Abstract

Some laser action properties of a new Pyrromethene-BF2 complex, 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl-8-ethyl-2,6-dicyanopyrromethene-BF2 complex are reported. This laser dye exhibits laser action in the green–yellow portion of the spectrum, and its laser action efficiency was ∼350% higher compared with Coumarin 545. Exceptional photostability of the new laser dye was observed when a mixture of 1,4-dioxane:heptane ratio of 1:4 was used as the solvent. Further, it is suggested that dye lasers can be upscaled to high average power output when surface-emitting laser diode arrays are used as pump (excitation) sources.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Laser action from a tetramethyl-pyrromethene-BF2 complex,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4998–4999 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient laser action from 1,3,5,7,8-pentamethyl-BF2 complex and its 2,6-disulfonate derivative,” Opt. Commun. 70, 425–427 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M.-L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M.-L. Soong, “Laser action from 2,6,8-position trisubstituted 1,3,5,7-tetramethylpyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 1,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3885–3886 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. H. Boyer, A. Haag, M.-L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Laser action from 2,6,8-trisubstituted-1,3,5,7-tetramethylpyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 2,” Appl. Opt. 30, 3788–3789 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. H. Boyer, A. M. Haag, G. Sathyamoorthi, M.-L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 2,” Heteroatom. Chem. 4, 39–49 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, “Pyrromethene-BF2 laser dyes,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2115, 231–239 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. J. Schimitschek, J. A. Trias, P. R. Hammond, R. A. Henry, R. L. Atkins, “New laser dyes with blue-green emission,” Opt. Commun. 16, 313–316 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Jones, “Photochemistry of laser dyes, in Dye Laser Principles, F. J. Duarte, L. W. Hillman, eds. (Academic, Boston, 1990), pp. 287–343.
  10. M. D. Rahn, T. A. King, A. A. Gorman, I. Hamblatt, “Photostability enhancement of Pyrromethene 567 and Perylene Orange in oxygen-free liquid and solid dye lasers,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5862–5871 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. Faloss, M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Toward millions of laser pulses with pyrromethene- and perylene-doped xerogels,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6760–6763 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Hecht, The Laser Guidebook (Tab, Summit, Pa., 1992).
  13. N. W. Carlson, Monolithic Diode-Laser Arrays (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1994).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Solarz, R. Beach, B. Benett, B. Freitas, M. Emanuel, G. Albrecht, B. Comaskey, S. Sutton, W. Krupke, “High-average-power semiconductor laser arrays and laser array packaging with an emphasis on pumping solid state lasers,” in Diode Laser Arrays, D. Botez, D. R. Scifres, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. Wang, J. P. Webb, “Operation of a tunable, GaAlAs diode laser pumped-capillary dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 722 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. Scheps, “Low threshold, diode-pumped dye laser,” in Visible and UV lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2115, 213–218 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. P. Benfey, R. E. Boyd, C. D. Brown, J. C. Watkins, W. J. Kessler, S. J. Davis, C. Otis, L. Pedulla, “Continuous-wave visible diode-pumped dye laser,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2115, 204–212 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (2)

1993 (1)

J. H. Boyer, A. M. Haag, G. Sathyamoorthi, M.-L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 2,” Heteroatom. Chem. 4, 39–49 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (2)

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M.-L. Soong, “Laser action from 2,6,8-position trisubstituted 1,3,5,7-tetramethylpyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 1,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3885–3886 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M.-L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient laser action from 1,3,5,7,8-pentamethyl-BF2 complex and its 2,6-disulfonate derivative,” Opt. Commun. 70, 425–427 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1975 (1)

E. J. Schimitschek, J. A. Trias, P. R. Hammond, R. A. Henry, R. L. Atkins, “New laser dyes with blue-green emission,” Opt. Commun. 16, 313–316 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

G. Wang, J. P. Webb, “Operation of a tunable, GaAlAs diode laser pumped-capillary dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 722 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Albrecht, G.

R. Solarz, R. Beach, B. Benett, B. Freitas, M. Emanuel, G. Albrecht, B. Comaskey, S. Sutton, W. Krupke, “High-average-power semiconductor laser arrays and laser array packaging with an emphasis on pumping solid state lasers,” in Diode Laser Arrays, D. Botez, D. R. Scifres, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Atkins, R. L.

