Abstract

Although a full three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction with both 3-D forward and inverse models provides the optimal solution for diffuse optical tomography (DOT), because of the 3-D nature of photon diffusion in tissue, it is computationally costly for both memory requirement and execution time in a conventional computing environment. Thus in practice there is motivation to develop an image reconstruction algorithm with dimensional reduction based on some modeling approximations. Here we have implemented a semi-3-D modified generalized pulse spectrum technique for time-resolved DOT, where a two-dimensional (2-D) distribution of optical properties is approximately assumed, while we retain 3-D distribution of photon migration in tissue. We have validated the proposed algorithm by reconstructing 3-D structural test objects from both numerically simulated and experimental data. We demonstrate our algorithm by comparing it with the calibrated 2-D reconstruction that is in widespread use as a shortcut to 3-D imaging and proving that the semi-3-D algorithm outperforms the calibrated 2-D algorithm.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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2002

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Tanikawa, Y. Yamada, “Time-resolved diffuse optical tomography using a modified generalized pulse spectrum technique,” IEICE Trans. Inf. Syst. E85-D, 133–142 (2002), http://search.ieice.org/2002/files/e110d.htm#e85-d,1,1 .

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Yamada, “Improvement of image quality in diffuse optical tomography by use of full time-resolved data,” Appl. Opt. 41, 778–791 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

Y. Xu, N. V. Iftimia, H. Jiang, L. L. Key, M. B. Bolster, “Imaging of in vitro and in vivo bones and joints with continuous-wave diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 8, 447–451 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Hebden, H. Veenstra, H. Dehghani, E. M. C. Hillman, M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, D. T. Delpy, “Three-dimensional time-resolved optical tomography of a conical breast phantom,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3278–3287 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Pei, H. L. Graber, R. L. Barbour, “Normalized-constraint algorithm for minimizing inter-parameter crosstalk in DC optical tomography,” Opt. Express 9, 97–109 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Y. Bluestone, G. Abdoulaev, C. H. Schmitz, R. L. Barbour, A. H. Hielscher, “Three-dimensional optical tomography of hemodynamics in the human head,” Opt. Express 9, 272–286 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Pei, H. L. Graber, R. L. Barbour, “Influence of systematic errors in reference states on image quality and on stability of derived information for dc optical imaging,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5755–5769 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. M. C. Hillman, J. C. Hebden, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, F. E. W. Schmidt, D. T. Delpy, S. R. Arridge, “Time-resolved optical tomography of the human forearm,” Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 1117–1130 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Boas, T. Gaudette, G. Strangman, X. Cheng, J. J. A. Marota, J. B. Mandeville, “The accuracy of near infrared spectroscopy and imaging during focal changes in cerebral hemodynamics,” NeuroImage 13, 76–90 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

1999

H. Eda, I. Oda, Y. Ito, Y. Wada, Y. Oikawa, Y. Tsunazawa, M. Takada, Y. Tsuchiya, Y. Yamashita, M. Oda, A. Sassaroli, Y. Yamada, M. Tamura, “Multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3595–3601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Cubeddu, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, G. Valentini, “Compact tissue oximeter based on dual-wavelength multichannel time-resolved reflectance,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3670–3680 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. O. McBride, B. W. Pogue, E. D. Gerety, S. B. Poplack, U. L. Österberg, K. D. Paulsen, “Spectroscopic diffuse optical tomography for the quantitative assessment of hemoglobin concentration and oxygen saturation in breast tissue,” Appl. Opt. 38, 5480–5490 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Ye, K. J. Webb, R. P. Millane, T. J. Downar, “Modified distorted Born iterative method with an approximate Frechet derivative for optical diffusion tomography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 1814–1826 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge, “Optical tomography in medical imaging,” Inverse Probl. 15, R41–93 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, “Application of temporal filters to time resolved data in optical tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 44, 1699–1717 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

1997

1995

1994

1993

1992

D. Colton, P. Monk, “A comparison of two methods for solving the inverse scattering problem for acoustic waves in an inhomogeneous medium,” J. Comput. Appl. Math. 42, 5–16 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1985

Y. M. Chen, “Generalized pulse spectrum technique,” Geophysics 50, 1664–1675 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Abdoulaev, G.

Arridge, S. R.

