Abstract

A multiwavelength laser source composed of a single semiconductor optical amplifier and a commercially available off-the-shelf wavelength-division multiplexed (WDM) filter is constructed and tested under actively mode-locking operation. Five independent mode-locked wavelength channels are generated simultaneously, with a wavelength spacing of 1.6 nm established by the WDM filter. In addition, to demonstrate the potential of this mixed time–frequency, or hybrid WDM–optical time-division multiplexed, signal, we demonstrate a simple parallel-to-serial wavelength conversion to increase the pulse repetition rate of the mode-locked laser by a number of output wavelengths for applications in high-performance optical sampling applications.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Scheerer, C. Glingener, A. Farbert, J. P. Elbers, A. Schopflin, E. Gottwald, G. Fisher, “3.2 Tbit/s (80 × 40 Gbit/s) bidirectional WDM/ETDM transmission over 40km standard singlemode fiber,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1752–1753 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Onaka, H. Miyata, G. Ishikawa, K. Otsuka, H. Ooi, Y. Kai, S. Kinnoshita, M. Seino, H. Nishimoto, T. Chikama, “1.1 Tb/s WDM transmission over a 150 km 1.3 µm zero-dispersion single-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD19–1.
  3. L. Boivin, M. Wegmueller, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, “110 Channels × 2.35 Gb/s from a single femtosecond laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 466–468 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Takushima, K. Kikuchi, “10-GHz, over 20-channel multiwavelength pulse source by slicing super-continuum spectrum generated in normal-dispersion fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 322–324 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Park, P. F. Wysocki, “24-Line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber-ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459–1461 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. F. Taylor, “An optical analog-to-digital converter—design and analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 210–216 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. D. McAulay, “Optical analog to digital converter using optical logic and table look-up,” Opt. Eng. 29, 114–120 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Helkey, “Narrow-band optical A/D converter with suppressed second-order distortion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 599–601 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Yariv, R. G. M. P. Koumans, “Time interleaved optical sampling for ultra high speed A/D conversion,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2012–2013 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Jalali, F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, “Time-stretch processing oversomes ADC limitations,” Microwaves RF 38(3), 57–66 (1999); “Time-stretch methods capture fast waveforms,” Microwaves RF 38(4), 63–69 (1999).
  11. P. J. Delfyett, L. Thirion Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, G. A. Alphonse, “High-power ultrafast laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203–2219 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. P. Laude, J. M. Lermer, “Wavelength division multiplexing/demultiplexing (WDM) using diffraction gratings,” in Application, Theory, and Fabrication of Periodic Structures, Diffraction Gratings and Moire Phenomena II, J. M. Lerner, ed., Proc. SPIE503, 22–28 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Gee, R. Coffie, G. Alphonse, J. Connolly, P. J. Delfyett, “Intracavity gain and absorption dynamics of hybrid modelocked semiconductor lasers using multiple-quantum-well saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2569–2571 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. K. Smit, C. van Dan, “PHASER-based WDM-devices: principle, design, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236–250 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. Lenz, B. J. Eggelton, C. R. Giles, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher, “Dispersive properties of optical filters for WDM systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1390–1402 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. F. Boudreaux-Bartels, “Mixed time frequency signal transformations,” in Transforms and Applications Handbook, A. D. Poularikas, ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1996), Chap. 12.

1999 (5)

C. Scheerer, C. Glingener, A. Farbert, J. P. Elbers, A. Schopflin, E. Gottwald, G. Fisher, “3.2 Tbit/s (80 × 40 Gbit/s) bidirectional WDM/ETDM transmission over 40km standard singlemode fiber,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1752–1753 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Boivin, M. Wegmueller, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, “110 Channels × 2.35 Gb/s from a single femtosecond laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 466–468 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takushima, K. Kikuchi, “10-GHz, over 20-channel multiwavelength pulse source by slicing super-continuum spectrum generated in normal-dispersion fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 322–324 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Helkey, “Narrow-band optical A/D converter with suppressed second-order distortion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 599–601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Jalali, F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, “Time-stretch processing oversomes ADC limitations,” Microwaves RF 38(3), 57–66 (1999); “Time-stretch methods capture fast waveforms,” Microwaves RF 38(4), 63–69 (1999).