E. J. Schimitschek, J. A. Trias, P. R. Hammond, R. A. Henry, R. L. Atkins, “New laser dyes with blue-green emission,” Opt. Commun. 16, 313–316 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R.

R. Solarz, R. Beach, B. Benett, B. Freitas, M. Emanuel, G. Albrecht, B. Comaskey, S. Sutton, W. Krupke, “High-average-power semiconductor laser arrays and laser array packaging with an emphasis on pumping solid state lasers,” in Diode Laser Arrays, D. Botez, D. R. Scifres, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Benett, B.

R. Solarz, R. Beach, B. Benett, B. Freitas, M. Emanuel, G. Albrecht, B. Comaskey, S. Sutton, W. Krupke, “High-average-power semiconductor laser arrays and laser array packaging with an emphasis on pumping solid state lasers,” in Diode Laser Arrays, D. Botez, D. R. Scifres, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Benfey, D. P.

D. P. Benfey, R. E. Boyd, C. D. Brown, J. C. Watkins, W. J. Kessler, S. J. Davis, C. Otis, L. Pedulla, “Continuous-wave visible diode-pumped dye laser,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2115, 204–212 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Boilot, J.-P.

Boyd, R. E.

D. P. Benfey, R. E. Boyd, C. D. Brown, J. C. Watkins, W. J. Kessler, S. J. Davis, C. Otis, L. Pedulla, “Continuous-wave visible diode-pumped dye laser,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2115, 204–212 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Boyer, J. H.

J. H. Boyer, A. M. Haag, G. Sathyamoorthi, M.-L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 2,” Heteroatom. Chem. 4, 39–49 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Boyer, A. Haag, M.-L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Laser action from 2,6,8-trisubstituted-1,3,5,7-tetramethylpyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 2,” Appl. Opt. 30, 3788–3789 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M.-L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M.-L. Soong, “Laser action from 2,6,8-position trisubstituted 1,3,5,7-tetramethylpyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 1,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3885–3886 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient laser action from 1,3,5,7,8-pentamethyl-BF2 complex and its 2,6-disulfonate derivative,” Opt. Commun. 70, 425–427 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Laser action from a tetramethyl-pyrromethene-BF2 complex,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4998–4999 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, “Pyrromethene-BF2 laser dyes,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2115, 231–239 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C. D.

D. P. Benfey, R. E. Boyd, C. D. Brown, J. C. Watkins, W. J. Kessler, S. J. Davis, C. Otis, L. Pedulla, “Continuous-wave visible diode-pumped dye laser,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2115, 204–212 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brun, A.

Canva, M.

Carlson, N. W.

N. W. Carlson, Monolithic Diode-Laser Arrays (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Chaput, F.

Comaskey, B.

R. Solarz, R. Beach, B. Benett, B. Freitas, M. Emanuel, G. Albrecht, B. Comaskey, S. Sutton, W. Krupke, “High-average-power semiconductor laser arrays and laser array packaging with an emphasis on pumping solid state lasers,” in Diode Laser Arrays, D. Botez, D. R. Scifres, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Davis, S. J.

D. P. Benfey, R. E. Boyd, C. D. Brown, J. C. Watkins, W. J. Kessler, S. J. Davis, C. Otis, L. Pedulla, “Continuous-wave visible diode-pumped dye laser,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2115, 204–212 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Emanuel, M.

R. Solarz, R. Beach, B. Benett, B. Freitas, M. Emanuel, G. Albrecht, B. Comaskey, S. Sutton, W. Krupke, “High-average-power semiconductor laser arrays and laser array packaging with an emphasis on pumping solid state lasers,” in Diode Laser Arrays, D. Botez, D. R. Scifres, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Faloss, M.

Freitas, B.

R. Solarz, R. Beach, B. Benett, B. Freitas, M. Emanuel, G. Albrecht, B. Comaskey, S. Sutton, W. Krupke, “High-average-power semiconductor laser arrays and laser array packaging with an emphasis on pumping solid state lasers,” in Diode Laser Arrays, D. Botez, D. R. Scifres, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

Gorman, A. A.

Haag, A.

Haag, A. M.

J. H. Boyer, A. M. Haag, G. Sathyamoorthi, M.-L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 2,” Heteroatom. Chem. 4, 39–49 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hamblatt, I.

Hammond, P. R.

