We derive theoretical expressions for the eigenvalues and the eigenvectors for a twisted-nematic liquid-crystal display (LCD) as a function of the twist angle and the birefringence by use of the Jones-matrix formalism. These polarization eigenvectors are of particular interest for phase-only transmission because they propagate unchanged through the display. We find that the eigenvectors are elliptically polarized and that the ellipticity changes as a function of the birefringence of the LCD (which is proportional to the external voltage applied to the display). We can define an average eigenvector over a desired range for the applied voltage. We show, using Jones matrices, how this average eigenvector can be generated using a quarter-wave plate and a linear polarizer having appropriate orientation angles. Using this average eigenvector, we show that superior phase-only operation can be obtained over a given operating range for the LCD compared with other approaches.
© 1998 Optical Society of AmericaFull Article | PDF Article
Hiap Liew Ong
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10(2) 283-294 (1993)
Carlos R. Fernández-Pousa, Ignacio Moreno, Noureddine Bennis, and Carlos Gómez-Reino
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17(11) 2074-2080 (2000)
Josep Nicolás, Juan Campos, and Marı́a J. Yzuel
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19(5) 1013-1020 (2002)