1998 (2)

A. Yariv, R. G. M. P. Koumans, “Time interleaved optical sampling for ultra high speed A/D conversion,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2012–2013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggelton, C. R. Giles, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher, “Dispersive properties of optical filters for WDM systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1390–1402 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Gee, R. Coffie, G. Alphonse, J. Connolly, P. J. Delfyett, “Intracavity gain and absorption dynamics of hybrid modelocked semiconductor lasers using multiple-quantum-well saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2569–2571 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

M. K. Smit, C. van Dan, “PHASER-based WDM-devices: principle, design, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236–250 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Park, P. F. Wysocki, “24-Line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber-ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459–1461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

P. J. Delfyett, L. Thirion Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, G. A. Alphonse, “High-power ultrafast laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203–2219 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

A. D. McAulay, “Optical analog to digital converter using optical logic and table look-up,” Opt. Eng. 29, 114–120 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

H. F. Taylor, “An optical analog-to-digital converter—design and analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 210–216 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Alphonse, G.

S. Gee, R. Coffie, G. Alphonse, J. Connolly, P. J. Delfyett, “Intracavity gain and absorption dynamics of hybrid modelocked semiconductor lasers using multiple-quantum-well saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2569–2571 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Alphonse, G. A.

P. J. Delfyett, L. Thirion Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, G. A. Alphonse, “High-power ultrafast laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203–2219 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Andreadakis, N. C.

P. J. Delfyett, L. Thirion Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, G. A. Alphonse, “High-power ultrafast laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203–2219 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bhushan, A. S.

B. Jalali, F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, “Time-stretch processing oversomes ADC limitations,” Microwaves RF 38(3), 57–66 (1999); “Time-stretch methods capture fast waveforms,” Microwaves RF 38(4), 63–69 (1999).

Boivin, L.

L. Boivin, M. Wegmueller, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, “110 Channels × 2.35 Gb/s from a single femtosecond laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 466–468 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boudreaux-Bartels, G. F.

G. F. Boudreaux-Bartels, “Mixed time frequency signal transformations,” in Transforms and Applications Handbook, A. D. Poularikas, ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1996), Chap. 12.

Chikama, T.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, G. Ishikawa, K. Otsuka, H. Ooi, Y. Kai, S. Kinnoshita, M. Seino, H. Nishimoto, T. Chikama, “1.1 Tb/s WDM transmission over a 150 km 1.3 µm zero-dispersion single-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD19–1.

Coffie, R.

S. Gee, R. Coffie, G. Alphonse, J. Connolly, P. J. Delfyett, “Intracavity gain and absorption dynamics of hybrid modelocked semiconductor lasers using multiple-quantum-well saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2569–2571 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Connolly, J.

S. Gee, R. Coffie, G. Alphonse, J. Connolly, P. J. Delfyett, “Intracavity gain and absorption dynamics of hybrid modelocked semiconductor lasers using multiple-quantum-well saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2569–2571 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Coppinger, F.

B. Jalali, F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, “Time-stretch processing oversomes ADC limitations,” Microwaves RF 38(3), 57–66 (1999); “Time-stretch methods capture fast waveforms,” Microwaves RF 38(4), 63–69 (1999).

Delfyett, P. J.

S. Gee, R. Coffie, G. Alphonse, J. Connolly, P. J. Delfyett, “Intracavity gain and absorption dynamics of hybrid modelocked semiconductor lasers using multiple-quantum-well saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2569–2571 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Delfyett, L. Thirion Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, G. A. Alphonse, “High-power ultrafast laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203–2219 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Eggelton, B. J.

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggelton, C. R. Giles, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher, “Dispersive properties of optical filters for WDM systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1390–1402 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Elbers, J. P.

C. Scheerer, C. Glingener, A. Farbert, J. P. Elbers, A. Schopflin, E. Gottwald, G. Fisher, “3.2 Tbit/s (80 × 40 Gbit/s) bidirectional WDM/ETDM transmission over 40km standard singlemode fiber,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1752–1753 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Farbert, A.

