Abstract

We made an experimental vicarious calibration of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Airborne Simulator (MAS) thermal infrared (TIR) channel data acquired in the field campaign near Mono Lake, Calif. on 10 March 1998 to demonstrate the advantage of using high-elevation sites in dry atmospheric conditions for vicarious calibration. With three lake-surface sites and one snow-field site, we estimated the MAS noise-equivalent temperature difference as 0.7–1.0 °C for bands 30–32 in the 3.68–4.13-µm region and 0.1–0.5 °C for bands 42, 45, 46, and 48 in the 8–13.5-µm region. This study shows that the MAS calibration error is within ±0.4 °C in the split-window channels (at 11 and 12 µm) and larger in other TIR channels based on the MAS data over Mono Lake and in situ measurement data over the snow-field site.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  2. W. L. Barnes, T. S. Pagano, V. V. Salomonson, “Prelaunch characteristics of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on EOS-AM1,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1088–1100 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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1998 (4)

W. L. Barnes, T. S. Pagano, V. V. Salomonson, “Prelaunch characteristics of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on EOS-AM1,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1088–1100 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. W. Brown, J. W. Campell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. L. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. P. Balch, R. Letelier, P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Butler, R. A. Barnes, “Calibration strategy for the Earth Observing System (EOS)-AM1 platform,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1056–1061 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

K. Thome, B. Markham, P. Slater, S. Bigger, “Radiometric calibration of Landsat,” Photogram. Eng. Remote Sens. 63, 853–858 (1997).

Z. Wan, Z.-L. Li, “A physics-based algorithm for retrieving land-surface emissivity and temperature from EOS/MODIS data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 35, 980–996 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (4)

W. L. Smith, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, W. Feltz, H. B. Howell, W. P. Menzel, N. R. Nalli, O. Brown, J. Brown, P. Minnett, W. Mckeown, “Observations of the infrared radiative properties of the ocean—implications for the measurement of sea surface temperature via satellite remote sensing,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 77, 41–51 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wan, J. Dozier, “A generalized split-window algorithm for retrieving land-surface temperature from space,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 34, 892–905 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Slater, S. F. Bigger, K. Thome, D. I. Gellman, P. R. Spyak, “Vicarious radiometric calibrations of EOS sensors,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 349–359 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, P. S. Grant, J. S. Myers, G. T. Arnold, S. E. Platnick, L. E. Gumley, S. C. Tsay, C. C. Moeller, M. Fitzgerald, K. S. Brown, F. G. Osterwisch, “Airborne scanning spectrometer for remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, water vapor and surface properties,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 777–794 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. D. King, D. D. Herring, D. J. Diner, “The Earth Observing System (EOS): a space-based program for assessing mankind’s impact on the global environment,” Opt. Photon. News 6, 34–39 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. W. Salisbury, D. M. D’Aria, A. Wald, “Measurements of thermal infrared spectral reflectance of frost, snow, and ice,” J. Geophys. Res. B 99, 24,235–24,240 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, W. P. Menzel, D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, and water vapor properties from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS),” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 30, 2–27 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, M. Verbrugghe, “SPOT calibration at the La-Crau test site (France),” Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227–237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

V. Salomonson, W. Barnes, P. Maymon, H. Montgomery, H. Ostrow, “MODIS: advanced facility instrument for studies of the Earth as a system,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 145–153 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

1973 (1)

Abbott, M. R.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. W. Brown, J. W. Campell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. L. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. P. Balch, R. Letelier, P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, G. P.

S. E. Clough, F. X. Kneizys, E. P. Shettle, G. P. Anderson, “Atmospheric radiance and transmission: FASCOD2,” in Proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Atmospheric Radiation, Williamsburg, Va. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, 1986), pp. 141–144.

Arnold, G. T.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, P. S. Grant, J. S. Myers, G. T. Arnold, S. E. Platnick, L. E. Gumley, S. C. Tsay, C. C. Moeller, M. Fitzgerald, K. S. Brown, F. G. Osterwisch, “Airborne scanning spectrometer for remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, water vapor and surface properties,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 777–794 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Balch, W. P.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. W. Brown, J. W. Campell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. L. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. P. Balch, R. Letelier, P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, R. A.

J. J. Butler, R. A. Barnes, “Calibration strategy for the Earth Observing System (EOS)-AM1 platform,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1056–1061 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W.

