Abstract

Self-pumped phase conjugation in infrared-sensitive photorefractive rhodium-doped barium titanate (Rh:BaTiO3) is investigated with a kilohertz-repetition-rate, diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser. We also demonstrate the operation of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG master-oscillator power-amplifier system with such a compact and solid-state phase-conjugate mirror for wave-front restoration. We obtain near-diffraction-limited output pulses of 20-mJ energy at a repetition rate of 200 Hz and a 1-min response time of the phase-conjugate mirror. The performances of the Rh:BaTiO3 crystal are compared with those obtained with a conventional Brillouin mirror.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. B. J. Comaskey, R. Beach, G. Albrecht, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, C. Petty, D. VanLue, D. Mundiger, R. W. Solarz, “High average power diode-pumped slab laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 992–996 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  22. S. T. Animoto, R. W. F. Gross, L. Garman-Duvall, T. W. Good, J. D. Piranian, “Stimulated-Brillouin-scattering properties of SnCl4,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1382–1384 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (5)

A. Brignon, J.-P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, I. Mnushkina, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in rhodium-doped BaTiO3 using 1.06-μm nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 22, 215–217 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brignon, D. Geffroy, J.-P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, I. Mnushkina, “Experimental investigations of the photorefractive properties of rhodium doped BaTiO3 at 1.06 μm,” Opt. Commun. 137, 311–316 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Huot, J. M. C. Jonathan, D. Rytz, G. Roosen, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in a ring cavity at 1.06 μm in cw and nanosecond regimes using photorefractive BaTiO3:Rh,” Opt. Commun. 140, 296–298 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Brignon, J.-P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, I. Mnushkina, “Nd:YAG master-oscillator power amplifier with a rhodium-doped BaTiO3 self-pumped phase-conjugate mirror,” Opt. Lett. 22, 442–444 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Huot, J. M. C. Jonathan, G. Pauliat, D. Rytz, G. Roosen, “Characterization of a photorefractive rhodium doped barium titanate at 1.06 μm,” Opt. Commun. 135, 133–137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

H. L. Offerhaus, H. P. Godfried, W. J. Witteman, “All solid-state diode pumped Nd:YAG MOPA with stimulated Brillouin phase conjugate mirror,” Opt. Commun. 128, 61–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, U. Wittrock, “A novel approach for compensation of birefringence in cylindrical Nd:YAG rods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

P. Lambelet, R. P. Salathé, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, “Characterization of a photorefractive phase conjugator by optical low-coherence reflectometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1079–1081 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

D. A. Rockwell, M. S. Mangir, J. J. Ottusch, “Energy scaling of phase-conjugate lasers and Brillouin conjugators,” Int. J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 2, 131–155 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (4)

N. F. Andreev, E. Khazanov, G. A. Pasmanik, “Applications of Brillouin cells to high repetition rate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330–341 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Kasinski, W. Hughes, D. DiBiase, P. Bournes, R. Burnham, “One joule output from a diode-array-pumped Nd:YAG laser with side-pumped rod geometry,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 977–985 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Holder, C. Kennedy, L. Long, G. Dube, “One joule per Q-switched pulse diode-pumped laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 986–991 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Comaskey, R. Beach, G. Albrecht, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, C. Petty, D. VanLue, D. Mundiger, R. W. Solarz, “High average power diode-pumped slab laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 992–996 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

1990 (1)

T. S. Chen, V. L. Anderson, O. Kahan, “Measurements of heating and energy storage in diode-pumped Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 6–8 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

I. D. Carr, D. C. Hanna, “Performance of a Nd:YAG oscillator/amplifier with phase conjugation via stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. B 36, 83–92 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

Albrecht, G.

B. J. Comaskey, R. Beach, G. Albrecht, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, C. Petty, D. VanLue, D. Mundiger, R. W. Solarz, “High average power diode-pumped slab laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 992–996 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, V. L.

T. S. Chen, V. L. Anderson, O. Kahan, “Measurements of heating and energy storage in diode-pumped Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 6–8 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Andreev, N. F.

N. F. Andreev, E. Khazanov, G. A. Pasmanik, “Applications of Brillouin cells to high repetition rate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330–341 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Animoto, S. T.

Beach, R.