C. Scheerer, C. Glingener, A. Farbert, J. P. Elbers, A. Schopflin, E. Gottwald, G. Fisher, “3.2 Tbit/s (80 × 40 Gbit/s) bidirectional WDM/ETDM transmission over 40km standard singlemode fiber,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1752–1753 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, G.

C. Scheerer, C. Glingener, A. Farbert, J. P. Elbers, A. Schopflin, E. Gottwald, G. Fisher, “3.2 Tbit/s (80 × 40 Gbit/s) bidirectional WDM/ETDM transmission over 40km standard singlemode fiber,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1752–1753 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gee, S.

S. Gee, R. Coffie, G. Alphonse, J. Connolly, P. J. Delfyett, “Intracavity gain and absorption dynamics of hybrid modelocked semiconductor lasers using multiple-quantum-well saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2569–2571 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Giles, C. R.

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggelton, C. R. Giles, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher, “Dispersive properties of optical filters for WDM systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1390–1402 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Glingener, C.

C. Scheerer, C. Glingener, A. Farbert, J. P. Elbers, A. Schopflin, E. Gottwald, G. Fisher, “3.2 Tbit/s (80 × 40 Gbit/s) bidirectional WDM/ETDM transmission over 40km standard singlemode fiber,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1752–1753 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gmitter, T.

P. J. Delfyett, L. Thirion Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, G. A. Alphonse, “High-power ultrafast laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203–2219 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gottwald, E.

C. Scheerer, C. Glingener, A. Farbert, J. P. Elbers, A. Schopflin, E. Gottwald, G. Fisher, “3.2 Tbit/s (80 × 40 Gbit/s) bidirectional WDM/ETDM transmission over 40km standard singlemode fiber,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1752–1753 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Helkey, R.

R. Helkey, “Narrow-band optical A/D converter with suppressed second-order distortion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 599–601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

P. J. Delfyett, L. Thirion Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, G. A. Alphonse, “High-power ultrafast laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203–2219 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, G.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, G. Ishikawa, K. Otsuka, H. Ooi, Y. Kai, S. Kinnoshita, M. Seino, H. Nishimoto, T. Chikama, “1.1 Tb/s WDM transmission over a 150 km 1.3 µm zero-dispersion single-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD19–1.

Jalali, B.

B. Jalali, F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, “Time-stretch processing oversomes ADC limitations,” Microwaves RF 38(3), 57–66 (1999); “Time-stretch methods capture fast waveforms,” Microwaves RF 38(4), 63–69 (1999).

Kai, Y.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, G. Ishikawa, K. Otsuka, H. Ooi, Y. Kai, S. Kinnoshita, M. Seino, H. Nishimoto, T. Chikama, “1.1 Tb/s WDM transmission over a 150 km 1.3 µm zero-dispersion single-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD19–1.

Kikuchi, K.

Y. Takushima, K. Kikuchi, “10-GHz, over 20-channel multiwavelength pulse source by slicing super-continuum spectrum generated in normal-dispersion fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 322–324 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kinnoshita, S.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, G. Ishikawa, K. Otsuka, H. Ooi, Y. Kai, S. Kinnoshita, M. Seino, H. Nishimoto, T. Chikama, “1.1 Tb/s WDM transmission over a 150 km 1.3 µm zero-dispersion single-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD19–1.

Knox, W. H.

L. Boivin, M. Wegmueller, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, “110 Channels × 2.35 Gb/s from a single femtosecond laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 466–468 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Koumans, R. G. M. P.

A. Yariv, R. G. M. P. Koumans, “Time interleaved optical sampling for ultra high speed A/D conversion,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2012–2013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laude, J. P.

J. P. Laude, J. M. Lermer, “Wavelength division multiplexing/demultiplexing (WDM) using diffraction gratings,” in Application, Theory, and Fabrication of Periodic Structures, Diffraction Gratings and Moire Phenomena II, J. M. Lerner, ed., Proc. SPIE503, 22–28 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lenz, G.

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggelton, C. R. Giles, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher, “Dispersive properties of optical filters for WDM systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1390–1402 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lermer, J. M.

