The volume backscattering coefficients of atmospheric aerosol were measured with a tunable CO2 lidar system at various wavelengths in Utah (a desert environment) along a horizontal path a few meters above the ground. In deducing the aerosol backscattering, a deconvolution (to remove the smearing effect of the long CO2 lidar pulse and the lidar limited bandwidth) and a constrained-slope method were employed. The spectral shape β(λ) was similar for all the 13 measurements during a 3-day period. A mean aerosol backscattering-wavelength dependence β(λ) was computed from the measurements and used to estimate the error Δ(CL) (concentration–path-length product) in differential-absorption lidar measurements for various gases caused by the systematic aerosol differential backscattering and the error that is due to fluctuations in the aerosol backscattering. The water-vapor concentration–path-length product CL and the average concentration C = 〈CL〉/L for a path length L computed from the range-resolved lidar measurements is consistently in good agreement with the water-vapor concentration measured by a meteorological station. However, I was unable to deduce, reliably, the range-resolved water-vapor concentration C(r), which is the derivative of the range-dependent product CL, because of the effect of residual noise caused mainly by errors in the deconvolved lidar measurements.
© 1999 Optical Society of AmericaFull Article | PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Yanzeng Zhao and R. M. Hardesty
Appl. Opt. 27(13) 2719-2729 (1988)
Sungdo Cha, Kin Pui Chan, and Dennis K. Killinger
Appl. Opt. 30(27) 3938-3943 (1991)
Appl. Opt. 32(9) 1598-1605 (1993)