E. J. Schimitschek, J. A. Trias, P. R. Hammond, R. A. Henry, R. L. Atkins, “New laser dyes with blue-green emission,” Opt. Commun. 16, 313–316 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Hecht, J.

J. Hecht, The Laser Guidebook (Tab, Summit, Pa., 1992).

Henry, R. A.

E. J. Schimitschek, J. A. Trias, P. R. Hammond, R. A. Henry, R. L. Atkins, “New laser dyes with blue-green emission,” Opt. Commun. 16, 313–316 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Kessler, W. J.

D. P. Benfey, R. E. Boyd, C. D. Brown, J. C. Watkins, W. J. Kessler, S. J. Davis, C. Otis, L. Pedulla, “Continuous-wave visible diode-pumped dye laser,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2115, 204–212 (1994).
[CrossRef]

King, T. A.

Krupke, W.

R. Solarz, R. Beach, B. Benett, B. Freitas, M. Emanuel, G. Albrecht, B. Comaskey, S. Sutton, W. Krupke, “High-average-power semiconductor laser arrays and laser array packaging with an emphasis on pumping solid state lasers,” in Diode Laser Arrays, D. Botez, D. R. Scifres, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Otis, C.

D. P. Benfey, R. E. Boyd, C. D. Brown, J. C. Watkins, W. J. Kessler, S. J. Davis, C. Otis, L. Pedulla, “Continuous-wave visible diode-pumped dye laser,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2115, 204–212 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pavlopoulos, T. G.

J. H. Boyer, A. M. Haag, G. Sathyamoorthi, M.-L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 2,” Heteroatom. Chem. 4, 39–49 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Boyer, A. Haag, M.-L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Laser action from 2,6,8-trisubstituted-1,3,5,7-tetramethylpyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 2,” Appl. Opt. 30, 3788–3789 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M.-L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M.-L. Soong, “Laser action from 2,6,8-position trisubstituted 1,3,5,7-tetramethylpyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 1,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3885–3886 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient laser action from 1,3,5,7,8-pentamethyl-BF2 complex and its 2,6-disulfonate derivative,” Opt. Commun. 70, 425–427 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Laser action from a tetramethyl-pyrromethene-BF2 complex,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4998–4999 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, “Pyrromethene-BF2 laser dyes,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2115, 231–239 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pedulla, L.

D. P. Benfey, R. E. Boyd, C. D. Brown, J. C. Watkins, W. J. Kessler, S. J. Davis, C. Otis, L. Pedulla, “Continuous-wave visible diode-pumped dye laser,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2115, 204–212 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Politzer, I. R.

M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M.-L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Rahn, M. D.

Sathyamoorthi, G.

J. H. Boyer, A. M. Haag, G. Sathyamoorthi, M.-L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 2,” Heteroatom. Chem. 4, 39–49 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Scheps, R.

R. Scheps, “Low threshold, diode-pumped dye laser,” in Visible and UV lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2115, 213–218 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schimitschek, E. J.

E. J. Schimitschek, J. A. Trias, P. R. Hammond, R. A. Henry, R. L. Atkins, “New laser dyes with blue-green emission,” Opt. Commun. 16, 313–316 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Shah, M.

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M.-L. Soong, “Laser action from 2,6,8-position trisubstituted 1,3,5,7-tetramethylpyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 1,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3885–3886 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M.-L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient laser action from 1,3,5,7,8-pentamethyl-BF2 complex and its 2,6-disulfonate derivative,” Opt. Commun. 70, 425–427 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Laser action from a tetramethyl-pyrromethene-BF2 complex,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4998–4999 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solarz, R.

R. Solarz, R. Beach, B. Benett, B. Freitas, M. Emanuel, G. Albrecht, B. Comaskey, S. Sutton, W. Krupke, “High-average-power semiconductor laser arrays and laser array packaging with an emphasis on pumping solid state lasers,” in Diode Laser Arrays, D. Botez, D. R. Scifres, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Soong, M.-L.

J. H. Boyer, A. M. Haag, G. Sathyamoorthi, M.-L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 2,” Heteroatom. Chem. 4, 39–49 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Boyer, A. Haag, M.-L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Laser action from 2,6,8-trisubstituted-1,3,5,7-tetramethylpyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 2,” Appl. Opt. 30, 3788–3789 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M.-L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M.-L. Soong, “Laser action from 2,6,8-position trisubstituted 1,3,5,7-tetramethylpyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 1,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3885–3886 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sutton, S.