V. Salomonson, W. Barnes, P. Maymon, H. Montgomery, H. Ostrow, “MODIS: advanced facility instrument for studies of the Earth as a system,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 145–153 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, T. S. Pagano, V. V. Salomonson, “Prelaunch characteristics of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on EOS-AM1,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1088–1100 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barnsley, M. J.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barton, I.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. W. Brown, J. W. Campell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. L. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. P. Balch, R. Letelier, P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bemstein, L. S.

A. Berk, L. S. Bemstein, D. C. Robertson, “modtran: A moderate resolution model for lowtran,” (Spectral Sciences, Burlington, Mass., 1987).

Berk, A.

A. Berk, L. S. Bemstein, D. C. Robertson, “modtran: A moderate resolution model for lowtran,” (Spectral Sciences, Burlington, Mass., 1987).

Bigger, S.

K. Thome, B. Markham, P. Slater, S. Bigger, “Radiometric calibration of Landsat,” Photogram. Eng. Remote Sens. 63, 853–858 (1997).

Bigger, S. F.

P. Slater, S. F. Bigger, K. Thome, D. I. Gellman, P. R. Spyak, “Vicarious radiometric calibrations of EOS sensors,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 349–359 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brown, J.

W. L. Smith, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, W. Feltz, H. B. Howell, W. P. Menzel, N. R. Nalli, O. Brown, J. Brown, P. Minnett, W. Mckeown, “Observations of the infrared radiative properties of the ocean—implications for the measurement of sea surface temperature via satellite remote sensing,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 77, 41–51 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brown, K. S.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, P. S. Grant, J. S. Myers, G. T. Arnold, S. E. Platnick, L. E. Gumley, S. C. Tsay, C. C. Moeller, M. Fitzgerald, K. S. Brown, F. G. Osterwisch, “Airborne scanning spectrometer for remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, water vapor and surface properties,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 777–794 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brown, O.

W. L. Smith, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, W. Feltz, H. B. Howell, W. P. Menzel, N. R. Nalli, O. Brown, J. Brown, P. Minnett, W. Mckeown, “Observations of the infrared radiative properties of the ocean—implications for the measurement of sea surface temperature via satellite remote sensing,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 77, 41–51 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brown, O. W.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. W. Brown, J. W. Campell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. L. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. P. Balch, R. Letelier, P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Butler, J. J.

J. J. Butler, R. A. Barnes, “Calibration strategy for the Earth Observing System (EOS)-AM1 platform,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1056–1061 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Campell, J. W.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. W. Brown, J. W. Campell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. L. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. P. Balch, R. Letelier, P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Carder, K. L.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. W. Brown, J. W. Campell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. L. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. P. Balch, R. Letelier, P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Clark, D. K.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. W. Brown, J. W. Campell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. L. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. P. Balch, R. Letelier, P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Clough, S. E.

S. E. Clough, F. X. Kneizys, E. P. Shettle, G. P. Anderson, “Atmospheric radiance and transmission: FASCOD2,” in Proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Atmospheric Radiation, Williamsburg, Va. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, 1986), pp. 141–144.

D’Aria, D. M.

J. W. Salisbury, D. M. D’Aria, A. Wald, “Measurements of thermal infrared spectral reflectance of frost, snow, and ice,” J. Geophys. Res. B 99, 24,235–24,240 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Defries, R.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Deuze, J. L.

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, M. Verbrugghe, “SPOT calibration at the La-Crau test site (France),” Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227–237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, C.

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, M. Verbrugghe, “SPOT calibration at the La-Crau test site (France),” Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227–237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Diner, D. J.

M. D. King, D. D. Herring, D. J. Diner, “The Earth Observing System (EOS): a space-based program for assessing mankind’s impact on the global environment,” Opt. Photon. News 6, 34–39 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dozier, J.

Z. Wan, J. Dozier, “A generalized split-window algorithm for retrieving land-surface temperature from space,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 34, 892–905 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Esaias, W. E.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. W. Brown, J. W. Campell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. L. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. P. Balch, R. Letelier, P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Evans, R. L.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. W. Brown, J. W. Campell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. L. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. P. Balch, R. Letelier, P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Feltz, W.

