Abstract

The performance of a generalized self-filtering unstable resonator (GSFUR) that consists of two curved mirrors in a nonconfocal scheme with a low magnification of M = -1.62 in an ablative-wall flash-lamp dye laser is reported. The objective was to study the near- and far-field intensity distribution and the divergence of the laser beam. It was found that the output beam has a nearly Gaussian distribution with a pulse duration of ∼400 ns FWHM, almost independent of the diameter of the field-limiting aperture, but increases slightly with the pumping rate. A diffraction-limited laser beam of 1.1 mrad was obtained from this laser cavity. The output energy was ∼1 mJ when an intracavity glass plate was used as an output coupler. The required relations needed for the GSFUR design were also derived.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. B. Snavely, “Flashlamp-excited organic dye lasers,” Proc. IEEE 57, 1374–1390 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. F. Ewanizky, R. H. Wright, H. H. Theissing, “Shock-wave termination of laser action in coaxial flashlamp dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 520–521 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Blit, A. Fisher, U. Ganiel, “Early termination of flashlamp-pumped dye laser pulses by shock wave formation,” Appl. Opt. 13, 335–340 (1974).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. Walther, J. L. Hall, “Tunable dye laser with narrow spectral output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 239–242 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. M. Gale, “A single mode flashlamp-pumped dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 7, 86–88 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. D. Case, P. J. Soan, M. J. Damzen, M. H. R. Hutchinson, “Coaxial flash-lamp pumped dye laser with a stimulated brillouin scattering reflector,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 374–379 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. F. Ewanizky, “An unstable-resonator flashlamp-pumped dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 295–297 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. B. Northam, M. E. Mack, I. Itzkan, “Unstable resonator mode control in a transverse flow dye laser,” Appl. Opt. 17, 931–935 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. G. Gobbi, G. C. Reali, “A novel unstable resonator configuration with a self-filtering aperture,” Opt. Commun. 52, 195–198 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. G. Gobbi, S. Morosi, G. C. Reali, A. S. Zarkasi, “Novel unstable resonator with a self-filtering aperture: experimental characterization of the Nd:YAG loaded cavity,” Appl. Opt. 24, 26–33 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. Barbini, A. Ghigo, M. Giorgi, K. N. Iyer, A. Palucci, S. Ribezzio, “Injection-locked single-mode high-power lowdivergence TEA CO2 laser using SFUR configuration,” Opt. Commun. 60, 239–243 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “Experimental characterization of a self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a short pulse XeCl laser,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2047–2051 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. Bhatnagar, S. K. Dixit, B. Singh, S. V. Nakhe, “Performance of a copper vapor laser with self-filtered unstable resonator,” Opt. Commun. 74, 93–96 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. Boffa, P. D. Lazzaro, G. P. Gallerano, G. Giordano, T. Hermson, T. Letardi, C. E. Zheng, “Self-filtering unstable resonator operation of XeCl excimer laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1241–1244 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. W. Chen, A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “High brightness single transverse mode operation of XeCl laser,” Opt. Commun. 72, 225–229 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. H. Min, K. Vogler, “Confocal positive branch-filtering unstable resonator for Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 74, 79–83 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, E. Radiotis, “High mode volume self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a short pulse XeCl laser,” Opt. Commun. 71, 97–102 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. D. Lazzaro, T. Hermsen, T. Letardi, C. E. Zheng, “Self-filtering unstable resonator: an approximate analytical model with comparison to computed and XeCl laser experimental results,” Opt. Commun. 61, 393–396 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  19. P. D. Lazzaro, T. W. P. M. Hermsen, C. Zheng, “A generalization of the self-filtering unstable resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1543–1547 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P. D. Lazzaro, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “Experimental study of a generalized self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a XeCl laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 2284–2287 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. R. Perrone, A. A. Filippo, “Experimental characterization of high magnification self-filtering unstable resonators for XeCl lasers,” Opt. Commun. 88, 115–121 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. H. Farahbod, A. Hariri, “Application of generalized self-filtering unstable resonators to a N2-laser pumped dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 108, 84–90 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  23. T. F. Ewanizky, J. M. Craig, “Negative-branch unstable resonator Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Opt. 15, 1465–1469 (1976).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. C. M. Ferrar, “Simple, high intensity short pulse flashlamps,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 40, 1436–1438 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  25. Y. Levy, G. Neuman, D. Treves, “Ablative flashlamps for high peak power dye lasers,” Appl. Opt. 16, 2293–2296 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

