Abstract

A new, light balloonborne UV–visible spectrometer, called SALOMON, is designed to perform nighttime measurements of stratospheric trace-gas species by using the Moon as a light source. The first flight, performed on 31 October 1998 at mid-latitude with a float altitude of 26.7 km, allowed the performance of the pointing system to be checked and vertical profiles of ozone, NO2, NO3, and possibly OBrO to be obtained. First the instrument and then the performance of the pointing system and the detector are described. Finally the vertical profiles are compared with other profiles obtained at the same location five years before with the heavier balloonborne spectrometer AMON, which uses a star as the light source.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. P. Naudet, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “Balloon measurements of stratospheric trace species using a multichannel UV-visible spectrometer,” in Proceedings of the 14th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programs and Related Research (European Space Agency, Paris, 1994), pp. 165–168.
  2. J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, C. Robert, G. Moreau, D. Huguenin, J. M. Russell, “Nocturnal vertical distribution of stratospheric O3, NO2 and NO3 from balloon measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 28,793–28,804 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Huguenin, “Design and performance of stratospheric balloon-borne platforms for infrared astrophysical observations,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 35, 195–202 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. P. Pommereau, J. Piquard, “Observations of the vertical distribution of stratospheric OClO,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1231–1234 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. B. Renard, F. Lefèvre, M. Pirre, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “Vertical profile of night-time stratospheric OClO,” J. Atmos. Chem. 26, 65–76 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. J. Lary, R. Toumi, A. M. Lee, M. Newchurch, M. Pirre, J. B. Renard, “Carbon aerosols and atmospheric photochemistry,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 3671–3682 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, F. Lefevre, C. Robert, B. Nozière, E. Lateltin, D. Huguenin, “Vertical distribution of nighttime stratospheric NO2 from balloon measurements—comparison with models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 73–76 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “The possible detection of OBrO in the stratosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 25,383–25,395 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. P. Chipperfield, T. Glassup, I. Pundt, O. V. Rattigan, “Model calculations of stratospheric OBrO indicating very small abundances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 3575–3578 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Wahner, J. Callies, H. P. Dorn, U. Platt, C. Schiller, “Near UV atmospheric absorption measurements of column abundance during airborne arctic expedition, January–February 1989. 3. BrO observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 517–520 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. W. Sanders, S. Solomon, M. A. Carroll, A. L. Schmeltekopf, “Visible and near-ultraviolet spectroscopy at McMurdo Station, Antarctica. 4. Overview and daily measurements of NO2, O3 and OClO during 1987,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 11,381–11,391 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Lal, J. S. Sidhu, S. R. Das, D. K. Chakrabarty, “Atmospheric NO3 observations over low-latitude northern hemisphere during night,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 23,029–23,037 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. P. Pommereau, J. Piquard, “Ozone, nitrogen dioxide and aerosol vertical distribution by UV–visible solar occultation from balloon,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1227–1230 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  14. On-line data available at the internet site of the Bureau des Longitudes, www.bdl.fr .
  15. A. Bucholtz, “Rayleigh-scattering calculations for the terrestrial atmosphere,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2765–2773 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Voigt, J. Orphal, J. P. Burrows, information available at their internet site, www.iup.physik.uni-bremen.de/gruppen/data html.
  17. J. W. Harder, J. W. Brault, P. V. Johnston, G. H. Mount, “Temperature dependent NO2 cross sections at high spectral resolution,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 3861–3879 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  18. B. Deters, J. P. Burrows, Institute of Environmental Physics and Remote Sensing, IUP/IFE, University of Bremen-FB1, Postfach 30440, 28334 Bremen, Germany(personal communication, 1998).
  19. O. C. Fleischmann, M. Hartmann, J. P. Burrows, Institute of Environmental Physics and Remote Sensing, IUP/IFE, University of Bremen-FB1, Postfach 30440, 28334 Bremen, Germany (personal communication, 1998).

1998 (2)

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “The possible detection of OBrO in the stratosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 25,383–25,395 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Chipperfield, T. Glassup, I. Pundt, O. V. Rattigan, “Model calculations of stratospheric OBrO indicating very small abundances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 3575–3578 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

J. B. Renard, F. Lefèvre, M. Pirre, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “Vertical profile of night-time stratospheric OClO,” J. Atmos. Chem. 26, 65–76 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Lary, R. Toumi, A. M. Lee, M. Newchurch, M. Pirre, J. B. Renard, “Carbon aerosols and atmospheric photochemistry,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 3671–3682 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, F. Lefevre, C. Robert, B. Nozière, E. Lateltin, D. Huguenin, “Vertical distribution of nighttime stratospheric NO2 from balloon measurements—comparison with models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 73–76 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Harder, J. W. Brault, P. V. Johnston, G. H. Mount, “Temperature dependent NO2 cross sections at high spectral resolution,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 3861–3879 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, C. Robert, G. Moreau, D. Huguenin, J. M. Russell, “Nocturnal vertical distribution of stratospheric O3, NO2 and NO3 from balloon measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 28,793–28,804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (3)

