Abstract

Four inversion schemes based on various retrieval approaches (digital gas correlation, nonlinear least squares, global fit adjustment, and neural networks) developed to retrieve CO from nadir radiances measured by such downward-looking satelliteborne instruments as the Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT), the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES), and the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) instruments were compared both for simulated cases and for atmospheric spectra recorded by the Interferometric Monitor for Greenhouse Gases (IMG). The sensitivity of the retrieved CO total column amount to properties that may affect the inversion accuracy (noise, ancillary temperature profile, and water-vapor content) was investigated. The CO column amounts for the simulated radiance spectra agreed within 4%, whereas larger discrepancies were obtained when atmospheric spectra recorded by the IMG instrument were analyzed. The assumed vertical temperature profile is shown to be a critical parameter for accurate CO retrieval. The instrument’s line shape was also identified as a possible cause of disagreement among the results provided by the groups of scientists who are participating in this study.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. World Meteorological Organization, Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project, Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 1998 (World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, 1997), Vol. 44.
  2. J. T. Houghton, Y. Ding, D. J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P. J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell, C. Maskell, eds., Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis, contribution of Working Group I to the third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 2001).
  3. H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, W. D. Hypes, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, B. B. Gormsen, M. S. Saylor, W. D. Hesketh, “Middle and upper tropospheric carbon monoxide mixing ratios as measured by a satellite-borne remote sensor during November 1981,” J. Geophys. Res. D 9110,865–10,887 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, R. T. Sherrill, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, E. P. Condon, B. B. Gormsen, W. Seiler, “The distribution of middle tropospheric carbon monoxide during early October 1984,” J. Geophys. Res. D 95, 9845–9856 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. S. Connors, B. B. Gormsen, S. Nolf, H. G. Reichle, “Spaceborne observations of the global distribution of carbon monoxide in the middle troposphere during April and October 1994,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,455–21,470 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. G. Reichle, B. E. Anderson, V. S. Connors, T. C. Denkins, D. A. Forbes, B. B. Gormsen, R. L. Langenfelds, D. O. Neil, S. R. Nolf, P. C. Novelli, N. S. Pougatchev, M. M. Roell, L. P. Steele, “Space shuttle based global CO measurements during April and October 1994, MAPS instrument, data reduction and data validation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,443–21,454 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. P. Rinsland, M. R. Gunson, R. Zander, M. Lopez-Puertas, “Middle and upper atmosphere pressure-temperature profiles and the abundances of CO2 and CO in the upper atmosphere from ATMOS/Spacelab 3 observations,” J. Geophys. Res. D 97, 20,479–20,495 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Kobayashi, A. Shimota, K. Kondo, E. Okumura, Y. Kameda, H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “A high-throughput Fourier-transform infrared radiometer for nadir Earth observations,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6801–6807 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Kobayashi, A. Shimota, C. Yoshigahara, I. Yoshida, Y. Uehara, K. Kondo, “Satellite-borne high-resolution FTIR for lower atmosphere sounding and its evaluation,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1496–1507 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. R. Drummond, G. S. Mand, “The measurement of pollution in the troposphere,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 13, 314–320 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.
  12. J.-L. Attié, J. Gille, M. Deeter, D. P. Edwards, B. Katthatov, J.-F. Lamarque, L. V. Lyjak, P. Novelli, M. W. Smith, J. Warner, D. Ziskin, “Validation of CO retrievals from MOPITT instrument aboard Terra satellite, presented at the European Geophysical Society Conference, Nice, France, 25–30 March 2001.
  13. H. H. Aumann, C. Miller, “Atmospheric infrared sounder (AIRS) on the Earth Observing System,” in Advanced and Next-Generation Satellites, H. Fujisaka, N. M. Sweeting, eds., Proc. SPIE2583, 332–338 (1995).
  14. R. Beer, T. A. Glavich, D. M. Rider, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer for the Earth Observing System’s Aura satellite,” Appl. Opt. 40, 2356–2367 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. Cayla, P. Javelle, “IASI instrument overview,” in Advanced and Next-Generation Satellites, H. Fujisaka, N. M. Sweeting, eds., Proc. SPIE2583, 271–281 (1995).
  16. C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Goldman, C. Paton-Walsh, W. Bell, G. C. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, B. Sen, M. T. Coffey, J. W. Hannigan, W. G. Mankin, “Network for the detection of stratospheric change Fourier transform infrared intercomparison at Table Mountain facility, November 1996,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 30,481–30,503 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  19. R. G. Ellingson, Y. Fouquart, “The intercomparison of radiation codes in climate models: an overview,” J. Geophys. Res. D 96, 8925–8927 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).
  21. C. D. Rodgers, “Retrieval of atmospheric temperature and composition from remote measurements of thermal radiation,” Rev. Geophys. 14, 609–624 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  22. U. Amato, I. De Feis, C. Serio, “Linearization pseudo-noise and its effect on the retrieval of atmospheric state from infrared spectral radiances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2565–2568 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  23. B. Schimpf, F. Schreier, “Robust and efficient inversion of vertical sounding atmospheric high-resolution spectra by means of regularization,” J. Geophys. Res. D 102, 16,037–16,055 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  24. P. Eriksson, “Analysis and comparison of two linear regularization methods for passive atmospheric observations,” J. Geophys. Res. D 105, 18,157–18,167 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  25. C. D. Rodgers, Inverse Methods for Atmospheric Sounding: Theory and Practice, Vol. 2 of Series on Atmospheric, Oceanic and Planetary Physics (World Scientific, Singapore, 2000).
  26. M. T. Chahine, “Inverse problems in radiative transfer: a determination of atmospheric parameters,” J. Atmos. Sci. 27, 960–967 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  27. W. L. Smith, H. M. Woolf, H. E. Revercomb, “Linear simultaneous solution for temperature and absorbing constituent profiles from radiance spectra,” Appl. Opt. 30, 1117–1123 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. S. A. Clough, C. P. Rinsland, P. D. Brown, “Retrieval of tropospheric ozone from simulations of nadir spectral radiances as observed from space,” J. Geophys. Res. D 100, 16,579–16,593 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  29. W. W. McMillan, L. L. Strow, B. G. Doddridge, W. L. Smith, H. E. Revercomb, H. L. Huang, “Retrieval of carbon monoxide column densities using AIRS on EOS: validation of a prototype retrieval algorithm,” in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research II, P. B. Hays, J. Wang, eds., 2830, 169–179 (1996).
  30. H. Worden, R. Beer, C. Rindsland, “Airborne infrared spectroscopy of 1994 western wildfires,” J. Geophys. Res. D 102, 1287–1299 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  31. D. P. Edwards, C. M. Halvorson, J. C. Gille, “Radiative transfer modeling for the EOS Terra satellite Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 16,755–16,775 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  32. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “Level 2 algorithm theoretical basis document,” Rep. JPL D-16474 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1999); http://tes.jpl.nasa.gov/ .
  33. S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, F. Lefevre, “First direct simultaneous HCl and ClONO2 profile measurements in the Arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 2663–2666 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  34. S. A. Clough, M. J. Iacono, “Line-by-line calculation of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates. 2. Application to carbon dioxide, ozone, methane, nitrous oxide, and the halocarbons,” J. Geophys. Res. D 100, 16,519–16,535 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  35. J.-F. Müller, G. Brasseur, “IMAGES: a three-dimensional chemical transport model of the global troposphere,” J. Geophys. Res. D 100, 16,445–16,490 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  36. C. Clerbaux, P. Chazette, J. Hadji-Lazaro, G. Mégie, J.-F. Müller, S. A. Clough, “Remote sensing of CO, CH4, and O3 using a space-borne nadir-viewing interferometer,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 18,999–19,013 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  37. L. Pan, J. C. Gille, D. P. Edwards, P. L. Bailey, C. D. Rodgers, “Retrieval of tropospheric monoxide for the MOPITT experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 32,277–32,290 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  38. J. Wang, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, L. Pan, D. Edwards, J. R. Drummond, “Retrieval of tropospheric carbon monoxide profiles from high-resolution interferometer Observations: A new digital gas correlation (DGC) method and applications,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 219–232 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  39. J. Wang, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, J. R. Drummond, L. Pan, “Instrument sensitivity and error analysis for the remote sensing of tropospheric carbon monoxide by MOPITT,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 465–474 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  40. J. Wang, J. Gille, H. Revercomb, V. Walden, “Validation study of the MOPITT retrieval algorithm: carbon monoxide retrieval from IMG observations during WINCE,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 17, 1285–1295 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  41. M. Luo, R. Beer, D. J. Jacob, J. A. Logan, C. D. Rodgers, “Simulated observation of tropospheric ozone and CO with the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) satellite instrument,” J. Geophys. Res.D 10.1029/2001JD000804 (2002).
  42. M. Carlotti, “Global fit approach to the analysis of limb-scanning atmospheric measurements,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3250–3254 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  43. C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, G. Mégie, “Retrieval of CO columns from IMG/ADEOS spectra,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1657–1662 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  44. J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, S. Thiria, “An inversion algorithm using neural network to retrieve atmospheric CO concentrations from high-resolution nadir radiances,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 23,841–23,854 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  45. C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy Peyret, J. Wang, “Intercomparison of inversion algorithms for the retrieval of CO from IMG/IASI, presented at the 8th International Workshop on Atmospheric Science from Space Using Fourier Transform Spectrometry, Toulouse, France, 16–18 November 1998.
  46. G. P. Brasseur, D. A. Hauglustaine, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, C. Granier, X. X. Tie, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model for ozone and related chemical tracers. 1. Model description,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,265–28,289 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  47. D. A. Hauglustaine, G. P. Brasseur, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, L. K. Emmons, M. A. Carroll, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model or ozone and related chemical tracers. 2. Model results and evaluation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,291–28,335 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  48. S. Payan, Laboratoire de Physique Moléculaire et Applications, Paris, France, and J. Hadji-Lazaro, Service d’Aéronomie, Paris, France. (personal communication, 1998).
  49. A. M. Lubrano, C. Serio, S. A. Clough, H. Kobayashi, “Simultaneous inversion for temperature and water vapor from IMG radiances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2533–2536 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  50. F. Karcher, MétéoFrance, Toulouse, France (personal communication, 1998).
  51. S. Payan, Laboratoire de Physique Moléculaire et Applications, Paris, France (personal communication, 1998).
  52. C. Serio, Università di Basilicata, Potenza, Italy (personal communication, 1999).
  53. U. Amato, V. Cuomo, I. De Feis, F. Romano, C. Serio, H. Kobayashi, “Inverting for geophysical parameters from IMG radiances,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1620–1632 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  54. J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, P. Couvert, P. Chazette, C. Boonne, “Cloud filter for CO retrieval from IMG infrared spectra using ECMWF temperatures and POLDER cloud data,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 2397–2400 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  55. J.-F. Lamarque, B. V. Khattatov, J. C. Gille, G. P. Brasseur, “Assimilation of Measurement of Air Pollution from Space (MAPS) CO in a three-dimensional model,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 26,209–26,218 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  56. C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, D. Hauglustaine, G. Mégie, B. Khattatov, J.-F. Lamarque, “Assimilation of carbon monoxide measured from satellite in a three-dimensional chemistry-transport model,” J. Geophys. Res. D 106, 15,385–15,394 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  57. S. Ichizawa, K. Kondo, M. Suzuki, H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “Improvement of the instrument line shape of IMG,” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing IX, M. Strojnik, B. F. Andresen, eds., Proc. SPIE4486, 326–334 (2002).
  58. J. E. Harries, H. E. Brindley, P. J. Sagoo, R. J. Bantges, “Increases in greenhouse forcing inferred from outgoing longwave radiation spectra of the Earth in 1970 and 1997,” Nature 410, 355–357 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  59. S. Turquety, J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, “Retrieval of ozone from infrared IASI measurements,” in Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere VI, K. Schaefer, O. Lado-Bordowsky, A. Comeron, M. R. Carleer, J. S. Fender, eds., Proc. SPIE4539, 106–115 (2002).

