I. Freund, D. Kessler, “Phase autocorrelation of random wave fields,” Opt. Commun. 124, 322–332 (1995).

I. Freund, “Saddles, singularities, and extrema in random phase fields,” Phys. Rev. E 52, 2348–2360 (1995).

[CrossRef]

N. Shvarstman, I. Freund, “Speckle spots ride phase saddles sidesaddle,” Opt. Commun. 117, 228–234 (1994).

[CrossRef]

I. Freund, “Optical vortices in Gaussian random wave fields: statistical probability densities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1644–1652 (1994);“Critical point level-crossing geometry in random wave fields, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1911–1927 (1997);“‘1001’ correlations in random wave fields,” Waves Random Media 8, 119–158 (1998).

[CrossRef]

N. Shvartsman, I. Freund, “Wave-field phase singularities: near neighbor correlations and anticorrelations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 2710–2718 (1994);“Vortices in random wave fields: nearest neighbor anticorrelations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1008–1011 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. Freund, N. Shvartsman, V. Freilikher, “Optical dislocation networks in highly random media,” Opt. Commun. 101, 247–264 (1993);I. Freund, V. Freilikher, “Parameterization of anisotropic vortices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1902–1910 (1997).

[CrossRef]

C. Roddier, F. Roddier, “Wave-front reconstruction from defocused images and the testing of ground-based optical telescopes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2277–2287 (1993);F. Roddier, C. Roddier, “Wavefront reconstruction using iterative Fourier transforms,” Appl. Opt. 30, 1325–1327 (1991);F. Roddier, “Wavefront sensing and the irradiance transport equation,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1402–1403 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. B. Gorbatenko, I. S. Klimenko, L. A. Maksimova, V. P. Ryabukho, “Statistical properties of the spatial distribution of the phase of a developed speckle field,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 18, 35–36 (1992) [Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 18, 26–28 (1992)]; “Some statistical properties of the phase difference in the developed speckle-modulated field,” Opt. Spectrosc. 78, 283–286 (1995) [Opt. Spektrosk. 78, 316–319 (1995)].

T. Mavroidis, J. C. Dainty, “Imaging after double passage through a random screen,” Opt. Lett. 15, 857–859 (1990);T. Mavroidis, C. J. Solomon, J. C. Dainty, “Imaging a coherently illuminated object after double passage through a random screen,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 1003–1013 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. Freund, “Looking through walls and around corners,” Physica A 168, 49–65 (1990);“Correlation imaging through multiply scattering media,” Phys. Lett. A 147, 502–506 (1990); “Image reconstruction through multiple scattering media,” Opt. Commun. 86, 216–227 (1991); “Diffractometry through multiple scattering media,” Opt. Commun. 87, 5–8 (1991); “Time-reversal symmetry and image reconstruction through multiple scattering media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 456–463 (1992).

[CrossRef]

H. Kadono, N. Takai, T. Asakura, “Statistical properties of the speckle phase in the diffraction region,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1080–1089 (1986);H. Kadono, T. Asakura, “Statistical properties of the speckle phase in the optical imaging system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 787–792 (1985);H. Kadono, N. Takai, T. Asakura, “Experimental study of the laser speckle phase in the image field,” Opt. Acta 32, 1223–1234 (1985).

[CrossRef]

A. Weinberg, “Percolation threshold of a two-dimensional continuum system,” Phys. Rev. B 26, 1352–1361 (1982).

[CrossRef]

A. Weinberg, B. I. Halperin, “Distribution of maxima, minima, and saddle points of the intensity of laser speckle patterns,” Phys. Rev. B 26, 1362–1368 (1982).

[CrossRef]

N. B. Baranova, B. Ya Zel’dovich, A. V. Mamaev, N. Pilipetskii, V. V. Shkukov, “Dislocations of the wave-front of a speckle-inhomogeneous field (theory and experiment),” JETP Lett. 33, 195–199 (1981); N. B. Baranova, B. Ya Zel’dovich, “Dislocations of the wave-front surface and zeros of amplitude,” Sov. Phys. JETP 53, 925–929 (1981); N. B. Baranova, A. V. Mamaev, N. Pilipetskii, V. V. Shkunov, B. Ya Zel’dovich, “Wave-front dislocations: topological limitations for adaptive systems with phase conjugation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 525–528 (1983).

