Abstract

We have built and characterized an injection-seeded, Q-switched, flash-lamp-pumped, eye-safe Er:glass laser that is suitable for coherent remote sensing. The output of the device is a 400-ns, single-frequency, transform-limited pulse of 1 mJ at 1.552 μm.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. W. Bilbro, G. Fichtl, D. Fitzjarrald, M. Krause, R. Lee, “Airborne Doppler lidar wind field measurements,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 65, 348–359 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. J. Post, R. E. Cupp, “Optimizing a pulsed Doppler lidar,” Appl. Opt. 29, 4145–4158 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. J. Kavaya, S. W. Henderson, J. R. Magee, C. P. Hale, R. M. Huffaker, “Remote wind profiling with a solid-state Nd:YAG coherent lidar system,” Opt. Lett. 14, 776–778 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Yokozawa, H. Hara, “Laser-diode end-pumped Tm:YAG eye-safe laser,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1424–1426 (1996), and references therein.
  5. S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 31, 4–15 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Australian/New Zealand Standard for Laser Safety, AS/NZ 2211.1-1997, based on IEC 825-1:1993 standard (Standards Australia, Homebush, NSW, Australia, 1997).
  7. Data provided by Kigre, Inc., 100 Marshland Rd., Hilton Head, S.C. 29926.
  8. L. Bergstein, W. Kahn, C. Schulman, “A total-reflection solid-state optical-maser resonator,” Proc. IRE 50, 1833 (1962).
  9. K. Asaba, T. Hosokawa, Y. Hatsuda, J. Ota, “Development of a 1.54μm near-infrared Q-switched laser,” in Laser Safety, Eyesafe Laser Systems and Laser Eye Protection, P. K. Galoff, D. H. Sliney, eds., Proc. SPIE1207, 164–171 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Apex 1.5-μm single-frequency microlaser, Model 1.5-EHA (Amoco Laser Co., Naperville, Ill., 1993).
  11. A. A. Petrov, V. A. Fromzel, “Wavelength tuning near 1.54-μm in a phosphate erbium glass laser,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 70, 643–644 (1991).
  12. A. A. Petrov, V. A. Fromzel, “Electrically controlled wavelength tuning and sweep of a 1.5-μm erbium phosphate glass laser,” Opt. Spectrasc. (USSR). 74, 715–717 (1993).
  13. Littrow holographic grating L1200-6.35 × 12.7 × 3 IR, 1200 grooves/mm, Au coated, and optimized for 1550 nm (Spectrogon A.B., Sweden, 1997).
  14. A. Rahn, “Frequency stabilization of an injection-seeded Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Opt. 24, 940–942 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

1993 (2)

A. A. Petrov, V. A. Fromzel, “Electrically controlled wavelength tuning and sweep of a 1.5-μm erbium phosphate glass laser,” Opt. Spectrasc. (USSR). 74, 715–717 (1993).

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 31, 4–15 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

A. A. Petrov, V. A. Fromzel, “Wavelength tuning near 1.54-μm in a phosphate erbium glass laser,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 70, 643–644 (1991).

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

J. W. Bilbro, G. Fichtl, D. Fitzjarrald, M. Krause, R. Lee, “Airborne Doppler lidar wind field measurements,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 65, 348–359 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

L. Bergstein, W. Kahn, C. Schulman, “A total-reflection solid-state optical-maser resonator,” Proc. IRE 50, 1833 (1962).

Asaba, K.

K. Asaba, T. Hosokawa, Y. Hatsuda, J. Ota, “Development of a 1.54μm near-infrared Q-switched laser,” in Laser Safety, Eyesafe Laser Systems and Laser Eye Protection, P. K. Galoff, D. H. Sliney, eds., Proc. SPIE1207, 164–171 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bergstein, L.

L. Bergstein, W. Kahn, C. Schulman, “A total-reflection solid-state optical-maser resonator,” Proc. IRE 50, 1833 (1962).

Bilbro, J. W.

J. W. Bilbro, G. Fichtl, D. Fitzjarrald, M. Krause, R. Lee, “Airborne Doppler lidar wind field measurements,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 65, 348–359 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bruns, D. L.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 31, 4–15 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cupp, R. E.

Fichtl, G.

J. W. Bilbro, G. Fichtl, D. Fitzjarrald, M. Krause, R. Lee, “Airborne Doppler lidar wind field measurements,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 65, 348–359 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Fitzjarrald, D.

J. W. Bilbro, G. Fichtl, D. Fitzjarrald, M. Krause, R. Lee, “Airborne Doppler lidar wind field measurements,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 65, 348–359 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Fromzel, V. A.

A. A. Petrov, V. A. Fromzel, “Electrically controlled wavelength tuning and sweep of a 1.5-μm erbium phosphate glass laser,” Opt. Spectrasc. (USSR). 74, 715–717 (1993).

A. A. Petrov, V. A. Fromzel, “Wavelength tuning near 1.54-μm in a phosphate erbium glass laser,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 70, 643–644 (1991).

Hale, C. P.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 31, 4–15 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Kavaya, S. W. Henderson, J. R. Magee, C. P. Hale, R. M. Huffaker, “Remote wind profiling with a solid-state Nd:YAG coherent lidar system,” Opt. Lett. 14, 776–778 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hannon, S. M.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 31, 4–15 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hara, H.