W. L. Smith, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, W. Feltz, H. B. Howell, W. P. Menzel, N. R. Nalli, O. Brown, J. Brown, P. Minnett, W. Mckeown, “Observations of the infrared radiative properties of the ocean—implications for the measurement of sea surface temperature via satellite remote sensing,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 77, 41–51 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fitzgerald, M.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, P. S. Grant, J. S. Myers, G. T. Arnold, S. E. Platnick, L. E. Gumley, S. C. Tsay, C. C. Moeller, M. Fitzgerald, K. S. Brown, F. G. Osterwisch, “Airborne scanning spectrometer for remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, water vapor and surface properties,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 777–794 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gellman, D. I.

P. Slater, S. F. Bigger, K. Thome, D. I. Gellman, P. R. Spyak, “Vicarious radiometric calibrations of EOS sensors,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 349–359 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Giglio, L.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, H. R.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. W. Brown, J. W. Campell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. L. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. P. Balch, R. Letelier, P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grant, P. S.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, P. S. Grant, J. S. Myers, G. T. Arnold, S. E. Platnick, L. E. Gumley, S. C. Tsay, C. C. Moeller, M. Fitzgerald, K. S. Brown, F. G. Osterwisch, “Airborne scanning spectrometer for remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, water vapor and surface properties,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 777–794 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Moeller, P. S. Grant, D. D. Laporte, L. E. Gumley, P. Hajek, W. P. Menzel, J. S. Myers, S. White, “Blackbody emissivity considerations for radiometric calibration of the MODIS Airborne Simulator (MAS) thermal channels,” in Earth Observing System, W. L. Barnes, ed., Proc. SPIE2820, 44–55 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gu, X. F.

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, M. Verbrugghe, “SPOT calibration at the La-Crau test site (France),” Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227–237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gumley, L. E.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, P. S. Grant, J. S. Myers, G. T. Arnold, S. E. Platnick, L. E. Gumley, S. C. Tsay, C. C. Moeller, M. Fitzgerald, K. S. Brown, F. G. Osterwisch, “Airborne scanning spectrometer for remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, water vapor and surface properties,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 777–794 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Moeller, P. S. Grant, D. D. Laporte, L. E. Gumley, P. Hajek, W. P. Menzel, J. S. Myers, S. White, “Blackbody emissivity considerations for radiometric calibration of the MODIS Airborne Simulator (MAS) thermal channels,” in Earth Observing System, W. L. Barnes, ed., Proc. SPIE2820, 44–55 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Guyot, G.

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, M. Verbrugghe, “SPOT calibration at the La-Crau test site (France),” Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227–237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hajek, P.

C. C. Moeller, P. S. Grant, D. D. Laporte, L. E. Gumley, P. Hajek, W. P. Menzel, J. S. Myers, S. White, “Blackbody emissivity considerations for radiometric calibration of the MODIS Airborne Simulator (MAS) thermal channels,” in Earth Observing System, W. L. Barnes, ed., Proc. SPIE2820, 44–55 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hale, G. M.

Hall, D. K.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Herring, D. D.

M. D. King, D. D. Herring, D. J. Diner, “The Earth Observing System (EOS): a space-based program for assessing mankind’s impact on the global environment,” Opt. Photon. News 6, 34–39 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hoge, F. E.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. W. Brown, J. W. Campell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. L. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. P. Balch, R. Letelier, P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Howell, H. B.

W. L. Smith, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, W. Feltz, H. B. Howell, W. P. Menzel, N. R. Nalli, O. Brown, J. Brown, P. Minnett, W. Mckeown, “Observations of the infrared radiative properties of the ocean—implications for the measurement of sea surface temperature via satellite remote sensing,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 77, 41–51 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huete, A. R.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Justice, C. O.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kaufman, Y. J.

M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, W. P. Menzel, D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, and water vapor properties from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS),” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 30, 2–27 (1992).
[CrossRef]

King, M. D.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, P. S. Grant, J. S. Myers, G. T. Arnold, S. E. Platnick, L. E. Gumley, S. C. Tsay, C. C. Moeller, M. Fitzgerald, K. S. Brown, F. G. Osterwisch, “Airborne scanning spectrometer for remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, water vapor and surface properties,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 777–794 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. D. King, D. D. Herring, D. J. Diner, “The Earth Observing System (EOS): a space-based program for assessing mankind’s impact on the global environment,” Opt. Photon. News 6, 34–39 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, W. P. Menzel, D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, and water vapor properties from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS),” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 30, 2–27 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kneizys, F. X.