J. P. Laude, J. M. Lermer, “Wavelength division multiplexing/demultiplexing (WDM) using diffraction gratings,” in Application, Theory, and Fabrication of Periodic Structures, Diffraction Gratings and Moire Phenomena II, J. M. Lerner, ed., Proc. SPIE503, 22–28 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Madsen, C. K.

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggelton, C. R. Giles, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher, “Dispersive properties of optical filters for WDM systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1390–1402 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McAulay, A. D.

A. D. McAulay, “Optical analog to digital converter using optical logic and table look-up,” Opt. Eng. 29, 114–120 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Miyata, H.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, G. Ishikawa, K. Otsuka, H. Ooi, Y. Kai, S. Kinnoshita, M. Seino, H. Nishimoto, T. Chikama, “1.1 Tb/s WDM transmission over a 150 km 1.3 µm zero-dispersion single-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD19–1.

Nishimoto, H.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, G. Ishikawa, K. Otsuka, H. Ooi, Y. Kai, S. Kinnoshita, M. Seino, H. Nishimoto, T. Chikama, “1.1 Tb/s WDM transmission over a 150 km 1.3 µm zero-dispersion single-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD19–1.

Nuss, M. C.

L. Boivin, M. Wegmueller, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, “110 Channels × 2.35 Gb/s from a single femtosecond laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 466–468 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Onaka, H.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, G. Ishikawa, K. Otsuka, H. Ooi, Y. Kai, S. Kinnoshita, M. Seino, H. Nishimoto, T. Chikama, “1.1 Tb/s WDM transmission over a 150 km 1.3 µm zero-dispersion single-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD19–1.

Ooi, H.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, G. Ishikawa, K. Otsuka, H. Ooi, Y. Kai, S. Kinnoshita, M. Seino, H. Nishimoto, T. Chikama, “1.1 Tb/s WDM transmission over a 150 km 1.3 µm zero-dispersion single-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD19–1.

Otsuka, K.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, G. Ishikawa, K. Otsuka, H. Ooi, Y. Kai, S. Kinnoshita, M. Seino, H. Nishimoto, T. Chikama, “1.1 Tb/s WDM transmission over a 150 km 1.3 µm zero-dispersion single-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD19–1.

Park, N.

N. Park, P. F. Wysocki, “24-Line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber-ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459–1461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Scheerer, C.

C. Scheerer, C. Glingener, A. Farbert, J. P. Elbers, A. Schopflin, E. Gottwald, G. Fisher, “3.2 Tbit/s (80 × 40 Gbit/s) bidirectional WDM/ETDM transmission over 40km standard singlemode fiber,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1752–1753 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schopflin, A.

C. Scheerer, C. Glingener, A. Farbert, J. P. Elbers, A. Schopflin, E. Gottwald, G. Fisher, “3.2 Tbit/s (80 × 40 Gbit/s) bidirectional WDM/ETDM transmission over 40km standard singlemode fiber,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1752–1753 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Seino, M.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, G. Ishikawa, K. Otsuka, H. Ooi, Y. Kai, S. Kinnoshita, M. Seino, H. Nishimoto, T. Chikama, “1.1 Tb/s WDM transmission over a 150 km 1.3 µm zero-dispersion single-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD19–1.

Silberberg, Y.

P. J. Delfyett, L. Thirion Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, G. A. Alphonse, “High-power ultrafast laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203–2219 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R. E.

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggelton, C. R. Giles, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher, “Dispersive properties of optical filters for WDM systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1390–1402 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smit, M. K.

M. K. Smit, C. van Dan, “PHASER-based WDM-devices: principle, design, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236–250 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stoffel, N.

P. J. Delfyett, L. Thirion Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, G. A. Alphonse, “High-power ultrafast laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203–2219 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Takushima, Y.

Y. Takushima, K. Kikuchi, “10-GHz, over 20-channel multiwavelength pulse source by slicing super-continuum spectrum generated in normal-dispersion fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 322–324 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, H. F.

H. F. Taylor, “An optical analog-to-digital converter—design and analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 210–216 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Thirion Florez, L.

P. J. Delfyett, L. Thirion Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, G. A. Alphonse, “High-power ultrafast laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203–2219 (1992).
[CrossRef]

van Dan, C.

M. K. Smit, C. van Dan, “PHASER-based WDM-devices: principle, design, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236–250 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wegmueller, M.

