeric coatings from optical fibers,” J. Electron. Packaging 119 (2), 133–137 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. T. Shiue, “Theoretical analysis of thermally induced delamination of polymeric coatings in double-coated optical fibers,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 38, 1023–1028 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. T. Shiue, “Design of the interfacial shear strength between the glass fiber and primary coating in double-coated optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1657–1661 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Suhir, “Interfacial shearing stress in pull-out testing of dual-coated lightguide specimens,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1905–1913 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Nagata, N. Miyamoto, T. Saito, R. Kaizu, “Reliable jacket stripping of optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 727–729 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. J. Matthewson, C. R. Kurkjian, J. R. Hamblin, “Acid stripping of fused silica optical fibers without strength degradation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 490–497 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. S. Park, S. Lee, C. S. Kim, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, “A novel method of removing optical fiber coating with hot air stream,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1999 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp.371–373.
  10. S. T. Shiue, K. I. Chen, “Design of double-coated optical fibers to minimize mechanical strip forces,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1669–1674 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. T. Shiue, “Design of tightly jacketed double-coated optical fibers to minimize mechanical strip forces,” Opt. Eng. 36, 2164–2168 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. W. Hertzberg, Deformation and Fracture Mechanics of Engineering Materials, 4nd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1996), pp. 48–49.

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

S. T. Shiue, “Theoretical analysis of thermally induced delamination of polymeric coatings in double-coated optical fibers,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 38, 1023–1028 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

W. W. King, C. J. Aloisio, “Thermomechanism for delamination of polymeric coatings from optical fibers,” J. Electron. Packaging 119 (2), 133–137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Matthewson, C. R. Kurkjian, J. R. Hamblin, “Acid stripping of fused silica optical fibers without strength degradation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 490–497 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Shiue, K. I. Chen, “Design of double-coated optical fibers to minimize mechanical strip forces,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1669–1674 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Shiue, “Design of tightly jacketed double-coated optical fibers to minimize mechanical strip forces,” Opt. Eng. 36, 2164–2168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

H. Nagata, N. Miyamoto, T. Saito, R. Kaizu, “Reliable jacket stripping of optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 727–729 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

E. Suhir, “Interfacial shearing stress in pull-out testing of dual-coated lightguide specimens,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1905–1913 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

C. R. Kurkjian, J. T. Krause, M. J. Matthewson, “Strength and fatigue of silica optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1360–1370 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Aloisio, C. J.

W. W. King, C. J. Aloisio, “Thermomechanism for delamination of polymeric coatings from optical fibers,” J. Electron. Packaging 119 (2), 133–137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. I.

S. T. Shiue, K. I. Chen, “Design of double-coated optical fibers to minimize mechanical strip forces,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1669–1674 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cherin, A. H.

A. H. Cherin, Introduction to Optical Fibers (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1983).

Chung, Y.

H. S. Park, S. Lee, C. S. Kim, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, “A novel method of removing optical fiber coating with hot air stream,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1999 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp.371–373.

Hamblin, J. R.

M. J. Matthewson, C. R. Kurkjian, J. R. Hamblin, “Acid stripping of fused silica optical fibers without strength degradation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 490–497 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hertzberg, R. W.

R. W. Hertzberg, Deformation and Fracture Mechanics of Engineering Materials, 4nd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1996), pp. 48–49.

Kaizu, R.

H. Nagata, N. Miyamoto, T. Saito, R. Kaizu, “Reliable jacket stripping of optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 727–729 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C. S.

H. S. Park, S. Lee, C. S. Kim, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, “A novel method of removing optical fiber coating with hot air stream,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1999 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp.371–373.

King, W. W.

W. W. King, C. J. Aloisio, “Thermomechanism for delamination of polymeric coatings from optical fibers,” J. Electron. Packaging 119 (2), 133–137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krause, J. T.

C. R. Kurkjian, J. T. Krause, M. J. Matthewson, “Strength and fatigue of silica optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1360–1370 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kurkjian, C. R.

M. J. Matthewson, C. R. Kurkjian, J. R. Hamblin, “Acid stripping of fused silica optical fibers without strength degradation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 490–497 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Kurkjian, J. T. Krause, M. J. Matthewson, “Strength and fatigue of silica optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1360–1370 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

H. S. Park, S. Lee, C. S. Kim, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, “A novel method of removing optical fiber coating with hot air stream,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1999 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp.371–373.