B. J. Comaskey, R. Beach, G. Albrecht, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, C. Petty, D. VanLue, D. Mundiger, R. W. Solarz, “High average power diode-pumped slab laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 992–996 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Benett, W. J.

B. J. Comaskey, R. Beach, G. Albrecht, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, C. Petty, D. VanLue, D. Mundiger, R. W. Solarz, “High average power diode-pumped slab laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 992–996 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Berg, J. G.

J. R. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, J. G. Berg, M. G. Wickham, C. S. Hoefer, J. P. Machan, “One joule per pulse, 100 Watt, diode-pumped, near diffraction limited, phase conjugated, Nd:YAG master oscillator power amplifier,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 2–8.

Bournes, P.

J. J. Kasinski, W. Hughes, D. DiBiase, P. Bournes, R. Burnham, “One joule output from a diode-array-pumped Nd:YAG laser with side-pumped rod geometry,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 977–985 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Brignon, A.

Burnham, R.

J. J. Kasinski, W. Hughes, D. DiBiase, P. Bournes, R. Burnham, “One joule output from a diode-array-pumped Nd:YAG laser with side-pumped rod geometry,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 977–985 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Carr, I. D.

I. D. Carr, D. C. Hanna, “Performance of a Nd:YAG oscillator/amplifier with phase conjugation via stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. B 36, 83–92 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T. S.

T. S. Chen, V. L. Anderson, O. Kahan, “Measurements of heating and energy storage in diode-pumped Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 6–8 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Comaskey, B. J.

B. J. Comaskey, R. Beach, G. Albrecht, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, C. Petty, D. VanLue, D. Mundiger, R. W. Solarz, “High average power diode-pumped slab laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 992–996 (1992).
[CrossRef]

DiBiase, D.

J. J. Kasinski, W. Hughes, D. DiBiase, P. Bournes, R. Burnham, “One joule output from a diode-array-pumped Nd:YAG laser with side-pumped rod geometry,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 977–985 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dong, S.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, U. Wittrock, “A novel approach for compensation of birefringence in cylindrical Nd:YAG rods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dube, G.

L. E. Holder, C. Kennedy, L. Long, G. Dube, “One joule per Q-switched pulse diode-pumped laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 986–991 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Eason, R. W.

M. Kaczmarek, R. W. Eason, G. Maatz, M. H. Garrett, I. Mnushkina, “Photorefractive properties of infrared sensitive rhodium doped BaTiO3 processed in different conditions,” in Materials for Nonlinear Optics, Vol. 11 (European Optical Society, Orsay, France, 1997), pp. 24–25.

Eichler, H. J.

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, J. Kunde, B. Liu, O. Mehl, “Fiber phase conjugator as reflecting mirror in a MOPA arrangement,” in Solid State Lasers VI, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2986, 46–54 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ewbank, M. D.

M. D. Ewbank, P. Yeh, “Frequency shifts of self-pumped phase conjugators,” in Nonlinear Optics and Applications, P. A. Yeh, ed., Proc. SPIE613, 59–69 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

Freitas, B. L.

B. J. Comaskey, R. Beach, G. Albrecht, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, C. Petty, D. VanLue, D. Mundiger, R. W. Solarz, “High average power diode-pumped slab laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 992–996 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Garman-Duvall, L.

Garrett, M. H.

A. Brignon, J.-P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, I. Mnushkina, “Nd:YAG master-oscillator power amplifier with a rhodium-doped BaTiO3 self-pumped phase-conjugate mirror,” Opt. Lett. 22, 442–444 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brignon, J.-P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, I. Mnushkina, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in rhodium-doped BaTiO3 using 1.06-μm nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 22, 215–217 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brignon, D. Geffroy, J.-P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, I. Mnushkina, “Experimental investigations of the photorefractive properties of rhodium doped BaTiO3 at 1.06 μm,” Opt. Commun. 137, 311–316 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Lambelet, R. P. Salathé, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, “Characterization of a photorefractive phase conjugator by optical low-coherence reflectometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1079–1081 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaczmarek, R. W. Eason, G. Maatz, M. H. Garrett, I. Mnushkina, “Photorefractive properties of infrared sensitive rhodium doped BaTiO3 processed in different conditions,” in Materials for Nonlinear Optics, Vol. 11 (European Optical Society, Orsay, France, 1997), pp. 24–25.

