Abstract

To the best of our knowledge, transient deformations have been measured in real time with microsecond temporal resolution for the first time with speckle pattern interferometry. The short exposure period and high framing rate of a high-speed camera at as many as 40,500 frames per second allow low-power continuous-wave laser illumination and fiber-optic beam delivery to be used. We have applied the technique to measure both harmonic vibration and transient deformation.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. Jones, C. Wykes, Holographic and Speckle Interferometry, 2nd ed. (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK1989).
  2. D. J. Anderson, J. D. Valera, J. D. C. Jones, “Electronic speckle pattern interferometry using diode laser spectroscopic illumination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 4, 982–987 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. J. Cookson, J. N. Butters, H. C. Pollard, “Pulsed lasers in electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Opt. Laser Technol. 10, 119–124 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. J. Moore, C. Pérez-López, “Fringe-visibility enhancement and phase calculation in double-pulsed addition ESPI,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1829–1844 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Fernández, A. J. Moore, C. Pérez-López, A. F. Doval, J. Blanco-García, “Study of transient deformations with pulsed TV holography: application to crack detection,” Appl. Opt. 36, 2058–2065 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. O. Rosvold, O. J. Lokberg, “Effect and use of exposure control in vibration analysis using TV holography,” Appl. Opt. 32, 684–691 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. A. Ahmadshahi, S. Krishnaswamy, S. Nemet-Nasser, “Dynamic holographic-electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Trans. ASME 60, 866–874 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. M. Brown, G. H. Smith, “Dynamic computer aided video holometry,” in Laser Interferometry: Quantitative Analysis of Interferograms, R. J. Pryputniewicz, ed., Proc. SPIE1162, 36–45 (1989).
  9. J. D. Valera, A. F. Doval, J. D. C. Jones, “Determination of vibration phase with electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2292–2293 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. C. Wyant, “Use of an ac heterodyne lateral shear interferometer with real-time wavefront correction systems,” Appl. Opt. 14, 2622–2626 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. Aprahamian, D. A. Evensen, J. S. Mixson, J. L. Jacoby, “Holographic study of propagating transverse waves in plates,” Exp. Mech. 11, 357–362 (1971).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

A. J. Moore, C. Pérez-López, “Fringe-visibility enhancement and phase calculation in double-pulsed addition ESPI,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1829–1844 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

M. A. Ahmadshahi, S. Krishnaswamy, S. Nemet-Nasser, “Dynamic holographic-electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Trans. ASME 60, 866–874 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Anderson, J. D. Valera, J. D. C. Jones, “Electronic speckle pattern interferometry using diode laser spectroscopic illumination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 4, 982–987 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. O. Rosvold, O. J. Lokberg, “Effect and use of exposure control in vibration analysis using TV holography,” Appl. Opt. 32, 684–691 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

J. D. Valera, A. F. Doval, J. D. C. Jones, “Determination of vibration phase with electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2292–2293 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

T. J. Cookson, J. N. Butters, H. C. Pollard, “Pulsed lasers in electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Opt. Laser Technol. 10, 119–124 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

1971 (1)

R. Aprahamian, D. A. Evensen, J. S. Mixson, J. L. Jacoby, “Holographic study of propagating transverse waves in plates,” Exp. Mech. 11, 357–362 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Ahmadshahi, M. A.

M. A. Ahmadshahi, S. Krishnaswamy, S. Nemet-Nasser, “Dynamic holographic-electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Trans. ASME 60, 866–874 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, D. J.

D. J. Anderson, J. D. Valera, J. D. C. Jones, “Electronic speckle pattern interferometry using diode laser spectroscopic illumination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 4, 982–987 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Aprahamian, R.

R. Aprahamian, D. A. Evensen, J. S. Mixson, J. L. Jacoby, “Holographic study of propagating transverse waves in plates,” Exp. Mech. 11, 357–362 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Blanco-García, J.

Brown, G. M.

G. M. Brown, G. H. Smith, “Dynamic computer aided video holometry,” in Laser Interferometry: Quantitative Analysis of Interferograms, R. J. Pryputniewicz, ed., Proc. SPIE1162, 36–45 (1989).

Butters, J. N.

T. J. Cookson, J. N. Butters, H. C. Pollard, “Pulsed lasers in electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Opt. Laser Technol. 10, 119–124 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Cookson, T. J.

T. J. Cookson, J. N. Butters, H. C. Pollard, “Pulsed lasers in electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Opt. Laser Technol. 10, 119–124 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Doval, A. F.

A. Fernández, A. J. Moore, C. Pérez-López, A. F. Doval, J. Blanco-García, “Study of transient deformations with pulsed TV holography: application to crack detection,” Appl. Opt. 36, 2058–2065 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Valera, A. F. Doval, J. D. C. Jones, “Determination of vibration phase with electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2292–2293 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Evensen, D. A.

R. Aprahamian, D. A. Evensen, J. S. Mixson, J. L. Jacoby, “Holographic study of propagating transverse waves in plates,” Exp. Mech. 11, 357–362 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Fernández, A.