2002 (1)

M. Luo, R. Beer, D. J. Jacob, J. A. Logan, C. D. Rodgers, “Simulated observation of tropospheric ozone and CO with the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) satellite instrument,” J. Geophys. Res.D 10.1029/2001JD000804 (2002).

2001 (4)

J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, P. Couvert, P. Chazette, C. Boonne, “Cloud filter for CO retrieval from IMG infrared spectra using ECMWF temperatures and POLDER cloud data,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 2397–2400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, D. Hauglustaine, G. Mégie, B. Khattatov, J.-F. Lamarque, “Assimilation of carbon monoxide measured from satellite in a three-dimensional chemistry-transport model,” J. Geophys. Res. D 106, 15,385–15,394 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Harries, H. E. Brindley, P. J. Sagoo, R. J. Bantges, “Increases in greenhouse forcing inferred from outgoing longwave radiation spectra of the Earth in 1970 and 1997,” Nature 410, 355–357 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Beer, T. A. Glavich, D. M. Rider, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer for the Earth Observing System’s Aura satellite,” Appl. Opt. 40, 2356–2367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

A. M. Lubrano, C. Serio, S. A. Clough, H. Kobayashi, “Simultaneous inversion for temperature and water vapor from IMG radiances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2533–2536 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Gille, H. Revercomb, V. Walden, “Validation study of the MOPITT retrieval algorithm: carbon monoxide retrieval from IMG observations during WINCE,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 17, 1285–1295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Eriksson, “Analysis and comparison of two linear regularization methods for passive atmospheric observations,” J. Geophys. Res. D 105, 18,157–18,167 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (12)

A. Goldman, C. Paton-Walsh, W. Bell, G. C. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, B. Sen, M. T. Coffey, J. W. Hannigan, W. G. Mankin, “Network for the detection of stratospheric change Fourier transform infrared intercomparison at Table Mountain facility, November 1996,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 30,481–30,503 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Edwards, C. M. Halvorson, J. C. Gille, “Radiative transfer modeling for the EOS Terra satellite Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 16,755–16,775 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, L. Pan, D. Edwards, J. R. Drummond, “Retrieval of tropospheric carbon monoxide profiles from high-resolution interferometer Observations: A new digital gas correlation (DGC) method and applications,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 219–232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, J. R. Drummond, L. Pan, “Instrument sensitivity and error analysis for the remote sensing of tropospheric carbon monoxide by MOPITT,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 465–474 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, G. Mégie, “Retrieval of CO columns from IMG/ADEOS spectra,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1657–1662 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, S. Thiria, “An inversion algorithm using neural network to retrieve atmospheric CO concentrations from high-resolution nadir radiances,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 23,841–23,854 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Amato, V. Cuomo, I. De Feis, F. Romano, C. Serio, H. Kobayashi, “Inverting for geophysical parameters from IMG radiances,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1620–1632 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Lamarque, B. V. Khattatov, J. C. Gille, G. P. Brasseur, “Assimilation of Measurement of Air Pollution from Space (MAPS) CO in a three-dimensional model,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 26,209–26,218 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Connors, B. B. Gormsen, S. Nolf, H. G. Reichle, “Spaceborne observations of the global distribution of carbon monoxide in the middle troposphere during April and October 1994,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,455–21,470 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Reichle, B. E. Anderson, V. S. Connors, T. C. Denkins, D. A. Forbes, B. B. Gormsen, R. L. Langenfelds, D. O. Neil, S. R. Nolf, P. C. Novelli, N. S. Pougatchev, M. M. Roell, L. P. Steele, “Space shuttle based global CO measurements during April and October 1994, MAPS instrument, data reduction and data validation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,443–21,454 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Kobayashi, A. Shimota, K. Kondo, E. Okumura, Y. Kameda, H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “A high-throughput Fourier-transform infrared radiometer for nadir Earth observations,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6801–6807 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Kobayashi, A. Shimota, C. Yoshigahara, I. Yoshida, Y. Uehara, K. Kondo, “Satellite-borne high-resolution FTIR for lower atmosphere sounding and its evaluation,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1496–1507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (6)

G. P. Brasseur, D. A. Hauglustaine, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, C. Granier, X. X. Tie, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model for ozone and related chemical tracers. 1. Model description,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,265–28,289 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Hauglustaine, G. P. Brasseur, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, L. K. Emmons, M. A. Carroll, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model or ozone and related chemical tracers. 2. Model results and evaluation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,291–28,335 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, F. Lefevre, “First direct simultaneous HCl and ClONO2 profile measurements in the Arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 2663–2666 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Clerbaux, P. Chazette, J. Hadji-Lazaro, G. Mégie, J.-F. Müller, S. A. Clough, “Remote sensing of CO, CH4, and O3 using a space-borne nadir-viewing interferometer,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 18,999–19,013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Pan, J. C. Gille, D. P. Edwards, P. L. Bailey, C. D. Rodgers, “Retrieval of tropospheric monoxide for the MOPITT experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 32,277–32,290 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

B. Schimpf, F. Schreier, “Robust and efficient inversion of vertical sounding atmospheric high-resolution spectra by means of regularization,” J. Geophys. Res. D 102, 16,037–16,055 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Worden, R. Beer, C. Rindsland, “Airborne infrared spectroscopy of 1994 western wildfires,” J. Geophys. Res. D 102, 1287–1299 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

U. Amato, I. De Feis, C. Serio, “Linearization pseudo-noise and its effect on the retrieval of atmospheric state from infrared spectral radiances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2565–2568 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Drummond, G. S. Mand, “The measurement of pollution in the troposphere,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 13, 314–320 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

S. A. Clough, C. P. Rinsland, P. D. Brown, “Retrieval of tropospheric ozone from simulations of nadir spectral radiances as observed from space,” J. Geophys. Res. D 100, 16,579–16,593 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Clough, M. J. Iacono, “Line-by-line calculation of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates. 2. Application to carbon dioxide, ozone, methane, nitrous oxide, and the halocarbons,” J. Geophys. Res. D 100, 16,519–16,535 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J.-F. Müller, G. Brasseur, “IMAGES: a three-dimensional chemical transport model of the global troposphere,” J. Geophys. Res. D 100, 16,445–16,490 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

C. P. Rinsland, M. R. Gunson, R. Zander, M. Lopez-Puertas, “Middle and upper atmosphere pressure-temperature profiles and the abundances of CO2 and CO in the upper atmosphere from ATMOS/Spacelab 3 observations,” J. Geophys. Res. D 97, 20,479–20,495 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

R. G. Ellingson, Y. Fouquart, “The intercomparison of radiation codes in climate models: an overview,” J. Geophys. Res. D 96, 8925–8927 (1991).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Smith, H. M. Woolf, H. E. Revercomb, “Linear simultaneous solution for temperature and absorbing constituent profiles from radiance spectra,” Appl. Opt. 30, 1117–1123 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, R. T. Sherrill, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, E. P. Condon, B. B. Gormsen, W. Seiler, “The distribution of middle tropospheric carbon monoxide during early October 1984,” J. Geophys. Res. D 95, 9845–9856 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1986 (1)

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, W. D. Hypes, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, B. B. Gormsen, M. S. Saylor, W. D. Hesketh, “Middle and upper tropospheric carbon monoxide mixing ratios as measured by a satellite-borne remote sensor during November 1981,” J. Geophys. Res. D 9110,865–10,887 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

C. D. Rodgers, “Retrieval of atmospheric temperature and composition from remote measurements of thermal radiation,” Rev. Geophys. 14, 609–624 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

M. T. Chahine, “Inverse problems in radiative transfer: a determination of atmospheric parameters,” J. Atmos. Sci. 27, 960–967 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Amato, U.

U. Amato, V. Cuomo, I. De Feis, F. Romano, C. Serio, H. Kobayashi, “Inverting for geophysical parameters from IMG radiances,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1620–1632 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Amato, I. De Feis, C. Serio, “Linearization pseudo-noise and its effect on the retrieval of atmospheric state from infrared spectral radiances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2565–2568 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, B. E.

H. G. Reichle, B. E. Anderson, V. S. Connors, T. C. Denkins, D. A. Forbes, B. B. Gormsen, R. L. Langenfelds, D. O. Neil, S. R. Nolf, P. C. Novelli, N. S. Pougatchev, M. M. Roell, L. P. Steele, “Space shuttle based global CO measurements during April and October 1994, MAPS instrument, data reduction and data validation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,443–21,454 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Attié, J.-L.

D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.

J.-L. Attié, J. Gille, M. Deeter, D. P. Edwards, B. Katthatov, J.-F. Lamarque, L. V. Lyjak, P. Novelli, M. W. Smith, J. Warner, D. Ziskin, “Validation of CO retrievals from MOPITT instrument aboard Terra satellite, presented at the European Geophysical Society Conference, Nice, France, 25–30 March 2001.

Aumann, H. H.

H. H. Aumann, C. Miller, “Atmospheric infrared sounder (AIRS) on the Earth Observing System,” in Advanced and Next-Generation Satellites, H. Fujisaka, N. M. Sweeting, eds., Proc. SPIE2583, 332–338 (1995).

Bailey, P. L.

J. Wang, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, L. Pan, D. Edwards, J. R. Drummond, “Retrieval of tropospheric carbon monoxide profiles from high-resolution interferometer Observations: A new digital gas correlation (DGC) method and applications,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 219–232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, J. R. Drummond, L. Pan, “Instrument sensitivity and error analysis for the remote sensing of tropospheric carbon monoxide by MOPITT,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 465–474 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Pan, J. C. Gille, D. P. Edwards, P. L. Bailey, C. D. Rodgers, “Retrieval of tropospheric monoxide for the MOPITT experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 32,277–32,290 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bantges, R. J.

