Abstract

The difference between the phase shift occurring at the object surface owing to displacement and the phase shift occurring at the observation plane of the imaging system of the interferometer is studied. Analytical expressions for the phase shift for a number of surface displacements are found. From these expressions it is found that the difference between the phase shifts at the object and the observation planes depends on the number of speckle-correlation modes in the observation plane and the product between the relative aperture and the relative defocus of the imaging system. For general displacement the results indicate that the accuracy of a phase-shift measurement with a small-aperture interferometer is limited only by the number of speckle-correlation modes at the observation plane for the case of a focused system. For a large-aperture interferometer the phase shift at the observation plane becomes sensitive to defocusing of the imaging system. Agreement between theory and experiments is observed.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (7)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (61)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription