Abstract

Information from a ground-based passive remote-sensing system that measures ozone profile concentrations with a moderate 4-cm-1 spectral resolution is evaluated. A theoretical study of the best choice for the wave numbers and zenith angles for the line of sight is presented. The superimposed water emission is analyzed for the selected wave numbers, and possibilities of separating the contributions of water and ozone to the radiance received are studied. Tropospheric and stratospheric ozone can be sounded by appropriate selection of the experimental conditions.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. J. Persky, “A review of spaceborne infrared Fourier transform spectrometers for remote sensing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 4763–4796 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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1998

W. Bell, C. P. Walsh, T. D. Gardiner, P. T. Woods, L. Donohoe, A. Gould, D. Secker, S. Naughten, N. R. Swann, N. A. Martin, L. E. Page, M. P. Chipperfield, A. M. Lee, S. Pullen, “Ground-based FTIR measurements of stratospheric trace species from Aberdeen during winter and spring 1993/94 and 1994/95 and comparison with a 3D model,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 119–130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

M. J. Persky, “A review of spaceborne infrared Fourier transform spectrometers for remote sensing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 4763–4796 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Pougatchev, B. J. Connor, C. P. Rinsland, “Infrared measurements of the ozone vertical distribution above Kitt Peak,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 16,689–16,697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1983

Anderson, G. P.

Bell, W.

W. Bell, C. P. Walsh, T. D. Gardiner, P. T. Woods, L. Donohoe, A. Gould, D. Secker, S. Naughten, N. R. Swann, N. A. Martin, L. E. Page, M. P. Chipperfield, A. M. Lee, S. Pullen, “Ground-based FTIR measurements of stratospheric trace species from Aberdeen during winter and spring 1993/94 and 1994/95 and comparison with a 3D model,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 119–130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chipperfield, M. P.

W. Bell, C. P. Walsh, T. D. Gardiner, P. T. Woods, L. Donohoe, A. Gould, D. Secker, S. Naughten, N. R. Swann, N. A. Martin, L. E. Page, M. P. Chipperfield, A. M. Lee, S. Pullen, “Ground-based FTIR measurements of stratospheric trace species from Aberdeen during winter and spring 1993/94 and 1994/95 and comparison with a 3D model,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 119–130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Connor, B. J.

N. S. Pougatchev, B. J. Connor, C. P. Rinsland, “Infrared measurements of the ozone vertical distribution above Kitt Peak,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 16,689–16,697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Donohoe, L.

W. Bell, C. P. Walsh, T. D. Gardiner, P. T. Woods, L. Donohoe, A. Gould, D. Secker, S. Naughten, N. R. Swann, N. A. Martin, L. E. Page, M. P. Chipperfield, A. M. Lee, S. Pullen, “Ground-based FTIR measurements of stratospheric trace species from Aberdeen during winter and spring 1993/94 and 1994/95 and comparison with a 3D model,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 119–130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Duncan, D.

M. E. Thomas, D. Duncan, “Atmospheric propagation of radiation,” in The Infrared and Electro-Optical Systems Handbook, F. G. Smith, ed. (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), Vol. 2.

Fischer, H.

Gardiner, T. D.

W. Bell, C. P. Walsh, T. D. Gardiner, P. T. Woods, L. Donohoe, A. Gould, D. Secker, S. Naughten, N. R. Swann, N. A. Martin, L. E. Page, M. P. Chipperfield, A. M. Lee, S. Pullen, “Ground-based FTIR measurements of stratospheric trace species from Aberdeen during winter and spring 1993/94 and 1994/95 and comparison with a 3D model,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 119–130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gould, A.

W. Bell, C. P. Walsh, T. D. Gardiner, P. T. Woods, L. Donohoe, A. Gould, D. Secker, S. Naughten, N. R. Swann, N. A. Martin, L. E. Page, M. P. Chipperfield, A. M. Lee, S. Pullen, “Ground-based FTIR measurements of stratospheric trace species from Aberdeen during winter and spring 1993/94 and 1994/95 and comparison with a 3D model,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 119–130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Houghton, J. T.

J. T. Houghton, F. W. Taylor, C. D. Rodger, “Principles of remote temperature sounding,” in Remote Sounding of Atmospheres, W. I. Axford, R. Greeley, G. Hunt, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1984), pp. 64–78.

Knuteson, R. O.

Lee, A. M.

W. Bell, C. P. Walsh, T. D. Gardiner, P. T. Woods, L. Donohoe, A. Gould, D. Secker, S. Naughten, N. R. Swann, N. A. Martin, L. E. Page, M. P. Chipperfield, A. M. Lee, S. Pullen, “Ground-based FTIR measurements of stratospheric trace species from Aberdeen during winter and spring 1993/94 and 1994/95 and comparison with a 3D model,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 119–130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Martin, N. A.

