Abstract

The Solar Ultraviolet Measurement of Emitted Radiation (SUMER) vacuum-ultraviolet spectrograph was calibrated in the laboratory before the integration of the instrument on the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) spacecraft in 1995. During the scientific operation of the SOHO it has been possible to track the radiometric calibration of the SUMER spectrograph since March 1996 by a strategy that employs various methods to update the calibration status and improve the coverage of the spectral calibration curve. The results for the A Detector were published previously [Appl. Opt.36, 6416 (1997)]. During three years of operation in space, the B detector was used for two and one-half years. We describe the characteristics of the B detector and present results of the tracking and refinement of the spectral calibration curves with it. Observations of the spectra of the stars α and ρ Leonis permit an extrapolation of the calibration curves in the range from 125 to 149.0 nm. Using a solar coronal spectrum observed above the solar disk, we can extrapolate the calibration curves by measuring emission line pairs with well-known intensity ratios. The sensitivity ratio of the two photocathode areas can be obtained by registration of many emission lines in the entire spectral range on both KBr-coated and bare parts of the detector’s active surface. The results are found to be consistent with the published calibration performed in the laboratory in the wavelength range from 53 to 124 nm. We can extrapolate the calibration outside this range to 147 nm with a relative uncertainty of ±30% (1σ) for wavelengths longer than 125 nm and to 46.5 nm with 50% uncertainty for the short-wavelength range below 53 nm.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Paustian, W. Curdt, M. Kühne, B. Wende, K. Wilhelm, “Radiometric calibration of the telescope and ultraviolet spectrometer SUMER on SOHO,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5125–5133 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. U. Schühle, P. Brekke, W. Curdt, J. Hollandt, P. Lemaire, K. Wilhelm, “Radiometric calibration tracking of the vacuum-ultraviolet spectrometer SUMER during the first year of the SOHO mission,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2646–2652 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, I. E. Dammasch, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, T. Kucera, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, “Solar irradiances and radiances of UV and EUV lines during the minimum of the sunspot activity in 1996,” Astron. Astrophys. 334, 685–702 (1998).
  5. K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, “Radiometric calibration of SUMER: refinement of the laboratory results under operational conditions on SOHO,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6416–6422 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Pauluhn, I. Rüedi, S. K. Solanki, J. Lang, C. D. Pike, U. Schühle, W. T. Thompson, M. C. E. Huber, “Intercalibration of SUMER and CDS on SOHO. I. SUMER detector A and CDS NIS,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7035–7046 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. Curdt, U. Feldman, J. M. Laming, K. Wilhelm, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, “The solar disk spectrum between 660 and 1175 (first order) obtained by SUMER on SOHO,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 126, 281–296 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, T. M. Moran, “A coronal spectrum in the 500–1600 Å wavelength range recorded at a height of 21,000 kilometers above the west solar limb by the SUMER instrument on Solar and Heliospheric Observatory,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 113, 195–219 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. C. Bohlin, A. W. Harris, A. V. Holm, C. Gry, “The ultraviolet calibration of the Hubble Space Telescope. IV. Absolute IUE fluxes of Hubble Space Telescope standard stars,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 73, 413–439 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

U. Schühle, P. Brekke, W. Curdt, J. Hollandt, P. Lemaire, K. Wilhelm, “Radiometric calibration tracking of the vacuum-ultraviolet spectrometer SUMER during the first year of the SOHO mission,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2646–2652 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, I. E. Dammasch, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, T. Kucera, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, “Solar irradiances and radiances of UV and EUV lines during the minimum of the sunspot activity in 1996,” Astron. Astrophys. 334, 685–702 (1998).

1997 (4)

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Curdt, U. Feldman, J. M. Laming, K. Wilhelm, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, “The solar disk spectrum between 660 and 1175 (first order) obtained by SUMER on SOHO,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 126, 281–296 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, T. M. Moran, “A coronal spectrum in the 500–1600 Å wavelength range recorded at a height of 21,000 kilometers above the west solar limb by the SUMER instrument on Solar and Heliospheric Observatory,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 113, 195–219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, “Radiometric calibration of SUMER: refinement of the laboratory results under operational conditions on SOHO,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6416–6422 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

R. C. Bohlin, A. W. Harris, A. V. Holm, C. Gry, “The ultraviolet calibration of the Hubble Space Telescope. IV. Absolute IUE fluxes of Hubble Space Telescope standard stars,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 73, 413–439 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Behring, W. E.