Geffroy, D.

A. Brignon, D. Geffroy, J.-P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, I. Mnushkina, “Experimental investigations of the photorefractive properties of rhodium doped BaTiO3 at 1.06 μm,” Opt. Commun. 137, 311–316 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Godfried, H. P.

H. L. Offerhaus, H. P. Godfried, W. J. Witteman, “All solid-state diode pumped Nd:YAG MOPA with stimulated Brillouin phase conjugate mirror,” Opt. Commun. 128, 61–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Good, T. W.

Gross, R. W. F.

Haase, A.

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, J. Kunde, B. Liu, O. Mehl, “Fiber phase conjugator as reflecting mirror in a MOPA arrangement,” in Solid State Lasers VI, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2986, 46–54 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

I. D. Carr, D. C. Hanna, “Performance of a Nd:YAG oscillator/amplifier with phase conjugation via stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. B 36, 83–92 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hilyard, R. C.

J. R. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, J. G. Berg, M. G. Wickham, C. S. Hoefer, J. P. Machan, “One joule per pulse, 100 Watt, diode-pumped, near diffraction limited, phase conjugated, Nd:YAG master oscillator power amplifier,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 2–8.

Hoefer, C. S.

J. R. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, J. G. Berg, M. G. Wickham, C. S. Hoefer, J. P. Machan, “One joule per pulse, 100 Watt, diode-pumped, near diffraction limited, phase conjugated, Nd:YAG master oscillator power amplifier,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 2–8.

Holder, L. E.

L. E. Holder, C. Kennedy, L. Long, G. Dube, “One joule per Q-switched pulse diode-pumped laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 986–991 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, W.

J. J. Kasinski, W. Hughes, D. DiBiase, P. Bournes, R. Burnham, “One joule output from a diode-array-pumped Nd:YAG laser with side-pumped rod geometry,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 977–985 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J.-P.

Huot, N.

N. Huot, J. M. C. Jonathan, D. Rytz, G. Roosen, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in a ring cavity at 1.06 μm in cw and nanosecond regimes using photorefractive BaTiO3:Rh,” Opt. Commun. 140, 296–298 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Huot, J. M. C. Jonathan, G. Pauliat, D. Rytz, G. Roosen, “Characterization of a photorefractive rhodium doped barium titanate at 1.06 μm,” Opt. Commun. 135, 133–137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Injeyan, H.

J. R. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, J. G. Berg, M. G. Wickham, C. S. Hoefer, J. P. Machan, “One joule per pulse, 100 Watt, diode-pumped, near diffraction limited, phase conjugated, Nd:YAG master oscillator power amplifier,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 2–8.

Jonathan, J. M. C.

N. Huot, J. M. C. Jonathan, D. Rytz, G. Roosen, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in a ring cavity at 1.06 μm in cw and nanosecond regimes using photorefractive BaTiO3:Rh,” Opt. Commun. 140, 296–298 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Huot, J. M. C. Jonathan, G. Pauliat, D. Rytz, G. Roosen, “Characterization of a photorefractive rhodium doped barium titanate at 1.06 μm,” Opt. Commun. 135, 133–137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kaczmarek, M.

M. Kaczmarek, R. W. Eason, G. Maatz, M. H. Garrett, I. Mnushkina, “Photorefractive properties of infrared sensitive rhodium doped BaTiO3 processed in different conditions,” in Materials for Nonlinear Optics, Vol. 11 (European Optical Society, Orsay, France, 1997), pp. 24–25.

Kahan, O.

T. S. Chen, V. L. Anderson, O. Kahan, “Measurements of heating and energy storage in diode-pumped Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 6–8 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kasinski, J. J.

J. J. Kasinski, W. Hughes, D. DiBiase, P. Bournes, R. Burnham, “One joule output from a diode-array-pumped Nd:YAG laser with side-pumped rod geometry,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 977–985 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kennedy, C.

L. E. Holder, C. Kennedy, L. Long, G. Dube, “One joule per Q-switched pulse diode-pumped laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 986–991 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Khazanov, E.

N. F. Andreev, E. Khazanov, G. A. Pasmanik, “Applications of Brillouin cells to high repetition rate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330–341 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kugler, N.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, U. Wittrock, “A novel approach for compensation of birefringence in cylindrical Nd:YAG rods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kunde, J.

