Abstract

Some new refractometric results are obtained in the visible and the near-infrared spectral regions. The main optical plastics are analyzed: poly(methyl methacrylate), polystyrene, polycarbonate, and styrene acrylonitrile. New materials, such as methyl methacrylate styrene copolmer, CTE-Richardson, Zeonex, Optorez, and Bayer are examined. The refractive indices are measured for wavelengths from 435.8 to 1052 nm with a new device. Abbe constants and dispersion coefficients are calculated. The measured and computed data is intended for designers and technologists.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. National Bureau of Standards, U.S. Federal Test Method Std. No. 406 (formerly Fed. Spec. L-P-406b), Method 3011: Index of Refraction (National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C., 1961).
  2. Carl Zeiss JENA, “Pulfrich-Refraktometer PR 2, Gebrauchsanleitung” (Carl Zeiss JENA, Jena D-77830, Deutschland, 1976), pp. 20–24.
  3. U.S. Precision Lens, “The Handbook of Plastic Optics,” 1st ed. (U.S. Precision Lens, Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio, 1973), pp. 11–23.
  4. Optisches Glas GMBH, SCHOTT’96 Catalog Optical Glass, Version 1.1 (Optisches Glas GMBH, Mainz D-55014, Germany, 1996).
  5. M. Herzberger, Modern Geometrical Optics (E. Kodak Com., Rochester, New York, 1958), Chap. XII.
  6. R. S. Longhurst, Geometrical and Physical Optics, 3rd ed. (Longman Scientific, Essex, UK, 1973), Chap. 5, p. 20.
  7. R. Kingslake, Lens Design Fundamentals (Academic, New York, 1978), pp. 286–295.
  8. W. J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1990), pp. 384–391.
  9. D. F. Horne, Optical Production Technology, 2nd ed., (Adam Hilger Ltd., Bristol, UK, 1983), pp. 253–259.
  10. “Properties of principal optical plastics,” Plastec, Inc., Molded Optics & Components, 1999, www.plastec.com .
  11. I. D. Nikolov, C. D. Ivanov, “Hybrid plastic-glass optical system,” in Optika 98: Fifth Congress on Modern Optics, G. Akos, G. Lupkovics, A. Podmaniczky, eds., Proc. SPIE3573, 409–412 (1998).
  12. N. Arai, “Projection lens for a television projector,” U.S. patent4,666,261 (19May1987).
  13. H. Yamada, “Projection lens system for projectors,” U.S. patent5,212,597 (18May1993).
  14. J. Moskovich, “Color corrected lens,” U.S. patentRE35, 310 (6August1996).
  15. M. H. Kreitzer, J. Moskovich, “Wide-angle DMD projection lens,” U.S. patent5,870,228 (9February1999).
  16. ZEMAX Optical Design Software (1999), www.focus-software.com .

Arai, N.

N. Arai, “Projection lens for a television projector,” U.S. patent4,666,261 (19May1987).

Herzberger, M.

M. Herzberger, Modern Geometrical Optics (E. Kodak Com., Rochester, New York, 1958), Chap. XII.

Horne, D. F.

D. F. Horne, Optical Production Technology, 2nd ed., (Adam Hilger Ltd., Bristol, UK, 1983), pp. 253–259.

Ivanov, C. D.

I. D. Nikolov, C. D. Ivanov, “Hybrid plastic-glass optical system,” in Optika 98: Fifth Congress on Modern Optics, G. Akos, G. Lupkovics, A. Podmaniczky, eds., Proc. SPIE3573, 409–412 (1998).

Kingslake, R.

R. Kingslake, Lens Design Fundamentals (Academic, New York, 1978), pp. 286–295.

Kreitzer, M. H.

M. H. Kreitzer, J. Moskovich, “Wide-angle DMD projection lens,” U.S. patent5,870,228 (9February1999).

Longhurst, R. S.

R. S. Longhurst, Geometrical and Physical Optics, 3rd ed. (Longman Scientific, Essex, UK, 1973), Chap. 5, p. 20.

Moskovich, J.

M. H. Kreitzer, J. Moskovich, “Wide-angle DMD projection lens,” U.S. patent5,870,228 (9February1999).

J. Moskovich, “Color corrected lens,” U.S. patentRE35, 310 (6August1996).

Nikolov, I. D.

I. D. Nikolov, C. D. Ivanov, “Hybrid plastic-glass optical system,” in Optika 98: Fifth Congress on Modern Optics, G. Akos, G. Lupkovics, A. Podmaniczky, eds., Proc. SPIE3573, 409–412 (1998).

Smith, W. J.

W. J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1990), pp. 384–391.

Yamada, H.

H. Yamada, “Projection lens system for projectors,” U.S. patent5,212,597 (18May1993).

Other (16)

National Bureau of Standards, U.S. Federal Test Method Std. No. 406 (formerly Fed. Spec. L-P-406b), Method 3011: Index of Refraction (National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C., 1961).

Carl Zeiss JENA, “Pulfrich-Refraktometer PR 2, Gebrauchsanleitung” (Carl Zeiss JENA, Jena D-77830, Deutschland, 1976), pp. 20–24.

U.S. Precision Lens, “The Handbook of Plastic Optics,” 1st ed. (U.S. Precision Lens, Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio, 1973), pp. 11–23.

Optisches Glas GMBH, SCHOTT’96 Catalog Optical Glass, Version 1.1 (Optisches Glas GMBH, Mainz D-55014, Germany, 1996).

M. Herzberger, Modern Geometrical Optics (E. Kodak Com., Rochester, New York, 1958), Chap. XII.

R. S. Longhurst, Geometrical and Physical Optics, 3rd ed. (Longman Scientific, Essex, UK, 1973), Chap. 5, p. 20.

R. Kingslake, Lens Design Fundamentals (Academic, New York, 1978), pp. 286–295.

W. J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1990), pp. 384–391.

D. F. Horne, Optical Production Technology, 2nd ed., (Adam Hilger Ltd., Bristol, UK, 1983), pp. 253–259.

“Properties of principal optical plastics,” Plastec, Inc., Molded Optics & Components, 1999, www.plastec.com .

I. D. Nikolov, C. D. Ivanov, “Hybrid plastic-glass optical system,” in Optika 98: Fifth Congress on Modern Optics, G. Akos, G. Lupkovics, A. Podmaniczky, eds., Proc. SPIE3573, 409–412 (1998).

N. Arai, “Projection lens for a television projector,” U.S. patent4,666,261 (19May1987).

H. Yamada, “Projection lens system for projectors,” U.S. patent5,212,597 (18May1993).

J. Moskovich, “Color corrected lens,” U.S. patentRE35, 310 (6August1996).

M. H. Kreitzer, J. Moskovich, “Wide-angle DMD projection lens,” U.S. patent5,870,228 (9February1999).

ZEMAX Optical Design Software (1999), www.focus-software.com .

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Block diagram of the goniometric measuring device.

Tables (3)

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Table 1 Optical Plastic Refractive Indices Computed for Numerous Selected Laser Wavelengths

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Table 2 Optical Plastic Refractive Indices Measured for Wavelengths in the VIS and the NIR Regions

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Table 3 Optical Plastic Refractometric Data for a Comparative Analysis: Index and Abbe Constant, nλ, Vλ

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

nλ2=A1+A2λ2+A3/λ2+A4/λ4+A5/λ6+A6/λ8,
nλ2-1=B1λ2/λ2-C1+B2λ2/λ2-C2+B3λ2/λ2-C3,
nλ2=Nλ2-cos γNλ2-cos γ21/2,  γ=90°-α,

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