U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, T. M. Moran, “A coronal spectrum in the 500–1600 Å wavelength range recorded at a height of 21,000 kilometers above the west solar limb by the SUMER instrument on Solar and Heliospheric Observatory,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 113, 195–219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bohlin, R. C.

R. C. Bohlin, A. W. Harris, A. V. Holm, C. Gry, “The ultraviolet calibration of the Hubble Space Telescope. IV. Absolute IUE fluxes of Hubble Space Telescope standard stars,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 73, 413–439 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Brekke, P.

U. Schühle, P. Brekke, W. Curdt, J. Hollandt, P. Lemaire, K. Wilhelm, “Radiometric calibration tracking of the vacuum-ultraviolet spectrometer SUMER during the first year of the SOHO mission,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2646–2652 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Curdt, W.

U. Schühle, P. Brekke, W. Curdt, J. Hollandt, P. Lemaire, K. Wilhelm, “Radiometric calibration tracking of the vacuum-ultraviolet spectrometer SUMER during the first year of the SOHO mission,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2646–2652 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, I. E. Dammasch, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, T. Kucera, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, “Solar irradiances and radiances of UV and EUV lines during the minimum of the sunspot activity in 1996,” Astron. Astrophys. 334, 685–702 (1998).

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, T. M. Moran, “A coronal spectrum in the 500–1600 Å wavelength range recorded at a height of 21,000 kilometers above the west solar limb by the SUMER instrument on Solar and Heliospheric Observatory,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 113, 195–219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, “Radiometric calibration of SUMER: refinement of the laboratory results under operational conditions on SOHO,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6416–6422 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Curdt, U. Feldman, J. M. Laming, K. Wilhelm, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, “The solar disk spectrum between 660 and 1175 (first order) obtained by SUMER on SOHO,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 126, 281–296 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Paustian, W. Curdt, M. Kühne, B. Wende, K. Wilhelm, “Radiometric calibration of the telescope and ultraviolet spectrometer SUMER on SOHO,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5125–5133 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dammasch, I. E.

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, I. E. Dammasch, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, T. Kucera, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, “Solar irradiances and radiances of UV and EUV lines during the minimum of the sunspot activity in 1996,” Astron. Astrophys. 334, 685–702 (1998).

Feldman, U.

W. Curdt, U. Feldman, J. M. Laming, K. Wilhelm, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, “The solar disk spectrum between 660 and 1175 (first order) obtained by SUMER on SOHO,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 126, 281–296 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, “Radiometric calibration of SUMER: refinement of the laboratory results under operational conditions on SOHO,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6416–6422 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, T. M. Moran, “A coronal spectrum in the 500–1600 Å wavelength range recorded at a height of 21,000 kilometers above the west solar limb by the SUMER instrument on Solar and Heliospheric Observatory,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 113, 195–219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gabriel, A.

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Grewing, M.

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gry, C.

R. C. Bohlin, A. W. Harris, A. V. Holm, C. Gry, “The ultraviolet calibration of the Hubble Space Telescope. IV. Absolute IUE fluxes of Hubble Space Telescope standard stars,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 73, 413–439 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Harris, A. W.

R. C. Bohlin, A. W. Harris, A. V. Holm, C. Gry, “The ultraviolet calibration of the Hubble Space Telescope. IV. Absolute IUE fluxes of Hubble Space Telescope standard stars,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 73, 413–439 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hassler, D. M.

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, I. E. Dammasch, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, T. Kucera, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, “Solar irradiances and radiances of UV and EUV lines during the minimum of the sunspot activity in 1996,” Astron. Astrophys. 334, 685–702 (1998).

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hollandt, J.

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, I. E. Dammasch, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, T. Kucera, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, “Solar irradiances and radiances of UV and EUV lines during the minimum of the sunspot activity in 1996,” Astron. Astrophys. 334, 685–702 (1998).