[CrossRef]

J. R. Fienup, “Reconstruction of an object from the modulus of its Fourier transform,” Opt. Lett. 3, 27–29 (1978); “Phase retrieval algorithms: a comparison,” Appl. Opt. 21, 2758–2769 (1982); “Phase-retrieval imaging problems,” in International Trends in Optics, J. W. Goodman, ed., Vol. 1 of International Commission for Optics Series (Academic, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1991), pp. 238–249.

M. Berry, “Disruption of wave-fronts: statistics of dislocations in incoherent Gaussian random waves,” J. Phys. A 11, 27–37 (1978).

[CrossRef]

J. F. Nye, M. V. Berry, “Dislocations in wave trains,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 336, 165–190 (1974).

[CrossRef]

R. W. Gerchberg, W. O. Saxton, “A practical algorithm for the determination of phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik 35, 237–246 (1972).

H. Kadono, N. Takai, T. Asakura, “Statistical properties of the speckle phase in the diffraction region,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1080–1089 (1986);H. Kadono, T. Asakura, “Statistical properties of the speckle phase in the optical imaging system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 787–792 (1985);H. Kadono, N. Takai, T. Asakura, “Experimental study of the laser speckle phase in the image field,” Opt. Acta 32, 1223–1234 (1985).

[CrossRef]

N. B. Baranova, B. Ya Zel’dovich, A. V. Mamaev, N. Pilipetskii, V. V. Shkukov, “Dislocations of the wave-front of a speckle-inhomogeneous field (theory and experiment),” JETP Lett. 33, 195–199 (1981); N. B. Baranova, B. Ya Zel’dovich, “Dislocations of the wave-front surface and zeros of amplitude,” Sov. Phys. JETP 53, 925–929 (1981); N. B. Baranova, A. V. Mamaev, N. Pilipetskii, V. V. Shkunov, B. Ya Zel’dovich, “Wave-front dislocations: topological limitations for adaptive systems with phase conjugation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 525–528 (1983).

[CrossRef]

M. Berry, “Disruption of wave-fronts: statistics of dislocations in incoherent Gaussian random waves,” J. Phys. A 11, 27–37 (1978).

[CrossRef]

M. Berry, “Singularities in waves and rays,” in Physics of Defects, R. Balian, M. Kleman, J.-P. Poirier, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1981), pp. 453–549.

J. F. Nye, M. V. Berry, “Dislocations in wave trains,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 336, 165–190 (1974).

[CrossRef]

T. Mavroidis, J. C. Dainty, “Imaging after double passage through a random screen,” Opt. Lett. 15, 857–859 (1990);T. Mavroidis, C. J. Solomon, J. C. Dainty, “Imaging a coherently illuminated object after double passage through a random screen,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 1003–1013 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. C. Dainty, J. R. Fienup, “Phase retrieval and image reconstruction for astronomy,” in Image Recovery: Theory and Application, H. Stark, ed. (Academic, New York, 1987), pp. 231–275.

J. R. Fienup, “Reconstruction of an object from the modulus of its Fourier transform,” Opt. Lett. 3, 27–29 (1978); “Phase retrieval algorithms: a comparison,” Appl. Opt. 21, 2758–2769 (1982); “Phase-retrieval imaging problems,” in International Trends in Optics, J. W. Goodman, ed., Vol. 1 of International Commission for Optics Series (Academic, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1991), pp. 238–249.

J. C. Dainty, J. R. Fienup, “Phase retrieval and image reconstruction for astronomy,” in Image Recovery: Theory and Application, H. Stark, ed. (Academic, New York, 1987), pp. 231–275.

I. Freund, N. Shvartsman, V. Freilikher, “Optical dislocation networks in highly random media,” Opt. Commun. 101, 247–264 (1993);I. Freund, V. Freilikher, “Parameterization of anisotropic vortices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1902–1910 (1997).