R. Solarz, R. Beach, B. Benett, B. Freitas, M. Emanuel, G. Albrecht, B. Comaskey, S. Sutton, W. Krupke, “High-average-power semiconductor laser arrays and laser array packaging with an emphasis on pumping solid state lasers,” in Diode Laser Arrays, D. Botez, D. R. Scifres, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Thangaraj, K.

J. H. Boyer, A. M. Haag, G. Sathyamoorthi, M.-L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 2,” Heteroatom. Chem. 4, 39–49 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Boyer, A. Haag, M.-L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Laser action from 2,6,8-trisubstituted-1,3,5,7-tetramethylpyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 2,” Appl. Opt. 30, 3788–3789 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M.-L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M.-L. Soong, “Laser action from 2,6,8-position trisubstituted 1,3,5,7-tetramethylpyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 1,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3885–3886 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trias, J. A.

E. J. Schimitschek, J. A. Trias, P. R. Hammond, R. A. Henry, R. L. Atkins, “New laser dyes with blue-green emission,” Opt. Commun. 16, 313–316 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

G. Wang, J. P. Webb, “Operation of a tunable, GaAlAs diode laser pumped-capillary dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 722 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Watkins, J. C.

D. P. Benfey, R. E. Boyd, C. D. Brown, J. C. Watkins, W. J. Kessler, S. J. Davis, C. Otis, L. Pedulla, “Continuous-wave visible diode-pumped dye laser,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2115, 204–212 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Webb, J. P.

G. Wang, J. P. Webb, “Operation of a tunable, GaAlAs diode laser pumped-capillary dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 722 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Wolford, L. T.

M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M.-L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Heteroatom. Chem. (2)

M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M.-L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Boyer, A. M. Haag, G. Sathyamoorthi, M.-L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 2,” Heteroatom. Chem. 4, 39–49 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Wang, J. P. Webb, “Operation of a tunable, GaAlAs diode laser pumped-capillary dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 722 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

E. J. Schimitschek, J. A. Trias, P. R. Hammond, R. A. Henry, R. L. Atkins, “New laser dyes with blue-green emission,” Opt. Commun. 16, 313–316 (1975).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient laser action from 1,3,5,7,8-pentamethyl-BF2 complex and its 2,6-disulfonate derivative,” Opt. Commun. 70, 425–427 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

G. Jones, “Photochemistry of laser dyes, in Dye Laser Principles, F. J. Duarte, L. W. Hillman, eds. (Academic, Boston, 1990), pp. 287–343.

J. Hecht, The Laser Guidebook (Tab, Summit, Pa., 1992).

N. W. Carlson, Monolithic Diode-Laser Arrays (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Solarz, R. Beach, B. Benett, B. Freitas, M. Emanuel, G. Albrecht, B. Comaskey, S. Sutton, W. Krupke, “High-average-power semiconductor laser arrays and laser array packaging with an emphasis on pumping solid state lasers,” in Diode Laser Arrays, D. Botez, D. R. Scifres, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Scheps, “Low threshold, diode-pumped dye laser,” in Visible and UV lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2115, 213–218 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Benfey, R. E. Boyd, C. D. Brown, J. C. Watkins, W. J. Kessler, S. J. Davis, C. Otis, L. Pedulla, “Continuous-wave visible diode-pumped dye laser,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2115, 204–212 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, “Pyrromethene-BF2 laser dyes,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2115, 231–239 (1994).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Chemical structure of the 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl-8-ethyl-2,6-dicyano-P-BF2 complex.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Conventional, near-UV–visible absorption (S–S) and fluorescence (FL) spectrum of 2,6-dicyano-P-BF2 complex.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser energy output, ΔE (in millijoules), of 2 × 10-4 M solutions of Rhodamine 6G, 2,6-dicyano-pyrromethene-BF2 complex and Coumarin 545 as a function of electrical pump energy E (in joules).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photostability of a 2 × 10-4 M solution of Rhodamine 6G dissolved in ethanol, 2,6-dicyano-P-BF2 complex dissolved in 1,4 dioxane and dissolved in a mixture of 1,4-dioxane:heptane with a ratio of 1:4. Noteworthy is the exceptional photostability of the P-BF2 complex dissolved in this mixture.

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