E. M. C. Hillman, J. C. Hebden, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, F. E. W. Schmidt, D. T. Delpy, S. R. Arridge, “Time-resolved optical tomography of the human forearm,” Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 1117–1130 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Hebden, H. Veenstra, H. Dehghani, E. M. C. Hillman, M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, D. T. Delpy, “Three-dimensional time-resolved optical tomography of a conical breast phantom,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3278–3287 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. E. W. Schmidt, J. C. Hebden, E. M. C. Hillman, M. E. Fry, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, D. T. Delpy, S. R. Arridge, “Multiple-slice imaging of a tissue-equivalent phantom by use of time-resolved optical tomography,” Appl. Opt. 39, 3380–3387 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. M. C. Hillman, J. C. Hebden, F. E. W. Schmidt, S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, D. T. Delpy, “Calibration techniques and datatype extraction for time-resolved optical tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3415–3427 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge, “Optical tomography in medical imaging,” Inverse Probl. 15, R41–93 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, “Application of temporal filters to time resolved data in optical tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 44, 1699–1717 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, “Comparison of two- and three-dimensional reconstruction methods in optical tomography,” Appl. Opt. 37, 7419–7428 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, “Photon-measurement density functions. Part 2: Finite-element-method calculations,” Appl. Opt. 34, 8026–8037 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. R. Arridge, “Photon-measurement density functions. Part 1: Analytic forms,” Appl. Opt. 34, 7395–7409 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, “Optimal data types in optical tomography,” in Information Processing in Medical Imaging, J. Duncan, G. Gindi, eds., Vol. 1230 of Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997).

Barbour, R. L.

Bevilacqua, F.

Bluestone, A. Y.

Boas, D. A.

D. A. Boas, T. Gaudette, G. Strangman, X. Cheng, J. J. A. Marota, J. B. Mandeville, “The accuracy of near infrared spectroscopy and imaging during focal changes in cerebral hemodynamics,” NeuroImage 13, 76–90 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. O’Leary, D. A. Boas, B. Chance, A. G. Yodh, “Experimental images of heterogeneous turbid media by frequency-domain diffusing-photon tomography,” Opt. Lett. 20, 426–428 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bolster, M. B.

Chance, B.

Chen, Y. M.

Y. M. Chen, “Generalized pulse spectrum technique,” Geophysics 50, 1664–1675 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X.

D. A. Boas, T. Gaudette, G. Strangman, X. Cheng, J. J. A. Marota, J. B. Mandeville, “The accuracy of near infrared spectroscopy and imaging during focal changes in cerebral hemodynamics,” NeuroImage 13, 76–90 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Colak, S. B.

Colton, D.

D. Colton, P. Monk, “A comparison of two methods for solving the inverse scattering problem for acoustic waves in an inhomogeneous medium,” J. Comput. Appl. Math. 42, 5–16 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cubeddu, R.

Dehghani, H.

J. C. Hebden, H. Veenstra, H. Dehghani, E. M. C. Hillman, M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, D. T. Delpy, “Three-dimensional time-resolved optical tomography of a conical breast phantom,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3278–3287 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. M. C. Hillman, J. C. Hebden, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, F. E. W. Schmidt, D. T. Delpy, S. R. Arridge, “Time-resolved optical tomography of the human forearm,” Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 1117–1130 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. E. W. Schmidt, J. C. Hebden, E. M. C. Hillman, M. E. Fry, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, D. T. Delpy, S. R. Arridge, “Multiple-slice imaging of a tissue-equivalent phantom by use of time-resolved optical tomography,” Appl. Opt. 39, 3380–3387 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. M. C. Hillman, J. C. Hebden, F. E. W. Schmidt, S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, D. T. Delpy, “Calibration techniques and datatype extraction for time-resolved optical tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3415–3427 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Delpy, D. T.

E. M. C. Hillman, J. C. Hebden, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, F. E. W. Schmidt, D. T. Delpy, S. R. Arridge, “Time-resolved optical tomography of the human forearm,” Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 1117–1130 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Hebden, H. Veenstra, H. Dehghani, E. M. C. Hillman, M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, D. T. Delpy, “Three-dimensional time-resolved optical tomography of a conical breast phantom,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3278–3287 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. E. W. Schmidt, J. C. Hebden, E. M. C. Hillman, M. E. Fry, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, D. T. Delpy, S. R. Arridge, “Multiple-slice imaging of a tissue-equivalent phantom by use of time-resolved optical tomography,” Appl. Opt. 39, 3380–3387 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. M. C. Hillman, J. C. Hebden, F. E. W. Schmidt, S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, D. T. Delpy, “Calibration techniques and datatype extraction for time-resolved optical tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3415–3427 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Depeursinge, C.

Downar, T. J.

Eda, H.

