Abstract

The aberrations of axisymmetric imaging systems can be calculated to third order by use of the Seidel formulas. The Coddington equations give aberrations that have quadratic dependence on the pupil, for all field points. The pupil astigmatism conditions were recently developed to predict and control aberrations that have quadratic field dependence and arbitrary pupil dependence. We investigate the relationship between the exact pupil astigmatism conditions and the classical Seidel treatment of pupil aberrations.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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