S. E. Clough, F. X. Kneizys, E. P. Shettle, G. P. Anderson, “Atmospheric radiance and transmission: FASCOD2,” in Proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Atmospheric Radiation, Williamsburg, Va. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, 1986), pp. 141–144.

Knuteson, R. O.

W. L. Smith, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, W. Feltz, H. B. Howell, W. P. Menzel, N. R. Nalli, O. Brown, J. Brown, P. Minnett, W. Mckeown, “Observations of the infrared radiative properties of the ocean—implications for the measurement of sea surface temperature via satellite remote sensing,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 77, 41–51 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Knyazikhin, K.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Knyazikhin, Y.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laporte, D. D.

C. C. Moeller, P. S. Grant, D. D. Laporte, L. E. Gumley, P. Hajek, W. P. Menzel, J. S. Myers, S. White, “Blackbody emissivity considerations for radiometric calibration of the MODIS Airborne Simulator (MAS) thermal channels,” in Earth Observing System, W. L. Barnes, ed., Proc. SPIE2820, 44–55 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Letelier, R.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. W. Brown, J. W. Campell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. L. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. P. Balch, R. Letelier, P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.-L.

Z. Wan, Z.-L. Li, “A physics-based algorithm for retrieving land-surface emissivity and temperature from EOS/MODIS data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 35, 980–996 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lucht, W.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Markham, B.

K. Thome, B. Markham, P. Slater, S. Bigger, “Radiometric calibration of Landsat,” Photogram. Eng. Remote Sens. 63, 853–858 (1997).

Maymon, P.

V. Salomonson, W. Barnes, P. Maymon, H. Montgomery, H. Ostrow, “MODIS: advanced facility instrument for studies of the Earth as a system,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 145–153 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mckeown, W.

W. L. Smith, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, W. Feltz, H. B. Howell, W. P. Menzel, N. R. Nalli, O. Brown, J. Brown, P. Minnett, W. Mckeown, “Observations of the infrared radiative properties of the ocean—implications for the measurement of sea surface temperature via satellite remote sensing,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 77, 41–51 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Menzel, W. P.

W. L. Smith, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, W. Feltz, H. B. Howell, W. P. Menzel, N. R. Nalli, O. Brown, J. Brown, P. Minnett, W. Mckeown, “Observations of the infrared radiative properties of the ocean—implications for the measurement of sea surface temperature via satellite remote sensing,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 77, 41–51 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, P. S. Grant, J. S. Myers, G. T. Arnold, S. E. Platnick, L. E. Gumley, S. C. Tsay, C. C. Moeller, M. Fitzgerald, K. S. Brown, F. G. Osterwisch, “Airborne scanning spectrometer for remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, water vapor and surface properties,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 777–794 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, W. P. Menzel, D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, and water vapor properties from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS),” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 30, 2–27 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Moeller, P. S. Grant, D. D. Laporte, L. E. Gumley, P. Hajek, W. P. Menzel, J. S. Myers, S. White, “Blackbody emissivity considerations for radiometric calibration of the MODIS Airborne Simulator (MAS) thermal channels,” in Earth Observing System, W. L. Barnes, ed., Proc. SPIE2820, 44–55 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Minnett, P.

W. L. Smith, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, W. Feltz, H. B. Howell, W. P. Menzel, N. R. Nalli, O. Brown, J. Brown, P. Minnett, W. Mckeown, “Observations of the infrared radiative properties of the ocean—implications for the measurement of sea surface temperature via satellite remote sensing,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 77, 41–51 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Minnett, P. J.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. W. Brown, J. W. Campell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. L. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. P. Balch, R. Letelier, P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moeller, C. C.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, P. S. Grant, J. S. Myers, G. T. Arnold, S. E. Platnick, L. E. Gumley, S. C. Tsay, C. C. Moeller, M. Fitzgerald, K. S. Brown, F. G. Osterwisch, “Airborne scanning spectrometer for remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, water vapor and surface properties,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 777–794 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Moeller, P. S. Grant, D. D. Laporte, L. E. Gumley, P. Hajek, W. P. Menzel, J. S. Myers, S. White, “Blackbody emissivity considerations for radiometric calibration of the MODIS Airborne Simulator (MAS) thermal channels,” in Earth Observing System, W. L. Barnes, ed., Proc. SPIE2820, 44–55 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Montgomery, H.