H. Eda, I. Oda, Y. Ito, Y. Wada, Y. Oikawa, Y. Tsunazawa, M. Takada, Y. Tsuchiya, Y. Yamashita, M. Oda, A. Sassaroli, Y. Yamada, M. Tamura, “Multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3595–3601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fry, M. E.

Gao, F.

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Yamada, “Improvement of image quality in diffuse optical tomography by use of full time-resolved data,” Appl. Opt. 41, 778–791 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Tanikawa, Y. Yamada, “Time-resolved diffuse optical tomography using a modified generalized pulse spectrum technique,” IEICE Trans. Inf. Syst. E85-D, 133–142 (2002), http://search.ieice.org/2002/files/e110d.htm#e85-d,1,1 .

F. Gao, P. Poulet, Y. Yamada, “Simultaneous mapping of absorption and scattering coefficients from a three-dimensional model of time-resolved optical tomography,” Appl. Opt. 39, 5898–5910 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Onodera, A. Sassaroli, Y. Tanikawa, Y. Yamada, “Image reconstruction from experimental measurements of a multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” in Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue IV, B. Chance, R. R. Alfano, B. J. Tromberg, M. Tamura, E. M. Sevick-Muraca, eds., Proc. SPIE4250, 351–361 (2001).

Gaudette, T.

D. A. Boas, T. Gaudette, G. Strangman, X. Cheng, J. J. A. Marota, J. B. Mandeville, “The accuracy of near infrared spectroscopy and imaging during focal changes in cerebral hemodynamics,” NeuroImage 13, 76–90 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gerety, E. D.

Graber, H. L.

Gross, J. D.

Hebden, J. C.

J. C. Hebden, H. Veenstra, H. Dehghani, E. M. C. Hillman, M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, D. T. Delpy, “Three-dimensional time-resolved optical tomography of a conical breast phantom,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3278–3287 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. M. C. Hillman, J. C. Hebden, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, F. E. W. Schmidt, D. T. Delpy, S. R. Arridge, “Time-resolved optical tomography of the human forearm,” Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 1117–1130 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. E. W. Schmidt, J. C. Hebden, E. M. C. Hillman, M. E. Fry, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, D. T. Delpy, S. R. Arridge, “Multiple-slice imaging of a tissue-equivalent phantom by use of time-resolved optical tomography,” Appl. Opt. 39, 3380–3387 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. M. C. Hillman, J. C. Hebden, F. E. W. Schmidt, S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, D. T. Delpy, “Calibration techniques and datatype extraction for time-resolved optical tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3415–3427 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hielscher, A. H.

Hillman, E. M. C.

E. M. C. Hillman, J. C. Hebden, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, F. E. W. Schmidt, D. T. Delpy, S. R. Arridge, “Time-resolved optical tomography of the human forearm,” Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 1117–1130 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Hebden, H. Veenstra, H. Dehghani, E. M. C. Hillman, M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, D. T. Delpy, “Three-dimensional time-resolved optical tomography of a conical breast phantom,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3278–3287 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. E. W. Schmidt, J. C. Hebden, E. M. C. Hillman, M. E. Fry, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, D. T. Delpy, S. R. Arridge, “Multiple-slice imaging of a tissue-equivalent phantom by use of time-resolved optical tomography,” Appl. Opt. 39, 3380–3387 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. M. C. Hillman, J. C. Hebden, F. E. W. Schmidt, S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, D. T. Delpy, “Calibration techniques and datatype extraction for time-resolved optical tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3415–3427 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Iftimia, N. V.

Ito, Y.

H. Eda, I. Oda, Y. Ito, Y. Wada, Y. Oikawa, Y. Tsunazawa, M. Takada, Y. Tsuchiya, Y. Yamashita, M. Oda, A. Sassaroli, Y. Yamada, M. Tamura, “Multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3595–3601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

Kak, A. C.

A. C. Kak, M. Slaney, Principles of Computerized Tomographic Imaging (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1988).

Key, L. L.

Kolzer, J.

Mandeville, J. B.

D. A. Boas, T. Gaudette, G. Strangman, X. Cheng, J. J. A. Marota, J. B. Mandeville, “The accuracy of near infrared spectroscopy and imaging during focal changes in cerebral hemodynamics,” NeuroImage 13, 76–90 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marguet, P.

Marota, J. J. A.

D. A. Boas, T. Gaudette, G. Strangman, X. Cheng, J. J. A. Marota, J. B. Mandeville, “The accuracy of near infrared spectroscopy and imaging during focal changes in cerebral hemodynamics,” NeuroImage 13, 76–90 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McBride, T. O.

