Abstract

The broadband performance of a polarization-insensitive liquid-crystal phase modulator is analyzed, and its effect on an adaptive optics system is quantified.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. D. Love, “Wave-front correction and production of Zernike modes with a liquid-crystal spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1517–1524 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. Gourlay, G. D. Love, P. M. Birch, R. M. Sharples, A. Purvis, “A real-time closed loop liquid crystal adaptive optics system: first results,” Opt. Commun. 137, 17–21 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. D. Love, S. R. Restaino, R. C. Carreras, G. C. Loos, R. V. Morrison, T. Baur, G. Kopp, “Polarization insensitive 127-segment liquid crystal wavefront corrector,” in Adaptive Optics, Vol. 13 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 288–290.
  4. G. D. Love, “Liquid-crystal phase modulator for unpolarized light,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2222–2223 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. T. Bold, T. H. Barnes, J. Gourlay, R. M. Sharples, T. G. Haskell, “Practical issues for the use of liquid crystal spatial light modulators in adaptive optics,” Opt. Commun. 148, 323–330 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Meadowlark Optics, 7460 Weld County Road 1, Longmont Colo. 80504-9470.
  7. W. A. Shurcliffe, “Modern description of polarized light,” in Polarized Light. Production and Use (Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., 1962), Chap. 2.

1998 (1)

G. T. Bold, T. H. Barnes, J. Gourlay, R. M. Sharples, T. G. Haskell, “Practical issues for the use of liquid crystal spatial light modulators in adaptive optics,” Opt. Commun. 148, 323–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

J. Gourlay, G. D. Love, P. M. Birch, R. M. Sharples, A. Purvis, “A real-time closed loop liquid crystal adaptive optics system: first results,” Opt. Commun. 137, 17–21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Love, “Wave-front correction and production of Zernike modes with a liquid-crystal spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1517–1524 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

Barnes, T. H.

G. T. Bold, T. H. Barnes, J. Gourlay, R. M. Sharples, T. G. Haskell, “Practical issues for the use of liquid crystal spatial light modulators in adaptive optics,” Opt. Commun. 148, 323–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Baur, T.

G. D. Love, S. R. Restaino, R. C. Carreras, G. C. Loos, R. V. Morrison, T. Baur, G. Kopp, “Polarization insensitive 127-segment liquid crystal wavefront corrector,” in Adaptive Optics, Vol. 13 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 288–290.

Birch, P. M.

J. Gourlay, G. D. Love, P. M. Birch, R. M. Sharples, A. Purvis, “A real-time closed loop liquid crystal adaptive optics system: first results,” Opt. Commun. 137, 17–21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bold, G. T.

G. T. Bold, T. H. Barnes, J. Gourlay, R. M. Sharples, T. G. Haskell, “Practical issues for the use of liquid crystal spatial light modulators in adaptive optics,” Opt. Commun. 148, 323–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Carreras, R. C.

G. D. Love, S. R. Restaino, R. C. Carreras, G. C. Loos, R. V. Morrison, T. Baur, G. Kopp, “Polarization insensitive 127-segment liquid crystal wavefront corrector,” in Adaptive Optics, Vol. 13 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 288–290.

Gourlay, J.

G. T. Bold, T. H. Barnes, J. Gourlay, R. M. Sharples, T. G. Haskell, “Practical issues for the use of liquid crystal spatial light modulators in adaptive optics,” Opt. Commun. 148, 323–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Gourlay, G. D. Love, P. M. Birch, R. M. Sharples, A. Purvis, “A real-time closed loop liquid crystal adaptive optics system: first results,” Opt. Commun. 137, 17–21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Haskell, T. G.

G. T. Bold, T. H. Barnes, J. Gourlay, R. M. Sharples, T. G. Haskell, “Practical issues for the use of liquid crystal spatial light modulators in adaptive optics,” Opt. Commun. 148, 323–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kopp, G.

G. D. Love, S. R. Restaino, R. C. Carreras, G. C. Loos, R. V. Morrison, T. Baur, G. Kopp, “Polarization insensitive 127-segment liquid crystal wavefront corrector,” in Adaptive Optics, Vol. 13 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 288–290.

Loos, G. C.

G. D. Love, S. R. Restaino, R. C. Carreras, G. C. Loos, R. V. Morrison, T. Baur, G. Kopp, “Polarization insensitive 127-segment liquid crystal wavefront corrector,” in Adaptive Optics, Vol. 13 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 288–290.

Love, G. D.