Matthewson, M. J.

M. J. Matthewson, C. R. Kurkjian, J. R. Hamblin, “Acid stripping of fused silica optical fibers without strength degradation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 490–497 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Kurkjian, J. T. Krause, M. J. Matthewson, “Strength and fatigue of silica optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1360–1370 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, N.

H. Nagata, N. Miyamoto, T. Saito, R. Kaizu, “Reliable jacket stripping of optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 727–729 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nagata, H.

H. Nagata, N. Miyamoto, T. Saito, R. Kaizu, “Reliable jacket stripping of optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 727–729 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Paek, U. C.

H. S. Park, S. Lee, C. S. Kim, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, “A novel method of removing optical fiber coating with hot air stream,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1999 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp.371–373.

Park, H. S.

H. S. Park, S. Lee, C. S. Kim, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, “A novel method of removing optical fiber coating with hot air stream,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1999 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp.371–373.

Saito, T.

H. Nagata, N. Miyamoto, T. Saito, R. Kaizu, “Reliable jacket stripping of optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 727–729 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shiue, S. T.

S. T. Shiue, “Design of the interfacial shear strength between the glass fiber and primary coating in double-coated optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1657–1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Shiue, “Theoretical analysis of thermally induced delamination of polymeric coatings in double-coated optical fibers,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 38, 1023–1028 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Shiue, “Design of tightly jacketed double-coated optical fibers to minimize mechanical strip forces,” Opt. Eng. 36, 2164–2168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Shiue, K. I. Chen, “Design of double-coated optical fibers to minimize mechanical strip forces,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1669–1674 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Suhir, E.

E. Suhir, “Interfacial shearing stress in pull-out testing of dual-coated lightguide specimens,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1905–1913 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Electron. Packaging (1)

W. W. King, C. J. Aloisio, “Thermomechanism for delamination of polymeric coatings from optical fibers,” J. Electron. Packaging 119 (2), 133–137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (6)

C. R. Kurkjian, J. T. Krause, M. J. Matthewson, “Strength and fatigue of silica optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1360–1370 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. Suhir, “Interfacial shearing stress in pull-out testing of dual-coated lightguide specimens,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1905–1913 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Nagata, N. Miyamoto, T. Saito, R. Kaizu, “Reliable jacket stripping of optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 727–729 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Matthewson, C. R. Kurkjian, J. R. Hamblin, “Acid stripping of fused silica optical fibers without strength degradation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 490–497 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Shiue, K. I. Chen, “Design of double-coated optical fibers to minimize mechanical strip forces,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1669–1674 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Shiue, “Design of the interfacial shear strength between the glass fiber and primary coating in double-coated optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1657–1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

S. T. Shiue, “Design of tightly jacketed double-coated optical fibers to minimize mechanical strip forces,” Opt. Eng. 36, 2164–2168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Polym. Eng. Sci. (1)

S. T. Shiue, “Theoretical analysis of thermally induced delamination of polymeric coatings in double-coated optical fibers,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 38, 1023–1028 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

A. H. Cherin, Introduction to Optical Fibers (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1983).

H. S. Park, S. Lee, C. S. Kim, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, “A novel method of removing optical fiber coating with hot air stream,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1999 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp.371–373.

R. W. Hertzberg, Deformation and Fracture Mechanics of Engineering Materials, 4nd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1996), pp. 48–49.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the stripping process for a double-coated optical fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Relationship between the strip force and stripper displacement during the stripping process.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental example showing the relationship between the strip force and stripper displacement.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Effects of the stripping rates v on the strip forces F a (v) and k(v) value.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Average Values of Strip Force k and Interfacial Shear Strength at 14 Different Stripping Ratesa

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Fa=2πr0τa tanhkL/k,
k=2πr0λ/κ1/2,
λ=λ0+λs,
λ0=1/πr02E0,
λs=1/πr22-r12E2+πr12-rs2E1for r0<rsr11/πr22-rs2E2for r1<rsr2,
κ=21+ν1lnrs/r0r0/E1for r0<rsr121+ν1lnr1/r0r0/E1+21+ν2lnrs/r1r0/E2for r1<rsr2.
k=tanh-10.5/x2=0.5493/x2.
τa=kFa/2πr0 tanhkL,
FavFa=vvan,
kvk=vvam,
τavτa=vvan+m,

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