Melissen, J. B. M.

Millane, R. P.

Mitic, G.

Monk, P.

D. Colton, P. Monk, “A comparison of two methods for solving the inverse scattering problem for acoustic waves in an inhomogeneous medium,” J. Comput. Appl. Math. 42, 5–16 (1992).
[CrossRef]

O’Leary, M. A.

Oda, I.

H. Eda, I. Oda, Y. Ito, Y. Wada, Y. Oikawa, Y. Tsunazawa, M. Takada, Y. Tsuchiya, Y. Yamashita, M. Oda, A. Sassaroli, Y. Yamada, M. Tamura, “Multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3595–3601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Oda, M.

H. Eda, I. Oda, Y. Ito, Y. Wada, Y. Oikawa, Y. Tsunazawa, M. Takada, Y. Tsuchiya, Y. Yamashita, M. Oda, A. Sassaroli, Y. Yamada, M. Tamura, “Multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3595–3601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Oikawa, Y.

H. Eda, I. Oda, Y. Ito, Y. Wada, Y. Oikawa, Y. Tsunazawa, M. Takada, Y. Tsuchiya, Y. Yamashita, M. Oda, A. Sassaroli, Y. Yamada, M. Tamura, “Multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3595–3601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Onodera, Y.

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Onodera, A. Sassaroli, Y. Tanikawa, Y. Yamada, “Image reconstruction from experimental measurements of a multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” in Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue IV, B. Chance, R. R. Alfano, B. J. Tromberg, M. Tamura, E. M. Sevick-Muraca, eds., Proc. SPIE4250, 351–361 (2001).

Österberg, U. L.

Otto, J.

Paasschens, J. C. J.

Papaioannou, D. G.

Paulsen, K. D.

Pei, Y.

Pifferi, A.

Piguet, D.

Plies, E.

Pogue, B. W.

Poplack, S. B.

Poulet, P.

Sassaroli, A.

H. Eda, I. Oda, Y. Ito, Y. Wada, Y. Oikawa, Y. Tsunazawa, M. Takada, Y. Tsuchiya, Y. Yamashita, M. Oda, A. Sassaroli, Y. Yamada, M. Tamura, “Multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3595–3601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Onodera, A. Sassaroli, Y. Tanikawa, Y. Yamada, “Image reconstruction from experimental measurements of a multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” in Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue IV, B. Chance, R. R. Alfano, B. J. Tromberg, M. Tamura, E. M. Sevick-Muraca, eds., Proc. SPIE4250, 351–361 (2001).

Schmidt, F. E. W.

E. M. C. Hillman, J. C. Hebden, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, F. E. W. Schmidt, D. T. Delpy, S. R. Arridge, “Time-resolved optical tomography of the human forearm,” Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 1117–1130 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. E. W. Schmidt, J. C. Hebden, E. M. C. Hillman, M. E. Fry, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, D. T. Delpy, S. R. Arridge, “Multiple-slice imaging of a tissue-equivalent phantom by use of time-resolved optical tomography,” Appl. Opt. 39, 3380–3387 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. M. C. Hillman, J. C. Hebden, F. E. W. Schmidt, S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, D. T. Delpy, “Calibration techniques and datatype extraction for time-resolved optical tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3415–3427 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schmitz, C. H.

Schomberg, H.

Schweiger, M.

E. M. C. Hillman, J. C. Hebden, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, F. E. W. Schmidt, D. T. Delpy, S. R. Arridge, “Time-resolved optical tomography of the human forearm,” Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 1117–1130 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Hebden, H. Veenstra, H. Dehghani, E. M. C. Hillman, M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, D. T. Delpy, “Three-dimensional time-resolved optical tomography of a conical breast phantom,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3278–3287 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. E. W. Schmidt, J. C. Hebden, E. M. C. Hillman, M. E. Fry, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, D. T. Delpy, S. R. Arridge, “Multiple-slice imaging of a tissue-equivalent phantom by use of time-resolved optical tomography,” Appl. Opt. 39, 3380–3387 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. M. C. Hillman, J. C. Hebden, F. E. W. Schmidt, S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, D. T. Delpy, “Calibration techniques and datatype extraction for time-resolved optical tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3415–3427 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, “Application of temporal filters to time resolved data in optical tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 44, 1699–1717 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, “Comparison of two- and three-dimensional reconstruction methods in optical tomography,” Appl. Opt. 37, 7419–7428 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, “Photon-measurement density functions. Part 2: Finite-element-method calculations,” Appl. Opt. 34, 8026–8037 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, “Optimal data types in optical tomography,” in Information Processing in Medical Imaging, J. Duncan, G. Gindi, eds., Vol. 1230 of Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997).