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, J. Kunde, B. Liu, O. Mehl, “Fiber phase conjugator as reflecting mirror in a MOPA arrangement,” in Solid State Lasers VI, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2986, 46–54 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lambelet, P.

P. Lambelet, R. P. Salathé, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, “Characterization of a photorefractive phase conjugator by optical low-coherence reflectometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1079–1081 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B.

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, J. Kunde, B. Liu, O. Mehl, “Fiber phase conjugator as reflecting mirror in a MOPA arrangement,” in Solid State Lasers VI, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2986, 46–54 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Long, L.

L. E. Holder, C. Kennedy, L. Long, G. Dube, “One joule per Q-switched pulse diode-pumped laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 986–991 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lü, Q.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, U. Wittrock, “A novel approach for compensation of birefringence in cylindrical Nd:YAG rods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Maatz, G.

M. Kaczmarek, R. W. Eason, G. Maatz, M. H. Garrett, I. Mnushkina, “Photorefractive properties of infrared sensitive rhodium doped BaTiO3 processed in different conditions,” in Materials for Nonlinear Optics, Vol. 11 (European Optical Society, Orsay, France, 1997), pp. 24–25.

Machan, J. P.

J. R. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, J. G. Berg, M. G. Wickham, C. S. Hoefer, J. P. Machan, “One joule per pulse, 100 Watt, diode-pumped, near diffraction limited, phase conjugated, Nd:YAG master oscillator power amplifier,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 2–8.

Mahgerefteh, D.

Mangir, M. S.

D. A. Rockwell, M. S. Mangir, J. J. Ottusch, “Energy scaling of phase-conjugate lasers and Brillouin conjugators,” Int. J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 2, 131–155 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mehl, O.

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, J. Kunde, B. Liu, O. Mehl, “Fiber phase conjugator as reflecting mirror in a MOPA arrangement,” in Solid State Lasers VI, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2986, 46–54 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mnushkina, I.

A. Brignon, J.-P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, I. Mnushkina, “Nd:YAG master-oscillator power amplifier with a rhodium-doped BaTiO3 self-pumped phase-conjugate mirror,” Opt. Lett. 22, 442–444 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brignon, D. Geffroy, J.-P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, I. Mnushkina, “Experimental investigations of the photorefractive properties of rhodium doped BaTiO3 at 1.06 μm,” Opt. Commun. 137, 311–316 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Brignon, J.-P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, I. Mnushkina, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in rhodium-doped BaTiO3 using 1.06-μm nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 22, 215–217 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kaczmarek, R. W. Eason, G. Maatz, M. H. Garrett, I. Mnushkina, “Photorefractive properties of infrared sensitive rhodium doped BaTiO3 processed in different conditions,” in Materials for Nonlinear Optics, Vol. 11 (European Optical Society, Orsay, France, 1997), pp. 24–25.

Müller, N.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, U. Wittrock, “A novel approach for compensation of birefringence in cylindrical Nd:YAG rods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mundiger, D.

B. J. Comaskey, R. Beach, G. Albrecht, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, C. Petty, D. VanLue, D. Mundiger, R. W. Solarz, “High average power diode-pumped slab laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 992–996 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Offerhaus, H. L.

H. L. Offerhaus, H. P. Godfried, W. J. Witteman, “All solid-state diode pumped Nd:YAG MOPA with stimulated Brillouin phase conjugate mirror,” Opt. Commun. 128, 61–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ottusch, J. J.

D. A. Rockwell, M. S. Mangir, J. J. Ottusch, “Energy scaling of phase-conjugate lasers and Brillouin conjugators,” Int. J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 2, 131–155 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pasmanik, G. A.

N. F. Andreev, E. Khazanov, G. A. Pasmanik, “Applications of Brillouin cells to high repetition rate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330–341 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pauliat, G.

N. Huot, J. M. C. Jonathan, G. Pauliat, D. Rytz, G. Roosen, “Characterization of a photorefractive rhodium doped barium titanate at 1.06 μm,” Opt. Commun. 135, 133–137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Petty, C.

B. J. Comaskey, R. Beach, G. Albrecht, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, C. Petty, D. VanLue, D. Mundiger, R. W. Solarz, “High average power diode-pumped slab laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 992–996 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Piranian, J. D.