V. Salomonson, W. Barnes, P. Maymon, H. Montgomery, H. Ostrow, “MODIS: advanced facility instrument for studies of the Earth as a system,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 145–153 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Muller, J.-P.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Myers, J. S.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, P. S. Grant, J. S. Myers, G. T. Arnold, S. E. Platnick, L. E. Gumley, S. C. Tsay, C. C. Moeller, M. Fitzgerald, K. S. Brown, F. G. Osterwisch, “Airborne scanning spectrometer for remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, water vapor and surface properties,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 777–794 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Moeller, P. S. Grant, D. D. Laporte, L. E. Gumley, P. Hajek, W. P. Menzel, J. S. Myers, S. White, “Blackbody emissivity considerations for radiometric calibration of the MODIS Airborne Simulator (MAS) thermal channels,” in Earth Observing System, W. L. Barnes, ed., Proc. SPIE2820, 44–55 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Myneni, R. B.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nalli, N. R.

W. L. Smith, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, W. Feltz, H. B. Howell, W. P. Menzel, N. R. Nalli, O. Brown, J. Brown, P. Minnett, W. Mckeown, “Observations of the infrared radiative properties of the ocean—implications for the measurement of sea surface temperature via satellite remote sensing,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 77, 41–51 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nemani, P. R.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Osterwisch, F. G.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, P. S. Grant, J. S. Myers, G. T. Arnold, S. E. Platnick, L. E. Gumley, S. C. Tsay, C. C. Moeller, M. Fitzgerald, K. S. Brown, F. G. Osterwisch, “Airborne scanning spectrometer for remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, water vapor and surface properties,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 777–794 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ostrow, H.

V. Salomonson, W. Barnes, P. Maymon, H. Montgomery, H. Ostrow, “MODIS: advanced facility instrument for studies of the Earth as a system,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 145–153 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pagano, T. S.

W. L. Barnes, T. S. Pagano, V. V. Salomonson, “Prelaunch characteristics of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on EOS-AM1,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1088–1100 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Platnick, S. E.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, P. S. Grant, J. S. Myers, G. T. Arnold, S. E. Platnick, L. E. Gumley, S. C. Tsay, C. C. Moeller, M. Fitzgerald, K. S. Brown, F. G. Osterwisch, “Airborne scanning spectrometer for remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, water vapor and surface properties,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 777–794 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Privette, J. L.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Querry, M. R.

Revercomb, H. E.

W. L. Smith, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, W. Feltz, H. B. Howell, W. P. Menzel, N. R. Nalli, O. Brown, J. Brown, P. Minnett, W. Mckeown, “Observations of the infrared radiative properties of the ocean—implications for the measurement of sea surface temperature via satellite remote sensing,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 77, 41–51 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Riggs, G.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, D. C.

A. Berk, L. S. Bemstein, D. C. Robertson, “modtran: A moderate resolution model for lowtran,” (Spectral Sciences, Burlington, Mass., 1987).

Roy, D. O.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Running, S. W.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Salisbury, J. W.

J. W. Salisbury, D. M. D’Aria, A. Wald, “Measurements of thermal infrared spectral reflectance of frost, snow, and ice,” J. Geophys. Res. B 99, 24,235–24,240 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Salomonson, V.

V. Salomonson, W. Barnes, P. Maymon, H. Montgomery, H. Ostrow, “MODIS: advanced facility instrument for studies of the Earth as a system,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 145–153 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Salomonson, V. V.

W. L. Barnes, T. S. Pagano, V. V. Salomonson, “Prelaunch characteristics of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on EOS-AM1,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1088–1100 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Santer, R.

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, M. Verbrugghe, “SPOT calibration at the La-Crau test site (France),” Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227–237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shettle, E. P.

S. E. Clough, F. X. Kneizys, E. P. Shettle, G. P. Anderson, “Atmospheric radiance and transmission: FASCOD2,” in Proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Atmospheric Radiation, Williamsburg, Va. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, 1986), pp. 141–144.

Slater, P.

K. Thome, B. Markham, P. Slater, S. Bigger, “Radiometric calibration of Landsat,” Photogram. Eng. Remote Sens. 63, 853–858 (1997).