A. H. Farahbod, A. Hariri, “Application of generalized self-filtering unstable resonators to a N2-laser pumped dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 108, 84–90 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

M. R. Perrone, A. A. Filippo, “Experimental characterization of high magnification self-filtering unstable resonators for XeCl lasers,” Opt. Commun. 88, 115–121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Case, P. J. Soan, M. J. Damzen, M. H. R. Hutchinson, “Coaxial flash-lamp pumped dye laser with a stimulated brillouin scattering reflector,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 374–379 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (5)

A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “Experimental characterization of a self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a short pulse XeCl laser,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2047–2051 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bhatnagar, S. K. Dixit, B. Singh, S. V. Nakhe, “Performance of a copper vapor laser with self-filtered unstable resonator,” Opt. Commun. 74, 93–96 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Chen, A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “High brightness single transverse mode operation of XeCl laser,” Opt. Commun. 72, 225–229 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. H. Min, K. Vogler, “Confocal positive branch-filtering unstable resonator for Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 74, 79–83 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, E. Radiotis, “High mode volume self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a short pulse XeCl laser,” Opt. Commun. 71, 97–102 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

P. D. Lazzaro, T. W. P. M. Hermsen, C. Zheng, “A generalization of the self-filtering unstable resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1543–1547 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Lazzaro, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “Experimental study of a generalized self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a XeCl laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 2284–2287 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

P. D. Lazzaro, T. Hermsen, T. Letardi, C. E. Zheng, “Self-filtering unstable resonator: an approximate analytical model with comparison to computed and XeCl laser experimental results,” Opt. Commun. 61, 393–396 (1987).
[CrossRef]

V. Boffa, P. D. Lazzaro, G. P. Gallerano, G. Giordano, T. Hermson, T. Letardi, C. E. Zheng, “Self-filtering unstable resonator operation of XeCl excimer laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1241–1244 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

R. Barbini, A. Ghigo, M. Giorgi, K. N. Iyer, A. Palucci, S. Ribezzio, “Injection-locked single-mode high-power lowdivergence TEA CO2 laser using SFUR configuration,” Opt. Commun. 60, 239–243 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

P. G. Gobbi, G. C. Reali, “A novel unstable resonator configuration with a self-filtering aperture,” Opt. Commun. 52, 195–198 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

1977 (1)

1976 (1)

1974 (2)

1973 (2)

T. F. Ewanizky, R. H. Wright, H. H. Theissing, “Shock-wave termination of laser action in coaxial flashlamp dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 520–521 (1973).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gale, “A single mode flashlamp-pumped dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 7, 86–88 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

H. Walther, J. L. Hall, “Tunable dye laser with narrow spectral output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 239–242 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1969 (2)

B. B. Snavely, “Flashlamp-excited organic dye lasers,” Proc. IEEE 57, 1374–1390 (1969).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Ferrar, “Simple, high intensity short pulse flashlamps,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 40, 1436–1438 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Barbini, R.

R. Barbini, A. Ghigo, M. Giorgi, K. N. Iyer, A. Palucci, S. Ribezzio, “Injection-locked single-mode high-power lowdivergence TEA CO2 laser using SFUR configuration,” Opt. Commun. 60, 239–243 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bhatnagar, R.

R. Bhatnagar, S. K. Dixit, B. Singh, S. V. Nakhe, “Performance of a copper vapor laser with self-filtered unstable resonator,” Opt. Commun. 74, 93–96 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Blit, S.