J. P. Pommereau, J. Piquard, “Ozone, nitrogen dioxide and aerosol vertical distribution by UV–visible solar occultation from balloon,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Huguenin, “Design and performance of stratospheric balloon-borne platforms for infrared astrophysical observations,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 35, 195–202 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Pommereau, J. Piquard, “Observations of the vertical distribution of stratospheric OClO,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1231–1234 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. Lal, J. S. Sidhu, S. R. Das, D. K. Chakrabarty, “Atmospheric NO3 observations over low-latitude northern hemisphere during night,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 23,029–23,037 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

A. Wahner, J. Callies, H. P. Dorn, U. Platt, C. Schiller, “Near UV atmospheric absorption measurements of column abundance during airborne arctic expedition, January–February 1989. 3. BrO observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 517–520 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

R. W. Sanders, S. Solomon, M. A. Carroll, A. L. Schmeltekopf, “Visible and near-ultraviolet spectroscopy at McMurdo Station, Antarctica. 4. Overview and daily measurements of NO2, O3 and OClO during 1987,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 11,381–11,391 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Brault, J. W.

J. W. Harder, J. W. Brault, P. V. Johnston, G. H. Mount, “Temperature dependent NO2 cross sections at high spectral resolution,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 3861–3879 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bucholtz, A.

Burrows, J. P.

B. Deters, J. P. Burrows, Institute of Environmental Physics and Remote Sensing, IUP/IFE, University of Bremen-FB1, Postfach 30440, 28334 Bremen, Germany(personal communication, 1998).

O. C. Fleischmann, M. Hartmann, J. P. Burrows, Institute of Environmental Physics and Remote Sensing, IUP/IFE, University of Bremen-FB1, Postfach 30440, 28334 Bremen, Germany (personal communication, 1998).

Callies, J.

A. Wahner, J. Callies, H. P. Dorn, U. Platt, C. Schiller, “Near UV atmospheric absorption measurements of column abundance during airborne arctic expedition, January–February 1989. 3. BrO observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 517–520 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Carroll, M. A.

R. W. Sanders, S. Solomon, M. A. Carroll, A. L. Schmeltekopf, “Visible and near-ultraviolet spectroscopy at McMurdo Station, Antarctica. 4. Overview and daily measurements of NO2, O3 and OClO during 1987,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 11,381–11,391 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chakrabarty, D. K.

M. Lal, J. S. Sidhu, S. R. Das, D. K. Chakrabarty, “Atmospheric NO3 observations over low-latitude northern hemisphere during night,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 23,029–23,037 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chipperfield, M. P.

M. P. Chipperfield, T. Glassup, I. Pundt, O. V. Rattigan, “Model calculations of stratospheric OBrO indicating very small abundances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 3575–3578 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Das, S. R.

M. Lal, J. S. Sidhu, S. R. Das, D. K. Chakrabarty, “Atmospheric NO3 observations over low-latitude northern hemisphere during night,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 23,029–23,037 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Deters, B.

B. Deters, J. P. Burrows, Institute of Environmental Physics and Remote Sensing, IUP/IFE, University of Bremen-FB1, Postfach 30440, 28334 Bremen, Germany(personal communication, 1998).

Dorn, H. P.

A. Wahner, J. Callies, H. P. Dorn, U. Platt, C. Schiller, “Near UV atmospheric absorption measurements of column abundance during airborne arctic expedition, January–February 1989. 3. BrO observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 517–520 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fleischmann, O. C.

O. C. Fleischmann, M. Hartmann, J. P. Burrows, Institute of Environmental Physics and Remote Sensing, IUP/IFE, University of Bremen-FB1, Postfach 30440, 28334 Bremen, Germany (personal communication, 1998).

Glassup, T.

M. P. Chipperfield, T. Glassup, I. Pundt, O. V. Rattigan, “Model calculations of stratospheric OBrO indicating very small abundances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 3575–3578 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Harder, J. W.

J. W. Harder, J. W. Brault, P. V. Johnston, G. H. Mount, “Temperature dependent NO2 cross sections at high spectral resolution,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 3861–3879 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, M.