P. Slater, S. F. Bigger, K. Thome, D. I. Gellman, P. R. Spyak, “Vicarious radiometric calibrations of EOS sensors,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 349–359 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, W. L.

W. L. Smith, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, W. Feltz, H. B. Howell, W. P. Menzel, N. R. Nalli, O. Brown, J. Brown, P. Minnett, W. Mckeown, “Observations of the infrared radiative properties of the ocean—implications for the measurement of sea surface temperature via satellite remote sensing,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 77, 41–51 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Spyak, P. R.

P. Slater, S. F. Bigger, K. Thome, D. I. Gellman, P. R. Spyak, “Vicarious radiometric calibrations of EOS sensors,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 349–359 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Strahler, A.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tanré, D.

M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, W. P. Menzel, D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, and water vapor properties from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS),” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 30, 2–27 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Thome, K.

K. Thome, B. Markham, P. Slater, S. Bigger, “Radiometric calibration of Landsat,” Photogram. Eng. Remote Sens. 63, 853–858 (1997).

P. Slater, S. F. Bigger, K. Thome, D. I. Gellman, P. R. Spyak, “Vicarious radiometric calibrations of EOS sensors,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 349–359 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Townshend, J. R. G.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tsay, S. C.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, P. S. Grant, J. S. Myers, G. T. Arnold, S. E. Platnick, L. E. Gumley, S. C. Tsay, C. C. Moeller, M. Fitzgerald, K. S. Brown, F. G. Osterwisch, “Airborne scanning spectrometer for remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, water vapor and surface properties,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 777–794 (1996).
[CrossRef]

van Leeuwen, W.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Verbrugghe, M.

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, M. Verbrugghe, “SPOT calibration at the La-Crau test site (France),” Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227–237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Vermote, E.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, M. Verbrugghe, “SPOT calibration at the La-Crau test site (France),” Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227–237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wald, A.

J. W. Salisbury, D. M. D’Aria, A. Wald, “Measurements of thermal infrared spectral reflectance of frost, snow, and ice,” J. Geophys. Res. B 99, 24,235–24,240 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wan, Z.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wan, Z.-L. Li, “A physics-based algorithm for retrieving land-surface emissivity and temperature from EOS/MODIS data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 35, 980–996 (1997).
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Z. Wan, J. Dozier, “A generalized split-window algorithm for retrieving land-surface temperature from space,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 34, 892–905 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Warren, S. G.

White, S.

C. C. Moeller, P. S. Grant, D. D. Laporte, L. E. Gumley, P. Hajek, W. P. Menzel, J. S. Myers, S. White, “Blackbody emissivity considerations for radiometric calibration of the MODIS Airborne Simulator (MAS) thermal channels,” in Earth Observing System, W. L. Barnes, ed., Proc. SPIE2820, 44–55 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wolfe, R. E.

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. (1)

W. L. Smith, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, W. Feltz, H. B. Howell, W. P. Menzel, N. R. Nalli, O. Brown, J. Brown, P. Minnett, W. Mckeown, “Observations of the infrared radiative properties of the ocean—implications for the measurement of sea surface temperature via satellite remote sensing,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 77, 41–51 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (8)

V. Salomonson, W. Barnes, P. Maymon, H. Montgomery, H. Ostrow, “MODIS: advanced facility instrument for studies of the Earth as a system,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 145–153 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, T. S. Pagano, V. V. Salomonson, “Prelaunch characteristics of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on EOS-AM1,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1088–1100 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wan, J. Dozier, “A generalized split-window algorithm for retrieving land-surface temperature from space,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 34, 892–905 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wan, Z.-L. Li, “A physics-based algorithm for retrieving land-surface emissivity and temperature from EOS/MODIS data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 35, 980–996 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, W. P. Menzel, D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, and water vapor properties from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS),” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 30, 2–27 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. O. Justice, E. Vermote, J. R. G. Townshend, R. Defries, D. O. Roy, D. K. Hall, V. V. Salomonson, J. L. Privette, G. Riggs, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, R. B. Myneni, K. Knyazikhin, S. W. Running, P. R. Nemani, Z. Wan, A. R. Huete, W. van Leeuwen, R. E. Wolfe, L. Giglio, J.-P. Muller, Y. Knyazikhin, M. J. Barnsley, “The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): land remote sensing for global change research,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1228–1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. W. Brown, J. W. Campell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. L. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. P. Balch, R. Letelier, P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
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J. J. Butler, R. A. Barnes, “Calibration strategy for the Earth Observing System (EOS)-AM1 platform,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1056–1061 (1998).
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P. Slater, S. F. Bigger, K. Thome, D. I. Gellman, P. R. Spyak, “Vicarious radiometric calibrations of EOS sensors,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 349–359 (1996).
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M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, P. S. Grant, J. S. Myers, G. T. Arnold, S. E. Platnick, L. E. Gumley, S. C. Tsay, C. C. Moeller, M. Fitzgerald, K. S. Brown, F. G. Osterwisch, “Airborne scanning spectrometer for remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, water vapor and surface properties,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 13, 777–794 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. B (1)