Rockwell, D. A.

D. A. Rockwell, M. S. Mangir, J. J. Ottusch, “Energy scaling of phase-conjugate lasers and Brillouin conjugators,” Int. J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 2, 131–155 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Roosen, G.

N. Huot, J. M. C. Jonathan, D. Rytz, G. Roosen, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in a ring cavity at 1.06 μm in cw and nanosecond regimes using photorefractive BaTiO3:Rh,” Opt. Commun. 140, 296–298 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Huot, J. M. C. Jonathan, G. Pauliat, D. Rytz, G. Roosen, “Characterization of a photorefractive rhodium doped barium titanate at 1.06 μm,” Opt. Commun. 135, 133–137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rytz, D.

N. Huot, J. M. C. Jonathan, G. Pauliat, D. Rytz, G. Roosen, “Characterization of a photorefractive rhodium doped barium titanate at 1.06 μm,” Opt. Commun. 135, 133–137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Huot, J. M. C. Jonathan, D. Rytz, G. Roosen, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in a ring cavity at 1.06 μm in cw and nanosecond regimes using photorefractive BaTiO3:Rh,” Opt. Commun. 140, 296–298 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Lambelet, R. P. Salathé, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, “Characterization of a photorefractive phase conjugator by optical low-coherence reflectometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1079–1081 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Salathé, R. P.

P. Lambelet, R. P. Salathé, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, “Characterization of a photorefractive phase conjugator by optical low-coherence reflectometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1079–1081 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Solarz, R. W.

B. J. Comaskey, R. Beach, G. Albrecht, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, C. Petty, D. VanLue, D. Mundiger, R. W. Solarz, “High average power diode-pumped slab laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 992–996 (1992).
[CrossRef]

St. Pierre, J. R.

J. R. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, J. G. Berg, M. G. Wickham, C. S. Hoefer, J. P. Machan, “One joule per pulse, 100 Watt, diode-pumped, near diffraction limited, phase conjugated, Nd:YAG master oscillator power amplifier,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 2–8.

Tayebati, P.

VanLue, D.

B. J. Comaskey, R. Beach, G. Albrecht, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, C. Petty, D. VanLue, D. Mundiger, R. W. Solarz, “High average power diode-pumped slab laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 992–996 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, U. Wittrock, “A novel approach for compensation of birefringence in cylindrical Nd:YAG rods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. E.

J. R. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, J. G. Berg, M. G. Wickham, C. S. Hoefer, J. P. Machan, “One joule per pulse, 100 Watt, diode-pumped, near diffraction limited, phase conjugated, Nd:YAG master oscillator power amplifier,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 2–8.

Wickham, M. G.

J. R. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, J. G. Berg, M. G. Wickham, C. S. Hoefer, J. P. Machan, “One joule per pulse, 100 Watt, diode-pumped, near diffraction limited, phase conjugated, Nd:YAG master oscillator power amplifier,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 2–8.

Witteman, W. J.

H. L. Offerhaus, H. P. Godfried, W. J. Witteman, “All solid-state diode pumped Nd:YAG MOPA with stimulated Brillouin phase conjugate mirror,” Opt. Commun. 128, 61–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wittrock, U.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, U. Wittrock, “A novel approach for compensation of birefringence in cylindrical Nd:YAG rods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

M. D. Ewbank, P. Yeh, “Frequency shifts of self-pumped phase conjugators,” in Nonlinear Optics and Applications, P. A. Yeh, ed., Proc. SPIE613, 59–69 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

I. D. Carr, D. C. Hanna, “Performance of a Nd:YAG oscillator/amplifier with phase conjugation via stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. B 36, 83–92 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. Lambelet, R. P. Salathé, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, “Characterization of a photorefractive phase conjugator by optical low-coherence reflectometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1079–1081 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

N. F. Andreev, E. Khazanov, G. A. Pasmanik, “Applications of Brillouin cells to high repetition rate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330–341 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Kasinski, W. Hughes, D. DiBiase, P. Bournes, R. Burnham, “One joule output from a diode-array-pumped Nd:YAG laser with side-pumped rod geometry,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 977–985 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Holder, C. Kennedy, L. Long, G. Dube, “One joule per Q-switched pulse diode-pumped laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 986–991 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Comaskey, R. Beach, G. Albrecht, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, C. Petty, D. VanLue, D. Mundiger, R. W. Solarz, “High average power diode-pumped slab laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 992–996 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. S. Chen, V. L. Anderson, O. Kahan, “Measurements of heating and energy storage in diode-pumped Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 6–8 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. (1)