U. Schühle, P. Brekke, W. Curdt, J. Hollandt, P. Lemaire, K. Wilhelm, “Radiometric calibration tracking of the vacuum-ultraviolet spectrometer SUMER during the first year of the SOHO mission,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2646–2652 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, “Radiometric calibration of SUMER: refinement of the laboratory results under operational conditions on SOHO,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6416–6422 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Paustian, W. Curdt, M. Kühne, B. Wende, K. Wilhelm, “Radiometric calibration of the telescope and ultraviolet spectrometer SUMER on SOHO,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5125–5133 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holm, A. V.

R. C. Bohlin, A. W. Harris, A. V. Holm, C. Gry, “The ultraviolet calibration of the Hubble Space Telescope. IV. Absolute IUE fluxes of Hubble Space Telescope standard stars,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 73, 413–439 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Huber, M. C. E.

A. Pauluhn, I. Rüedi, S. K. Solanki, J. Lang, C. D. Pike, U. Schühle, W. T. Thompson, M. C. E. Huber, “Intercalibration of SUMER and CDS on SOHO. I. SUMER detector A and CDS NIS,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7035–7046 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, I. E. Dammasch, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, T. Kucera, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, “Solar irradiances and radiances of UV and EUV lines during the minimum of the sunspot activity in 1996,” Astron. Astrophys. 334, 685–702 (1998).

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jordan, S. D.

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kucera, T.

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, I. E. Dammasch, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, T. Kucera, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, “Solar irradiances and radiances of UV and EUV lines during the minimum of the sunspot activity in 1996,” Astron. Astrophys. 334, 685–702 (1998).

Kühne, M.

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Paustian, W. Curdt, M. Kühne, B. Wende, K. Wilhelm, “Radiometric calibration of the telescope and ultraviolet spectrometer SUMER on SOHO,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5125–5133 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Laming, J. M.

W. Curdt, U. Feldman, J. M. Laming, K. Wilhelm, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, “The solar disk spectrum between 660 and 1175 (first order) obtained by SUMER on SOHO,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 126, 281–296 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lang, J.

Lemaire, P.

U. Schühle, P. Brekke, W. Curdt, J. Hollandt, P. Lemaire, K. Wilhelm, “Radiometric calibration tracking of the vacuum-ultraviolet spectrometer SUMER during the first year of the SOHO mission,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2646–2652 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, I. E. Dammasch, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, T. Kucera, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, “Solar irradiances and radiances of UV and EUV lines during the minimum of the sunspot activity in 1996,” Astron. Astrophys. 334, 685–702 (1998).

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, “Radiometric calibration of SUMER: refinement of the laboratory results under operational conditions on SOHO,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6416–6422 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Curdt, U. Feldman, J. M. Laming, K. Wilhelm, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, “The solar disk spectrum between 660 and 1175 (first order) obtained by SUMER on SOHO,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 126, 281–296 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, T. M. Moran, “A coronal spectrum in the 500–1600 Å wavelength range recorded at a height of 21,000 kilometers above the west solar limb by the SUMER instrument on Solar and Heliospheric Observatory,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 113, 195–219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Marsch, E.

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Moran, T. M.

U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, T. M. Moran, “A coronal spectrum in the 500–1600 Å wavelength range recorded at a height of 21,000 kilometers above the west solar limb by the SUMER instrument on Solar and Heliospheric Observatory,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 113, 195–219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pauluhn, A.

Paustian, W.

Pike, C. D.

Poland, A. I.

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rüedi, I.

Schühle, U.

A. Pauluhn, I. Rüedi, S. K. Solanki, J. Lang, C. D. Pike, U. Schühle, W. T. Thompson, M. C. E. Huber, “Intercalibration of SUMER and CDS on SOHO. I. SUMER detector A and CDS NIS,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7035–7046 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Schühle, P. Brekke, W. Curdt, J. Hollandt, P. Lemaire, K. Wilhelm, “Radiometric calibration tracking of the vacuum-ultraviolet spectrometer SUMER during the first year of the SOHO mission,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2646–2652 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, I. E. Dammasch, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, T. Kucera, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, “Solar irradiances and radiances of UV and EUV lines during the minimum of the sunspot activity in 1996,” Astron. Astrophys. 334, 685–702 (1998).