J. E. Harries, H. E. Brindley, P. J. Sagoo, R. J. Bantges, “Increases in greenhouse forcing inferred from outgoing longwave radiation spectra of the Earth in 1970 and 1997,” Nature 410, 355–357 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beer, R.

M. Luo, R. Beer, D. J. Jacob, J. A. Logan, C. D. Rodgers, “Simulated observation of tropospheric ozone and CO with the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) satellite instrument,” J. Geophys. Res.D 10.1029/2001JD000804 (2002).

R. Beer, T. A. Glavich, D. M. Rider, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer for the Earth Observing System’s Aura satellite,” Appl. Opt. 40, 2356–2367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Worden, R. Beer, C. Rindsland, “Airborne infrared spectroscopy of 1994 western wildfires,” J. Geophys. Res. D 102, 1287–1299 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bell, W.

A. Goldman, C. Paton-Walsh, W. Bell, G. C. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, B. Sen, M. T. Coffey, J. W. Hannigan, W. G. Mankin, “Network for the detection of stratospheric change Fourier transform infrared intercomparison at Table Mountain facility, November 1996,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 30,481–30,503 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bergquist, B.

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Blavier, J.-F.

A. Goldman, C. Paton-Walsh, W. Bell, G. C. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, B. Sen, M. T. Coffey, J. W. Hannigan, W. G. Mankin, “Network for the detection of stratospheric change Fourier transform infrared intercomparison at Table Mountain facility, November 1996,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 30,481–30,503 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boonne, C.

J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, P. Couvert, P. Chazette, C. Boonne, “Cloud filter for CO retrieval from IMG infrared spectra using ECMWF temperatures and POLDER cloud data,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 2397–2400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brasseur, G.

J.-F. Müller, G. Brasseur, “IMAGES: a three-dimensional chemical transport model of the global troposphere,” J. Geophys. Res. D 100, 16,445–16,490 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brasseur, G. P.

J.-F. Lamarque, B. V. Khattatov, J. C. Gille, G. P. Brasseur, “Assimilation of Measurement of Air Pollution from Space (MAPS) CO in a three-dimensional model,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 26,209–26,218 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Brasseur, D. A. Hauglustaine, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, C. Granier, X. X. Tie, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model for ozone and related chemical tracers. 1. Model description,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,265–28,289 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Hauglustaine, G. P. Brasseur, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, L. K. Emmons, M. A. Carroll, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model or ozone and related chemical tracers. 2. Model results and evaluation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,291–28,335 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brindley, H. E.

J. E. Harries, H. E. Brindley, P. J. Sagoo, R. J. Bantges, “Increases in greenhouse forcing inferred from outgoing longwave radiation spectra of the Earth in 1970 and 1997,” Nature 410, 355–357 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brown, P. D.

S. A. Clough, C. P. Rinsland, P. D. Brown, “Retrieval of tropospheric ozone from simulations of nadir spectral radiances as observed from space,” J. Geophys. Res. D 100, 16,579–16,593 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Camy Peyret, C.

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy Peyret, J. Wang, “Intercomparison of inversion algorithms for the retrieval of CO from IMG/IASI, presented at the 8th International Workshop on Atmospheric Science from Space Using Fourier Transform Spectrometry, Toulouse, France, 16–18 November 1998.

Camy-Peyret, C.

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, G. Mégie, “Retrieval of CO columns from IMG/ADEOS spectra,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1657–1662 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, F. Lefevre, “First direct simultaneous HCl and ClONO2 profile measurements in the Arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 2663–2666 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Carleer, M.

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Carlotti, M.

Carroll, M. A.

D. A. Hauglustaine, G. P. Brasseur, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, L. K. Emmons, M. A. Carroll, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model or ozone and related chemical tracers. 2. Model results and evaluation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,291–28,335 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Casas, J. C.

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, R. T. Sherrill, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, E. P. Condon, B. B. Gormsen, W. Seiler, “The distribution of middle tropospheric carbon monoxide during early October 1984,” J. Geophys. Res. D 95, 9845–9856 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, W. D. Hypes, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, B. B. Gormsen, M. S. Saylor, W. D. Hesketh, “Middle and upper tropospheric carbon monoxide mixing ratios as measured by a satellite-borne remote sensor during November 1981,” J. Geophys. Res. D 9110,865–10,887 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Cavanaugh, C.

D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.

Cayla, F.

F. Cayla, P. Javelle, “IASI instrument overview,” in Advanced and Next-Generation Satellites, H. Fujisaka, N. M. Sweeting, eds., Proc. SPIE2583, 271–281 (1995).

Chahine, M. T.

M. T. Chahine, “Inverse problems in radiative transfer: a determination of atmospheric parameters,” J. Atmos. Sci. 27, 960–967 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K. V.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chazette, P.

J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, P. Couvert, P. Chazette, C. Boonne, “Cloud filter for CO retrieval from IMG infrared spectra using ECMWF temperatures and POLDER cloud data,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 2397–2400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Clerbaux, P. Chazette, J. Hadji-Lazaro, G. Mégie, J.-F. Müller, S. A. Clough, “Remote sensing of CO, CH4, and O3 using a space-borne nadir-viewing interferometer,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 18,999–19,013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.

Clerbaux, C.

J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, P. Couvert, P. Chazette, C. Boonne, “Cloud filter for CO retrieval from IMG infrared spectra using ECMWF temperatures and POLDER cloud data,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 2397–2400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, D. Hauglustaine, G. Mégie, B. Khattatov, J.-F. Lamarque, “Assimilation of carbon monoxide measured from satellite in a three-dimensional chemistry-transport model,” J. Geophys. Res. D 106, 15,385–15,394 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, G. Mégie, “Retrieval of CO columns from IMG/ADEOS spectra,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1657–1662 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, S. Thiria, “An inversion algorithm using neural network to retrieve atmospheric CO concentrations from high-resolution nadir radiances,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 23,841–23,854 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Clerbaux, P. Chazette, J. Hadji-Lazaro, G. Mégie, J.-F. Müller, S. A. Clough, “Remote sensing of CO, CH4, and O3 using a space-borne nadir-viewing interferometer,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 18,999–19,013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

S. Turquety, J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, “Retrieval of ozone from infrared IASI measurements,” in Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere VI, K. Schaefer, O. Lado-Bordowsky, A. Comeron, M. R. Carleer, J. S. Fender, eds., Proc. SPIE4539, 106–115 (2002).

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy Peyret, J. Wang, “Intercomparison of inversion algorithms for the retrieval of CO from IMG/IASI, presented at the 8th International Workshop on Atmospheric Science from Space Using Fourier Transform Spectrometry, Toulouse, France, 16–18 November 1998.

Clough, S. A.

A. M. Lubrano, C. Serio, S. A. Clough, H. Kobayashi, “Simultaneous inversion for temperature and water vapor from IMG radiances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2533–2536 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Clerbaux, P. Chazette, J. Hadji-Lazaro, G. Mégie, J.-F. Müller, S. A. Clough, “Remote sensing of CO, CH4, and O3 using a space-borne nadir-viewing interferometer,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 18,999–19,013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Clough, C. P. Rinsland, P. D. Brown, “Retrieval of tropospheric ozone from simulations of nadir spectral radiances as observed from space,” J. Geophys. Res. D 100, 16,579–16,593 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Clough, M. J. Iacono, “Line-by-line calculation of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates. 2. Application to carbon dioxide, ozone, methane, nitrous oxide, and the halocarbons,” J. Geophys. Res. D 100, 16,519–16,535 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Coffey, M. T.

A. Goldman, C. Paton-Walsh, W. Bell, G. C. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, B. Sen, M. T. Coffey, J. W. Hannigan, W. G. Mankin, “Network for the detection of stratospheric change Fourier transform infrared intercomparison at Table Mountain facility, November 1996,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 30,481–30,503 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Colin, R.

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Condon, E. P.

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, R. T. Sherrill, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, E. P. Condon, B. B. Gormsen, W. Seiler, “The distribution of middle tropospheric carbon monoxide during early October 1984,” J. Geophys. Res. D 95, 9845–9856 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Connors, V. S.

H. G. Reichle, B. E. Anderson, V. S. Connors, T. C. Denkins, D. A. Forbes, B. B. Gormsen, R. L. Langenfelds, D. O. Neil, S. R. Nolf, P. C. Novelli, N. S. Pougatchev, M. M. Roell, L. P. Steele, “Space shuttle based global CO measurements during April and October 1994, MAPS instrument, data reduction and data validation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,443–21,454 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Connors, B. B. Gormsen, S. Nolf, H. G. Reichle, “Spaceborne observations of the global distribution of carbon monoxide in the middle troposphere during April and October 1994,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,455–21,470 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, R. T. Sherrill, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, E. P. Condon, B. B. Gormsen, W. Seiler, “The distribution of middle tropospheric carbon monoxide during early October 1984,” J. Geophys. Res. D 95, 9845–9856 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, W. D. Hypes, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, B. B. Gormsen, M. S. Saylor, W. D. Hesketh, “Middle and upper tropospheric carbon monoxide mixing ratios as measured by a satellite-borne remote sensor during November 1981,” J. Geophys. Res. D 9110,865–10,887 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Couvert, P.

J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, P. Couvert, P. Chazette, C. Boonne, “Cloud filter for CO retrieval from IMG infrared spectra using ECMWF temperatures and POLDER cloud data,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 2397–2400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cuomo, V.

U. Amato, V. Cuomo, I. De Feis, F. Romano, C. Serio, H. Kobayashi, “Inverting for geophysical parameters from IMG radiances,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1620–1632 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dana, V.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

De Feis, I.

U. Amato, V. Cuomo, I. De Feis, F. Romano, C. Serio, H. Kobayashi, “Inverting for geophysical parameters from IMG radiances,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1620–1632 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Amato, I. De Feis, C. Serio, “Linearization pseudo-noise and its effect on the retrieval of atmospheric state from infrared spectral radiances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2565–2568 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Deeter, M.

J.-L. Attié, J. Gille, M. Deeter, D. P. Edwards, B. Katthatov, J.-F. Lamarque, L. V. Lyjak, P. Novelli, M. W. Smith, J. Warner, D. Ziskin, “Validation of CO retrievals from MOPITT instrument aboard Terra satellite, presented at the European Geophysical Society Conference, Nice, France, 25–30 March 2001.

D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.

Denkins, T. C.

H. G. Reichle, B. E. Anderson, V. S. Connors, T. C. Denkins, D. A. Forbes, B. B. Gormsen, R. L. Langenfelds, D. O. Neil, S. R. Nolf, P. C. Novelli, N. S. Pougatchev, M. M. Roell, L. P. Steele, “Space shuttle based global CO measurements during April and October 1994, MAPS instrument, data reduction and data validation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,443–21,454 (1999).
[CrossRef]

DeSouza-Machado, S.