Slaney, M.

A. C. Kak, M. Slaney, Principles of Computerized Tomographic Imaging (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1988).

Solkner, G.

Strangman, G.

D. A. Boas, T. Gaudette, G. Strangman, X. Cheng, J. J. A. Marota, J. B. Mandeville, “The accuracy of near infrared spectroscopy and imaging during focal changes in cerebral hemodynamics,” NeuroImage 13, 76–90 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

t’Hooft, G. W.

Takada, M.

H. Eda, I. Oda, Y. Ito, Y. Wada, Y. Oikawa, Y. Tsunazawa, M. Takada, Y. Tsuchiya, Y. Yamashita, M. Oda, A. Sassaroli, Y. Yamada, M. Tamura, “Multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3595–3601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, M.

H. Eda, I. Oda, Y. Ito, Y. Wada, Y. Oikawa, Y. Tsunazawa, M. Takada, Y. Tsuchiya, Y. Yamashita, M. Oda, A. Sassaroli, Y. Yamada, M. Tamura, “Multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3595–3601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tanikawa, Y.

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Tanikawa, Y. Yamada, “Time-resolved diffuse optical tomography using a modified generalized pulse spectrum technique,” IEICE Trans. Inf. Syst. E85-D, 133–142 (2002), http://search.ieice.org/2002/files/e110d.htm#e85-d,1,1 .

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Onodera, A. Sassaroli, Y. Tanikawa, Y. Yamada, “Image reconstruction from experimental measurements of a multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” in Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue IV, B. Chance, R. R. Alfano, B. J. Tromberg, M. Tamura, E. M. Sevick-Muraca, eds., Proc. SPIE4250, 351–361 (2001).

Taroni, P.

Torricelli, A.

Tromberg, B. J.

Tsuchiya, Y.

H. Eda, I. Oda, Y. Ito, Y. Wada, Y. Oikawa, Y. Tsunazawa, M. Takada, Y. Tsuchiya, Y. Yamashita, M. Oda, A. Sassaroli, Y. Yamada, M. Tamura, “Multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3595–3601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tsunazawa, Y.

H. Eda, I. Oda, Y. Ito, Y. Wada, Y. Oikawa, Y. Tsunazawa, M. Takada, Y. Tsuchiya, Y. Yamashita, M. Oda, A. Sassaroli, Y. Yamada, M. Tamura, “Multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3595–3601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Valentini, G.

van Asten, N. A. A. J.

van der Mark, M. B.

Veenstra, H.

Wada, Y.

H. Eda, I. Oda, Y. Ito, Y. Wada, Y. Oikawa, Y. Tsunazawa, M. Takada, Y. Tsuchiya, Y. Yamashita, M. Oda, A. Sassaroli, Y. Yamada, M. Tamura, “Multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3595–3601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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Xu, Y.

Yamada, Y.

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Tanikawa, Y. Yamada, “Time-resolved diffuse optical tomography using a modified generalized pulse spectrum technique,” IEICE Trans. Inf. Syst. E85-D, 133–142 (2002), http://search.ieice.org/2002/files/e110d.htm#e85-d,1,1 .

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Yamada, “Improvement of image quality in diffuse optical tomography by use of full time-resolved data,” Appl. Opt. 41, 778–791 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Gao, P. Poulet, Y. Yamada, “Simultaneous mapping of absorption and scattering coefficients from a three-dimensional model of time-resolved optical tomography,” Appl. Opt. 39, 5898–5910 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Eda, I. Oda, Y. Ito, Y. Wada, Y. Oikawa, Y. Tsunazawa, M. Takada, Y. Tsuchiya, Y. Yamashita, M. Oda, A. Sassaroli, Y. Yamada, M. Tamura, “Multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3595–3601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Onodera, A. Sassaroli, Y. Tanikawa, Y. Yamada, “Image reconstruction from experimental measurements of a multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” in Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue IV, B. Chance, R. R. Alfano, B. J. Tromberg, M. Tamura, E. M. Sevick-Muraca, eds., Proc. SPIE4250, 351–361 (2001).

Yamashita, Y.