[CrossRef]

I. Freund, “Saddles, singularities, and extrema in random phase fields,” Phys. Rev. E 52, 2348–2360 (1995).

[CrossRef]

I. Freund, D. Kessler, “Phase autocorrelation of random wave fields,” Opt. Commun. 124, 322–332 (1995).

N. Shvarstman, I. Freund, “Speckle spots ride phase saddles sidesaddle,” Opt. Commun. 117, 228–234 (1994).

[CrossRef]

I. Freund, “Optical vortices in Gaussian random wave fields: statistical probability densities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1644–1652 (1994);“Critical point level-crossing geometry in random wave fields, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1911–1927 (1997);“‘1001’ correlations in random wave fields,” Waves Random Media 8, 119–158 (1998).

[CrossRef]

N. Shvartsman, I. Freund, “Wave-field phase singularities: near neighbor correlations and anticorrelations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 2710–2718 (1994);“Vortices in random wave fields: nearest neighbor anticorrelations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1008–1011 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. Freund, N. Shvartsman, V. Freilikher, “Optical dislocation networks in highly random media,” Opt. Commun. 101, 247–264 (1993);I. Freund, V. Freilikher, “Parameterization of anisotropic vortices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1902–1910 (1997).

[CrossRef]

I. Freund, “Looking through walls and around corners,” Physica A 168, 49–65 (1990);“Correlation imaging through multiply scattering media,” Phys. Lett. A 147, 502–506 (1990); “Image reconstruction through multiple scattering media,” Opt. Commun. 86, 216–227 (1991); “Diffractometry through multiple scattering media,” Opt. Commun. 87, 5–8 (1991); “Time-reversal symmetry and image reconstruction through multiple scattering media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 456–463 (1992).

[CrossRef]

R. W. Gerchberg, W. O. Saxton, “A practical algorithm for the determination of phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik 35, 237–246 (1972).

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, New York, 1995).

J. W. Goodman, “Statistical properties of laser speckle patterns,” in Laser Speckle and Related Phenomena, 2nd ed., J. C. Dainty, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), pp. 9–75.

B. B. Gorbatenko, I. S. Klimenko, L. A. Maksimova, V. P. Ryabukho, “Statistical properties of the spatial distribution of the phase of a developed speckle field,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 18, 35–36 (1992) [Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 18, 26–28 (1992)]; “Some statistical properties of the phase difference in the developed speckle-modulated field,” Opt. Spectrosc. 78, 283–286 (1995) [Opt. Spektrosk. 78, 316–319 (1995)].

A. Weinberg, B. I. Halperin, “Distribution of maxima, minima, and saddle points of the intensity of laser speckle patterns,” Phys. Rev. B 26, 1362–1368 (1982).

[CrossRef]

H. Kadono, N. Takai, T. Asakura, “Statistical properties of the speckle phase in the diffraction region,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1080–1089 (1986);H. Kadono, T. Asakura, “Statistical properties of the speckle phase in the optical imaging system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 787–792 (1985);H. Kadono, N. Takai, T. Asakura, “Experimental study of the laser speckle phase in the image field,” Opt. Acta 32, 1223–1234 (1985).

[CrossRef]

I. Freund, D. Kessler, “Phase autocorrelation of random wave fields,” Opt. Commun. 124, 322–332 (1995).

B. B. Gorbatenko, I. S. Klimenko, L. A. Maksimova, V. P. Ryabukho, “Statistical properties of the spatial distribution of the phase of a developed speckle field,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 18, 35–36 (1992) [Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 18, 26–28 (1992)]; “Some statistical properties of the phase difference in the developed speckle-modulated field,” Opt. Spectrosc. 78, 283–286 (1995) [Opt. Spektrosk. 78, 316–319 (1995)].

B. B. Gorbatenko, I. S. Klimenko, L. A. Maksimova, V. P. Ryabukho, “Statistical properties of the spatial distribution of the phase of a developed speckle field,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 18, 35–36 (1992) [Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 18, 26–28 (1992)]; “Some statistical properties of the phase difference in the developed speckle-modulated field,” Opt. Spectrosc. 78, 283–286 (1995) [Opt. Spektrosk. 78, 316–319 (1995)].

N. B. Baranova, B. Ya Zel’dovich, A. V. Mamaev, N. Pilipetskii, V. V. Shkukov, “Dislocations of the wave-front of a speckle-inhomogeneous field (theory and experiment),” JETP Lett. 33, 195–199 (1981); N. B. Baranova, B. Ya Zel’dovich, “Dislocations of the wave-front surface and zeros of amplitude,” Sov. Phys. JETP 53, 925–929 (1981); N. B. Baranova, A. V. Mamaev, N. Pilipetskii, V. V. Shkunov, B. Ya Zel’dovich, “Wave-front dislocations: topological limitations for adaptive systems with phase conjugation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 525–528 (1983).

