Abstract

A new polymer matrix sensitized with methylene blue for use as an optical recording material is described here. The characterization is done to determine the optimal recording conditions. These films need no chemical development and are found to be stable for several months. The matrix has excellent shelf life and needs an exposure only as short as 20 s. Direct imaging was done on this material.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. Pradeep, C. Shiji, S. RamKumar, C. Sudha, “Observation of retention of optical absorption change in methylene-blue-sensitized gelatin in PVA plates on He-Ne laser irradiation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 137–140 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Changkakoti, G. Manivanian, P. Leeleri, R. A. Lessard, D. Roberge, Y. Shink, H. H. Arsenault, “Methylene blue and xanthene dye sensitized PVA for correlation peak detection,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2042, 414–425 (1994).
  3. S. Calixto, “Dry polymer for holographic recording,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3904–3910 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. N. Gerasimova, A. V. Konstantinova, E. F. Pen, A. M. Singukov, V. V. Shelkovnikov, “Study of holographic characterization during recording volume phase hologram in photopolymeric materials,” Avtometriya ( 4), 23–30 (1993) (Russia).
  5. S. Sugawara, “Sensitization and stabilization of dye-sensitized photopolymeric composition for holography,” J pn. Kokai 74 (Dec.1974).
  6. A. Fimia, F. Mateos, A. Belendsez, R. Sastri, F. Amat, “Sensitivity enhancement in panchromatic photopolymerization for holography using a mixture of visible-light photo initiators,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2951, 69–73 (1996).
  7. N. Capolla, C. Carro, D. J. Lougnot, R. A. Lessard, “Methylene blue sensitized gelatin; evidence of photodemethylation,” Appl. Opt. 28, 4050–4052 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Kurokawa, S. Namubaz, T. Mizuno, J. Kubota, “Importance of methylene blue monomer in methylene blue sensitized DG for hologram recording with red light,” Nippon Shashin Gakkaishn 58, 626–631 (1995) (Japan).
  9. K. Kurokawa, S. Kocke, S. Namba, T. Mizuno, J. Kubota, “Full color hologram recorded in methylene blue sensitized DCG,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2577, 106–111 (1995).
  10. A. V. Botsman, L. V. Marchenko, “Photo Chemical Transformation of Gelatin With Calcium Acrylate,” Ukr. Khem. Zh. 52, 1952–1954 (1986).
  11. K. Venkataraman, Chemistry of Synthetic Dyes (National Chemical Laboratory Poona, India), Vol. 4, pp. 498–550.
  12. N. Capolla, R. A. Lessard, “Real time bleaching of methylene blue or thionine sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 30, 1196 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, “Methylene blue sensitized poly (methyl methacrylate) matrix: a novel holographic material,” Appl. Opt. 34, 5175–5179 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. P. L. Bachman, “Silver halide photography,” in Handbook of Optical Holography, H. J. Caulfield, ed. (Academic, New York, 1979).

2000 (1)

G. Pradeep, C. Shiji, S. RamKumar, C. Sudha, “Observation of retention of optical absorption change in methylene-blue-sensitized gelatin in PVA plates on He-Ne laser irradiation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 137–140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. Fimia, F. Mateos, A. Belendsez, R. Sastri, F. Amat, “Sensitivity enhancement in panchromatic photopolymerization for holography using a mixture of visible-light photo initiators,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2951, 69–73 (1996).

1995 (3)

K. Kurokawa, S. Namubaz, T. Mizuno, J. Kubota, “Importance of methylene blue monomer in methylene blue sensitized DG for hologram recording with red light,” Nippon Shashin Gakkaishn 58, 626–631 (1995) (Japan).

K. Kurokawa, S. Kocke, S. Namba, T. Mizuno, J. Kubota, “Full color hologram recorded in methylene blue sensitized DCG,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2577, 106–111 (1995).

S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, “Methylene blue sensitized poly (methyl methacrylate) matrix: a novel holographic material,” Appl. Opt. 34, 5175–5179 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

R. Changkakoti, G. Manivanian, P. Leeleri, R. A. Lessard, D. Roberge, Y. Shink, H. H. Arsenault, “Methylene blue and xanthene dye sensitized PVA for correlation peak detection,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2042, 414–425 (1994).