Jacoby, J. L.

R. Aprahamian, D. A. Evensen, J. S. Mixson, J. L. Jacoby, “Holographic study of propagating transverse waves in plates,” Exp. Mech. 11, 357–362 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Jones, J. D. C.

D. J. Anderson, J. D. Valera, J. D. C. Jones, “Electronic speckle pattern interferometry using diode laser spectroscopic illumination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 4, 982–987 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Valera, A. F. Doval, J. D. C. Jones, “Determination of vibration phase with electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2292–2293 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

R. Jones, C. Wykes, Holographic and Speckle Interferometry, 2nd ed. (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK1989).

Krishnaswamy, S.

M. A. Ahmadshahi, S. Krishnaswamy, S. Nemet-Nasser, “Dynamic holographic-electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Trans. ASME 60, 866–874 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lokberg, O. J.

Mixson, J. S.

R. Aprahamian, D. A. Evensen, J. S. Mixson, J. L. Jacoby, “Holographic study of propagating transverse waves in plates,” Exp. Mech. 11, 357–362 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Moore, A. J.

A. Fernández, A. J. Moore, C. Pérez-López, A. F. Doval, J. Blanco-García, “Study of transient deformations with pulsed TV holography: application to crack detection,” Appl. Opt. 36, 2058–2065 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Moore, C. Pérez-López, “Fringe-visibility enhancement and phase calculation in double-pulsed addition ESPI,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1829–1844 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nemet-Nasser, S.

M. A. Ahmadshahi, S. Krishnaswamy, S. Nemet-Nasser, “Dynamic holographic-electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Trans. ASME 60, 866–874 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pérez-López, C.

A. Fernández, A. J. Moore, C. Pérez-López, A. F. Doval, J. Blanco-García, “Study of transient deformations with pulsed TV holography: application to crack detection,” Appl. Opt. 36, 2058–2065 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Moore, C. Pérez-López, “Fringe-visibility enhancement and phase calculation in double-pulsed addition ESPI,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1829–1844 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pollard, H. C.

T. J. Cookson, J. N. Butters, H. C. Pollard, “Pulsed lasers in electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Opt. Laser Technol. 10, 119–124 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Rosvold, G. O.

Smith, G. H.

G. M. Brown, G. H. Smith, “Dynamic computer aided video holometry,” in Laser Interferometry: Quantitative Analysis of Interferograms, R. J. Pryputniewicz, ed., Proc. SPIE1162, 36–45 (1989).

Valera, J. D.

D. J. Anderson, J. D. Valera, J. D. C. Jones, “Electronic speckle pattern interferometry using diode laser spectroscopic illumination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 4, 982–987 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Valera, A. F. Doval, J. D. C. Jones, “Determination of vibration phase with electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2292–2293 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wyant, J. C.

Wykes, C.

R. Jones, C. Wykes, Holographic and Speckle Interferometry, 2nd ed. (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK1989).

Appl. Opt. (3)

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. D. Valera, A. F. Doval, J. D. C. Jones, “Determination of vibration phase with electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2292–2293 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Exp. Mech. (1)

R. Aprahamian, D. A. Evensen, J. S. Mixson, J. L. Jacoby, “Holographic study of propagating transverse waves in plates,” Exp. Mech. 11, 357–362 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

A. J. Moore, C. Pérez-López, “Fringe-visibility enhancement and phase calculation in double-pulsed addition ESPI,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1829–1844 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

D. J. Anderson, J. D. Valera, J. D. C. Jones, “Electronic speckle pattern interferometry using diode laser spectroscopic illumination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 4, 982–987 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

T. J. Cookson, J. N. Butters, H. C. Pollard, “Pulsed lasers in electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Opt. Laser Technol. 10, 119–124 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Trans. ASME (1)

M. A. Ahmadshahi, S. Krishnaswamy, S. Nemet-Nasser, “Dynamic holographic-electronic speckle pattern interferometry,” Trans. ASME 60, 866–874 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G. M. Brown, G. H. Smith, “Dynamic computer aided video holometry,” in Laser Interferometry: Quantitative Analysis of Interferograms, R. J. Pryputniewicz, ed., Proc. SPIE1162, 36–45 (1989).

R. Jones, C. Wykes, Holographic and Speckle Interferometry, 2nd ed. (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK1989).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of fiber-optic ESPI arrangement. Abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Vibration fringes for circular test plate: 198 Hz and 4500 frames s-1. Camera exposure not synchronized with object vibration.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Vibration fringes (a) and (b) and phase (c) and (d): 198 Hz and 4500 frames s-1. Camera exposure synchronized with object vibration.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Successive frames in transient deformation of test plate: 40,500 frames s-1. Impact occurs in (b).

Equations (3)

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I=Iotstn-ts/2tn+ts/2 1+V cosks·ai sinωt+ϕi+ψdt,
I=Io1+V sincksaitnts2×cosksai sinωtn+ϕi+ψ,
fs2π20.8 Nf,

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