Boffa, V.

V. Boffa, P. D. Lazzaro, G. P. Gallerano, G. Giordano, T. Hermson, T. Letardi, C. E. Zheng, “Self-filtering unstable resonator operation of XeCl excimer laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1241–1244 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Case, A. D.

Chen, J. W.

J. W. Chen, A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “High brightness single transverse mode operation of XeCl laser,” Opt. Commun. 72, 225–229 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Craig, J. M.

Damzen, M. J.

Dixit, S. K.

R. Bhatnagar, S. K. Dixit, B. Singh, S. V. Nakhe, “Performance of a copper vapor laser with self-filtered unstable resonator,” Opt. Commun. 74, 93–96 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ewanizky, T. F.

T. F. Ewanizky, J. M. Craig, “Negative-branch unstable resonator Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Opt. 15, 1465–1469 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. F. Ewanizky, “An unstable-resonator flashlamp-pumped dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 295–297 (1974).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Ewanizky, R. H. Wright, H. H. Theissing, “Shock-wave termination of laser action in coaxial flashlamp dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 520–521 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Farahbod, A. H.

A. H. Farahbod, A. Hariri, “Application of generalized self-filtering unstable resonators to a N2-laser pumped dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 108, 84–90 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ferrar, C. M.

C. M. Ferrar, “Simple, high intensity short pulse flashlamps,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 40, 1436–1438 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Filippo, A. A.

M. R. Perrone, A. A. Filippo, “Experimental characterization of high magnification self-filtering unstable resonators for XeCl lasers,” Opt. Commun. 88, 115–121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, A.

Gale, G. M.

G. M. Gale, “A single mode flashlamp-pumped dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 7, 86–88 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Gallerano, G. P.

V. Boffa, P. D. Lazzaro, G. P. Gallerano, G. Giordano, T. Hermson, T. Letardi, C. E. Zheng, “Self-filtering unstable resonator operation of XeCl excimer laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1241–1244 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ganiel, U.

Ghigo, A.

R. Barbini, A. Ghigo, M. Giorgi, K. N. Iyer, A. Palucci, S. Ribezzio, “Injection-locked single-mode high-power lowdivergence TEA CO2 laser using SFUR configuration,” Opt. Commun. 60, 239–243 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Giordano, G.

V. Boffa, P. D. Lazzaro, G. P. Gallerano, G. Giordano, T. Hermson, T. Letardi, C. E. Zheng, “Self-filtering unstable resonator operation of XeCl excimer laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1241–1244 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Giorgi, M.

R. Barbini, A. Ghigo, M. Giorgi, K. N. Iyer, A. Palucci, S. Ribezzio, “Injection-locked single-mode high-power lowdivergence TEA CO2 laser using SFUR configuration,” Opt. Commun. 60, 239–243 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Gobbi, P. G.

Hall, J. L.

H. Walther, J. L. Hall, “Tunable dye laser with narrow spectral output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 239–242 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Hariri, A.

A. H. Farahbod, A. Hariri, “Application of generalized self-filtering unstable resonators to a N2-laser pumped dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 108, 84–90 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hermsen, T.

P. D. Lazzaro, T. Hermsen, T. Letardi, C. E. Zheng, “Self-filtering unstable resonator: an approximate analytical model with comparison to computed and XeCl laser experimental results,” Opt. Commun. 61, 393–396 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hermsen, T. W. P. M.

P. D. Lazzaro, T. W. P. M. Hermsen, C. Zheng, “A generalization of the self-filtering unstable resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1543–1547 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hermson, T.

V. Boffa, P. D. Lazzaro, G. P. Gallerano, G. Giordano, T. Hermson, T. Letardi, C. E. Zheng, “Self-filtering unstable resonator operation of XeCl excimer laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1241–1244 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

Itzkan, I.

Iyer, K. N.