1993 (1)

T. N. Gerasimova, A. V. Konstantinova, E. F. Pen, A. M. Singukov, V. V. Shelkovnikov, “Study of holographic characterization during recording volume phase hologram in photopolymeric materials,” Avtometriya ( 4), 23–30 (1993) (Russia).

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

A. V. Botsman, L. V. Marchenko, “Photo Chemical Transformation of Gelatin With Calcium Acrylate,” Ukr. Khem. Zh. 52, 1952–1954 (1986).

1974 (1)

S. Sugawara, “Sensitization and stabilization of dye-sensitized photopolymeric composition for holography,” J pn. Kokai 74 (Dec.1974).

Amat, F.

A. Fimia, F. Mateos, A. Belendsez, R. Sastri, F. Amat, “Sensitivity enhancement in panchromatic photopolymerization for holography using a mixture of visible-light photo initiators,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2951, 69–73 (1996).

Arsenault, H. H.

R. Changkakoti, G. Manivanian, P. Leeleri, R. A. Lessard, D. Roberge, Y. Shink, H. H. Arsenault, “Methylene blue and xanthene dye sensitized PVA for correlation peak detection,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2042, 414–425 (1994).

Bachman, P. L.

P. L. Bachman, “Silver halide photography,” in Handbook of Optical Holography, H. J. Caulfield, ed. (Academic, New York, 1979).

Bartkiewicz, S.

Belendsez, A.

A. Fimia, F. Mateos, A. Belendsez, R. Sastri, F. Amat, “Sensitivity enhancement in panchromatic photopolymerization for holography using a mixture of visible-light photo initiators,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2951, 69–73 (1996).

Botsman, A. V.

A. V. Botsman, L. V. Marchenko, “Photo Chemical Transformation of Gelatin With Calcium Acrylate,” Ukr. Khem. Zh. 52, 1952–1954 (1986).

Calixto, S.

Capolla, N.

Carro, C.

Changkakoti, R.

R. Changkakoti, G. Manivanian, P. Leeleri, R. A. Lessard, D. Roberge, Y. Shink, H. H. Arsenault, “Methylene blue and xanthene dye sensitized PVA for correlation peak detection,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2042, 414–425 (1994).

Fimia, A.

A. Fimia, F. Mateos, A. Belendsez, R. Sastri, F. Amat, “Sensitivity enhancement in panchromatic photopolymerization for holography using a mixture of visible-light photo initiators,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2951, 69–73 (1996).

Gerasimova, T. N.

T. N. Gerasimova, A. V. Konstantinova, E. F. Pen, A. M. Singukov, V. V. Shelkovnikov, “Study of holographic characterization during recording volume phase hologram in photopolymeric materials,” Avtometriya ( 4), 23–30 (1993) (Russia).

Kocke, S.

K. Kurokawa, S. Kocke, S. Namba, T. Mizuno, J. Kubota, “Full color hologram recorded in methylene blue sensitized DCG,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2577, 106–111 (1995).

Konstantinova, A. V.

T. N. Gerasimova, A. V. Konstantinova, E. F. Pen, A. M. Singukov, V. V. Shelkovnikov, “Study of holographic characterization during recording volume phase hologram in photopolymeric materials,” Avtometriya ( 4), 23–30 (1993) (Russia).

Kubota, J.

K. Kurokawa, S. Kocke, S. Namba, T. Mizuno, J. Kubota, “Full color hologram recorded in methylene blue sensitized DCG,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2577, 106–111 (1995).

K. Kurokawa, S. Namubaz, T. Mizuno, J. Kubota, “Importance of methylene blue monomer in methylene blue sensitized DG for hologram recording with red light,” Nippon Shashin Gakkaishn 58, 626–631 (1995) (Japan).

Kurokawa, K.

K. Kurokawa, S. Namubaz, T. Mizuno, J. Kubota, “Importance of methylene blue monomer in methylene blue sensitized DG for hologram recording with red light,” Nippon Shashin Gakkaishn 58, 626–631 (1995) (Japan).

K. Kurokawa, S. Kocke, S. Namba, T. Mizuno, J. Kubota, “Full color hologram recorded in methylene blue sensitized DCG,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2577, 106–111 (1995).

Leeleri, P.

R. Changkakoti, G. Manivanian, P. Leeleri, R. A. Lessard, D. Roberge, Y. Shink, H. H. Arsenault, “Methylene blue and xanthene dye sensitized PVA for correlation peak detection,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2042, 414–425 (1994).