Hatsuda, Y.

K. Asaba, T. Hosokawa, Y. Hatsuda, J. Ota, “Development of a 1.54μm near-infrared Q-switched laser,” in Laser Safety, Eyesafe Laser Systems and Laser Eye Protection, P. K. Galoff, D. H. Sliney, eds., Proc. SPIE1207, 164–171 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, S. W.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 31, 4–15 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Kavaya, S. W. Henderson, J. R. Magee, C. P. Hale, R. M. Huffaker, “Remote wind profiling with a solid-state Nd:YAG coherent lidar system,” Opt. Lett. 14, 776–778 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hosokawa, T.

K. Asaba, T. Hosokawa, Y. Hatsuda, J. Ota, “Development of a 1.54μm near-infrared Q-switched laser,” in Laser Safety, Eyesafe Laser Systems and Laser Eye Protection, P. K. Galoff, D. H. Sliney, eds., Proc. SPIE1207, 164–171 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Huffaker, R. M.

Kahn, W.

L. Bergstein, W. Kahn, C. Schulman, “A total-reflection solid-state optical-maser resonator,” Proc. IRE 50, 1833 (1962).

Kavaya, M. J.

Krause, M.

J. W. Bilbro, G. Fichtl, D. Fitzjarrald, M. Krause, R. Lee, “Airborne Doppler lidar wind field measurements,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 65, 348–359 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R.

J. W. Bilbro, G. Fichtl, D. Fitzjarrald, M. Krause, R. Lee, “Airborne Doppler lidar wind field measurements,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 65, 348–359 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Magee, J. R.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 31, 4–15 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Kavaya, S. W. Henderson, J. R. Magee, C. P. Hale, R. M. Huffaker, “Remote wind profiling with a solid-state Nd:YAG coherent lidar system,” Opt. Lett. 14, 776–778 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ota, J.

K. Asaba, T. Hosokawa, Y. Hatsuda, J. Ota, “Development of a 1.54μm near-infrared Q-switched laser,” in Laser Safety, Eyesafe Laser Systems and Laser Eye Protection, P. K. Galoff, D. H. Sliney, eds., Proc. SPIE1207, 164–171 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, A. A.

A. A. Petrov, V. A. Fromzel, “Electrically controlled wavelength tuning and sweep of a 1.5-μm erbium phosphate glass laser,” Opt. Spectrasc. (USSR). 74, 715–717 (1993).

A. A. Petrov, V. A. Fromzel, “Wavelength tuning near 1.54-μm in a phosphate erbium glass laser,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 70, 643–644 (1991).

Post, M. J.

Rahn, A.

Schulman, C.

L. Bergstein, W. Kahn, C. Schulman, “A total-reflection solid-state optical-maser resonator,” Proc. IRE 50, 1833 (1962).

Suni, P. J. M.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 31, 4–15 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yokozawa, T.

Yuen, E. H.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 31, 4–15 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. (1)

J. W. Bilbro, G. Fichtl, D. Fitzjarrald, M. Krause, R. Lee, “Airborne Doppler lidar wind field measurements,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 65, 348–359 (1984).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing (1)

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 31, 4–15 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Spectrasc. (USSR). (1)

A. A. Petrov, V. A. Fromzel, “Electrically controlled wavelength tuning and sweep of a 1.5-μm erbium phosphate glass laser,” Opt. Spectrasc. (USSR). 74, 715–717 (1993).

Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) (1)

A. A. Petrov, V. A. Fromzel, “Wavelength tuning near 1.54-μm in a phosphate erbium glass laser,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 70, 643–644 (1991).

Proc. IRE (1)

L. Bergstein, W. Kahn, C. Schulman, “A total-reflection solid-state optical-maser resonator,” Proc. IRE 50, 1833 (1962).

Other (5)

K. Asaba, T. Hosokawa, Y. Hatsuda, J. Ota, “Development of a 1.54μm near-infrared Q-switched laser,” in Laser Safety, Eyesafe Laser Systems and Laser Eye Protection, P. K. Galoff, D. H. Sliney, eds., Proc. SPIE1207, 164–171 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Apex 1.5-μm single-frequency microlaser, Model 1.5-EHA (Amoco Laser Co., Naperville, Ill., 1993).

Australian/New Zealand Standard for Laser Safety, AS/NZ 2211.1-1997, based on IEC 825-1:1993 standard (Standards Australia, Homebush, NSW, Australia, 1997).

Data provided by Kigre, Inc., 100 Marshland Rd., Hilton Head, S.C. 29926.

Littrow holographic grating L1200-6.35 × 12.7 × 3 IR, 1200 grooves/mm, Au coated, and optimized for 1550 nm (Spectrogon A.B., Sweden, 1997).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the injection-seeded laser system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Er:glass fluorescence spectrum indicating detuning required for seed laser used in this research (QX/Er Kigre data).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Frustrated total internal reflection Q-switch design showing injection port and lasing axis. PZT, pizoelectric translator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Free-running, Q-switched slave output pulse, close to seed wavelength, as a function of time. Total energy is 2 mJ.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Injection-seeded, Q-switched slave laser pulse showing 30-MHz heterodyne modulation with LO.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectrum of seeded pulse. Shown is the Fourier transform of the pulse in Fig. 5, indicating a transform-limited output pulse. FWHH, full width at half-height.

Metrics