J. W. Salisbury, D. M. D’Aria, A. Wald, “Measurements of thermal infrared spectral reflectance of frost, snow, and ice,” J. Geophys. Res. B 99, 24,235–24,240 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Photon. News (1)

M. D. King, D. D. Herring, D. J. Diner, “The Earth Observing System (EOS): a space-based program for assessing mankind’s impact on the global environment,” Opt. Photon. News 6, 34–39 (1995).
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K. Thome, B. Markham, P. Slater, S. Bigger, “Radiometric calibration of Landsat,” Photogram. Eng. Remote Sens. 63, 853–858 (1997).

Remote Sens. Environ. (1)

R. Santer, X. F. Gu, G. Guyot, J. L. Deuze, C. Devaux, E. Vermote, M. Verbrugghe, “SPOT calibration at the La-Crau test site (France),” Remote Sens. Environ. 41, 227–237 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

C. C. Moeller, P. S. Grant, D. D. Laporte, L. E. Gumley, P. Hajek, W. P. Menzel, J. S. Myers, S. White, “Blackbody emissivity considerations for radiometric calibration of the MODIS Airborne Simulator (MAS) thermal channels,” in Earth Observing System, W. L. Barnes, ed., Proc. SPIE2820, 44–55 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Clough, F. X. Kneizys, E. P. Shettle, G. P. Anderson, “Atmospheric radiance and transmission: FASCOD2,” in Proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Atmospheric Radiation, Williamsburg, Va. (American Meteorological Society, Boston, 1986), pp. 141–144.

A. Berk, L. S. Bemstein, D. C. Robertson, “modtran: A moderate resolution model for lowtran,” (Spectral Sciences, Burlington, Mass., 1987).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Atmospheric temperature and (b) water vapor profiles near Mono Lake, 10 March 1998.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Color composite with enhanced MAS bands 45, 42, and 30 as red, green, and blue in the Mono Lake area (1000 lines by 716 pixels). (b) Its subareas show four test sites (details in text).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral emissivities of water, snow, and ice in the 3.3–14-µm region.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral emissivities of ultra flat black paint samples measured at University of California, Santa Barbara and JPL and the effective emissivities of the MAS blackbodies.8

Tables (6)

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Table 1 Central Wavelength (λc) and Bandwidth (Δλ) of the MAS Channels as Configured in March 1998 and the Equivalent Channels of the MODIS Onboard the Terra Platform

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Table 2 Mean and Standard Deviation of Band Brightness Temperature (Tb) and Estimated NEΔT in Seven MAS Bands over Four Flat Homogeneous Study Areas in the Mono Lake Field Campaign on 10 March 1998

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Table 3 Effects of Uncertainties in Atmospheric Profiles on the TOA T b Values for a Ice-Covered Lake Surface at T s = -0.5 °C According to modtran3.5 Simulations

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Table 4 Effect of the Blackbody Emissivity Values on the MAS Calibration in the Ice-Covered Lake and Mono Lake Surface Cases

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Table 5 Difference between the MAS Brightness Temperature and the TOA Brightness Temperature in Seven MAS TIR Bands (δT b ) over the Three Flat Homogeneous Study Areasa

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Table 6 Comparison of the Calibration Error (δT b ) in the Closely Corresponding TIR Bands of the MAS Configurations in March 1998 and January 1995

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Ib=Bλb, α1Tb+α0,
Ro=εbCo-CaRw-RaCw-Ca+Ra-Rr+Rr,
δRo=δεbεbRo-Rr.
Ro=Ro+δεbεbRo-Rr.

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