[CrossRef]

R. H. T. Bates, M. J. McDonnell, Image Restoration and Reconstruction (Clarendon, Oxford, 1989).

D. Middleton, Introduction to Statistical Communication Theory (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1960), pp. 335–368.

M. Nieto-Vesperinas, Scattering and Diffraction in Physical Optics (Wiley, New York, 1991), pp. 219–226.

J. F. Nye, M. V. Berry, “Dislocations in wave trains,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 336, 165–190 (1974).

[CrossRef]

N. B. Baranova, B. Ya Zel’dovich, A. V. Mamaev, N. Pilipetskii, V. V. Shkukov, “Dislocations of the wave-front of a speckle-inhomogeneous field (theory and experiment),” JETP Lett. 33, 195–199 (1981); N. B. Baranova, B. Ya Zel’dovich, “Dislocations of the wave-front surface and zeros of amplitude,” Sov. Phys. JETP 53, 925–929 (1981); N. B. Baranova, A. V. Mamaev, N. Pilipetskii, V. V. Shkunov, B. Ya Zel’dovich, “Wave-front dislocations: topological limitations for adaptive systems with phase conjugation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 525–528 (1983).

[CrossRef]

D. W. Robinson, “Phase unwrapping methods,” in Interferogram Analysis, D. W. Robinson, G. T. Reid, eds. (Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK, 1993), pp. 194–229.

C. Roddier, F. Roddier, “Wave-front reconstruction from defocused images and the testing of ground-based optical telescopes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2277–2287 (1993);F. Roddier, C. Roddier, “Wavefront reconstruction using iterative Fourier transforms,” Appl. Opt. 30, 1325–1327 (1991);F. Roddier, “Wavefront sensing and the irradiance transport equation,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1402–1403 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Roddier, F. Roddier, “Wave-front reconstruction from defocused images and the testing of ground-based optical telescopes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2277–2287 (1993);F. Roddier, C. Roddier, “Wavefront reconstruction using iterative Fourier transforms,” Appl. Opt. 30, 1325–1327 (1991);F. Roddier, “Wavefront sensing and the irradiance transport equation,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1402–1403 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. B. Gorbatenko, I. S. Klimenko, L. A. Maksimova, V. P. Ryabukho, “Statistical properties of the spatial distribution of the phase of a developed speckle field,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 18, 35–36 (1992) [Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 18, 26–28 (1992)]; “Some statistical properties of the phase difference in the developed speckle-modulated field,” Opt. Spectrosc. 78, 283–286 (1995) [Opt. Spektrosk. 78, 316–319 (1995)].

R. W. Gerchberg, W. O. Saxton, “A practical algorithm for the determination of phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik 35, 237–246 (1972).

N. B. Baranova, B. Ya Zel’dovich, A. V. Mamaev, N. Pilipetskii, V. V. Shkukov, “Dislocations of the wave-front of a speckle-inhomogeneous field (theory and experiment),” JETP Lett. 33, 195–199 (1981); N. B. Baranova, B. Ya Zel’dovich, “Dislocations of the wave-front surface and zeros of amplitude,” Sov. Phys. JETP 53, 925–929 (1981); N. B. Baranova, A. V. Mamaev, N. Pilipetskii, V. V. Shkunov, B. Ya Zel’dovich, “Wave-front dislocations: topological limitations for adaptive systems with phase conjugation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 525–528 (1983).

[CrossRef]

N. Shvarstman, I. Freund, “Speckle spots ride phase saddles sidesaddle,” Opt. Commun. 117, 228–234 (1994).

[CrossRef]

N. Shvartsman, I. Freund, “Wave-field phase singularities: near neighbor correlations and anticorrelations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 2710–2718 (1994);“Vortices in random wave fields: nearest neighbor anticorrelations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1008–1011 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. Freund, N. Shvartsman, V. Freilikher, “Optical dislocation networks in highly random media,” Opt. Commun. 101, 247–264 (1993);I. Freund, V. Freilikher, “Parameterization of anisotropic vortices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1902–1910 (1997).