Lessard, R. A.

R. Changkakoti, G. Manivanian, P. Leeleri, R. A. Lessard, D. Roberge, Y. Shink, H. H. Arsenault, “Methylene blue and xanthene dye sensitized PVA for correlation peak detection,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2042, 414–425 (1994).

N. Capolla, R. A. Lessard, “Real time bleaching of methylene blue or thionine sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 30, 1196 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Capolla, C. Carro, D. J. Lougnot, R. A. Lessard, “Methylene blue sensitized gelatin; evidence of photodemethylation,” Appl. Opt. 28, 4050–4052 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lougnot, D. J.

Manivanian, G.

R. Changkakoti, G. Manivanian, P. Leeleri, R. A. Lessard, D. Roberge, Y. Shink, H. H. Arsenault, “Methylene blue and xanthene dye sensitized PVA for correlation peak detection,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2042, 414–425 (1994).

Marchenko, L. V.

A. V. Botsman, L. V. Marchenko, “Photo Chemical Transformation of Gelatin With Calcium Acrylate,” Ukr. Khem. Zh. 52, 1952–1954 (1986).

Mateos, F.

A. Fimia, F. Mateos, A. Belendsez, R. Sastri, F. Amat, “Sensitivity enhancement in panchromatic photopolymerization for holography using a mixture of visible-light photo initiators,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2951, 69–73 (1996).

Miniewicz, A.

Mizuno, T.

K. Kurokawa, S. Kocke, S. Namba, T. Mizuno, J. Kubota, “Full color hologram recorded in methylene blue sensitized DCG,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2577, 106–111 (1995).

K. Kurokawa, S. Namubaz, T. Mizuno, J. Kubota, “Importance of methylene blue monomer in methylene blue sensitized DG for hologram recording with red light,” Nippon Shashin Gakkaishn 58, 626–631 (1995) (Japan).

Namba, S.

K. Kurokawa, S. Kocke, S. Namba, T. Mizuno, J. Kubota, “Full color hologram recorded in methylene blue sensitized DCG,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2577, 106–111 (1995).

Namubaz, S.

K. Kurokawa, S. Namubaz, T. Mizuno, J. Kubota, “Importance of methylene blue monomer in methylene blue sensitized DG for hologram recording with red light,” Nippon Shashin Gakkaishn 58, 626–631 (1995) (Japan).

Pen, E. F.

T. N. Gerasimova, A. V. Konstantinova, E. F. Pen, A. M. Singukov, V. V. Shelkovnikov, “Study of holographic characterization during recording volume phase hologram in photopolymeric materials,” Avtometriya ( 4), 23–30 (1993) (Russia).

Pradeep, G.

G. Pradeep, C. Shiji, S. RamKumar, C. Sudha, “Observation of retention of optical absorption change in methylene-blue-sensitized gelatin in PVA plates on He-Ne laser irradiation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 137–140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

RamKumar, S.

G. Pradeep, C. Shiji, S. RamKumar, C. Sudha, “Observation of retention of optical absorption change in methylene-blue-sensitized gelatin in PVA plates on He-Ne laser irradiation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 137–140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Roberge, D.

R. Changkakoti, G. Manivanian, P. Leeleri, R. A. Lessard, D. Roberge, Y. Shink, H. H. Arsenault, “Methylene blue and xanthene dye sensitized PVA for correlation peak detection,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2042, 414–425 (1994).

Sastri, R.

A. Fimia, F. Mateos, A. Belendsez, R. Sastri, F. Amat, “Sensitivity enhancement in panchromatic photopolymerization for holography using a mixture of visible-light photo initiators,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2951, 69–73 (1996).

Shelkovnikov, V. V.

T. N. Gerasimova, A. V. Konstantinova, E. F. Pen, A. M. Singukov, V. V. Shelkovnikov, “Study of holographic characterization during recording volume phase hologram in photopolymeric materials,” Avtometriya ( 4), 23–30 (1993) (Russia).

Shiji, C.

G. Pradeep, C. Shiji, S. RamKumar, C. Sudha, “Observation of retention of optical absorption change in methylene-blue-sensitized gelatin in PVA plates on He-Ne laser irradiation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 137–140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shink, Y.

