Abstract

The first (to our knowledge) III–V mid-IR vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (λ = 2.9 µm) are demonstrated and show promising characteristics for chemical detection applications. The cw optical-pumping threshold is low (4 mW at 80 K) and efficiency is high (5.6% W/W). Pulsed operation is obtained up to 280 K and cw up to 160 K. Lateral-mode confinement will lead to spectrally pure, single-mode output for chemical identification.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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