H. Eda, I. Oda, Y. Ito, Y. Wada, Y. Oikawa, Y. Tsunazawa, M. Takada, Y. Tsuchiya, Y. Yamashita, M. Oda, A. Sassaroli, Y. Yamada, M. Tamura, “Multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3595–3601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J. C.

Yodh, A. G.

Zhao, H.

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Yamada, “Improvement of image quality in diffuse optical tomography by use of full time-resolved data,” Appl. Opt. 41, 778–791 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Tanikawa, Y. Yamada, “Time-resolved diffuse optical tomography using a modified generalized pulse spectrum technique,” IEICE Trans. Inf. Syst. E85-D, 133–142 (2002), http://search.ieice.org/2002/files/e110d.htm#e85-d,1,1 .

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Onodera, A. Sassaroli, Y. Tanikawa, Y. Yamada, “Image reconstruction from experimental measurements of a multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” in Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue IV, B. Chance, R. R. Alfano, B. J. Tromberg, M. Tamura, E. M. Sevick-Muraca, eds., Proc. SPIE4250, 351–361 (2001).

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M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, “Comparison of two- and three-dimensional reconstruction methods in optical tomography,” Appl. Opt. 37, 7419–7428 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge, “Photon-measurement density functions. Part 1: Analytic forms,” Appl. Opt. 34, 7395–7409 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, “Photon-measurement density functions. Part 2: Finite-element-method calculations,” Appl. Opt. 34, 8026–8037 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

F. E. W. Schmidt, J. C. Hebden, E. M. C. Hillman, M. E. Fry, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, D. T. Delpy, S. R. Arridge, “Multiple-slice imaging of a tissue-equivalent phantom by use of time-resolved optical tomography,” Appl. Opt. 39, 3380–3387 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Gao, P. Poulet, Y. Yamada, “Simultaneous mapping of absorption and scattering coefficients from a three-dimensional model of time-resolved optical tomography,” Appl. Opt. 39, 5898–5910 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Hebden, H. Veenstra, H. Dehghani, E. M. C. Hillman, M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, D. T. Delpy, “Three-dimensional time-resolved optical tomography of a conical breast phantom,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3278–3287 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Pei, H. L. Graber, R. L. Barbour, “Influence of systematic errors in reference states on image quality and on stability of derived information for dc optical imaging,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5755–5769 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Yamada, “Improvement of image quality in diffuse optical tomography by use of full time-resolved data,” Appl. Opt. 41, 778–791 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geophysics

Y. M. Chen, “Generalized pulse spectrum technique,” Geophysics 50, 1664–1675 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Inf. Syst.

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Tanikawa, Y. Yamada, “Time-resolved diffuse optical tomography using a modified generalized pulse spectrum technique,” IEICE Trans. Inf. Syst. E85-D, 133–142 (2002), http://search.ieice.org/2002/files/e110d.htm#e85-d,1,1 .

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J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

NeuroImage

D. A. Boas, T. Gaudette, G. Strangman, X. Cheng, J. J. A. Marota, J. B. Mandeville, “The accuracy of near infrared spectroscopy and imaging during focal changes in cerebral hemodynamics,” NeuroImage 13, 76–90 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Med. Biol.

M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, “Application of temporal filters to time resolved data in optical tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 44, 1699–1717 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. C. Hillman, J. C. Hebden, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, F. E. W. Schmidt, D. T. Delpy, S. R. Arridge, “Time-resolved optical tomography of the human forearm,” Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 1117–1130 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

E. M. C. Hillman, J. C. Hebden, F. E. W. Schmidt, S. R. Arridge, M. Schweiger, H. Dehghani, D. T. Delpy, “Calibration techniques and datatype extraction for time-resolved optical tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3415–3427 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Eda, I. Oda, Y. Ito, Y. Wada, Y. Oikawa, Y. Tsunazawa, M. Takada, Y. Tsuchiya, Y. Yamashita, M. Oda, A. Sassaroli, Y. Yamada, M. Tamura, “Multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3595–3601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. C. Kak, M. Slaney, Principles of Computerized Tomographic Imaging (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1988).

M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, “Optimal data types in optical tomography,” in Information Processing in Medical Imaging, J. Duncan, G. Gindi, eds., Vol. 1230 of Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997).

F. Gao, H. Zhao, Y. Onodera, A. Sassaroli, Y. Tanikawa, Y. Yamada, “Image reconstruction from experimental measurements of a multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system,” in Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue IV, B. Chance, R. R. Alfano, B. J. Tromberg, M. Tamura, E. M. Sevick-Muraca, eds., Proc. SPIE4250, 351–361 (2001).

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