Abstract

By propagating 500-fs pulses through 2.5 m of standard fiber followed by 2 m of dispersion-shifted fiber, we generated >200 nm of spectral continuum between 1430 and 1630 nm, which is flat to less than ±0.5 dB over more than 60 nm. Pulses obtained by filtering the continuum show no increase in timing jitter over the source laser and are pedestal free to >28 dB, indicating excellent stability and coherence. We show that the second- and third-order dispersions of the continuum fiber and self-phase modulation are primarily responsible for the continuum generation and spectral shaping and found close agreement between simulations and experiments.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. R. Alfano, ed., Supercontinuum Laser Source (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Mori, T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, “Ultrawide spectral range group-velocity dispersion management using supercontinuum in an optical fiber pumped by a 1.5-µm compact laser source,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 44, 712–715 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, O. Kamatani, K. Takiguchi, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, H. Takahashi, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, H. Ono, “1 Tbit/s (100 Gbit/s × 10 channel) OTDM/WDM transmission using a single supercontinuum WDM source,” Electron. Lett. 32, 906–907 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.
  5. Lightwave Test and Measurement Catalog 62 (Hewlett-Packard Co., 5301 Stevens Creek Blvd. Bldg. 51L-SC, Santa Clara, Calif. 95052-8059, 1997).
  6. T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Mori, M. Saruwatari, “Nearly penalty-free, 4 ps supercontinuum Gbit/s pulse generation over 1535–1560 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1166–1168 (1994);K. Mori, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, T. Morioka, “Flatly broadened supercontinuum spectrum generated in a dispersion decreasing fibre with convex dispersion profile,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1806–1807 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Okuno, M. Onishi, M. Nishimura, “Generation of ultra-broad-band supercontinuum by dispersion-flattened and decreasing fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 72–74 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Sotobayashi, K. Kitayama, “325nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation at 10Gb/s using dispersion-flattened and non-decreasing normal dispersion fiber with pulse compression technique,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1336–1337 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Takushima, F. Futami, K. Kikuchi, “Generation of over 140-nm-wide supercontinuum from a normal dispersion fiber by using a mode-locked semiconductor laser source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 1560–1562 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, W. J. Tomlinson, “Extreme picosecond pulse narrowing by means of soliton effect in single-mode optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 8, 289–291 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. V. Chernikov, E. M. Dianov, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, “Soliton pulse compression in dispersion-decreasing fiber,” Opt. Lett. 18, 476–478 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. P. K. A. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, “Soliton at the zero-group-dispersion wavelength of a single-mode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 12, 628–630 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, “Self-phase modulation in silica optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448–1453 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. Marcuse, “An alternative derivation of the Gordon–Haus effect,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 273–278 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. Wood, “Constraints on the bit-rates in direct detection optical communication systems using linear or soliton pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1097–1106 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

1998

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, M. Nishimura, “Generation of ultra-broad-band supercontinuum by dispersion-flattened and decreasing fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 72–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Sotobayashi, K. Kitayama, “325nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation at 10Gb/s using dispersion-flattened and non-decreasing normal dispersion fiber with pulse compression technique,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1336–1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takushima, F. Futami, K. Kikuchi, “Generation of over 140-nm-wide supercontinuum from a normal dispersion fiber by using a mode-locked semiconductor laser source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 1560–1562 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, O. Kamatani, K. Takiguchi, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, H. Takahashi, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, H. Ono, “1 Tbit/s (100 Gbit/s × 10 channel) OTDM/WDM transmission using a single supercontinuum WDM source,” Electron. Lett. 32, 906–907 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

K. Mori, T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, “Ultrawide spectral range group-velocity dispersion management using supercontinuum in an optical fiber pumped by a 1.5-µm compact laser source,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 44, 712–715 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Mori, M. Saruwatari, “Nearly penalty-free, 4 ps supercontinuum Gbit/s pulse generation over 1535–1560 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1166–1168 (1994);K. Mori, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, T. Morioka, “Flatly broadened supercontinuum spectrum generated in a dispersion decreasing fibre with convex dispersion profile,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1806–1807 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993

1992

D. Marcuse, “An alternative derivation of the Gordon–Haus effect,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 273–278 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

D. Wood, “Constraints on the bit-rates in direct detection optical communication systems using linear or soliton pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1097–1106 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987

1986

D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1983

1978

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, “Self-phase modulation in silica optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448–1453 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Abramov, A. A.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Chen, H. H.

Chernikov, S. V.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Dianov, E. M.

Espindola, R. P.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Ferrand, D. A.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Futami, F.

Y. Takushima, F. Futami, K. Kikuchi, “Generation of over 140-nm-wide supercontinuum from a normal dispersion fiber by using a mode-locked semiconductor laser source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 1560–1562 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

Judkins, J. B.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Kamatani, O.

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, O. Kamatani, K. Takiguchi, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, H. Takahashi, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, H. Ono, “1 Tbit/s (100 Gbit/s × 10 channel) OTDM/WDM transmission using a single supercontinuum WDM source,” Electron. Lett. 32, 906–907 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, T.

