Abstract

Recently, an amplification technique for ultrashort pulses was explored in detail in a theoretical paper by Ross et al. [Opt. Commun. 144, 125 (1997)]. The technique, based on nonlinear optics, is called optical parametric chirped pulse amplification. It has a number of features that, in principle, make it highly attractive. It primarily offers extremely large gains simultaneously with extremely large bandwidths. Additional attractions are virtually no spatial and temporal phase distortion of the amplified pulse, high efficiencies and a low thermal loading, reduced amplified spontaneous emission levels, small optical material lengths, and an inherent simplicity of implementation. We present an evaluation of the technique as a front end amplifier for the ultrashort pulse amplification chain of the Vulcan laser system. Such a device could replace some of the existing amplification in Nd:glass and additionally have a wider effect as a direct replacement of Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifiers on large-scale chirped pulse amplification scale facilities.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. C. Stuart, M. D. Perry, J. Miller, G. Tietbohl, S. Herman, J. A. Britten, C. Brown, D. Pennington, V. Yanovsky, K. Wharton, “125-TW Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass laser system,” Opt. Lett. 22, 242–244 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. Yamakawa, H. Shiraga, Y. Kato, C. P. J. Barty, “Prepulse-free 30-TW, 1-ps Nd:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1593–1595 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. Yamakawa, H. Sugio, H. Daido, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Kato, S. Nakai, “1-Hz, 1-ps, terawatt Nd-glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 112, 37–42 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allias, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, “Generation of 50-TW femtosecond pulses in a Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass chain,” Opt. Lett. 18, 214–216 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Nakatuska, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, T. Kanabe, S. Matsuoka, M. Miyanaga, M. Tada, S. Nakai, “Glass-laser system, GEKKO-XII upgrade for ICF ignitron,” Fusion Technol. 26, 738–744 (1994).
  9. I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. D. Perry, D. Pennington, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, A. Britten, C. Brown, S. Herman, B. Golick, M. Kartz, J. Miller, H. T. Powell, M. Veringo, V. Yanovsky, “Petawatt laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 24, 160–162 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. I. N. Ross, M. Trentelman, C. N. Danson, “Optimization of a chirped-pulse amplification Nd:glass laser,” Appl. Opt. 36, 9348–9358 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Barty, G. Korn, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, A. Tien, K. Wilson, V. Yakovlev, K. Yamakawa, “Regenerative pulse shaping and amplification of ultrabroadband optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 21, 219–221 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, New York, 1992).
  16. Spectra-Physics Tsunami, Spectra-Physics Lasers, 1335 Terra Bella Ave. P. O. Box 7013, Mountain View, Calif. 94039-7013.
  17. Spectra-Physics Model GCR-150, Spectra-Physics Lasers, 1335 Terra Bella Ave. P. O. Box 7013, Mountain View, Calif. 94039-7013.

1999 (1)

1997 (3)

1996 (1)

1994 (3)

K. Yamakawa, H. Sugio, H. Daido, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Kato, S. Nakai, “1-Hz, 1-ps, terawatt Nd-glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 112, 37–42 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakatuska, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, T. Kanabe, S. Matsuoka, M. Miyanaga, M. Tada, S. Nakai, “Glass-laser system, GEKKO-XII upgrade for ICF ignitron,” Fusion Technol. 26, 738–744 (1994).

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allias, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, “Generation of 50-TW femtosecond pulses in a Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass chain,” Opt. Lett. 18, 214–216 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1985 (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Allias, I.

Azechi, H.

M. Nakatuska, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, T. Kanabe, S. Matsuoka, M. Miyanaga, M. Tada, S. Nakai, “Glass-laser system, GEKKO-XII upgrade for ICF ignitron,” Fusion Technol. 26, 738–744 (1994).

Barty, C.

Barty, C. P. J.

Barzanti, L. J.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R.

R. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, New York, 1992).

Britten, A.

Britten, J. A.

Brown, C.

Collier, J. L.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Daido, H.

K. Yamakawa, H. Sugio, H. Daido, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Kato, S. Nakai, “1-Hz, 1-ps, terawatt Nd-glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 112, 37–42 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Damerell, A. R.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dammerell, A. E.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Danson, C.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Danson, C. N.

Dival, E. J.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dubietis, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, C. B.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Evans, J.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Golick, B.

Hancock, S.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Herman, S.

Hirst, G. J.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hooker, C. J.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Houliston, J. R.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jitsuno, T.

M. Nakatuska, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, T. Kanabe, S. Matsuoka, M. Miyanaga, M. Tada, S. Nakai, “Glass-laser system, GEKKO-XII upgrade for ICF ignitron,” Fusion Technol. 26, 738–744 (1994).

Jonusauskas, G.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kanabe, T.

M. Nakatuska, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, T. Kanabe, S. Matsuoka, M. Miyanaga, M. Tada, S. Nakai, “Glass-laser system, GEKKO-XII upgrade for ICF ignitron,” Fusion Technol. 26, 738–744 (1994).

Kartz, M.

Kato, Y.

K. Yamakawa, H. Sugio, H. Daido, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Kato, S. Nakai, “1-Hz, 1-ps, terawatt Nd-glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 112, 37–42 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamakawa, H. Shiraga, Y. Kato, C. P. J. Barty, “Prepulse-free 30-TW, 1-ps Nd:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1593–1595 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Key, M. H.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1996).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

Langley, A. J.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lister, J. M. D.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Luan, S.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Matousek, P.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Matsuoka, S.