W. Bell, C. P. Walsh, T. D. Gardiner, P. T. Woods, L. Donohoe, A. Gould, D. Secker, S. Naughten, N. R. Swann, N. A. Martin, L. E. Page, M. P. Chipperfield, A. M. Lee, S. Pullen, “Ground-based FTIR measurements of stratospheric trace species from Aberdeen during winter and spring 1993/94 and 1994/95 and comparison with a 3D model,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 119–130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Murcray, F. J.

Naughten, S.

W. Bell, C. P. Walsh, T. D. Gardiner, P. T. Woods, L. Donohoe, A. Gould, D. Secker, S. Naughten, N. R. Swann, N. A. Martin, L. E. Page, M. P. Chipperfield, A. M. Lee, S. Pullen, “Ground-based FTIR measurements of stratospheric trace species from Aberdeen during winter and spring 1993/94 and 1994/95 and comparison with a 3D model,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 119–130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Oelhaf, H.

Page, L. E.

W. Bell, C. P. Walsh, T. D. Gardiner, P. T. Woods, L. Donohoe, A. Gould, D. Secker, S. Naughten, N. R. Swann, N. A. Martin, L. E. Page, M. P. Chipperfield, A. M. Lee, S. Pullen, “Ground-based FTIR measurements of stratospheric trace species from Aberdeen during winter and spring 1993/94 and 1994/95 and comparison with a 3D model,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 119–130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Persky, M. J.

M. J. Persky, “A review of spaceborne infrared Fourier transform spectrometers for remote sensing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 4763–4796 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pougatchev, N. S.

N. S. Pougatchev, B. J. Connor, C. P. Rinsland, “Infrared measurements of the ozone vertical distribution above Kitt Peak,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 16,689–16,697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pullen, S.

W. Bell, C. P. Walsh, T. D. Gardiner, P. T. Woods, L. Donohoe, A. Gould, D. Secker, S. Naughten, N. R. Swann, N. A. Martin, L. E. Page, M. P. Chipperfield, A. M. Lee, S. Pullen, “Ground-based FTIR measurements of stratospheric trace species from Aberdeen during winter and spring 1993/94 and 1994/95 and comparison with a 3D model,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 119–130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Revercomb, H. E.

Rinsland, C. P.

N. S. Pougatchev, B. J. Connor, C. P. Rinsland, “Infrared measurements of the ozone vertical distribution above Kitt Peak,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 16,689–16,697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rodger, C. D.

J. T. Houghton, F. W. Taylor, C. D. Rodger, “Principles of remote temperature sounding,” in Remote Sounding of Atmospheres, W. I. Axford, R. Greeley, G. Hunt, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1984), pp. 64–78.

Secker, D.

W. Bell, C. P. Walsh, T. D. Gardiner, P. T. Woods, L. Donohoe, A. Gould, D. Secker, S. Naughten, N. R. Swann, N. A. Martin, L. E. Page, M. P. Chipperfield, A. M. Lee, S. Pullen, “Ground-based FTIR measurements of stratospheric trace species from Aberdeen during winter and spring 1993/94 and 1994/95 and comparison with a 3D model,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 119–130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Swann, N. R.

W. Bell, C. P. Walsh, T. D. Gardiner, P. T. Woods, L. Donohoe, A. Gould, D. Secker, S. Naughten, N. R. Swann, N. A. Martin, L. E. Page, M. P. Chipperfield, A. M. Lee, S. Pullen, “Ground-based FTIR measurements of stratospheric trace species from Aberdeen during winter and spring 1993/94 and 1994/95 and comparison with a 3D model,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 119–130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, F. W.

J. T. Houghton, F. W. Taylor, C. D. Rodger, “Principles of remote temperature sounding,” in Remote Sounding of Atmospheres, W. I. Axford, R. Greeley, G. Hunt, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1984), pp. 64–78.

Thomas, M. E.

M. E. Thomas, D. Duncan, “Atmospheric propagation of radiation,” in The Infrared and Electro-Optical Systems Handbook, F. G. Smith, ed. (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), Vol. 2.

Van Allen, R.

Vazquez, G. J.

G. J. Vazquez, “FTIR remote sensing of atmospheric species: application to global change and air pollution,” in Proceedings of Optical Sensing for Environmental and Process Monitoring, O. A. Simpson, ed., Proc. SPIE2365, 438–463 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Walsh, C. P.