J. Gourlay, G. D. Love, P. M. Birch, R. M. Sharples, A. Purvis, “A real-time closed loop liquid crystal adaptive optics system: first results,” Opt. Commun. 137, 17–21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Love, “Wave-front correction and production of Zernike modes with a liquid-crystal spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1517–1524 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. D. Love, “Liquid-crystal phase modulator for unpolarized light,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2222–2223 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. D. Love, S. R. Restaino, R. C. Carreras, G. C. Loos, R. V. Morrison, T. Baur, G. Kopp, “Polarization insensitive 127-segment liquid crystal wavefront corrector,” in Adaptive Optics, Vol. 13 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 288–290.

Morrison, R. V.

G. D. Love, S. R. Restaino, R. C. Carreras, G. C. Loos, R. V. Morrison, T. Baur, G. Kopp, “Polarization insensitive 127-segment liquid crystal wavefront corrector,” in Adaptive Optics, Vol. 13 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 288–290.

Purvis, A.

J. Gourlay, G. D. Love, P. M. Birch, R. M. Sharples, A. Purvis, “A real-time closed loop liquid crystal adaptive optics system: first results,” Opt. Commun. 137, 17–21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Restaino, S. R.

G. D. Love, S. R. Restaino, R. C. Carreras, G. C. Loos, R. V. Morrison, T. Baur, G. Kopp, “Polarization insensitive 127-segment liquid crystal wavefront corrector,” in Adaptive Optics, Vol. 13 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 288–290.

Sharples, R. M.

G. T. Bold, T. H. Barnes, J. Gourlay, R. M. Sharples, T. G. Haskell, “Practical issues for the use of liquid crystal spatial light modulators in adaptive optics,” Opt. Commun. 148, 323–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Gourlay, G. D. Love, P. M. Birch, R. M. Sharples, A. Purvis, “A real-time closed loop liquid crystal adaptive optics system: first results,” Opt. Commun. 137, 17–21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shurcliffe, W. A.

W. A. Shurcliffe, “Modern description of polarized light,” in Polarized Light. Production and Use (Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., 1962), Chap. 2.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. Gourlay, G. D. Love, P. M. Birch, R. M. Sharples, A. Purvis, “A real-time closed loop liquid crystal adaptive optics system: first results,” Opt. Commun. 137, 17–21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Bold, T. H. Barnes, J. Gourlay, R. M. Sharples, T. G. Haskell, “Practical issues for the use of liquid crystal spatial light modulators in adaptive optics,” Opt. Commun. 148, 323–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

Meadowlark Optics, 7460 Weld County Road 1, Longmont Colo. 80504-9470.

W. A. Shurcliffe, “Modern description of polarized light,” in Polarized Light. Production and Use (Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., 1962), Chap. 2.

G. D. Love, S. R. Restaino, R. C. Carreras, G. C. Loos, R. V. Morrison, T. Baur, G. Kopp, “Polarization insensitive 127-segment liquid crystal wavefront corrector,” in Adaptive Optics, Vol. 13 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 288–290.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Two-dimensional representation of ellipticity (top) and azimuth angle (bottom) for horizontally (left column) and vertically (right column) polarized input for zero-order QWP.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Strehl ratio (a) for zero-order and (b) for first-order QWP as a function of wavelength.

Equations (16)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

xinyin,
xoutyout,
xoutyout=JQMQJxinyin,
J=exp-iβexp-iβ00expiβ, Q=cos δ/2i sin δ/2i sin δ/2cos δ/2, M=-i00i,
xoutyout=JQMQJ10=exp-i2β-i exp-i2βcos δ-sin δ.
xoutyout= exp-i2βsin δi expi2βcos δ.
A=Ax expixAy expiy
b/a=tan0.5 arcsinsin 2R|sin γ|,
α=0.5 arctantan 2R cos γ.
xoutyout=-i expiϕabcos δ-sin δ=HxHy.
xoutyout=sin δi expiϕabcos δ=VxVy.
PSFλ=0.5PSFVx+PSFVy+PSFHx+PSFHy=sin2 δ|FTA expiϕ0|2+0.5 cos2 δ|FTAi exp-iϕab|2+|FT-Ai expiϕab|2,
S=maxPSFλ/maxPSFperfect wave at λ0 sin2 δ.
I=I1 cos2 δ+I1 sin2 δ+I2+2 sin δI1I21/2 cos ψ=I1+I2+2 sin δI1I21/2 cos ψ,
V=Vmax|sin δ|,
Vmax=2I1I21/2/I1+I2.

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