[CrossRef]

H. Kadono, N. Takai, T. Asakura, “Statistical properties of the speckle phase in the diffraction region,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1080–1089 (1986);H. Kadono, T. Asakura, “Statistical properties of the speckle phase in the optical imaging system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 787–792 (1985);H. Kadono, N. Takai, T. Asakura, “Experimental study of the laser speckle phase in the image field,” Opt. Acta 32, 1223–1234 (1985).

[CrossRef]

A. Weinberg, “Percolation threshold of a two-dimensional continuum system,” Phys. Rev. B 26, 1352–1361 (1982).

[CrossRef]

A. Weinberg, B. I. Halperin, “Distribution of maxima, minima, and saddle points of the intensity of laser speckle patterns,” Phys. Rev. B 26, 1362–1368 (1982).

[CrossRef]

N. B. Baranova, B. Ya Zel’dovich, A. V. Mamaev, N. Pilipetskii, V. V. Shkukov, “Dislocations of the wave-front of a speckle-inhomogeneous field (theory and experiment),” JETP Lett. 33, 195–199 (1981); N. B. Baranova, B. Ya Zel’dovich, “Dislocations of the wave-front surface and zeros of amplitude,” Sov. Phys. JETP 53, 925–929 (1981); N. B. Baranova, A. V. Mamaev, N. Pilipetskii, V. V. Shkunov, B. Ya Zel’dovich, “Wave-front dislocations: topological limitations for adaptive systems with phase conjugation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 525–528 (1983).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Huntley, “Noise-immune phase unwrapping algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 28, 3268–3270 (1989);J. M. Huntley, J. R. Buckland, “Characterization of sources of 2π phase discontinuity in speckle interferograms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 1990–1996 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. J. Bone, “Fourier fringe analysis: the two-dimensional phase unwrapping problem,” Appl. Opt. 30, 3627–3632 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Kadono, N. Takai, T. Asakura, “Statistical properties of the speckle phase in the diffraction region,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1080–1089 (1986);H. Kadono, T. Asakura, “Statistical properties of the speckle phase in the optical imaging system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 787–792 (1985);H. Kadono, N. Takai, T. Asakura, “Experimental study of the laser speckle phase in the image field,” Opt. Acta 32, 1223–1234 (1985).

[CrossRef]

I. Freund, “Optical vortices in Gaussian random wave fields: statistical probability densities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1644–1652 (1994);“Critical point level-crossing geometry in random wave fields, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1911–1927 (1997);“‘1001’ correlations in random wave fields,” Waves Random Media 8, 119–158 (1998).

[CrossRef]

N. Shvartsman, I. Freund, “Wave-field phase singularities: near neighbor correlations and anticorrelations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 2710–2718 (1994);“Vortices in random wave fields: nearest neighbor anticorrelations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1008–1011 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Roddier, F. Roddier, “Wave-front reconstruction from defocused images and the testing of ground-based optical telescopes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2277–2287 (1993);F. Roddier, C. Roddier, “Wavefront reconstruction using iterative Fourier transforms,” Appl. Opt. 30, 1325–1327 (1991);F. Roddier, “Wavefront sensing and the irradiance transport equation,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1402–1403 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. P. Millane, “Multidimensional phase problems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 725–734 (1996);“Phase-retrieval in crystallography and optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 394–411 (1990).

[CrossRef]

M. Berry, “Disruption of wave-fronts: statistics of dislocations in incoherent Gaussian random waves,” J. Phys. A 11, 27–37 (1978).

[CrossRef]

N. B. Baranova, B. Ya Zel’dovich, A. V. Mamaev, N. Pilipetskii, V. V. Shkukov, “Dislocations of the wave-front of a speckle-inhomogeneous field (theory and experiment),” JETP Lett. 33, 195–199 (1981); N. B. Baranova, B. Ya Zel’dovich, “Dislocations of the wave-front surface and zeros of amplitude,” Sov. Phys. JETP 53, 925–929 (1981); N. B. Baranova, A. V. Mamaev, N. Pilipetskii, V. V. Shkunov, B. Ya Zel’dovich, “Wave-front dislocations: topological limitations for adaptive systems with phase conjugation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 525–528 (1983).

