Abstract

The dependence on wavelength of repetitive-pulse (10 Hz, 8–10 ns) laser-induced damage on beta barium metaborate (BBO) has been investigated. The thresholds of dielectric breakdown in bulk crystal have been found to be 0.3 GW/cm2 at 266 nm, 0.9 GW/cm2 at 355 nm, 2.3 GW/cm2 at 532 nm, and 4.5 GW/cm2 at 1064 nm. Results indicate two-photon absorption at 266 and 355 nm, which helps to produce an avalanche effect that causes breakdown at each of the four wavelengths tested. Neither the BBO refractive indices nor the absorption spectrum change until breakdown occurs.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Y. Nishida, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by reducing the organic impurities in growth solution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 420–421 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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1996 (1)

H. Kouta, Y. Kuwano, “β-BaB2O4 phase-matching-direction growth by the Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 166, 497–501 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (2)

1989 (1)

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13–15 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (3)

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nishida, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by reducing the organic impurities in growth solution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 420–421 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakatani, W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, “Laser-induced damage in beta-barium metaborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2587–2589 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

W. L. Smith, J. H. Bechtel, N. Bloembergen, “Picosecond laser-induced breakdown at 5321 and 3547 Å: observation of frequency-dependent behavior,” Phys. Rev. B 15, 4039–4055 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

M. Bass, H. H. Barrett, “Avalanche breakdown and the probabilistic nature of laser-induced damage,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 338–343 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Balmer, J. E.

Barrett, H. H.

M. Bass, H. H. Barrett, “Avalanche breakdown and the probabilistic nature of laser-induced damage,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 338–343 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

M. Bass, H. H. Barrett, “Avalanche breakdown and the probabilistic nature of laser-induced damage,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 338–343 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Bechtel, J. H.

W. L. Smith, J. H. Bechtel, N. Bloembergen, “Picosecond laser-induced breakdown at 5321 and 3547 Å: observation of frequency-dependent behavior,” Phys. Rev. B 15, 4039–4055 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

W. L. Smith, J. H. Bechtel, N. Bloembergen, “Picosecond laser-induced breakdown at 5321 and 3547 Å: observation of frequency-dependent behavior,” Phys. Rev. B 15, 4039–4055 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13–15 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakatani, W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, “Laser-induced damage in beta-barium metaborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2587–2589 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L. K.

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13–15 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakatani, W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, “Laser-induced damage in beta-barium metaborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2587–2589 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ellenberger, U.

Ellgehausen, D.

Jermann, F.

Kouta, H.

H. Kouta, Y. Kuwano, “β-BaB2O4 phase-matching-direction growth by the Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 166, 497–501 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kratzig, E.

Kuwano, Y.

H. Kouta, Y. Kuwano, “β-BaB2O4 phase-matching-direction growth by the Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 166, 497–501 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mizell, G. J.

Monev, A.

Nakatani, H.

H. Nakatani, W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, “Laser-induced damage in beta-barium metaborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2587–2589 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Nenov, A.

Nishida, Y.

Y. Nishida, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by reducing the organic impurities in growth solution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 420–421 (1988).
[CrossRef]

O’Connell, R. M.

Sasaki, T.

Y. Nishida, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by reducing the organic impurities in growth solution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 420–421 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Schumov, D.

Simazu, M.

M. Simazu, “Photon induced birefringence change in Fe-doped LiNbO3,” (NIRIM, Tsukuba, Japan, 1986), pp. 12–29.

Simon, M.

Smith, W. L.

W. L. Smith, J. H. Bechtel, N. Bloembergen, “Picosecond laser-induced breakdown at 5321 and 3547 Å: observation of frequency-dependent behavior,” Phys. Rev. B 15, 4039–4055 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13–15 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakatani, W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, “Laser-induced damage in beta-barium metaborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2587–2589 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Weber, R.

Yamanaka, C.

Y. Nishida, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by reducing the organic impurities in growth solution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 420–421 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, T.

Y. Nishida, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by reducing the organic impurities in growth solution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 420–421 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yankov, P.

Yokotani, A.

Y. Nishida, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by reducing the organic impurities in growth solution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 420–421 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, K.

Y. Nishida, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by reducing the organic impurities in growth solution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 420–421 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Zysset, B.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Y. Nishida, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by reducing the organic impurities in growth solution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 420–421 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakatani, W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, “Laser-induced damage in beta-barium metaborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2587–2589 (1988).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13–15 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Bass, H. H. Barrett, “Avalanche breakdown and the probabilistic nature of laser-induced damage,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 338–343 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

H. Kouta, Y. Kuwano, “β-BaB2O4 phase-matching-direction growth by the Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 166, 497–501 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

W. L. Smith, J. H. Bechtel, N. Bloembergen, “Picosecond laser-induced breakdown at 5321 and 3547 Å: observation of frequency-dependent behavior,” Phys. Rev. B 15, 4039–4055 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Simazu, “Photon induced birefringence change in Fe-doped LiNbO3,” (NIRIM, Tsukuba, Japan, 1986), pp. 12–29.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Block diagram of the apparatus for measuring repetitive-laser pulse-induced damage threshold, refractive-index change, and dielectric breakdown.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Frequency dependence of laser-induced breakdown threshold in BBO: ○, surface and ●, bulk threshold for each frequency.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Threshold of Dielectric Breakdown in BBO

Equations (2)

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δn=λ/πlΔθ,
Dt=I exp-Gν,

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