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Doddridge, B. G.

W. W. McMillan, L. L. Strow, B. G. Doddridge, W. L. Smith, H. E. Revercomb, H. L. Huang, “Retrieval of carbon monoxide column densities using AIRS on EOS: validation of a prototype retrieval algorithm,” in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research II, P. B. Hays, J. Wang, eds., 2830, 169–179 (1996).

Drummond, J.

D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.

Drummond, J. R.

J. Wang, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, J. R. Drummond, L. Pan, “Instrument sensitivity and error analysis for the remote sensing of tropospheric carbon monoxide by MOPITT,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 465–474 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, L. Pan, D. Edwards, J. R. Drummond, “Retrieval of tropospheric carbon monoxide profiles from high-resolution interferometer Observations: A new digital gas correlation (DGC) method and applications,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 219–232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Drummond, G. S. Mand, “The measurement of pollution in the troposphere,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 13, 314–320 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Durry, G.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, F. Lefevre, “First direct simultaneous HCl and ClONO2 profile measurements in the Arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 2663–2666 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, D.

J. Wang, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, L. Pan, D. Edwards, J. R. Drummond, “Retrieval of tropospheric carbon monoxide profiles from high-resolution interferometer Observations: A new digital gas correlation (DGC) method and applications,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 219–232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, D. P.

D. P. Edwards, C. M. Halvorson, J. C. Gille, “Radiative transfer modeling for the EOS Terra satellite Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 16,755–16,775 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Pan, J. C. Gille, D. P. Edwards, P. L. Bailey, C. D. Rodgers, “Retrieval of tropospheric monoxide for the MOPITT experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 32,277–32,290 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.

J.-L. Attié, J. Gille, M. Deeter, D. P. Edwards, B. Katthatov, J.-F. Lamarque, L. V. Lyjak, P. Novelli, M. W. Smith, J. Warner, D. Ziskin, “Validation of CO retrievals from MOPITT instrument aboard Terra satellite, presented at the European Geophysical Society Conference, Nice, France, 25–30 March 2001.

Ellingson, R. G.

R. G. Ellingson, Y. Fouquart, “The intercomparison of radiation codes in climate models: an overview,” J. Geophys. Res. D 96, 8925–8927 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Emmons, L. K.

D. A. Hauglustaine, G. P. Brasseur, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, L. K. Emmons, M. A. Carroll, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model or ozone and related chemical tracers. 2. Model results and evaluation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,291–28,335 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eriksson, P.

P. Eriksson, “Analysis and comparison of two linear regularization methods for passive atmospheric observations,” J. Geophys. Res. D 105, 18,157–18,167 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fayt, C.

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Flaud, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Forbes, D. A.

H. G. Reichle, B. E. Anderson, V. S. Connors, T. C. Denkins, D. A. Forbes, B. B. Gormsen, R. L. Langenfelds, D. O. Neil, S. R. Nolf, P. C. Novelli, N. S. Pougatchev, M. M. Roell, L. P. Steele, “Space shuttle based global CO measurements during April and October 1994, MAPS instrument, data reduction and data validation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,443–21,454 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fouquart, Y.

R. G. Ellingson, Y. Fouquart, “The intercomparison of radiation codes in climate models: an overview,” J. Geophys. Res. D 96, 8925–8927 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Francis, G. L.

D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.

Galle, B.

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gille, J.

J. Wang, J. Gille, H. Revercomb, V. Walden, “Validation study of the MOPITT retrieval algorithm: carbon monoxide retrieval from IMG observations during WINCE,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 17, 1285–1295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Attié, J. Gille, M. Deeter, D. P. Edwards, B. Katthatov, J.-F. Lamarque, L. V. Lyjak, P. Novelli, M. W. Smith, J. Warner, D. Ziskin, “Validation of CO retrievals from MOPITT instrument aboard Terra satellite, presented at the European Geophysical Society Conference, Nice, France, 25–30 March 2001.

Gille, J. C.

J. Wang, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, J. R. Drummond, L. Pan, “Instrument sensitivity and error analysis for the remote sensing of tropospheric carbon monoxide by MOPITT,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 465–474 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, L. Pan, D. Edwards, J. R. Drummond, “Retrieval of tropospheric carbon monoxide profiles from high-resolution interferometer Observations: A new digital gas correlation (DGC) method and applications,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 219–232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Edwards, C. M. Halvorson, J. C. Gille, “Radiative transfer modeling for the EOS Terra satellite Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 16,755–16,775 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Lamarque, B. V. Khattatov, J. C. Gille, G. P. Brasseur, “Assimilation of Measurement of Air Pollution from Space (MAPS) CO in a three-dimensional model,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 26,209–26,218 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Pan, J. C. Gille, D. P. Edwards, P. L. Bailey, C. D. Rodgers, “Retrieval of tropospheric monoxide for the MOPITT experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 32,277–32,290 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.

Glavich, T. A.

Goldman, A.

A. Goldman, C. Paton-Walsh, W. Bell, G. C. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, B. Sen, M. T. Coffey, J. W. Hannigan, W. G. Mankin, “Network for the detection of stratospheric change Fourier transform infrared intercomparison at Table Mountain facility, November 1996,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 30,481–30,503 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Golman, A.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gormsen, B. B.

H. G. Reichle, B. E. Anderson, V. S. Connors, T. C. Denkins, D. A. Forbes, B. B. Gormsen, R. L. Langenfelds, D. O. Neil, S. R. Nolf, P. C. Novelli, N. S. Pougatchev, M. M. Roell, L. P. Steele, “Space shuttle based global CO measurements during April and October 1994, MAPS instrument, data reduction and data validation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,443–21,454 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Connors, B. B. Gormsen, S. Nolf, H. G. Reichle, “Spaceborne observations of the global distribution of carbon monoxide in the middle troposphere during April and October 1994,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,455–21,470 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, R. T. Sherrill, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, E. P. Condon, B. B. Gormsen, W. Seiler, “The distribution of middle tropospheric carbon monoxide during early October 1984,” J. Geophys. Res. D 95, 9845–9856 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, W. D. Hypes, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, B. B. Gormsen, M. S. Saylor, W. D. Hesketh, “Middle and upper tropospheric carbon monoxide mixing ratios as measured by a satellite-borne remote sensor during November 1981,” J. Geophys. Res. D 9110,865–10,887 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Goutail, F.

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Granier, C.

G. P. Brasseur, D. A. Hauglustaine, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, C. Granier, X. X. Tie, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model for ozone and related chemical tracers. 1. Model description,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,265–28,289 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gunson, M. R.

C. P. Rinsland, M. R. Gunson, R. Zander, M. Lopez-Puertas, “Middle and upper atmosphere pressure-temperature profiles and the abundances of CO2 and CO in the upper atmosphere from ATMOS/Spacelab 3 observations,” J. Geophys. Res. D 97, 20,479–20,495 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hadji-Lazaro, J.

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, D. Hauglustaine, G. Mégie, B. Khattatov, J.-F. Lamarque, “Assimilation of carbon monoxide measured from satellite in a three-dimensional chemistry-transport model,” J. Geophys. Res. D 106, 15,385–15,394 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, P. Couvert, P. Chazette, C. Boonne, “Cloud filter for CO retrieval from IMG infrared spectra using ECMWF temperatures and POLDER cloud data,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 2397–2400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, S. Thiria, “An inversion algorithm using neural network to retrieve atmospheric CO concentrations from high-resolution nadir radiances,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 23,841–23,854 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, G. Mégie, “Retrieval of CO columns from IMG/ADEOS spectra,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1657–1662 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Clerbaux, P. Chazette, J. Hadji-Lazaro, G. Mégie, J.-F. Müller, S. A. Clough, “Remote sensing of CO, CH4, and O3 using a space-borne nadir-viewing interferometer,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 18,999–19,013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Turquety, J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, “Retrieval of ozone from infrared IASI measurements,” in Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere VI, K. Schaefer, O. Lado-Bordowsky, A. Comeron, M. R. Carleer, J. S. Fender, eds., Proc. SPIE4539, 106–115 (2002).

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy Peyret, J. Wang, “Intercomparison of inversion algorithms for the retrieval of CO from IMG/IASI, presented at the 8th International Workshop on Atmospheric Science from Space Using Fourier Transform Spectrometry, Toulouse, France, 16–18 November 1998.

Haigh, J.

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Halvorson, C. M.

D. P. Edwards, C. M. Halvorson, J. C. Gille, “Radiative transfer modeling for the EOS Terra satellite Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 16,755–16,775 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hannigan, J. W.

A. Goldman, C. Paton-Walsh, W. Bell, G. C. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, B. Sen, M. T. Coffey, J. W. Hannigan, W. G. Mankin, “Network for the detection of stratospheric change Fourier transform infrared intercomparison at Table Mountain facility, November 1996,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 30,481–30,503 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Harries, J. E.

J. E. Harries, H. E. Brindley, P. J. Sagoo, R. J. Bantges, “Increases in greenhouse forcing inferred from outgoing longwave radiation spectra of the Earth in 1970 and 1997,” Nature 410, 355–357 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hauglustaine, D.

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, D. Hauglustaine, G. Mégie, B. Khattatov, J.-F. Lamarque, “Assimilation of carbon monoxide measured from satellite in a three-dimensional chemistry-transport model,” J. Geophys. Res. D 106, 15,385–15,394 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hauglustaine, D. A.

G. P. Brasseur, D. A. Hauglustaine, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, C. Granier, X. X. Tie, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model for ozone and related chemical tracers. 1. Model description,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,265–28,289 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Hauglustaine, G. P. Brasseur, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, L. K. Emmons, M. A. Carroll, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model or ozone and related chemical tracers. 2. Model results and evaluation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,291–28,335 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hausmann, M.

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hawat, T.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, F. Lefevre, “First direct simultaneous HCl and ClONO2 profile measurements in the Arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 2663–2666 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hermans, C.

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hesketh, W. D.

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, W. D. Hypes, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, B. B. Gormsen, M. S. Saylor, W. D. Hesketh, “Middle and upper tropospheric carbon monoxide mixing ratios as measured by a satellite-borne remote sensor during November 1981,” J. Geophys. Res. D 9110,865–10,887 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Holland, J. A.

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, R. T. Sherrill, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, E. P. Condon, B. B. Gormsen, W. Seiler, “The distribution of middle tropospheric carbon monoxide during early October 1984,” J. Geophys. Res. D 95, 9845–9856 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, W. D. Hypes, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, B. B. Gormsen, M. S. Saylor, W. D. Hesketh, “Middle and upper tropospheric carbon monoxide mixing ratios as measured by a satellite-borne remote sensor during November 1981,” J. Geophys. Res. D 9110,865–10,887 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Höpfner, M.