W. Bell, C. P. Walsh, T. D. Gardiner, P. T. Woods, L. Donohoe, A. Gould, D. Secker, S. Naughten, N. R. Swann, N. A. Martin, L. E. Page, M. P. Chipperfield, A. M. Lee, S. Pullen, “Ground-based FTIR measurements of stratospheric trace species from Aberdeen during winter and spring 1993/94 and 1994/95 and comparison with a 3D model,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 119–130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Woods, P. T.

W. Bell, C. P. Walsh, T. D. Gardiner, P. T. Woods, L. Donohoe, A. Gould, D. Secker, S. Naughten, N. R. Swann, N. A. Martin, L. E. Page, M. P. Chipperfield, A. M. Lee, S. Pullen, “Ground-based FTIR measurements of stratospheric trace species from Aberdeen during winter and spring 1993/94 and 1994/95 and comparison with a 3D model,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 119–130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

J. Atmos. Chem.

W. Bell, C. P. Walsh, T. D. Gardiner, P. T. Woods, L. Donohoe, A. Gould, D. Secker, S. Naughten, N. R. Swann, N. A. Martin, L. E. Page, M. P. Chipperfield, A. M. Lee, S. Pullen, “Ground-based FTIR measurements of stratospheric trace species from Aberdeen during winter and spring 1993/94 and 1994/95 and comparison with a 3D model,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 119–130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res.

N. S. Pougatchev, B. J. Connor, C. P. Rinsland, “Infrared measurements of the ozone vertical distribution above Kitt Peak,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 16,689–16,697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

M. J. Persky, “A review of spaceborne infrared Fourier transform spectrometers for remote sensing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 4763–4796 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. J. Vazquez, “FTIR remote sensing of atmospheric species: application to global change and air pollution,” in Proceedings of Optical Sensing for Environmental and Process Monitoring, O. A. Simpson, ed., Proc. SPIE2365, 438–463 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Chávez, C. M. Marino, R. A. Schowengerdt, eds., Recent Advances in Remote Sensing and Hyperspectral Remote Sensing, Proc. SPIE2318, (1994).

J. T. Houghton, F. W. Taylor, C. D. Rodger, “Principles of remote temperature sounding,” in Remote Sounding of Atmospheres, W. I. Axford, R. Greeley, G. Hunt, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1984), pp. 64–78.

M. E. Thomas, D. Duncan, “Atmospheric propagation of radiation,” in The Infrared and Electro-Optical Systems Handbook, F. G. Smith, ed. (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), Vol. 2.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmittance spectra of O3, CO2 and H2O in the 900–1200 spectral region, calculated for θ = 0°. Selected wave numbers (a) 994 cm-1, (b) 1006 cm-1, and (c) 1024 cm-1 are marked by arrows.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Concentration profiles of O3, CO2 and H2O, as well as temperature profile of the 1976 U.S. Standard atmospheric model: ppmv, parts in 106 by volume.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Weighting functions calculated for 994, 1006, 1024, and 1028 cm-1 at θ = 70°.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Water-related and (b) ozone-related weighting functions calculated for 994 and 1024 cm-1 at θ = 70°.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Total, ozone, and water transmittance profiles calculated for (a) 994 and (b) 1028 cm-1 at θ = 70°.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison of the calculated and fitted weighting functions for 1024 cm-1 at θ = 70°. The components of the fitting are also plotted.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Effects the aerosol scattering on the weighting functions calculated for (a) 994 and (b) 1024 cm-1 at θ = 70°.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Effects of spectral resolution on the weighting functions calculated for (a) 1005.3 and (b) 1023.8 cm-1 at θ = 70°.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Amplitudes [10-6 W/(cm2 sr cm-1)], Peak Centers, and FWHM (km) for the Spectral Radiance Contributions Related to RSC, EC, and EMG

Tables Icon

Table 2 Percentage of Contributions to the Total Radiance for Several Values of θ and ν̅

Tables Icon

Table 3 Spectral Radiance Calculated by Normalizing Ozone Profiles V1 (R V1) and V2 (R V2) To the Radiance Calculated by Use of the Standard Ozone Profile (R STN)a

Tables Icon

Table 4 Percentage of Contributions to Total Radiance for Different Values of θ and ν̅

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Lν¯=0 Bν¯, Tzτν¯, zzdz,
Lν¯=-0 Bν¯, Tzτν¯, zzdz.
τ=τH2OτO3τCO2.
τ=τH2OτO3.
τz=τO3τH2Oz+τH2OτO3z.
τz=K1τH2Oz+K2τO3z,
Lν¯=LH2O+LO3=- Bν¯, TRSCzdz- Bν¯, TECz+EMGzdz,

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