L. Boivin, M. Wegmueller, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, “110 Channels × 2.35 Gb/s from a single femtosecond laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 466–468 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wysocki, P. F.

N. Park, P. F. Wysocki, “24-Line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber-ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459–1461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, R. G. M. P. Koumans, “Time interleaved optical sampling for ultra high speed A/D conversion,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2012–2013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Gee, R. Coffie, G. Alphonse, J. Connolly, P. J. Delfyett, “Intracavity gain and absorption dynamics of hybrid modelocked semiconductor lasers using multiple-quantum-well saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2569–2571 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

C. Scheerer, C. Glingener, A. Farbert, J. P. Elbers, A. Schopflin, E. Gottwald, G. Fisher, “3.2 Tbit/s (80 × 40 Gbit/s) bidirectional WDM/ETDM transmission over 40km standard singlemode fiber,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1752–1753 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Yariv, R. G. M. P. Koumans, “Time interleaved optical sampling for ultra high speed A/D conversion,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2012–2013 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

H. F. Taylor, “An optical analog-to-digital converter—design and analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 210–216 (1979).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Delfyett, L. Thirion Florez, N. Stoffel, T. Gmitter, N. C. Andreadakis, Y. Silberberg, J. P. Heritage, G. A. Alphonse, “High-power ultrafast laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2203–2219 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggelton, C. R. Giles, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher, “Dispersive properties of optical filters for WDM systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1390–1402 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. K. Smit, C. van Dan, “PHASER-based WDM-devices: principle, design, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236–250 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

R. Helkey, “Narrow-band optical A/D converter with suppressed second-order distortion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 599–601 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Boivin, M. Wegmueller, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, “110 Channels × 2.35 Gb/s from a single femtosecond laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 466–468 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takushima, K. Kikuchi, “10-GHz, over 20-channel multiwavelength pulse source by slicing super-continuum spectrum generated in normal-dispersion fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 322–324 (1999).
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N. Park, P. F. Wysocki, “24-Line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber-ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459–1461 (1996).
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Microwaves RF (1)

B. Jalali, F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, “Time-stretch processing oversomes ADC limitations,” Microwaves RF 38(3), 57–66 (1999); “Time-stretch methods capture fast waveforms,” Microwaves RF 38(4), 63–69 (1999).

Opt. Eng. (1)

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the multiwavelength mode-locked semiconductor diode laser system. M, mirror; FP, fiber port; OC, output coupler; I, isolator; DWDM, dense wavelength-division multiplexer; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer; FCB, fiber coupling bench; other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output spectral characteristics of spontaneous emission and the 16-channel (Ch) dense wavelength-division multiplexer filter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output characteristics of the multiwavelength mode-locked diode laser: (a) time domain, (b) spectral domain.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic of parallel-to-serial wavelength conversion: mλ, multiwavelength laser; DWDM, dense wavelength-division multiplexer; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; T’s, mode-locking periods.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Filter function of the parallel-to-serial converter: (a) magnitude, (b) group delay, (c) spectral phase.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Simulation of a spectrally resolved streak-camera plot, showing the evolution of wavelength versus time.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Mode-locked pulse train of a multiwavelength mode-locked diode laser. Dashed curve, before the parallel-to-serial wavelength conversion; solid curve, after the parallel-to-serial wavelength conversion.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental streak plots from a spectrally resolved streak camera (a) before and (b) after the wavelength conversion.

Equations (11)

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Eint=A n=15 exp-πt-t0a2exp-itωn,
Eoutt=B n=15 exp-πt-tnb2exp-itωn,
Fω=EouttEint.
ftF˜ω=|Fω|expiΦω,
log F˜ω=iΦω+log|Fω|.
ddωlog F˜ω=F˜ωF˜ω=i dΦωdω+ddωlog|Fω|,
ddω log F˜ω=FRFR+FIFI+iFRFI-FIFR|F˜ω|2.
GroupDelayddω Φω=FRFI-FIFR|Fω|2.
ddω Φω=n=04 uf-nf0.
STFTEtω,τ=-dtxtgt-τexp-iωt,
gt=exp-πt/d2.

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