R. Barbini, A. Ghigo, M. Giorgi, K. N. Iyer, A. Palucci, S. Ribezzio, “Injection-locked single-mode high-power lowdivergence TEA CO2 laser using SFUR configuration,” Opt. Commun. 60, 239–243 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lazzaro, P. D.

P. D. Lazzaro, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “Experimental study of a generalized self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a XeCl laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 2284–2287 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Lazzaro, T. W. P. M. Hermsen, C. Zheng, “A generalization of the self-filtering unstable resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1543–1547 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Lazzaro, T. Hermsen, T. Letardi, C. E. Zheng, “Self-filtering unstable resonator: an approximate analytical model with comparison to computed and XeCl laser experimental results,” Opt. Commun. 61, 393–396 (1987).
[CrossRef]

V. Boffa, P. D. Lazzaro, G. P. Gallerano, G. Giordano, T. Hermson, T. Letardi, C. E. Zheng, “Self-filtering unstable resonator operation of XeCl excimer laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1241–1244 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Letardi, T.

V. Boffa, P. D. Lazzaro, G. P. Gallerano, G. Giordano, T. Hermson, T. Letardi, C. E. Zheng, “Self-filtering unstable resonator operation of XeCl excimer laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1241–1244 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Lazzaro, T. Hermsen, T. Letardi, C. E. Zheng, “Self-filtering unstable resonator: an approximate analytical model with comparison to computed and XeCl laser experimental results,” Opt. Commun. 61, 393–396 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Levy, Y.

Luches, A.

J. W. Chen, A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “High brightness single transverse mode operation of XeCl laser,” Opt. Commun. 72, 225–229 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, E. Radiotis, “High mode volume self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a short pulse XeCl laser,” Opt. Commun. 71, 97–102 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “Experimental characterization of a self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a short pulse XeCl laser,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2047–2051 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mack, M. E.

Min, L. H.

L. H. Min, K. Vogler, “Confocal positive branch-filtering unstable resonator for Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 74, 79–83 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Morosi, S.

Nakhe, S. V.

R. Bhatnagar, S. K. Dixit, B. Singh, S. V. Nakhe, “Performance of a copper vapor laser with self-filtered unstable resonator,” Opt. Commun. 74, 93–96 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nassisi, V.

A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, E. Radiotis, “High mode volume self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a short pulse XeCl laser,” Opt. Commun. 71, 97–102 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Chen, A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “High brightness single transverse mode operation of XeCl laser,” Opt. Commun. 72, 225–229 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “Experimental characterization of a self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a short pulse XeCl laser,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2047–2051 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. D. Lazzaro, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “Experimental study of a generalized self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a XeCl laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 2284–2287 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Neuman, G.

Northam, D. B.

Palucci, A.

R. Barbini, A. Ghigo, M. Giorgi, K. N. Iyer, A. Palucci, S. Ribezzio, “Injection-locked single-mode high-power lowdivergence TEA CO2 laser using SFUR configuration,” Opt. Commun. 60, 239–243 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Perrone, M. R.

M. R. Perrone, A. A. Filippo, “Experimental characterization of high magnification self-filtering unstable resonators for XeCl lasers,” Opt. Commun. 88, 115–121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Chen, A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “High brightness single transverse mode operation of XeCl laser,” Opt. Commun. 72, 225–229 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, E. Radiotis, “High mode volume self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a short pulse XeCl laser,” Opt. Commun. 71, 97–102 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “Experimental characterization of a self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a short pulse XeCl laser,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2047–2051 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. D. Lazzaro, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “Experimental study of a generalized self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a XeCl laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 2284–2287 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Radiotis, E.

A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, E. Radiotis, “High mode volume self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a short pulse XeCl laser,” Opt. Commun. 71, 97–102 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Reali, G. C.

Ribezzio, S.

R. Barbini, A. Ghigo, M. Giorgi, K. N. Iyer, A. Palucci, S. Ribezzio, “Injection-locked single-mode high-power lowdivergence TEA CO2 laser using SFUR configuration,” Opt. Commun. 60, 239–243 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Singh, B.