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Huang, H. L.

W. W. McMillan, L. L. Strow, B. G. Doddridge, W. L. Smith, H. E. Revercomb, H. L. Huang, “Retrieval of carbon monoxide column densities using AIRS on EOS: validation of a prototype retrieval algorithm,” in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research II, P. B. Hays, J. Wang, eds., 2830, 169–179 (1996).

Hypes, W. D.

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, W. D. Hypes, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, B. B. Gormsen, M. S. Saylor, W. D. Hesketh, “Middle and upper tropospheric carbon monoxide mixing ratios as measured by a satellite-borne remote sensor during November 1981,” J. Geophys. Res. D 9110,865–10,887 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Iacono, M. J.

S. A. Clough, M. J. Iacono, “Line-by-line calculation of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates. 2. Application to carbon dioxide, ozone, methane, nitrous oxide, and the halocarbons,” J. Geophys. Res. D 100, 16,519–16,535 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ichizawa, S.

S. Ichizawa, K. Kondo, M. Suzuki, H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “Improvement of the instrument line shape of IMG,” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing IX, M. Strojnik, B. F. Andresen, eds., Proc. SPIE4486, 326–334 (2002).

Jacob, D. J.

M. Luo, R. Beer, D. J. Jacob, J. A. Logan, C. D. Rodgers, “Simulated observation of tropospheric ozone and CO with the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) satellite instrument,” J. Geophys. Res.D 10.1029/2001JD000804 (2002).

Javelle, P.

F. Cayla, P. Javelle, “IASI instrument overview,” in Advanced and Next-Generation Satellites, H. Fujisaka, N. M. Sweeting, eds., Proc. SPIE2583, 271–281 (1995).

Jeseck, P.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, F. Lefevre, “First direct simultaneous HCl and ClONO2 profile measurements in the Arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 2663–2666 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jucks, K. W.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kameda, Y.

Karcher, F.

F. Karcher, MétéoFrance, Toulouse, France (personal communication, 1998).

Katthatov, B.

J.-L. Attié, J. Gille, M. Deeter, D. P. Edwards, B. Katthatov, J.-F. Lamarque, L. V. Lyjak, P. Novelli, M. W. Smith, J. Warner, D. Ziskin, “Validation of CO retrievals from MOPITT instrument aboard Terra satellite, presented at the European Geophysical Society Conference, Nice, France, 25–30 March 2001.

Khattatov, B.

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, D. Hauglustaine, G. Mégie, B. Khattatov, J.-F. Lamarque, “Assimilation of carbon monoxide measured from satellite in a three-dimensional chemistry-transport model,” J. Geophys. Res. D 106, 15,385–15,394 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.

Khattatov, B. V.

J.-F. Lamarque, B. V. Khattatov, J. C. Gille, G. P. Brasseur, “Assimilation of Measurement of Air Pollution from Space (MAPS) CO in a three-dimensional model,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 26,209–26,218 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Knuteson, R.

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Kobayashi, H.

A. M. Lubrano, C. Serio, S. A. Clough, H. Kobayashi, “Simultaneous inversion for temperature and water vapor from IMG radiances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2533–2536 (2000).
[CrossRef]

U. Amato, V. Cuomo, I. De Feis, F. Romano, C. Serio, H. Kobayashi, “Inverting for geophysical parameters from IMG radiances,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1620–1632 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Kobayashi, A. Shimota, K. Kondo, E. Okumura, Y. Kameda, H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “A high-throughput Fourier-transform infrared radiometer for nadir Earth observations,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6801–6807 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Kobayashi, A. Shimota, C. Yoshigahara, I. Yoshida, Y. Uehara, K. Kondo, “Satellite-borne high-resolution FTIR for lower atmosphere sounding and its evaluation,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1496–1507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, K.

H. Kobayashi, A. Shimota, C. Yoshigahara, I. Yoshida, Y. Uehara, K. Kondo, “Satellite-borne high-resolution FTIR for lower atmosphere sounding and its evaluation,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1496–1507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Kobayashi, A. Shimota, K. Kondo, E. Okumura, Y. Kameda, H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “A high-throughput Fourier-transform infrared radiometer for nadir Earth observations,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6801–6807 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Ichizawa, K. Kondo, M. Suzuki, H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “Improvement of the instrument line shape of IMG,” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing IX, M. Strojnik, B. F. Andresen, eds., Proc. SPIE4486, 326–334 (2002).

Lamarque, J.-F.

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, D. Hauglustaine, G. Mégie, B. Khattatov, J.-F. Lamarque, “Assimilation of carbon monoxide measured from satellite in a three-dimensional chemistry-transport model,” J. Geophys. Res. D 106, 15,385–15,394 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Lamarque, B. V. Khattatov, J. C. Gille, G. P. Brasseur, “Assimilation of Measurement of Air Pollution from Space (MAPS) CO in a three-dimensional model,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 26,209–26,218 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.

J.-L. Attié, J. Gille, M. Deeter, D. P. Edwards, B. Katthatov, J.-F. Lamarque, L. V. Lyjak, P. Novelli, M. W. Smith, J. Warner, D. Ziskin, “Validation of CO retrievals from MOPITT instrument aboard Terra satellite, presented at the European Geophysical Society Conference, Nice, France, 25–30 March 2001.

Langenfelds, R. L.

H. G. Reichle, B. E. Anderson, V. S. Connors, T. C. Denkins, D. A. Forbes, B. B. Gormsen, R. L. Langenfelds, D. O. Neil, S. R. Nolf, P. C. Novelli, N. S. Pougatchev, M. M. Roell, L. P. Steele, “Space shuttle based global CO measurements during April and October 1994, MAPS instrument, data reduction and data validation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,443–21,454 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lefevre, F.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, F. Lefevre, “First direct simultaneous HCl and ClONO2 profile measurements in the Arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 2663–2666 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Logan, J. A.

M. Luo, R. Beer, D. J. Jacob, J. A. Logan, C. D. Rodgers, “Simulated observation of tropospheric ozone and CO with the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) satellite instrument,” J. Geophys. Res.D 10.1029/2001JD000804 (2002).

Lopez-Puertas, M.

C. P. Rinsland, M. R. Gunson, R. Zander, M. Lopez-Puertas, “Middle and upper atmosphere pressure-temperature profiles and the abundances of CO2 and CO in the upper atmosphere from ATMOS/Spacelab 3 observations,” J. Geophys. Res. D 97, 20,479–20,495 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lubrano, A. M.

A. M. Lubrano, C. Serio, S. A. Clough, H. Kobayashi, “Simultaneous inversion for temperature and water vapor from IMG radiances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2533–2536 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Luo, M.

M. Luo, R. Beer, D. J. Jacob, J. A. Logan, C. D. Rodgers, “Simulated observation of tropospheric ozone and CO with the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) satellite instrument,” J. Geophys. Res.D 10.1029/2001JD000804 (2002).

Lyjak, L. V.

J.-L. Attié, J. Gille, M. Deeter, D. P. Edwards, B. Katthatov, J.-F. Lamarque, L. V. Lyjak, P. Novelli, M. W. Smith, J. Warner, D. Ziskin, “Validation of CO retrievals from MOPITT instrument aboard Terra satellite, presented at the European Geophysical Society Conference, Nice, France, 25–30 March 2001.

Mand, G.

D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.

Mand, G. S.

J. R. Drummond, G. S. Mand, “The measurement of pollution in the troposphere,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 13, 314–320 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mandin, J.-Y.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mankin, W. G.

A. Goldman, C. Paton-Walsh, W. Bell, G. C. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, B. Sen, M. T. Coffey, J. W. Hannigan, W. G. Mankin, “Network for the detection of stratospheric change Fourier transform infrared intercomparison at Table Mountain facility, November 1996,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 30,481–30,503 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Matricardi, M.

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Mayer, L.

D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.

McCann, A.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McMillan, W. W.

W. W. McMillan, L. L. Strow, B. G. Doddridge, W. L. Smith, H. E. Revercomb, H. L. Huang, “Retrieval of carbon monoxide column densities using AIRS on EOS: validation of a prototype retrieval algorithm,” in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research II, P. B. Hays, J. Wang, eds., 2830, 169–179 (1996).

Mégie, G.

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, D. Hauglustaine, G. Mégie, B. Khattatov, J.-F. Lamarque, “Assimilation of carbon monoxide measured from satellite in a three-dimensional chemistry-transport model,” J. Geophys. Res. D 106, 15,385–15,394 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, G. Mégie, “Retrieval of CO columns from IMG/ADEOS spectra,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1657–1662 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Clerbaux, P. Chazette, J. Hadji-Lazaro, G. Mégie, J.-F. Müller, S. A. Clough, “Remote sensing of CO, CH4, and O3 using a space-borne nadir-viewing interferometer,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 18,999–19,013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Miller, C.

H. H. Aumann, C. Miller, “Atmospheric infrared sounder (AIRS) on the Earth Observing System,” in Advanced and Next-Generation Satellites, H. Fujisaka, N. M. Sweeting, eds., Proc. SPIE2583, 332–338 (1995).

Müller, J.-F.

C. Clerbaux, P. Chazette, J. Hadji-Lazaro, G. Mégie, J.-F. Müller, S. A. Clough, “Remote sensing of CO, CH4, and O3 using a space-borne nadir-viewing interferometer,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 18,999–19,013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Brasseur, D. A. Hauglustaine, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, C. Granier, X. X. Tie, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model for ozone and related chemical tracers. 1. Model description,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,265–28,289 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Hauglustaine, G. P. Brasseur, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, L. K. Emmons, M. A. Carroll, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model or ozone and related chemical tracers. 2. Model results and evaluation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,291–28,335 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Müller, G. Brasseur, “IMAGES: a three-dimensional chemical transport model of the global troposphere,” J. Geophys. Res. D 100, 16,445–16,490 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Neil, D. O.

H. G. Reichle, B. E. Anderson, V. S. Connors, T. C. Denkins, D. A. Forbes, B. B. Gormsen, R. L. Langenfelds, D. O. Neil, S. R. Nolf, P. C. Novelli, N. S. Pougatchev, M. M. Roell, L. P. Steele, “Space shuttle based global CO measurements during April and October 1994, MAPS instrument, data reduction and data validation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,443–21,454 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nemtchinov, V.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nolf, S.

V. S. Connors, B. B. Gormsen, S. Nolf, H. G. Reichle, “Spaceborne observations of the global distribution of carbon monoxide in the middle troposphere during April and October 1994,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,455–21,470 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nolf, S. R.

H. G. Reichle, B. E. Anderson, V. S. Connors, T. C. Denkins, D. A. Forbes, B. B. Gormsen, R. L. Langenfelds, D. O. Neil, S. R. Nolf, P. C. Novelli, N. S. Pougatchev, M. M. Roell, L. P. Steele, “Space shuttle based global CO measurements during April and October 1994, MAPS instrument, data reduction and data validation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,443–21,454 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Novelli, P.