W. Curdt, U. Feldman, J. M. Laming, K. Wilhelm, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, “The solar disk spectrum between 660 and 1175 (first order) obtained by SUMER on SOHO,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 126, 281–296 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, “Radiometric calibration of SUMER: refinement of the laboratory results under operational conditions on SOHO,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6416–6422 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, T. M. Moran, “A coronal spectrum in the 500–1600 Å wavelength range recorded at a height of 21,000 kilometers above the west solar limb by the SUMER instrument on Solar and Heliospheric Observatory,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 113, 195–219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Paustian, W. Curdt, M. Kühne, B. Wende, K. Wilhelm, “Radiometric calibration of the telescope and ultraviolet spectrometer SUMER on SOHO,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5125–5133 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Siegmund, O. H. W.

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Solanki, S. K.

Thomas, R. J.

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, W. T.

Timothy, J. G.

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Vial, J.-C.

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wende, B.

Wilhelm, K.

U. Schühle, P. Brekke, W. Curdt, J. Hollandt, P. Lemaire, K. Wilhelm, “Radiometric calibration tracking of the vacuum-ultraviolet spectrometer SUMER during the first year of the SOHO mission,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2646–2652 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, I. E. Dammasch, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, T. Kucera, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, “Solar irradiances and radiances of UV and EUV lines during the minimum of the sunspot activity in 1996,” Astron. Astrophys. 334, 685–702 (1998).

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, T. M. Moran, “A coronal spectrum in the 500–1600 Å wavelength range recorded at a height of 21,000 kilometers above the west solar limb by the SUMER instrument on Solar and Heliospheric Observatory,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 113, 195–219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, “Radiometric calibration of SUMER: refinement of the laboratory results under operational conditions on SOHO,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6416–6422 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Curdt, U. Feldman, J. M. Laming, K. Wilhelm, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, “The solar disk spectrum between 660 and 1175 (first order) obtained by SUMER on SOHO,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 126, 281–296 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Paustian, W. Curdt, M. Kühne, B. Wende, K. Wilhelm, “Radiometric calibration of the telescope and ultraviolet spectrometer SUMER on SOHO,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5125–5133 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, I. E. Dammasch, J. Hollandt, U. Schühle, W. Curdt, T. Kucera, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, “Solar irradiances and radiances of UV and EUV lines during the minimum of the sunspot activity in 1996,” Astron. Astrophys. 334, 685–702 (1998).

Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. (1)

W. Curdt, U. Feldman, J. M. Laming, K. Wilhelm, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, “The solar disk spectrum between 660 and 1175 (first order) obtained by SUMER on SOHO,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 126, 281–296 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. (2)

U. Feldman, W. E. Behring, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, T. M. Moran, “A coronal spectrum in the 500–1600 Å wavelength range recorded at a height of 21,000 kilometers above the west solar limb by the SUMER instrument on Solar and Heliospheric Observatory,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 113, 195–219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Bohlin, A. W. Harris, A. V. Holm, C. Gry, “The ultraviolet calibration of the Hubble Space Telescope. IV. Absolute IUE fluxes of Hubble Space Telescope standard stars,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 73, 413–439 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Phys. (2)

K. Wilhelm, P. Lemaire, W. Curdt, U. Schühle, E. Marsch, A. I. Poland, S. D. Jordan, R. J. Thomas, D. M. Hassler, M. C. E. Huber, J.-C. Vial, M. Kühne, O. H. W. Siegmund, A. Gabriel, J. G. Timothy, M. Grewing, U. Feldman, J. Hollandt, P. Brekke, “First results of the SUMER telescope and spectrometer on SOHO. I. Spectra and spectroradiometry,” Sol. Phys. 170, 75–104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Wilhelm, W. Curdt, E. Marsch, U. Schühle, P. Lemaire, A. Gabriel, J.-C. Vial, M. Grewing, M. C. E. Huber, S. D. Jordan, A. I. Poland, R. J. Thomas, M. Kühne, J. G. Timothy, D. M. Hassler, O. H. W. Siegmund, “SUMER—solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation,” Sol. Phys. 162, 189–231 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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