O. C. Fleischmann, M. Hartmann, J. P. Burrows, Institute of Environmental Physics and Remote Sensing, IUP/IFE, University of Bremen-FB1, Postfach 30440, 28334 Bremen, Germany (personal communication, 1998).

Huguenin, D.

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “The possible detection of OBrO in the stratosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 25,383–25,395 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, F. Lefevre, C. Robert, B. Nozière, E. Lateltin, D. Huguenin, “Vertical distribution of nighttime stratospheric NO2 from balloon measurements—comparison with models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 73–76 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Renard, F. Lefèvre, M. Pirre, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “Vertical profile of night-time stratospheric OClO,” J. Atmos. Chem. 26, 65–76 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, C. Robert, G. Moreau, D. Huguenin, J. M. Russell, “Nocturnal vertical distribution of stratospheric O3, NO2 and NO3 from balloon measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 28,793–28,804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Huguenin, “Design and performance of stratospheric balloon-borne platforms for infrared astrophysical observations,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 35, 195–202 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Naudet, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “Balloon measurements of stratospheric trace species using a multichannel UV-visible spectrometer,” in Proceedings of the 14th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programs and Related Research (European Space Agency, Paris, 1994), pp. 165–168.

Johnston, P. V.

J. W. Harder, J. W. Brault, P. V. Johnston, G. H. Mount, “Temperature dependent NO2 cross sections at high spectral resolution,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 3861–3879 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lal, M.

M. Lal, J. S. Sidhu, S. R. Das, D. K. Chakrabarty, “Atmospheric NO3 observations over low-latitude northern hemisphere during night,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 23,029–23,037 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lary, D. J.

D. J. Lary, R. Toumi, A. M. Lee, M. Newchurch, M. Pirre, J. B. Renard, “Carbon aerosols and atmospheric photochemistry,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 3671–3682 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lateltin, E.

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, F. Lefevre, C. Robert, B. Nozière, E. Lateltin, D. Huguenin, “Vertical distribution of nighttime stratospheric NO2 from balloon measurements—comparison with models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 73–76 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, A. M.

D. J. Lary, R. Toumi, A. M. Lee, M. Newchurch, M. Pirre, J. B. Renard, “Carbon aerosols and atmospheric photochemistry,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 3671–3682 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lefevre, F.

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, F. Lefevre, C. Robert, B. Nozière, E. Lateltin, D. Huguenin, “Vertical distribution of nighttime stratospheric NO2 from balloon measurements—comparison with models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 73–76 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lefèvre, F.

J. B. Renard, F. Lefèvre, M. Pirre, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “Vertical profile of night-time stratospheric OClO,” J. Atmos. Chem. 26, 65–76 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Moreau, G.

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, C. Robert, G. Moreau, D. Huguenin, J. M. Russell, “Nocturnal vertical distribution of stratospheric O3, NO2 and NO3 from balloon measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 28,793–28,804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mount, G. H.

J. W. Harder, J. W. Brault, P. V. Johnston, G. H. Mount, “Temperature dependent NO2 cross sections at high spectral resolution,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 3861–3879 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Naudet, J. P.

J. P. Naudet, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “Balloon measurements of stratospheric trace species using a multichannel UV-visible spectrometer,” in Proceedings of the 14th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programs and Related Research (European Space Agency, Paris, 1994), pp. 165–168.

Newchurch, M.

D. J. Lary, R. Toumi, A. M. Lee, M. Newchurch, M. Pirre, J. B. Renard, “Carbon aerosols and atmospheric photochemistry,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 3671–3682 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nozière, B.

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, F. Lefevre, C. Robert, B. Nozière, E. Lateltin, D. Huguenin, “Vertical distribution of nighttime stratospheric NO2 from balloon measurements—comparison with models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 73–76 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Piquard, J.

J. P. Pommereau, J. Piquard, “Observations of the vertical distribution of stratospheric OClO,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1231–1234 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Pommereau, J. Piquard, “Ozone, nitrogen dioxide and aerosol vertical distribution by UV–visible solar occultation from balloon,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pirre, M.

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “The possible detection of OBrO in the stratosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 25,383–25,395 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Renard, F. Lefèvre, M. Pirre, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “Vertical profile of night-time stratospheric OClO,” J. Atmos. Chem. 26, 65–76 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Lary, R. Toumi, A. M. Lee, M. Newchurch, M. Pirre, J. B. Renard, “Carbon aerosols and atmospheric photochemistry,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 3671–3682 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, F. Lefevre, C. Robert, B. Nozière, E. Lateltin, D. Huguenin, “Vertical distribution of nighttime stratospheric NO2 from balloon measurements—comparison with models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 73–76 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, C. Robert, G. Moreau, D. Huguenin, J. M. Russell, “Nocturnal vertical distribution of stratospheric O3, NO2 and NO3 from balloon measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 28,793–28,804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Platt, U.