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, O. Kamatani, K. Takiguchi, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, H. Takahashi, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, H. Ono, “1 Tbit/s (100 Gbit/s × 10 channel) OTDM/WDM transmission using a single supercontinuum WDM source,” Electron. Lett. 32, 906–907 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, O. Kamatani, K. Takiguchi, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, H. Takahashi, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, H. Ono, “1 Tbit/s (100 Gbit/s × 10 channel) OTDM/WDM transmission using a single supercontinuum WDM source,” Electron. Lett. 32, 906–907 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Mori, M. Saruwatari, “Nearly penalty-free, 4 ps supercontinuum Gbit/s pulse generation over 1535–1560 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1166–1168 (1994);K. Mori, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, T. Morioka, “Flatly broadened supercontinuum spectrum generated in a dispersion decreasing fibre with convex dispersion profile,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1806–1807 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

Y. Takushima, F. Futami, K. Kikuchi, “Generation of over 140-nm-wide supercontinuum from a normal dispersion fiber by using a mode-locked semiconductor laser source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 1560–1562 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

H. Sotobayashi, K. Kitayama, “325nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation at 10Gb/s using dispersion-flattened and non-decreasing normal dispersion fiber with pulse compression technique,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1336–1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. C.

Li, Y. P.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Lin, C.

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, “Self-phase modulation in silica optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448–1453 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, “An alternative derivation of the Gordon–Haus effect,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 273–278 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Monnard, R.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Mori, K.

K. Mori, T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, “Ultrawide spectral range group-velocity dispersion management using supercontinuum in an optical fiber pumped by a 1.5-µm compact laser source,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 44, 712–715 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Mori, M. Saruwatari, “Nearly penalty-free, 4 ps supercontinuum Gbit/s pulse generation over 1535–1560 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1166–1168 (1994);K. Mori, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, T. Morioka, “Flatly broadened supercontinuum spectrum generated in a dispersion decreasing fibre with convex dispersion profile,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1806–1807 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Morioka, T.

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, O. Kamatani, K. Takiguchi, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, H. Takahashi, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, H. Ono, “1 Tbit/s (100 Gbit/s × 10 channel) OTDM/WDM transmission using a single supercontinuum WDM source,” Electron. Lett. 32, 906–907 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Mori, T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, “Ultrawide spectral range group-velocity dispersion management using supercontinuum in an optical fiber pumped by a 1.5-µm compact laser source,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 44, 712–715 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Mori, M. Saruwatari, “Nearly penalty-free, 4 ps supercontinuum Gbit/s pulse generation over 1535–1560 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1166–1168 (1994);K. Mori, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, T. Morioka, “Flatly broadened supercontinuum spectrum generated in a dispersion decreasing fibre with convex dispersion profile,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1806–1807 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, M.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, M. Nishimura, “Generation of ultra-broad-band supercontinuum by dispersion-flattened and decreasing fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 72–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Okuno, T.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, M. Nishimura, “Generation of ultra-broad-band supercontinuum by dispersion-flattened and decreasing fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 72–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Onishi, M.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, M. Nishimura, “Generation of ultra-broad-band supercontinuum by dispersion-flattened and decreasing fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 72–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ono, H.

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, O. Kamatani, K. Takiguchi, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, H. Takahashi, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, H. Ono, “1 Tbit/s (100 Gbit/s × 10 channel) OTDM/WDM transmission using a single supercontinuum WDM source,” Electron. Lett. 32, 906–907 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

Pedrazzani, J. R.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Richardson, D. J.

Saruwatari, M.

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, O. Kamatani, K. Takiguchi, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, H. Takahashi, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, H. Ono, “1 Tbit/s (100 Gbit/s × 10 channel) OTDM/WDM transmission using a single supercontinuum WDM source,” Electron. Lett. 32, 906–907 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Mori, T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, “Ultrawide spectral range group-velocity dispersion management using supercontinuum in an optical fiber pumped by a 1.5-µm compact laser source,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 44, 712–715 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Mori, M. Saruwatari, “Nearly penalty-free, 4 ps supercontinuum Gbit/s pulse generation over 1535–1560 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1166–1168 (1994);K. Mori, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, T. Morioka, “Flatly broadened supercontinuum spectrum generated in a dispersion decreasing fibre with convex dispersion profile,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1806–1807 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sotobayashi, H.

H. Sotobayashi, K. Kitayama, “325nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation at 10Gb/s using dispersion-flattened and non-decreasing normal dispersion fiber with pulse compression technique,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1336–1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, A. K.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Stolen, R. H.

Strasser, T. A.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Sulhoff, J. W.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Sun, Y.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Takahashi, H.

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, O. Kamatani, K. Takiguchi, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, H. Takahashi, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, H. Ono, “1 Tbit/s (100 Gbit/s × 10 channel) OTDM/WDM transmission using a single supercontinuum WDM source,” Electron. Lett. 32, 906–907 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, O. Kamatani, K. Takiguchi, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, H. Takahashi, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, H. Ono, “1 Tbit/s (100 Gbit/s × 10 channel) OTDM/WDM transmission using a single supercontinuum WDM source,” Electron. Lett. 32, 906–907 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takiguchi, K.