R. Bhatnagar, S. K. Dixit, B. Singh, S. V. Nakhe, “Performance of a copper vapor laser with self-filtered unstable resonator,” Opt. Commun. 74, 93–96 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Snavely, B. B.

B. B. Snavely, “Flashlamp-excited organic dye lasers,” Proc. IEEE 57, 1374–1390 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Soan, P. J.

Theissing, H. H.

T. F. Ewanizky, R. H. Wright, H. H. Theissing, “Shock-wave termination of laser action in coaxial flashlamp dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 520–521 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Treves, D.

Vogler, K.

L. H. Min, K. Vogler, “Confocal positive branch-filtering unstable resonator for Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 74, 79–83 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Walther, H.

H. Walther, J. L. Hall, “Tunable dye laser with narrow spectral output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 239–242 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Wright, R. H.

T. F. Ewanizky, R. H. Wright, H. H. Theissing, “Shock-wave termination of laser action in coaxial flashlamp dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 520–521 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Zarkasi, A. S.

Zheng, C.

P. D. Lazzaro, T. W. P. M. Hermsen, C. Zheng, “A generalization of the self-filtering unstable resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1543–1547 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, C. E.

P. D. Lazzaro, T. Hermsen, T. Letardi, C. E. Zheng, “Self-filtering unstable resonator: an approximate analytical model with comparison to computed and XeCl laser experimental results,” Opt. Commun. 61, 393–396 (1987).
[CrossRef]

V. Boffa, P. D. Lazzaro, G. P. Gallerano, G. Giordano, T. Hermson, T. Letardi, C. E. Zheng, “Self-filtering unstable resonator operation of XeCl excimer laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1241–1244 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (6)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

T. F. Ewanizky, “An unstable-resonator flashlamp-pumped dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 295–297 (1974).
[CrossRef]

H. Walther, J. L. Hall, “Tunable dye laser with narrow spectral output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 239–242 (1970).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Ewanizky, R. H. Wright, H. H. Theissing, “Shock-wave termination of laser action in coaxial flashlamp dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 520–521 (1973).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

V. Boffa, P. D. Lazzaro, G. P. Gallerano, G. Giordano, T. Hermson, T. Letardi, C. E. Zheng, “Self-filtering unstable resonator operation of XeCl excimer laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1241–1244 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Lazzaro, T. W. P. M. Hermsen, C. Zheng, “A generalization of the self-filtering unstable resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1543–1547 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Lazzaro, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “Experimental study of a generalized self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a XeCl laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 2284–2287 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (10)

P. G. Gobbi, G. C. Reali, “A novel unstable resonator configuration with a self-filtering aperture,” Opt. Commun. 52, 195–198 (1984).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gale, “A single mode flashlamp-pumped dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 7, 86–88 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Chen, A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, “High brightness single transverse mode operation of XeCl laser,” Opt. Commun. 72, 225–229 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. H. Min, K. Vogler, “Confocal positive branch-filtering unstable resonator for Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 74, 79–83 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Luches, V. Nassisi, M. R. Perrone, E. Radiotis, “High mode volume self-filtering unstable resonator applied to a short pulse XeCl laser,” Opt. Commun. 71, 97–102 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Lazzaro, T. Hermsen, T. Letardi, C. E. Zheng, “Self-filtering unstable resonator: an approximate analytical model with comparison to computed and XeCl laser experimental results,” Opt. Commun. 61, 393–396 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. Bhatnagar, S. K. Dixit, B. Singh, S. V. Nakhe, “Performance of a copper vapor laser with self-filtered unstable resonator,” Opt. Commun. 74, 93–96 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. Barbini, A. Ghigo, M. Giorgi, K. N. Iyer, A. Palucci, S. Ribezzio, “Injection-locked single-mode high-power lowdivergence TEA CO2 laser using SFUR configuration,” Opt. Commun. 60, 239–243 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Perrone, A. A. Filippo, “Experimental characterization of high magnification self-filtering unstable resonators for XeCl lasers,” Opt. Commun. 88, 115–121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Farahbod, A. Hariri, “Application of generalized self-filtering unstable resonators to a N2-laser pumped dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 108, 84–90 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