A. Wahner, J. Callies, H. P. Dorn, U. Platt, C. Schiller, “Near UV atmospheric absorption measurements of column abundance during airborne arctic expedition, January–February 1989. 3. BrO observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 517–520 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Pommereau, J. P.

J. P. Pommereau, J. Piquard, “Ozone, nitrogen dioxide and aerosol vertical distribution by UV–visible solar occultation from balloon,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Pommereau, J. Piquard, “Observations of the vertical distribution of stratospheric OClO,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1231–1234 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pundt, I.

M. P. Chipperfield, T. Glassup, I. Pundt, O. V. Rattigan, “Model calculations of stratospheric OBrO indicating very small abundances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 3575–3578 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rattigan, O. V.

M. P. Chipperfield, T. Glassup, I. Pundt, O. V. Rattigan, “Model calculations of stratospheric OBrO indicating very small abundances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 3575–3578 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Renard, J. B.

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “The possible detection of OBrO in the stratosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 25,383–25,395 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Lary, R. Toumi, A. M. Lee, M. Newchurch, M. Pirre, J. B. Renard, “Carbon aerosols and atmospheric photochemistry,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 3671–3682 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, F. Lefevre, C. Robert, B. Nozière, E. Lateltin, D. Huguenin, “Vertical distribution of nighttime stratospheric NO2 from balloon measurements—comparison with models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 73–76 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Renard, F. Lefèvre, M. Pirre, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “Vertical profile of night-time stratospheric OClO,” J. Atmos. Chem. 26, 65–76 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, C. Robert, G. Moreau, D. Huguenin, J. M. Russell, “Nocturnal vertical distribution of stratospheric O3, NO2 and NO3 from balloon measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 28,793–28,804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Robert, C.

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “The possible detection of OBrO in the stratosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 25,383–25,395 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Renard, F. Lefèvre, M. Pirre, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “Vertical profile of night-time stratospheric OClO,” J. Atmos. Chem. 26, 65–76 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, F. Lefevre, C. Robert, B. Nozière, E. Lateltin, D. Huguenin, “Vertical distribution of nighttime stratospheric NO2 from balloon measurements—comparison with models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 73–76 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, C. Robert, G. Moreau, D. Huguenin, J. M. Russell, “Nocturnal vertical distribution of stratospheric O3, NO2 and NO3 from balloon measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 28,793–28,804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Naudet, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “Balloon measurements of stratospheric trace species using a multichannel UV-visible spectrometer,” in Proceedings of the 14th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programs and Related Research (European Space Agency, Paris, 1994), pp. 165–168.

Russell, J. M.

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, C. Robert, G. Moreau, D. Huguenin, J. M. Russell, “Nocturnal vertical distribution of stratospheric O3, NO2 and NO3 from balloon measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 28,793–28,804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sanders, R. W.

R. W. Sanders, S. Solomon, M. A. Carroll, A. L. Schmeltekopf, “Visible and near-ultraviolet spectroscopy at McMurdo Station, Antarctica. 4. Overview and daily measurements of NO2, O3 and OClO during 1987,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 11,381–11,391 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Schiller, C.

A. Wahner, J. Callies, H. P. Dorn, U. Platt, C. Schiller, “Near UV atmospheric absorption measurements of column abundance during airborne arctic expedition, January–February 1989. 3. BrO observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 517–520 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Schmeltekopf, A. L.

R. W. Sanders, S. Solomon, M. A. Carroll, A. L. Schmeltekopf, “Visible and near-ultraviolet spectroscopy at McMurdo Station, Antarctica. 4. Overview and daily measurements of NO2, O3 and OClO during 1987,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 11,381–11,391 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sidhu, J. S.

M. Lal, J. S. Sidhu, S. R. Das, D. K. Chakrabarty, “Atmospheric NO3 observations over low-latitude northern hemisphere during night,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 23,029–23,037 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Solomon, S.

R. W. Sanders, S. Solomon, M. A. Carroll, A. L. Schmeltekopf, “Visible and near-ultraviolet spectroscopy at McMurdo Station, Antarctica. 4. Overview and daily measurements of NO2, O3 and OClO during 1987,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 11,381–11,391 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Toumi, R.

D. J. Lary, R. Toumi, A. M. Lee, M. Newchurch, M. Pirre, J. B. Renard, “Carbon aerosols and atmospheric photochemistry,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 3671–3682 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wahner, A.