[CrossRef]

I. Freund, N. Shvartsman, V. Freilikher, “Optical dislocation networks in highly random media,” Opt. Commun. 101, 247–264 (1993);I. Freund, V. Freilikher, “Parameterization of anisotropic vortices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1902–1910 (1997).

[CrossRef]

N. Shvarstman, I. Freund, “Speckle spots ride phase saddles sidesaddle,” Opt. Commun. 117, 228–234 (1994).

[CrossRef]

I. Freund, D. Kessler, “Phase autocorrelation of random wave fields,” Opt. Commun. 124, 322–332 (1995).

T. Mavroidis, J. C. Dainty, “Imaging after double passage through a random screen,” Opt. Lett. 15, 857–859 (1990);T. Mavroidis, C. J. Solomon, J. C. Dainty, “Imaging a coherently illuminated object after double passage through a random screen,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 1003–1013 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. R. Fienup, “Reconstruction of an object from the modulus of its Fourier transform,” Opt. Lett. 3, 27–29 (1978); “Phase retrieval algorithms: a comparison,” Appl. Opt. 21, 2758–2769 (1982); “Phase-retrieval imaging problems,” in International Trends in Optics, J. W. Goodman, ed., Vol. 1 of International Commission for Optics Series (Academic, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1991), pp. 238–249.

R. W. Gerchberg, W. O. Saxton, “A practical algorithm for the determination of phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik 35, 237–246 (1972).

A. Weinberg, “Percolation threshold of a two-dimensional continuum system,” Phys. Rev. B 26, 1352–1361 (1982).

[CrossRef]

A. Weinberg, B. I. Halperin, “Distribution of maxima, minima, and saddle points of the intensity of laser speckle patterns,” Phys. Rev. B 26, 1362–1368 (1982).

[CrossRef]

I. Freund, “Saddles, singularities, and extrema in random phase fields,” Phys. Rev. E 52, 2348–2360 (1995).

[CrossRef]

I. Freund, “Looking through walls and around corners,” Physica A 168, 49–65 (1990);“Correlation imaging through multiply scattering media,” Phys. Lett. A 147, 502–506 (1990); “Image reconstruction through multiple scattering media,” Opt. Commun. 86, 216–227 (1991); “Diffractometry through multiple scattering media,” Opt. Commun. 87, 5–8 (1991); “Time-reversal symmetry and image reconstruction through multiple scattering media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 456–463 (1992).

[CrossRef]

J. F. Nye, M. V. Berry, “Dislocations in wave trains,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 336, 165–190 (1974).

[CrossRef]

B. B. Gorbatenko, I. S. Klimenko, L. A. Maksimova, V. P. Ryabukho, “Statistical properties of the spatial distribution of the phase of a developed speckle field,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 18, 35–36 (1992) [Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 18, 26–28 (1992)]; “Some statistical properties of the phase difference in the developed speckle-modulated field,” Opt. Spectrosc. 78, 283–286 (1995) [Opt. Spektrosk. 78, 316–319 (1995)].

M. Nieto-Vesperinas, Scattering and Diffraction in Physical Optics (Wiley, New York, 1991), pp. 219–226.

M. Berry, “Singularities in waves and rays,” in Physics of Defects, R. Balian, M. Kleman, J.-P. Poirier, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1981), pp. 453–549.

J. C. Dainty, J. R. Fienup, “Phase retrieval and image reconstruction for astronomy,” in Image Recovery: Theory and Application, H. Stark, ed. (Academic, New York, 1987), pp. 231–275.

R. H. T. Bates, M. J. McDonnell, Image Restoration and Reconstruction (Clarendon, Oxford, 1989).

D. W. Robinson, “Phase unwrapping methods,” in Interferogram Analysis, D. W. Robinson, G. T. Reid, eds. (Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK, 1993), pp. 194–229.

D. Middleton, Introduction to Statistical Communication Theory (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1960), pp. 335–368.

M. Abromowits, I. Stegun, eds., Handbook of Mathematical Functions, Nat. Bur. Stand. Appl. Math. Ser. 55 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1964).

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, New York, 1995).

J. W. Goodman, “Statistical properties of laser speckle patterns,” in Laser Speckle and Related Phenomena, 2nd ed., J. C. Dainty, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), pp. 9–75.