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, O. Kamatani, K. Takiguchi, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, H. Takahashi, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, H. Ono, “1 Tbit/s (100 Gbit/s × 10 channel) OTDM/WDM transmission using a single supercontinuum WDM source,” Electron. Lett. 32, 906–907 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takushima, Y.

Y. Takushima, F. Futami, K. Kikuchi, “Generation of over 140-nm-wide supercontinuum from a normal dispersion fiber by using a mode-locked semiconductor laser source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 1560–1562 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tomlinson, W. J.

Uchiyama, K.

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, O. Kamatani, K. Takiguchi, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, H. Takahashi, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, H. Ono, “1 Tbit/s (100 Gbit/s × 10 channel) OTDM/WDM transmission using a single supercontinuum WDM source,” Electron. Lett. 32, 906–907 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wai, P. K. A.

Wolf, C.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Wood, D.

D. Wood, “Constraints on the bit-rates in direct detection optical communication systems using linear or soliton pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1097–1106 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wysocki, P. F.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Yamada, M.

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, O. Kamatani, K. Takiguchi, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, H. Takahashi, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, H. Ono, “1 Tbit/s (100 Gbit/s × 10 channel) OTDM/WDM transmission using a single supercontinuum WDM source,” Electron. Lett. 32, 906–907 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Zirngibl, M.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Zyskind, J. L.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Appl. Phys. B

D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, O. Kamatani, K. Takiguchi, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, H. Takahashi, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, H. Ono, “1 Tbit/s (100 Gbit/s × 10 channel) OTDM/WDM transmission using a single supercontinuum WDM source,” Electron. Lett. 32, 906–907 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Mori, M. Saruwatari, “Nearly penalty-free, 4 ps supercontinuum Gbit/s pulse generation over 1535–1560 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1166–1168 (1994);K. Mori, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, T. Morioka, “Flatly broadened supercontinuum spectrum generated in a dispersion decreasing fibre with convex dispersion profile,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1806–1807 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Sotobayashi, K. Kitayama, “325nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation at 10Gb/s using dispersion-flattened and non-decreasing normal dispersion fiber with pulse compression technique,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1336–1337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

Y. Takushima, F. Futami, K. Kikuchi, “Generation of over 140-nm-wide supercontinuum from a normal dispersion fiber by using a mode-locked semiconductor laser source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 1560–1562 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, M. Nishimura, “Generation of ultra-broad-band supercontinuum by dispersion-flattened and decreasing fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 72–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.

K. Mori, T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, “Ultrawide spectral range group-velocity dispersion management using supercontinuum in an optical fiber pumped by a 1.5-µm compact laser source,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 44, 712–715 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

D. Marcuse, “An alternative derivation of the Gordon–Haus effect,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 273–278 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Wood, “Constraints on the bit-rates in direct detection optical communication systems using linear or soliton pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1097–1106 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, “Self-phase modulation in silica optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448–1453 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. R. Alfano, ed., Supercontinuum Laser Source (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, M. Zirngibl, R. Monnard, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. A. Abramov, R. P. Espindola, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, J. L. Zyskind, J. Zhou, D. A. Ferrand, P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, Y. P. Li, “1Tb/s transmission of 100 WDM 10Gb/s channels over 400 km of TrueWave fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), Postdeadline paper 10.

Lightwave Test and Measurement Catalog 62 (Hewlett-Packard Co., 5301 Stevens Creek Blvd. Bldg. 51L-SC, Santa Clara, Calif. 95052-8059, 1997).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simulated spectral broadening that is due to SEC for a τFWHM = 180 fs, N = 3 soliton in D = 0.786 fiber. The dashed curve is the input spectrum. The dotted curve represents the output spectrum for dD/dλ = 0 at L = 0.23Z 0 = 4.035 m. The solid curve represents the output spectrum for dD/dλ = 0.03 ps/nm2 km at L = 0.27Z 0 = 4.37 m, which is the point of maximal spectral flatness.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup: EDFL/A, erbium-doped fiber laser/amplifier; PC, polarization controller; OBF, optical bandpass filter; SMF-28, single-mode fiber, D ∼ 16 ps/nm km at λ ∼ 1560 nm; SC-DS, supercontinuum DS fiber; CF, compensation fiber. Diagnostics consist of an autocorrelator, optical spectrum analyzer, a fast photodetector, and a radio frequency spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral continuum generated in 2 m of D = 0.76-ps/nm km fiber. The inset covers the 1474–1535-nm spectral range.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Autocorrelation of pulse carved from the SC at 1490 nm after compensation of second-order dispersion. (b) Spectrum of pulse carved from the SC at 1490 nm. The dashed curve represents the SC; the dotted curve represents the spectrum immediately after the filter; the solid curve represents the spectrum at the output of the compensating fiber.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Timing jitter of the laser output and carved pulses at 1490 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Experimental and simulated SC. (b) Simulated SC for the same parameters, except with dD/dλ = -0.07 ps/nm2 km. The seed pulse center wavelength is 1560 nm.

Metrics