J.-L. Attié, J. Gille, M. Deeter, D. P. Edwards, B. Katthatov, J.-F. Lamarque, L. V. Lyjak, P. Novelli, M. W. Smith, J. Warner, D. Ziskin, “Validation of CO retrievals from MOPITT instrument aboard Terra satellite, presented at the European Geophysical Society Conference, Nice, France, 25–30 March 2001.

Novelli, P. C.

H. G. Reichle, B. E. Anderson, V. S. Connors, T. C. Denkins, D. A. Forbes, B. B. Gormsen, R. L. Langenfelds, D. O. Neil, S. R. Nolf, P. C. Novelli, N. S. Pougatchev, M. M. Roell, L. P. Steele, “Space shuttle based global CO measurements during April and October 1994, MAPS instrument, data reduction and data validation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,443–21,454 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nunes-Pinharanda, M.

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, T.

H. Kobayashi, A. Shimota, K. Kondo, E. Okumura, Y. Kameda, H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “A high-throughput Fourier-transform infrared radiometer for nadir Earth observations,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6801–6807 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Ichizawa, K. Kondo, M. Suzuki, H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “Improvement of the instrument line shape of IMG,” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing IX, M. Strojnik, B. F. Andresen, eds., Proc. SPIE4486, 326–334 (2002).

Okumura, E.

Pan, L.

J. Wang, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, L. Pan, D. Edwards, J. R. Drummond, “Retrieval of tropospheric carbon monoxide profiles from high-resolution interferometer Observations: A new digital gas correlation (DGC) method and applications,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 219–232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, J. R. Drummond, L. Pan, “Instrument sensitivity and error analysis for the remote sensing of tropospheric carbon monoxide by MOPITT,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 465–474 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Pan, J. C. Gille, D. P. Edwards, P. L. Bailey, C. D. Rodgers, “Retrieval of tropospheric monoxide for the MOPITT experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 32,277–32,290 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Paton-Walsh, C.

A. Goldman, C. Paton-Walsh, W. Bell, G. C. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, B. Sen, M. T. Coffey, J. W. Hannigan, W. G. Mankin, “Network for the detection of stratospheric change Fourier transform infrared intercomparison at Table Mountain facility, November 1996,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 30,481–30,503 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Patterson, T.

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Payan, S.

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, G. Mégie, “Retrieval of CO columns from IMG/ADEOS spectra,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1657–1662 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, F. Lefevre, “First direct simultaneous HCl and ClONO2 profile measurements in the Arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 2663–2666 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy Peyret, J. Wang, “Intercomparison of inversion algorithms for the retrieval of CO from IMG/IASI, presented at the 8th International Workshop on Atmospheric Science from Space Using Fourier Transform Spectrometry, Toulouse, France, 16–18 November 1998.

S. Payan, Laboratoire de Physique Moléculaire et Applications, Paris, France, and J. Hadji-Lazaro, Service d’Aéronomie, Paris, France. (personal communication, 1998).

S. Payan, Laboratoire de Physique Moléculaire et Applications, Paris, France (personal communication, 1998).

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Perrin, A.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Plane, J. M. C.

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Platt, U.

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pommereau, J. P.

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pougatchev, N. S.

H. G. Reichle, B. E. Anderson, V. S. Connors, T. C. Denkins, D. A. Forbes, B. B. Gormsen, R. L. Langenfelds, D. O. Neil, S. R. Nolf, P. C. Novelli, N. S. Pougatchev, M. M. Roell, L. P. Steele, “Space shuttle based global CO measurements during April and October 1994, MAPS instrument, data reduction and data validation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,443–21,454 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pundt, I.

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rasch, P. J.

D. A. Hauglustaine, G. P. Brasseur, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, L. K. Emmons, M. A. Carroll, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model or ozone and related chemical tracers. 2. Model results and evaluation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,291–28,335 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Brasseur, D. A. Hauglustaine, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, C. Granier, X. X. Tie, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model for ozone and related chemical tracers. 1. Model description,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,265–28,289 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rayer, P.

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Reichle, H. G.

V. S. Connors, B. B. Gormsen, S. Nolf, H. G. Reichle, “Spaceborne observations of the global distribution of carbon monoxide in the middle troposphere during April and October 1994,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,455–21,470 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Reichle, B. E. Anderson, V. S. Connors, T. C. Denkins, D. A. Forbes, B. B. Gormsen, R. L. Langenfelds, D. O. Neil, S. R. Nolf, P. C. Novelli, N. S. Pougatchev, M. M. Roell, L. P. Steele, “Space shuttle based global CO measurements during April and October 1994, MAPS instrument, data reduction and data validation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,443–21,454 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, R. T. Sherrill, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, E. P. Condon, B. B. Gormsen, W. Seiler, “The distribution of middle tropospheric carbon monoxide during early October 1984,” J. Geophys. Res. D 95, 9845–9856 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, W. D. Hypes, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, B. B. Gormsen, M. S. Saylor, W. D. Hesketh, “Middle and upper tropospheric carbon monoxide mixing ratios as measured by a satellite-borne remote sensor during November 1981,” J. Geophys. Res. D 9110,865–10,887 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Revercomb, H.

J. Wang, J. Gille, H. Revercomb, V. Walden, “Validation study of the MOPITT retrieval algorithm: carbon monoxide retrieval from IMG observations during WINCE,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 17, 1285–1295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Revercomb, H. E.

W. L. Smith, H. M. Woolf, H. E. Revercomb, “Linear simultaneous solution for temperature and absorbing constituent profiles from radiance spectra,” Appl. Opt. 30, 1117–1123 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. W. McMillan, L. L. Strow, B. G. Doddridge, W. L. Smith, H. E. Revercomb, H. L. Huang, “Retrieval of carbon monoxide column densities using AIRS on EOS: validation of a prototype retrieval algorithm,” in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research II, P. B. Hays, J. Wang, eds., 2830, 169–179 (1996).

Rider, D. M.

Rindsland, C.

H. Worden, R. Beer, C. Rindsland, “Airborne infrared spectroscopy of 1994 western wildfires,” J. Geophys. Res. D 102, 1287–1299 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rindsland, C. P.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rinsland, C. P.

S. A. Clough, C. P. Rinsland, P. D. Brown, “Retrieval of tropospheric ozone from simulations of nadir spectral radiances as observed from space,” J. Geophys. Res. D 100, 16,579–16,593 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Rinsland, M. R. Gunson, R. Zander, M. Lopez-Puertas, “Middle and upper atmosphere pressure-temperature profiles and the abundances of CO2 and CO in the upper atmosphere from ATMOS/Spacelab 3 observations,” J. Geophys. Res. D 97, 20,479–20,495 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rizzi, R.

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Rodgers, C. D.

M. Luo, R. Beer, D. J. Jacob, J. A. Logan, C. D. Rodgers, “Simulated observation of tropospheric ozone and CO with the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) satellite instrument,” J. Geophys. Res.D 10.1029/2001JD000804 (2002).

L. Pan, J. C. Gille, D. P. Edwards, P. L. Bailey, C. D. Rodgers, “Retrieval of tropospheric monoxide for the MOPITT experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 32,277–32,290 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Rodgers, “Retrieval of atmospheric temperature and composition from remote measurements of thermal radiation,” Rev. Geophys. 14, 609–624 (1976).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Rodgers, Inverse Methods for Atmospheric Sounding: Theory and Practice, Vol. 2 of Series on Atmospheric, Oceanic and Planetary Physics (World Scientific, Singapore, 2000).

Roell, M. M.

H. G. Reichle, B. E. Anderson, V. S. Connors, T. C. Denkins, D. A. Forbes, B. B. Gormsen, R. L. Langenfelds, D. O. Neil, S. R. Nolf, P. C. Novelli, N. S. Pougatchev, M. M. Roell, L. P. Steele, “Space shuttle based global CO measurements during April and October 1994, MAPS instrument, data reduction and data validation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,443–21,454 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Romano, F.

U. Amato, V. Cuomo, I. De Feis, F. Romano, C. Serio, H. Kobayashi, “Inverting for geophysical parameters from IMG radiances,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1620–1632 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rudolph, T.

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sagoo, P. J.

J. E. Harries, H. E. Brindley, P. J. Sagoo, R. J. Bantges, “Increases in greenhouse forcing inferred from outgoing longwave radiation spectra of the Earth in 1970 and 1997,” Nature 410, 355–357 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saylor, M. S.

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, W. D. Hypes, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, B. B. Gormsen, M. S. Saylor, W. D. Hesketh, “Middle and upper tropospheric carbon monoxide mixing ratios as measured by a satellite-borne remote sensor during November 1981,” J. Geophys. Res. D 9110,865–10,887 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Schimpf, B.

B. Schimpf, F. Schreier, “Robust and efficient inversion of vertical sounding atmospheric high-resolution spectra by means of regularization,” J. Geophys. Res. D 102, 16,037–16,055 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schreier, F.

B. Schimpf, F. Schreier, “Robust and efficient inversion of vertical sounding atmospheric high-resolution spectra by means of regularization,” J. Geophys. Res. D 102, 16,037–16,055 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schroeder, J.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Scott, N.

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Seiler, W.

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, R. T. Sherrill, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, E. P. Condon, B. B. Gormsen, W. Seiler, “The distribution of middle tropospheric carbon monoxide during early October 1984,” J. Geophys. Res. D 95, 9845–9856 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sen, B.

A. Goldman, C. Paton-Walsh, W. Bell, G. C. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, B. Sen, M. T. Coffey, J. W. Hannigan, W. G. Mankin, “Network for the detection of stratospheric change Fourier transform infrared intercomparison at Table Mountain facility, November 1996,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 30,481–30,503 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Serio, C.

A. M. Lubrano, C. Serio, S. A. Clough, H. Kobayashi, “Simultaneous inversion for temperature and water vapor from IMG radiances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2533–2536 (2000).
[CrossRef]

U. Amato, V. Cuomo, I. De Feis, F. Romano, C. Serio, H. Kobayashi, “Inverting for geophysical parameters from IMG radiances,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1620–1632 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Amato, I. De Feis, C. Serio, “Linearization pseudo-noise and its effect on the retrieval of atmospheric state from infrared spectral radiances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2565–2568 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Serio, Università di Basilicata, Potenza, Italy (personal communication, 1999).

Shephard, M. W.

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Sherrill, R. T.

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, R. T. Sherrill, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, E. P. Condon, B. B. Gormsen, W. Seiler, “The distribution of middle tropospheric carbon monoxide during early October 1984,” J. Geophys. Res. D 95, 9845–9856 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shimoda, H.

