Abstract

A mixed sphere array and film (MSF) waveguide [a mixed system with a polystyrene microsphere array and a poly(methyl methacrytate) thin film waveguide] was fabricated and characterized at a wavelength of 0.67 µm. The attenuation coefficients of the isolated linear thin-film waveguide and the isolated linear microsphere array were measured to be 0.54 dB/µm and 0.98 dB/sphere, respectively. In the MSF waveguide the attenuation coefficients of the thin-film waveguide and the polystyrene microsphere array were 0.61 dB/µm and 1.17 dB/sphere, respectively. A curvilinear MSF waveguide was also fabricated and characterized. Evanescent wave interaction between the thin-film waveguide and the microsphere array was expected.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, T. Ataka, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered latex layers by a scanning near-field microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 48, 94–102 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Shimada, Y. Komori, T. Koda, T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Ohtaka, Photonic band effect in ordered polystyrene particle layers,” Mole. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 349, 5–8 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Fukuda, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, “Self-organizing three-dimensional colloidal photonic crystal structure with augmented dielectric contrast,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L508–L511 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Huang, S. Morita, “670nm laser light propagation characteristics of a 10–1 µm∅ polystyrene microsphere array,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L1320–L1322 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Huang, S. Morita, “The propagation characteristics of laser light on the polystyrene micro-sphere array at 10µm diameter,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 1149–1152 (2000).
  6. J. D. Love, “Spot size, adiabaticity and diffraction in tapered fibres.” Electron. Lett. 23, 993–994 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Alder, A. Stöhr, R. Heinzelmann, D. Jäger, “High-efficiency fiber-to-chip coupling using low-loss tapered single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1016–1018 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Liu, T. Kaiser, S. Lange, G. Schweiger, “Structural resonances in a dielectric sphere hluminated by an evanescent wave,” Opt. Common. 117, 521–531 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Eremin, N. Orlov, “Simulation of light scattering from a particle upon a wafer surface,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6599–6604 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Quinten, A. Pack, R. Wannemacher, “Scattering and extinction of evanescent waves by small particles,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 87–92 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (4)

R. Shimada, Y. Komori, T. Koda, T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Ohtaka, Photonic band effect in ordered polystyrene particle layers,” Mole. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 349, 5–8 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Huang, S. Morita, “670nm laser light propagation characteristics of a 10–1 µm∅ polystyrene microsphere array,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L1320–L1322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Huang, S. Morita, “The propagation characteristics of laser light on the polystyrene micro-sphere array at 10µm diameter,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 1149–1152 (2000).

T. Alder, A. Stöhr, R. Heinzelmann, D. Jäger, “High-efficiency fiber-to-chip coupling using low-loss tapered single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1016–1018 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Quinten, A. Pack, R. Wannemacher, “Scattering and extinction of evanescent waves by small particles,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 87–92 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

K. Fukuda, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, “Self-organizing three-dimensional colloidal photonic crystal structure with augmented dielectric contrast,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L508–L511 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, T. Ataka, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered latex layers by a scanning near-field microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 48, 94–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

C. Liu, T. Kaiser, S. Lange, G. Schweiger, “Structural resonances in a dielectric sphere hluminated by an evanescent wave,” Opt. Common. 117, 521–531 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

J. D. Love, “Spot size, adiabaticity and diffraction in tapered fibres.” Electron. Lett. 23, 993–994 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Alder, T.

T. Alder, A. Stöhr, R. Heinzelmann, D. Jäger, “High-efficiency fiber-to-chip coupling using low-loss tapered single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1016–1018 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ataka, T.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, T. Ataka, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered latex layers by a scanning near-field microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 48, 94–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chiba, N.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, T. Ataka, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered latex layers by a scanning near-field microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 48, 94–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Edamatsu, K.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, T. Ataka, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered latex layers by a scanning near-field microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 48, 94–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Eremin, Y.

Fujimura, T.

R. Shimada, Y. Komori, T. Koda, T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Ohtaka, Photonic band effect in ordered polystyrene particle layers,” Mole. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 349, 5–8 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, T. Ataka, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered latex layers by a scanning near-field microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 48, 94–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, K.

K. Fukuda, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, “Self-organizing three-dimensional colloidal photonic crystal structure with augmented dielectric contrast,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L508–L511 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hayashibe, K.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, T. Ataka, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered latex layers by a scanning near-field microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 48, 94–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Heinzelmann, R.

T. Alder, A. Stöhr, R. Heinzelmann, D. Jäger, “High-efficiency fiber-to-chip coupling using low-loss tapered single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1016–1018 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Huang, F.

F. Huang, S. Morita, “670nm laser light propagation characteristics of a 10–1 µm∅ polystyrene microsphere array,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L1320–L1322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Huang, S. Morita, “The propagation characteristics of laser light on the polystyrene micro-sphere array at 10µm diameter,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 1149–1152 (2000).

Imada, A.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, T. Ataka, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered latex layers by a scanning near-field microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 48, 94–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, T.

R. Shimada, Y. Komori, T. Koda, T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Ohtaka, Photonic band effect in ordered polystyrene particle layers,” Mole. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 349, 5–8 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, T. Ataka, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered latex layers by a scanning near-field microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 48, 94–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jäger, D.

T. Alder, A. Stöhr, R. Heinzelmann, D. Jäger, “High-efficiency fiber-to-chip coupling using low-loss tapered single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1016–1018 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, T.