M. Nakatuska, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, T. Kanabe, S. Matsuoka, M. Miyanaga, M. Tada, S. Nakai, “Glass-laser system, GEKKO-XII upgrade for ICF ignitron,” Fusion Technol. 26, 738–744 (1994).

Mazataud, E.

Mercer, I. P.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Migus, A.

Miller, J.

Miyanaga, M.

M. Nakatuska, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, T. Kanabe, S. Matsuoka, M. Miyanaga, M. Tada, S. Nakai, “Glass-laser system, GEKKO-XII upgrade for ICF ignitron,” Fusion Technol. 26, 738–744 (1994).

Mourou, G.

Nakai, S.

M. Nakatuska, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, T. Kanabe, S. Matsuoka, M. Miyanaga, M. Tada, S. Nakai, “Glass-laser system, GEKKO-XII upgrade for ICF ignitron,” Fusion Technol. 26, 738–744 (1994).

K. Yamakawa, H. Sugio, H. Daido, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Kato, S. Nakai, “1-Hz, 1-ps, terawatt Nd-glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 112, 37–42 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

K. Yamakawa, H. Sugio, H. Daido, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Kato, S. Nakai, “1-Hz, 1-ps, terawatt Nd-glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 112, 37–42 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nakatuska, M.

M. Nakatuska, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, T. Kanabe, S. Matsuoka, M. Miyanaga, M. Tada, S. Nakai, “Glass-laser system, GEKKO-XII upgrade for ICF ignitron,” Fusion Technol. 26, 738–744 (1994).

Norreys, P.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Osvay, K.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pennington, D.

Pepler, D. A.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

Pierre, A.

Piskarskas, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Powell, H. T.

Raksi, F.

Rodkiss, D. A.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rose-Petruck, C.

Ross, I. N.

I. N. Ross, M. Trentelman, C. N. Danson, “Optimization of a chirped-pulse amplification Nd:glass laser,” Appl. Opt. 36, 9348–9358 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rouyer, C.

Sauteret, C.

Seznec, S.

Shaw, M. J.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shiraga, H.

Smith, M. A.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. A.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B. C.

Sugio, H.

K. Yamakawa, H. Sugio, H. Daido, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Kato, S. Nakai, “1-Hz, 1-ps, terawatt Nd-glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 112, 37–42 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tada, M.

M. Nakatuska, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, T. Kanabe, S. Matsuoka, M. Miyanaga, M. Tada, S. Nakai, “Glass-laser system, GEKKO-XII upgrade for ICF ignitron,” Fusion Technol. 26, 738–744 (1994).

Taday, P.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tien, A.

Tietbohl, G.

Toner, W. T.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Towrie, M.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Trentelman, M.

Veringo, M.

Wharton, K.

Wigmore, K. W. M.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, K.

Winstone, T. B.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, R. W.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V.

Yamakawa, K.

Yanovsky, V.

Zhou, F.

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Fusion Technol. (1)

M. Nakatuska, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, T. Kanabe, S. Matsuoka, M. Miyanaga, M. Tada, S. Nakai, “Glass-laser system, GEKKO-XII upgrade for ICF ignitron,” Fusion Technol. 26, 738–744 (1994).

Opt. Commun. (6)

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamakawa, H. Sugio, H. Daido, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Kato, S. Nakai, “1-Hz, 1-ps, terawatt Nd-glass laser,” Opt. Commun. 112, 37–42 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

C. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, A. E. Dammerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High-contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (4)

W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, New York, 1992).

Spectra-Physics Tsunami, Spectra-Physics Lasers, 1335 Terra Bella Ave. P. O. Box 7013, Mountain View, Calif. 94039-7013.

Spectra-Physics Model GCR-150, Spectra-Physics Lasers, 1335 Terra Bella Ave. P. O. Box 7013, Mountain View, Calif. 94039-7013.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the OPCPA. The seed and pump pulses were generated with commercial laser systems and amplified in a single-pass geometry by use of common nonlinear crystals.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Near-field profiles of the pump and seed beams at each stage. The stage 1 pump is spatially flat while the stage 2 pump has a Gaussian-type shape. The seed is identical for each stage.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Individual gains of stages 1 and 2. Stage 2 has the higher overall gain but is less efficient than stage 1. There is good agreement between theory and experiment for stage 1 but not so for stage 2. This is a result of the different configurations of each stage.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Gains resulting from the combined operation of stages 1 and 2 shown as a function of stage 2 pump intensity with stage 1 operated at its maximum gain. Also shown is the expected system gain based on the individual stage gain measurements. The departure at higher pump intensities is a result of saturation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Temporal profiles of the near-field section of the pump pulse recorded after it passed through stage 2. The hole illustrates the extraction of most of the pump energy available in the temporal and spatial windows.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Seed pulse spectra recorded before and after amplification. The effect of gain saturation is that it flattens the spectral profile of the seed.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Broad bandwidth amplified seed spectra modified by mirror and other optical coatings. The spectrum was generated by self-phase modulation in an optical fiber, which also served to chirp it. Little or no gain narrowing was observed for an almost saturated gain of 106.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Histograms of the energy stability recorded for 2000 consecutive shots. The stability of the combined stages is markedly better than that of the individual stages and is comparable with that of the pump laser. This is a result of the saturation of stage 2.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Autocorrelation of the compressed amplified seed pulse obtained with the clipped 6-nm spectrum. The pulse duration is approximately 900 ps and is consistent with a 6-nm bandwidth of the top-hat shape illustrated in Fig. 6.

Equations (1)

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G=exp(kI),

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