H. Kobayashi, A. Shimota, K. Kondo, E. Okumura, Y. Kameda, H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “A high-throughput Fourier-transform infrared radiometer for nadir Earth observations,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6801–6807 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Ichizawa, K. Kondo, M. Suzuki, H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “Improvement of the instrument line shape of IMG,” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing IX, M. Strojnik, B. F. Andresen, eds., Proc. SPIE4486, 326–334 (2002).

Shimota, A.

H. Kobayashi, A. Shimota, K. Kondo, E. Okumura, Y. Kameda, H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “A high-throughput Fourier-transform infrared radiometer for nadir Earth observations,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6801–6807 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Kobayashi, A. Shimota, C. Yoshigahara, I. Yoshida, Y. Uehara, K. Kondo, “Satellite-borne high-resolution FTIR for lower atmosphere sounding and its evaluation,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1496–1507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Simon, P. C.

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M.

D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.

Smith, M. W.

J.-L. Attié, J. Gille, M. Deeter, D. P. Edwards, B. Katthatov, J.-F. Lamarque, L. V. Lyjak, P. Novelli, M. W. Smith, J. Warner, D. Ziskin, “Validation of CO retrievals from MOPITT instrument aboard Terra satellite, presented at the European Geophysical Society Conference, Nice, France, 25–30 March 2001.

Smith, N.

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, W. L.

W. L. Smith, H. M. Woolf, H. E. Revercomb, “Linear simultaneous solution for temperature and absorbing constituent profiles from radiance spectra,” Appl. Opt. 30, 1117–1123 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. W. McMillan, L. L. Strow, B. G. Doddridge, W. L. Smith, H. E. Revercomb, H. L. Huang, “Retrieval of carbon monoxide column densities using AIRS on EOS: validation of a prototype retrieval algorithm,” in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research II, P. B. Hays, J. Wang, eds., 2830, 169–179 (1996).

Steele, L. P.

H. G. Reichle, B. E. Anderson, V. S. Connors, T. C. Denkins, D. A. Forbes, B. B. Gormsen, R. L. Langenfelds, D. O. Neil, S. R. Nolf, P. C. Novelli, N. S. Pougatchev, M. M. Roell, L. P. Steele, “Space shuttle based global CO measurements during April and October 1994, MAPS instrument, data reduction and data validation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,443–21,454 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Strow, L. L.

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

W. W. McMillan, L. L. Strow, B. G. Doddridge, W. L. Smith, H. E. Revercomb, H. L. Huang, “Retrieval of carbon monoxide column densities using AIRS on EOS: validation of a prototype retrieval algorithm,” in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research II, P. B. Hays, J. Wang, eds., 2830, 169–179 (1996).

Suzuki, M.

S. Ichizawa, K. Kondo, M. Suzuki, H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “Improvement of the instrument line shape of IMG,” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing IX, M. Strojnik, B. F. Andresen, eds., Proc. SPIE4486, 326–334 (2002).

Taylor, J.

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Thiria, S.

J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, S. Thiria, “An inversion algorithm using neural network to retrieve atmospheric CO concentrations from high-resolution nadir radiances,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 23,841–23,854 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tie, X. X.

G. P. Brasseur, D. A. Hauglustaine, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, C. Granier, X. X. Tie, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model for ozone and related chemical tracers. 1. Model description,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,265–28,289 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tjemkes, S. A.

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Tobin, D.

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Toon, G. C.

A. Goldman, C. Paton-Walsh, W. Bell, G. C. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, B. Sen, M. T. Coffey, J. W. Hannigan, W. G. Mankin, “Network for the detection of stratospheric change Fourier transform infrared intercomparison at Table Mountain facility, November 1996,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 30,481–30,503 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Trotsenko, A.

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

Turquety, S.

S. Turquety, J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, “Retrieval of ozone from infrared IASI measurements,” in Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere VI, K. Schaefer, O. Lado-Bordowsky, A. Comeron, M. R. Carleer, J. S. Fender, eds., Proc. SPIE4539, 106–115 (2002).

Uehara, Y.

H. Kobayashi, A. Shimota, C. Yoshigahara, I. Yoshida, Y. Uehara, K. Kondo, “Satellite-borne high-resolution FTIR for lower atmosphere sounding and its evaluation,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1496–1507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vandaele, A. C.

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Varanasi, P.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Walden, V.

J. Wang, J. Gille, H. Revercomb, V. Walden, “Validation study of the MOPITT retrieval algorithm: carbon monoxide retrieval from IMG observations during WINCE,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 17, 1285–1295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wallio, H. A.

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, R. T. Sherrill, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, E. P. Condon, B. B. Gormsen, W. Seiler, “The distribution of middle tropospheric carbon monoxide during early October 1984,” J. Geophys. Res. D 95, 9845–9856 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, W. D. Hypes, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, B. B. Gormsen, M. S. Saylor, W. D. Hesketh, “Middle and upper tropospheric carbon monoxide mixing ratios as measured by a satellite-borne remote sensor during November 1981,” J. Geophys. Res. D 9110,865–10,887 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Walters, S.

G. P. Brasseur, D. A. Hauglustaine, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, C. Granier, X. X. Tie, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model for ozone and related chemical tracers. 1. Model description,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,265–28,289 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Hauglustaine, G. P. Brasseur, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, L. K. Emmons, M. A. Carroll, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model or ozone and related chemical tracers. 2. Model results and evaluation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,291–28,335 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, J. Gille, H. Revercomb, V. Walden, “Validation study of the MOPITT retrieval algorithm: carbon monoxide retrieval from IMG observations during WINCE,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 17, 1285–1295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, J. R. Drummond, L. Pan, “Instrument sensitivity and error analysis for the remote sensing of tropospheric carbon monoxide by MOPITT,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 465–474 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, L. Pan, D. Edwards, J. R. Drummond, “Retrieval of tropospheric carbon monoxide profiles from high-resolution interferometer Observations: A new digital gas correlation (DGC) method and applications,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 219–232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy Peyret, J. Wang, “Intercomparison of inversion algorithms for the retrieval of CO from IMG/IASI, presented at the 8th International Workshop on Atmospheric Science from Space Using Fourier Transform Spectrometry, Toulouse, France, 16–18 November 1998.

Warner, J.

D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.

J.-L. Attié, J. Gille, M. Deeter, D. P. Edwards, B. Katthatov, J.-F. Lamarque, L. V. Lyjak, P. Novelli, M. W. Smith, J. Warner, D. Ziskin, “Validation of CO retrievals from MOPITT instrument aboard Terra satellite, presented at the European Geophysical Society Conference, Nice, France, 25–30 March 2001.

Wattson, R. B.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Woolf, H. M.

Worden, H.

H. Worden, R. Beer, C. Rindsland, “Airborne infrared spectroscopy of 1994 western wildfires,” J. Geophys. Res. D 102, 1287–1299 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, I.

H. Kobayashi, A. Shimota, C. Yoshigahara, I. Yoshida, Y. Uehara, K. Kondo, “Satellite-borne high-resolution FTIR for lower atmosphere sounding and its evaluation,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1496–1507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoshigahara, C.

H. Kobayashi, A. Shimota, C. Yoshigahara, I. Yoshida, Y. Uehara, K. Kondo, “Satellite-borne high-resolution FTIR for lower atmosphere sounding and its evaluation,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1496–1507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, K.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Z.

D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.

Zander, R.

C. P. Rinsland, M. R. Gunson, R. Zander, M. Lopez-Puertas, “Middle and upper atmosphere pressure-temperature profiles and the abundances of CO2 and CO in the upper atmosphere from ATMOS/Spacelab 3 observations,” J. Geophys. Res. D 97, 20,479–20,495 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ziskin, D.

J.-L. Attié, J. Gille, M. Deeter, D. P. Edwards, B. Katthatov, J.-F. Lamarque, L. V. Lyjak, P. Novelli, M. W. Smith, J. Warner, D. Ziskin, “Validation of CO retrievals from MOPITT instrument aboard Terra satellite, presented at the European Geophysical Society Conference, Nice, France, 25–30 March 2001.

D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Geophys. Res. Lett. (4)

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, F. Lefevre, “First direct simultaneous HCl and ClONO2 profile measurements in the Arctic vortex,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 2663–2666 (1998).
[CrossRef]

U. Amato, I. De Feis, C. Serio, “Linearization pseudo-noise and its effect on the retrieval of atmospheric state from infrared spectral radiances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2565–2568 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Lubrano, C. Serio, S. A. Clough, H. Kobayashi, “Simultaneous inversion for temperature and water vapor from IMG radiances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2533–2536 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, P. Couvert, P. Chazette, C. Boonne, “Cloud filter for CO retrieval from IMG infrared spectra using ECMWF temperatures and POLDER cloud data,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 2397–2400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (3)

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, G. Mégie, “Retrieval of CO columns from IMG/ADEOS spectra,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1657–1662 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Amato, V. Cuomo, I. De Feis, F. Romano, C. Serio, H. Kobayashi, “Inverting for geophysical parameters from IMG radiances,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1620–1632 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Kobayashi, A. Shimota, C. Yoshigahara, I. Yoshida, Y. Uehara, K. Kondo, “Satellite-borne high-resolution FTIR for lower atmosphere sounding and its evaluation,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1496–1507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Chem. (1)

C. Camy-Peyret, B. Bergquist, B. Galle, M. Carleer, C. Clerbaux, R. Colin, C. Fayt, F. Goutail, M. Nunes-Pinharanda, J. P. Pommereau, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, I. Pundt, T. Rudolph, C. Hermans, P. C. Simon, A. C. Vandaele, J. M. C. Plane, N. Smith, “Intercomparison of instruments for tropospheric measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Atmos. Chem. 23, 51–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (1)

J. Wang, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, J. R. Drummond, L. Pan, “Instrument sensitivity and error analysis for the remote sensing of tropospheric carbon monoxide by MOPITT,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 465–474 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. (2)

J. Wang, J. Gille, H. Revercomb, V. Walden, “Validation study of the MOPITT retrieval algorithm: carbon monoxide retrieval from IMG observations during WINCE,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 17, 1285–1295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Drummond, G. S. Mand, “The measurement of pollution in the troposphere,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 13, 314–320 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci. (2)

J. Wang, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, L. Pan, D. Edwards, J. R. Drummond, “Retrieval of tropospheric carbon monoxide profiles from high-resolution interferometer Observations: A new digital gas correlation (DGC) method and applications,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 219–232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Chahine, “Inverse problems in radiative transfer: a determination of atmospheric parameters,” J. Atmos. Sci. 27, 960–967 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

M. Luo, R. Beer, D. J. Jacob, J. A. Logan, C. D. Rodgers, “Simulated observation of tropospheric ozone and CO with the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) satellite instrument,” J. Geophys. Res.D 10.1029/2001JD000804 (2002).