C. Liu, T. Kaiser, S. Lange, G. Schweiger, “Structural resonances in a dielectric sphere hluminated by an evanescent wave,” Opt. Common. 117, 521–531 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Koda, T.

R. Shimada, Y. Komori, T. Koda, T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Ohtaka, Photonic band effect in ordered polystyrene particle layers,” Mole. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 349, 5–8 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, T. Ataka, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered latex layers by a scanning near-field microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 48, 94–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Komori, Y.

R. Shimada, Y. Komori, T. Koda, T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Ohtaka, Photonic band effect in ordered polystyrene particle layers,” Mole. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 349, 5–8 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lange, S.

C. Liu, T. Kaiser, S. Lange, G. Schweiger, “Structural resonances in a dielectric sphere hluminated by an evanescent wave,” Opt. Common. 117, 521–531 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

C. Liu, T. Kaiser, S. Lange, G. Schweiger, “Structural resonances in a dielectric sphere hluminated by an evanescent wave,” Opt. Common. 117, 521–531 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Love, J. D.

J. D. Love, “Spot size, adiabaticity and diffraction in tapered fibres.” Electron. Lett. 23, 993–994 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Matsuo, S.

K. Fukuda, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, “Self-organizing three-dimensional colloidal photonic crystal structure with augmented dielectric contrast,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L508–L511 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

K. Fukuda, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, “Self-organizing three-dimensional colloidal photonic crystal structure with augmented dielectric contrast,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L508–L511 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Morita, S.

F. Huang, S. Morita, “The propagation characteristics of laser light on the polystyrene micro-sphere array at 10µm diameter,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 1149–1152 (2000).

F. Huang, S. Morita, “670nm laser light propagation characteristics of a 10–1 µm∅ polystyrene microsphere array,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L1320–L1322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Muramatsu, H.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, T. Ataka, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered latex layers by a scanning near-field microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 48, 94–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ohtaka, K.

R. Shimada, Y. Komori, T. Koda, T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Ohtaka, Photonic band effect in ordered polystyrene particle layers,” Mole. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 349, 5–8 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Orlov, N.

Pack, A.

M. Quinten, A. Pack, R. Wannemacher, “Scattering and extinction of evanescent waves by small particles,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 87–92 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Quinten, M.

M. Quinten, A. Pack, R. Wannemacher, “Scattering and extinction of evanescent waves by small particles,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 87–92 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schweiger, G.

C. Liu, T. Kaiser, S. Lange, G. Schweiger, “Structural resonances in a dielectric sphere hluminated by an evanescent wave,” Opt. Common. 117, 521–531 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Segawa, Y.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, T. Ataka, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered latex layers by a scanning near-field microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 48, 94–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shimada, R.

R. Shimada, Y. Komori, T. Koda, T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Ohtaka, Photonic band effect in ordered polystyrene particle layers,” Mole. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 349, 5–8 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, T. Ataka, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered latex layers by a scanning near-field microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 48, 94–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shimoyama, K.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, T. Ataka, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered latex layers by a scanning near-field microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 48, 94–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stöhr, A.

T. Alder, A. Stöhr, R. Heinzelmann, D. Jäger, “High-efficiency fiber-to-chip coupling using low-loss tapered single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1016–1018 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

K. Fukuda, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, “Self-organizing three-dimensional colloidal photonic crystal structure with augmented dielectric contrast,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L508–L511 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wannemacher, R.

M. Quinten, A. Pack, R. Wannemacher, “Scattering and extinction of evanescent waves by small particles,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 87–92 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Quinten, A. Pack, R. Wannemacher, “Scattering and extinction of evanescent waves by small particles,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 87–92 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. D. Love, “Spot size, adiabaticity and diffraction in tapered fibres.” Electron. Lett. 23, 993–994 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Alder, A. Stöhr, R. Heinzelmann, D. Jäger, “High-efficiency fiber-to-chip coupling using low-loss tapered single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1016–1018 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

F. Huang, S. Morita, “The propagation characteristics of laser light on the polystyrene micro-sphere array at 10µm diameter,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 1149–1152 (2000).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. Huang, S. Morita, “670nm laser light propagation characteristics of a 10–1 µm∅ polystyrene microsphere array,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L1320–L1322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 (1)

K. Fukuda, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, “Self-organizing three-dimensional colloidal photonic crystal structure with augmented dielectric contrast,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L508–L511 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B. (1)

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, T. Ataka, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered latex layers by a scanning near-field microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 48, 94–102 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mole. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

R. Shimada, Y. Komori, T. Koda, T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Ohtaka, Photonic band effect in ordered polystyrene particle layers,” Mole. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 349, 5–8 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Common. (1)

C. Liu, T. Kaiser, S. Lange, G. Schweiger, “Structural resonances in a dielectric sphere hluminated by an evanescent wave,” Opt. Common. 117, 521–531 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Scanning-electron microscope (SEM) photograph of the thin-film waveguide whose height, width, length, and periodicity are 1.1, 1.7, 10, and 3 µm, respectively. (b) SEM photograph of a MSF waveguide with 1-µm∅ polystyrene microsphere arrays between the waveguides.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) SEM photograph of a MSF waveguide without a polystyrene microsphere. (b) SEM photograph of a MSF waveguide with a polystyrene microsphere at 1 µm∅.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Attenuation Coefficients in the Linear Arrangement

Tables Icon

Table 2 Attenuation Coefficient for the Curvilinear Arrangement

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