Abstract

A new, to our knowledge, method of modifying methylene blue dichromated-gelatin (MBDCG) holograms by use of ninhydrin and removal of their amino groups and carboxyl groups, which strongly adsorb humidity, has been developed. The modified MBDCG holograms are stable for 1000-line/mm gratings (diffractional efficiency of 95%) in a high-humidity environment (relative humidity of 80%–85%). The modifying reaction does not affect the diffraction efficiency of the MBDCG holograms. It is demonstrated that the amino groups and carboxyl groups of the side chains in the gelatin do not undergo the chelation reaction with Cr iii in the sensitive area.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

1986 (1)

1976 (1)

M. Levitt, “A simplified representation of protein conformations for rapid simulation of protein folding,” J. Mol. Biol. 104, 59–107 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1971 (1)

Y. Nozaki, C. Tanford, “The solubility of amino acids and two glycine peptides in an aqueous ethanol and dioxane solutions,” J. Biol. Chem. 246, 2211–2217 (1971).
[PubMed]

Blyth, J.

Cai, T. Q.

L. R. Guo, C. M. Dai, T. Q. Cai, “Anti-humidity dichromated gelatin and its sensitized characteristics,” in Soviet-Chinese Joint Seminar on Holography and Optical Information Processing, A. L. Mikaelian, ed., Proc. SPIE1731, 166–168 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Changkakoti, R.

Changkakoti, R. C.

Costsman, A. V.

Dai, C. M.

L. R. Guo, C. M. Dai, T. Q. Cai, “Anti-humidity dichromated gelatin and its sensitized characteristics,” in Soviet-Chinese Joint Seminar on Holography and Optical Information Processing, A. L. Mikaelian, ed., Proc. SPIE1731, 166–168 (1991).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Guo, C. M. Dai, Y. K. Guo, “Anti-humidity dichromated gelatin holographic recording material,” in Computer and Optically Generated Optics; Fourth in a Series, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE1555, 293–296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Guo, L. R.

L. R. Guo, C. M. Dai, Y. K. Guo, “Anti-humidity dichromated gelatin holographic recording material,” in Computer and Optically Generated Optics; Fourth in a Series, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE1555, 293–296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Guo, C. M. Dai, T. Q. Cai, “Anti-humidity dichromated gelatin and its sensitized characteristics,” in Soviet-Chinese Joint Seminar on Holography and Optical Information Processing, A. L. Mikaelian, ed., Proc. SPIE1731, 166–168 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. T. Wang, J. Y. Tang, L. R. Guo, “Efficient method for resisting humidity onto MBDCG holograms,” in Holographic Optical Elements and Displays, F. S. Lin, D. Xu, eds., Proc. SPIE2885, 148–151 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Y. K.

L. R. Guo, C. M. Dai, Y. K. Guo, “Anti-humidity dichromated gelatin holographic recording material,” in Computer and Optically Generated Optics; Fourth in a Series, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE1555, 293–296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Levitt, M.

M. Levitt, “A simplified representation of protein conformations for rapid simulation of protein folding,” J. Mol. Biol. 104, 59–107 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mather, A.

Naik, G. M.

Neuhaus, O. W.

J. M. Orten, O. W. Neuhaus, Biochemistry (Mosby, St. Louis, Mo., 1970), p. 69.

Nozaki, Y.

Y. Nozaki, C. Tanford, “The solubility of amino acids and two glycine peptides in an aqueous ethanol and dioxane solutions,” J. Biol. Chem. 246, 2211–2217 (1971).
[PubMed]

Orten, J. M.

J. M. Orten, O. W. Neuhaus, Biochemistry (Mosby, St. Louis, Mo., 1970), p. 69.

Pappu, S. V.

Smith, H. M.

H. M. Smith, Holographic Recording Material (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977).
[CrossRef]

Tanford, C.

Y. Nozaki, C. Tanford, “The solubility of amino acids and two glycine peptides in an aqueous ethanol and dioxane solutions,” J. Biol. Chem. 246, 2211–2217 (1971).
[PubMed]

Tang, J. Y.

K. T. Wang, J. Y. Tang, L. R. Guo, “Efficient method for resisting humidity onto MBDCG holograms,” in Holographic Optical Elements and Displays, F. S. Lin, D. Xu, eds., Proc. SPIE2885, 148–151 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, S. V.

Wang, K. T.

K. T. Wang, J. Y. Tang, L. R. Guo, “Efficient method for resisting humidity onto MBDCG holograms,” in Holographic Optical Elements and Displays, F. S. Lin, D. Xu, eds., Proc. SPIE2885, 148–151 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (5)

J. Biol. Chem. (1)

Y. Nozaki, C. Tanford, “The solubility of amino acids and two glycine peptides in an aqueous ethanol and dioxane solutions,” J. Biol. Chem. 246, 2211–2217 (1971).
[PubMed]

J. Mol. Biol. (1)

M. Levitt, “A simplified representation of protein conformations for rapid simulation of protein folding,” J. Mol. Biol. 104, 59–107 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (5)

K. T. Wang, J. Y. Tang, L. R. Guo, “Efficient method for resisting humidity onto MBDCG holograms,” in Holographic Optical Elements and Displays, F. S. Lin, D. Xu, eds., Proc. SPIE2885, 148–151 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Orten, O. W. Neuhaus, Biochemistry (Mosby, St. Louis, Mo., 1970), p. 69.

H. M. Smith, Holographic Recording Material (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Guo, C. M. Dai, Y. K. Guo, “Anti-humidity dichromated gelatin holographic recording material,” in Computer and Optically Generated Optics; Fourth in a Series, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE1555, 293–296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Guo, C. M. Dai, T. Q. Cai, “Anti-humidity dichromated gelatin and its sensitized characteristics,” in Soviet-Chinese Joint Seminar on Holography and Optical Information Processing, A. L. Mikaelian, ed., Proc. SPIE1731, 166–168 (1991).
[CrossRef]

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Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Variation of the DE of the MBDCG Gratings as a Function of the Modifying Reaction

Tables Icon

Table 2 Variation of the DE and Storage Times of Modified and Unmodified MBDCG Gratings at 25 °C and RH = 80%–85%

Metrics