J. Geophys. Res. D (21)

H. Worden, R. Beer, C. Rindsland, “Airborne infrared spectroscopy of 1994 western wildfires,” J. Geophys. Res. D 102, 1287–1299 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Edwards, C. M. Halvorson, J. C. Gille, “Radiative transfer modeling for the EOS Terra satellite Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 16,755–16,775 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Clough, M. J. Iacono, “Line-by-line calculation of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates. 2. Application to carbon dioxide, ozone, methane, nitrous oxide, and the halocarbons,” J. Geophys. Res. D 100, 16,519–16,535 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Müller, G. Brasseur, “IMAGES: a three-dimensional chemical transport model of the global troposphere,” J. Geophys. Res. D 100, 16,445–16,490 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Clerbaux, P. Chazette, J. Hadji-Lazaro, G. Mégie, J.-F. Müller, S. A. Clough, “Remote sensing of CO, CH4, and O3 using a space-borne nadir-viewing interferometer,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 18,999–19,013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Pan, J. C. Gille, D. P. Edwards, P. L. Bailey, C. D. Rodgers, “Retrieval of tropospheric monoxide for the MOPITT experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 32,277–32,290 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Ellingson, Y. Fouquart, “The intercomparison of radiation codes in climate models: an overview,” J. Geophys. Res. D 96, 8925–8927 (1991).
[CrossRef]

B. Schimpf, F. Schreier, “Robust and efficient inversion of vertical sounding atmospheric high-resolution spectra by means of regularization,” J. Geophys. Res. D 102, 16,037–16,055 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Eriksson, “Analysis and comparison of two linear regularization methods for passive atmospheric observations,” J. Geophys. Res. D 105, 18,157–18,167 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Goldman, C. Paton-Walsh, W. Bell, G. C. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, B. Sen, M. T. Coffey, J. W. Hannigan, W. G. Mankin, “Network for the detection of stratospheric change Fourier transform infrared intercomparison at Table Mountain facility, November 1996,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 30,481–30,503 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, W. D. Hypes, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, B. B. Gormsen, M. S. Saylor, W. D. Hesketh, “Middle and upper tropospheric carbon monoxide mixing ratios as measured by a satellite-borne remote sensor during November 1981,” J. Geophys. Res. D 9110,865–10,887 (1986).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, R. T. Sherrill, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, E. P. Condon, B. B. Gormsen, W. Seiler, “The distribution of middle tropospheric carbon monoxide during early October 1984,” J. Geophys. Res. D 95, 9845–9856 (1990).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Connors, B. B. Gormsen, S. Nolf, H. G. Reichle, “Spaceborne observations of the global distribution of carbon monoxide in the middle troposphere during April and October 1994,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,455–21,470 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Reichle, B. E. Anderson, V. S. Connors, T. C. Denkins, D. A. Forbes, B. B. Gormsen, R. L. Langenfelds, D. O. Neil, S. R. Nolf, P. C. Novelli, N. S. Pougatchev, M. M. Roell, L. P. Steele, “Space shuttle based global CO measurements during April and October 1994, MAPS instrument, data reduction and data validation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 21,443–21,454 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Rinsland, M. R. Gunson, R. Zander, M. Lopez-Puertas, “Middle and upper atmosphere pressure-temperature profiles and the abundances of CO2 and CO in the upper atmosphere from ATMOS/Spacelab 3 observations,” J. Geophys. Res. D 97, 20,479–20,495 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, S. Thiria, “An inversion algorithm using neural network to retrieve atmospheric CO concentrations from high-resolution nadir radiances,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 23,841–23,854 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Brasseur, D. A. Hauglustaine, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, C. Granier, X. X. Tie, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model for ozone and related chemical tracers. 1. Model description,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,265–28,289 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Hauglustaine, G. P. Brasseur, S. Walters, P. J. Rasch, J.-F. Müller, L. K. Emmons, M. A. Carroll, “MOZART, a global chemical transport model or ozone and related chemical tracers. 2. Model results and evaluation,” J. Geophys. Res. D 103, 28,291–28,335 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Lamarque, B. V. Khattatov, J. C. Gille, G. P. Brasseur, “Assimilation of Measurement of Air Pollution from Space (MAPS) CO in a three-dimensional model,” J. Geophys. Res. D 104, 26,209–26,218 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, D. Hauglustaine, G. Mégie, B. Khattatov, J.-F. Lamarque, “Assimilation of carbon monoxide measured from satellite in a three-dimensional chemistry-transport model,” J. Geophys. Res. D 106, 15,385–15,394 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Clough, C. P. Rinsland, P. D. Brown, “Retrieval of tropospheric ozone from simulations of nadir spectral radiances as observed from space,” J. Geophys. Res. D 100, 16,579–16,593 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rindsland, A. Golman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J.-Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS: 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J. E. Harries, H. E. Brindley, P. J. Sagoo, R. J. Bantges, “Increases in greenhouse forcing inferred from outgoing longwave radiation spectra of the Earth in 1970 and 1997,” Nature 410, 355–357 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Geophys. (1)

C. D. Rodgers, “Retrieval of atmospheric temperature and composition from remote measurements of thermal radiation,” Rev. Geophys. 14, 609–624 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Other (17)

S. A. Tjemkes, T. Patterson, R. Rizzi, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, M. Matricardi, J. Haigh, M. Höpfner, S. Payan, A. Trotsenko, N. Scott, P. Rayer, J. Taylor, C. Clerbaux, L. L. Strow, S. DeSouza-Machado, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, “ISSWG line-by-line intercomparison experiment,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (to be published).

C. D. Rodgers, Inverse Methods for Atmospheric Sounding: Theory and Practice, Vol. 2 of Series on Atmospheric, Oceanic and Planetary Physics (World Scientific, Singapore, 2000).

World Meteorological Organization, Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project, Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 1998 (World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, 1997), Vol. 44.

J. T. Houghton, Y. Ding, D. J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P. J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell, C. Maskell, eds., Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis, contribution of Working Group I to the third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 2001).

F. Cayla, P. Javelle, “IASI instrument overview,” in Advanced and Next-Generation Satellites, H. Fujisaka, N. M. Sweeting, eds., Proc. SPIE2583, 271–281 (1995).

S. Turquety, J. Hadji-Lazaro, C. Clerbaux, “Retrieval of ozone from infrared IASI measurements,” in Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere VI, K. Schaefer, O. Lado-Bordowsky, A. Comeron, M. R. Carleer, J. S. Fender, eds., Proc. SPIE4539, 106–115 (2002).

W. W. McMillan, L. L. Strow, B. G. Doddridge, W. L. Smith, H. E. Revercomb, H. L. Huang, “Retrieval of carbon monoxide column densities using AIRS on EOS: validation of a prototype retrieval algorithm,” in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research II, P. B. Hays, J. Wang, eds., 2830, 169–179 (1996).

S. Ichizawa, K. Kondo, M. Suzuki, H. Shimoda, T. Ogawa, “Improvement of the instrument line shape of IMG,” in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing IX, M. Strojnik, B. F. Andresen, eds., Proc. SPIE4486, 326–334 (2002).

S. Payan, Laboratoire de Physique Moléculaire et Applications, Paris, France, and J. Hadji-Lazaro, Service d’Aéronomie, Paris, France. (personal communication, 1998).

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy Peyret, J. Wang, “Intercomparison of inversion algorithms for the retrieval of CO from IMG/IASI, presented at the 8th International Workshop on Atmospheric Science from Space Using Fourier Transform Spectrometry, Toulouse, France, 16–18 November 1998.

F. Karcher, MétéoFrance, Toulouse, France (personal communication, 1998).

S. Payan, Laboratoire de Physique Moléculaire et Applications, Paris, France (personal communication, 1998).

C. Serio, Università di Basilicata, Potenza, Italy (personal communication, 1999).

Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “Level 2 algorithm theoretical basis document,” Rep. JPL D-16474 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1999); http://tes.jpl.nasa.gov/ .

D. P. Edwards, J.-L. Attié, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Ziskin, J. C. Gille, B. Khattatov, M. Deeter, M. Smith, J. Warner, G. L. Francis, C. Cavanaugh, L. Mayer, J. Chen, J. Drummond, G. Mand, Z. Yu, “MOPITT observations of enhanced CO concentrations over Africa due to biomass burning,” presented at the American Geophysical Union’s 2000 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 15–19 December 2000.

J.-L. Attié, J. Gille, M. Deeter, D. P. Edwards, B. Katthatov, J.-F. Lamarque, L. V. Lyjak, P. Novelli, M. W. Smith, J. Warner, D. Ziskin, “Validation of CO retrievals from MOPITT instrument aboard Terra satellite, presented at the European Geophysical Society Conference, Nice, France, 25–30 March 2001.

H. H. Aumann, C. Miller, “Atmospheric infrared sounder (AIRS) on the Earth Observing System,” in Advanced and Next-Generation Satellites, H. Fujisaka, N. M. Sweeting, eds., Proc. SPIE2583, 332–338 (1995).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

CO mixing ratio (total column amount, 1.86 × 1018 molecules/cm2) and temperature profiles used for the simulations. Solid and dashed curves, initial temperature profile and perturbed temperature profile, respectively. CO mxr (ppbv), CO mixing ratio, parts in 109 by volume.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Nadir radiance (reference) spectrum simulated at 0.07-cm-1 spectral resolution in the CO absorption spectral range for atmospheric conditions (top) and for CO alone (bottom).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Radiance differences from the initial reference spectrum: case A is for noise added; case B corresponds to a perturbed temperature profile; case C combines the addition of noise and the temperature perturbation; case D corresponds to a perturbed water-vapor profile.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Relative deviation for CO total column retrieval from the reference case for each participating research group (represented by symbols as shown). Case A is for noise added; case B corresponds to a perturbed temperature profile; case C combines the addition of noise and temperature perturbation; case D corresponds to a perturbed water vapor profile. Some results are provided with and without fitting of surface temperature (ST). The dashed horizontal line provides the standard accuracy expected for CO retrieval from infrared nadir radiances.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Temperature profiles as provided by three meteorological (dashed curves) models and two retrieval (solid curves) algorithms for (-52.3° longitude, 41.0° latitude) on 16 June 1997 (01H40 UT).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

IMG atmospheric spectrum, corresponding fit with the LPMA retrieval algorithm, and difference between these two spectra (bottom) in the CO absorption spectral range.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Relative deviation for CO total columns from the averaged value as retrieved by the participating research groups using five selected IMG spectra. Averaged values (molecules/cm2) are 1.50 × 1018, 1.77 × 1018, 1.64 × 1018, 1.78 × 1018, and 2.23 × 1018 for img304, img307, img822, img906, and img921, respectively (see Table 2 for recording times and locations). The dashed horizontal line provides the standard accuracy expected for CO retrieval from infrared nadir radiances.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Main Characteristics of the CO Retrieval Algorithms

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

y = Fx, b + ,

Metrics