A. Wahner, J. Callies, H. P. Dorn, U. Platt, C. Schiller, “Near UV atmospheric absorption measurements of column abundance during airborne arctic expedition, January–February 1989. 3. BrO observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 517–520 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Geophys. Res. Lett. (5)

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, F. Lefevre, C. Robert, B. Nozière, E. Lateltin, D. Huguenin, “Vertical distribution of nighttime stratospheric NO2 from balloon measurements—comparison with models,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 73–76 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Pommereau, J. Piquard, “Ozone, nitrogen dioxide and aerosol vertical distribution by UV–visible solar occultation from balloon,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Pommereau, J. Piquard, “Observations of the vertical distribution of stratospheric OClO,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1231–1234 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Chipperfield, T. Glassup, I. Pundt, O. V. Rattigan, “Model calculations of stratospheric OBrO indicating very small abundances,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 3575–3578 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Wahner, J. Callies, H. P. Dorn, U. Platt, C. Schiller, “Near UV atmospheric absorption measurements of column abundance during airborne arctic expedition, January–February 1989. 3. BrO observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 517–520 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. Technol. (1)

D. Huguenin, “Design and performance of stratospheric balloon-borne platforms for infrared astrophysical observations,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 35, 195–202 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Chem. (1)

J. B. Renard, F. Lefèvre, M. Pirre, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “Vertical profile of night-time stratospheric OClO,” J. Atmos. Chem. 26, 65–76 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (6)

D. J. Lary, R. Toumi, A. M. Lee, M. Newchurch, M. Pirre, J. B. Renard, “Carbon aerosols and atmospheric photochemistry,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 3671–3682 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, C. Robert, G. Moreau, D. Huguenin, J. M. Russell, “Nocturnal vertical distribution of stratospheric O3, NO2 and NO3 from balloon measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 28,793–28,804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Sanders, S. Solomon, M. A. Carroll, A. L. Schmeltekopf, “Visible and near-ultraviolet spectroscopy at McMurdo Station, Antarctica. 4. Overview and daily measurements of NO2, O3 and OClO during 1987,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 11,381–11,391 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Lal, J. S. Sidhu, S. R. Das, D. K. Chakrabarty, “Atmospheric NO3 observations over low-latitude northern hemisphere during night,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 23,029–23,037 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Harder, J. W. Brault, P. V. Johnston, G. H. Mount, “Temperature dependent NO2 cross sections at high spectral resolution,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 3861–3879 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Renard, M. Pirre, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “The possible detection of OBrO in the stratosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 25,383–25,395 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

On-line data available at the internet site of the Bureau des Longitudes, www.bdl.fr .

S. Voigt, J. Orphal, J. P. Burrows, information available at their internet site, www.iup.physik.uni-bremen.de/gruppen/data html.

B. Deters, J. P. Burrows, Institute of Environmental Physics and Remote Sensing, IUP/IFE, University of Bremen-FB1, Postfach 30440, 28334 Bremen, Germany(personal communication, 1998).

O. C. Fleischmann, M. Hartmann, J. P. Burrows, Institute of Environmental Physics and Remote Sensing, IUP/IFE, University of Bremen-FB1, Postfach 30440, 28334 Bremen, Germany (personal communication, 1998).

J. P. Naudet, C. Robert, D. Huguenin, “Balloon measurements of stratospheric trace species using a multichannel UV-visible spectrometer,” in Proceedings of the 14th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programs and Related Research (European Space Agency, Paris, 1994), pp. 165–168.

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Global view of the SALOMON. The box that contains the spectrometer is at the left, the box with the moon tracker is at the right, and the box with the CNES telemetry is below them.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the moon tracker.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pointing precision of the pivot.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pointing precision of the azimuth of the moon tracker.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Pointing precision of the elevation of the moon tracker.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Raw spectra recorded during the occultation (cosmic rays have been removed).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Comparison of an O3 optical depth spectrum recorded by the SALOMON, with a moon elevation of -1.0°, and a least-squares fit.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Comparison of a NO2 optical depth spectrum recorded under the same conditions as for Fig. 7 and a least-squares fit.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Comparison of a NO3 optical depth spectrum recorded under the same conditions as for Fig. 7 and a least-squares fit.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Slant column profiles of O3, NO2, NO3, and aerosol (at two wavelengths). The negative values originate from the contributions of these species to the reference spectrum.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Comparison of an OBrO optical depth spectrum recorded under the same conditions as in Fig. 7 and a least-squares fit.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Vertical profiles of O3, NO2, NO3, and OBrO measured by the SALOMON (diamonds) compared with the AMON measurements (solid curves) performed at the same location on 16 October 1993.

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