B. B. Snavely, “Flashlamp-excited organic dye lasers,” Proc. IEEE 57, 1374–1390 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

C. M. Ferrar, “Simple, high intensity short pulse flashlamps,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 40, 1436–1438 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the homemade flash-lamp-pumped dye laser and the GSFUR setup: M1 and M2, Al-coated concave mirrors of focal lengths f 1 = 25 cm and f 2 = 15 cm, respectively; FLA, field-limiting aperture; OC, output coupler; CL, collimating lens of focal length f 3 = 100 cm. (b) Combination of collimating lens CL and distance d, used for calculating the condition needed for reducing beam divergence. (c) The same as in (a), used for introducing the effect of the index of refraction of the laser medium on the resonator length: L a , length of active medium; L 11 and L 12, lengths of the empty spaces located on the longer section of the laser cavity between mirror M1 and the FLA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Horizontal cross sections of the near-field spatial distribution of the laser beam for M = -1.62, 2a = 0.45 mm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Vertical cross-sectional view of signal shown in Fig. 2. Solid curve, Gaussian profile of E(r) = E(0)exp(-2r 2/w 2), where E denotes energy density.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output beam divergence as a function of the FLA diameter. The beam divergence of UR, ΘUR, is also shown for comparison. Θext refers to the calculated value of an ordinary negative-branch UR with a lens placed at the distance d from the output coupler.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Typical current and corresponding laser pulses. a, Typical current pulse obtained by Rogowski coil (time scale 2 μs/div). b and c, Laser pulses corresponding to charging voltages of 23.5 and 25 kV, respectively (time scale 500 ns/division).

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Typical GSFUR Scheme with M = -1.62 and f3 = 100 cm

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparison of Stable, Unstable, and Generalized Self-Filtering Unstable Resonators

Equations (16)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

L 1 g 1 2 g 2 - 1 = - L 2 g 2 2 g 1 - 1 ,
g 1 = 1 - L 1 / 2 f 1 ,     g 2 = 1 - L 2 / 2 f 2 ,
M = - g 1 L 1 g 2 L 2 = 2 g 1 - 1 2 g 2 - 1 .
L 1 f 1 = 1 - 1 + f 2 M - 1 / M f 1 + f 2 / M 1 / 2 .
L 1 = - 1 2   f 2 M - 1 M .
L 2 f 2 = 1 - 1 M 1 - L 1 f 1 ,
R i = - 2 L 2 g 2 2 g 2 - 1 ,     w i a | M | .
r o r o = 1 - 1 / f 3 0 1 1 0 d 1 r i r i .
q o = Aq i + B Cq i + D ,
1 q i = 1 R i - 2 j kw i 2 ,   1 q o = 1 R o - 2 j kw o 2 .
C + D R i A + B R i + BD λ π w i 2 2 = 0 .
f 3 = 1 - 2 d 2 g 2 - 1 2 L 2 g 2 + d 2 2 g 2 - 1 2 L 2 g 2 2 + λ π aM 2 2 - 2 g 2 - 1 2 L 2 g 2 + d 2 g 2 - 1 2 L 2 g 2 2 + λ π aM 2 2 .
f 3 = d - 2 L 2 g 2 2 g 2 - 1 × 1 1 + 2 π 2 g 2 - 1 1 M 2 2 / 1 - 2 L 2 g 2 d 2 g 2 - 1 .
L 1 * = L 11 + L 12 + L a n .
L g = L 11 + L 12 + L a = L 1 * + 1 - 1 / n L a = L 1 + 1 - 1 / n L a .
= 1 - 1.968 M 2 1 - 0.6048 M 2 .

Metrics