R. Changkakoti, G. Manivanian, P. Leeleri, R. A. Lessard, D. Roberge, Y. Shink, H. H. Arsenault, “Methylene blue and xanthene dye sensitized PVA for correlation peak detection,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2042, 414–425 (1994).

Singukov, A. M.

T. N. Gerasimova, A. V. Konstantinova, E. F. Pen, A. M. Singukov, V. V. Shelkovnikov, “Study of holographic characterization during recording volume phase hologram in photopolymeric materials,” Avtometriya ( 4), 23–30 (1993) (Russia).

Sudha, C.

G. Pradeep, C. Shiji, S. RamKumar, C. Sudha, “Observation of retention of optical absorption change in methylene-blue-sensitized gelatin in PVA plates on He-Ne laser irradiation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 137–140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sugawara, S.

S. Sugawara, “Sensitization and stabilization of dye-sensitized photopolymeric composition for holography,” J pn. Kokai 74 (Dec.1974).

Venkataraman, K.

K. Venkataraman, Chemistry of Synthetic Dyes (National Chemical Laboratory Poona, India), Vol. 4, pp. 498–550.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Avtometriya (1)

T. N. Gerasimova, A. V. Konstantinova, E. F. Pen, A. M. Singukov, V. V. Shelkovnikov, “Study of holographic characterization during recording volume phase hologram in photopolymeric materials,” Avtometriya ( 4), 23–30 (1993) (Russia).

Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. (3)

A. Fimia, F. Mateos, A. Belendsez, R. Sastri, F. Amat, “Sensitivity enhancement in panchromatic photopolymerization for holography using a mixture of visible-light photo initiators,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2951, 69–73 (1996).

K. Kurokawa, S. Kocke, S. Namba, T. Mizuno, J. Kubota, “Full color hologram recorded in methylene blue sensitized DCG,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2577, 106–111 (1995).

R. Changkakoti, G. Manivanian, P. Leeleri, R. A. Lessard, D. Roberge, Y. Shink, H. H. Arsenault, “Methylene blue and xanthene dye sensitized PVA for correlation peak detection,” Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 2042, 414–425 (1994).

J pn. Kokai (1)

S. Sugawara, “Sensitization and stabilization of dye-sensitized photopolymeric composition for holography,” J pn. Kokai 74 (Dec.1974).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Pradeep, C. Shiji, S. RamKumar, C. Sudha, “Observation of retention of optical absorption change in methylene-blue-sensitized gelatin in PVA plates on He-Ne laser irradiation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 137–140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nippon Shashin Gakkaishn (1)

K. Kurokawa, S. Namubaz, T. Mizuno, J. Kubota, “Importance of methylene blue monomer in methylene blue sensitized DG for hologram recording with red light,” Nippon Shashin Gakkaishn 58, 626–631 (1995) (Japan).

Ukr. Khem. Zh. (1)

A. V. Botsman, L. V. Marchenko, “Photo Chemical Transformation of Gelatin With Calcium Acrylate,” Ukr. Khem. Zh. 52, 1952–1954 (1986).

Other (2)

K. Venkataraman, Chemistry of Synthetic Dyes (National Chemical Laboratory Poona, India), Vol. 4, pp. 498–550.

P. L. Bachman, “Silver halide photography,” in Handbook of Optical Holography, H. J. Caulfield, ed. (Academic, New York, 1979).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical absorption spectra of undoped PVC (inset). CMBPVC before and after exposure are shown.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Variation of optical absorption spectra for the same exposures after irradiation at different time intervals for a power of 4 mW. mts, minutes.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Threshold energy of this sample [plot of energy (103) mJ/cm2 versus transmitted power (mW)].

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Saturation energy of the sample [plot of energy (103) mJ/cm2 versus transmitted power (mW)].

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Change in absorption at the irradiated spot with time for different dye concentrations (c).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Recovery of the dye on CMBPVC film after irradiation [plot of energy mJ/cm2 versus transmitted power (mW)]. (b) Exponential behavior of the recovery of the sample [plot of energy mJ/cm2 versus transmitted power (mW)].

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Recyclability of the material [plot of energy mJ/cm2 versus transmitted power (mW)].

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

H&D curve for CMBPVC film. Plot of optical density versus logarithmic exposure.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Variation in the amplitude transmittance of the material as a function of exposure (J/m2).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Variation of transmittance as a function of recording time for an optimized sample [plot of time (s) versus transmitted power (mW)].

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