D. A. Rockwell, M. S. Mangir, J. J. Ottusch, “Energy scaling of phase-conjugate lasers and Brillouin conjugators,” Int. J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 2, 131–155 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (4)

N. Huot, J. M. C. Jonathan, G. Pauliat, D. Rytz, G. Roosen, “Characterization of a photorefractive rhodium doped barium titanate at 1.06 μm,” Opt. Commun. 135, 133–137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. L. Offerhaus, H. P. Godfried, W. J. Witteman, “All solid-state diode pumped Nd:YAG MOPA with stimulated Brillouin phase conjugate mirror,” Opt. Commun. 128, 61–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Brignon, D. Geffroy, J.-P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, I. Mnushkina, “Experimental investigations of the photorefractive properties of rhodium doped BaTiO3 at 1.06 μm,” Opt. Commun. 137, 311–316 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Huot, J. M. C. Jonathan, D. Rytz, G. Roosen, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in a ring cavity at 1.06 μm in cw and nanosecond regimes using photorefractive BaTiO3:Rh,” Opt. Commun. 140, 296–298 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, U. Wittrock, “A novel approach for compensation of birefringence in cylindrical Nd:YAG rods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

M. Kaczmarek, R. W. Eason, G. Maatz, M. H. Garrett, I. Mnushkina, “Photorefractive properties of infrared sensitive rhodium doped BaTiO3 processed in different conditions,” in Materials for Nonlinear Optics, Vol. 11 (European Optical Society, Orsay, France, 1997), pp. 24–25.

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, J. Kunde, B. Liu, O. Mehl, “Fiber phase conjugator as reflecting mirror in a MOPA arrangement,” in Solid State Lasers VI, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2986, 46–54 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Ewbank, P. Yeh, “Frequency shifts of self-pumped phase conjugators,” in Nonlinear Optics and Applications, P. A. Yeh, ed., Proc. SPIE613, 59–69 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. R. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, J. G. Berg, M. G. Wickham, C. S. Hoefer, J. P. Machan, “One joule per pulse, 100 Watt, diode-pumped, near diffraction limited, phase conjugated, Nd:YAG master oscillator power amplifier,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 2–8.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the diode-pumped Nd:YAG MOPA laser with a Rh:BaTiO3 PCM: FCLD, fiber-coupled laser diode; TO, transfer optic; SF, spatial filter; AO, acousto-optic modulator; OC, output coupler; M, M′, highly reflecting plane mirrors; Pi, polarizer; FR, Faraday rotator; HWPi, half-wave retardation plate; L1, focusing lens; L2, diverging lens; PR, polarization rotator quartz plate; QWP, quarter-wave retardation plate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Top-view photograph of the beam path pattern observed in Rh:BaTiO3 (sample 1) when SPPC occurs. The laser beam is provided by a 1-kHz, Q-switched, diode-pumped Nd:YAG oscillator operating at λ = 1.06 μm. The solid curves show the position of the incident beam, and the dotted curves indicate the path of the beam obeying the classical refraction law when the laser is just switched on. E 0 = 0.4 mJ, I 0 = 8.5 W/cm2, ϕ = 55°.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Phase-conjugate reflectivity as a function of the incident average intensity I 0 for two different Rh:BaTiO3 crystals.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Steady-state output energy per pulse and output average power of the all-solid-state phase-conjugate Nd:YAG MOPA arrangement as a function of the repetition rate of the oscillator and amplifiers. E in = 0.5 mJ, E 0 = 6.5 mJ, sample 2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output pulse energy of the Nd:YAG MOPA laser versus time for two different repetition rates of the oscillator and amplifiers. At time t = 0 the master oscillator is switched on. E in = 0.5 mJ, E 0 = 6.5 mJ, sample 2.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Near-field spatial profiles of (a) the beam delivered by the master oscillator, (b) the two-pass amplified beam when the MOPA laser operated at F = 50 Hz, (c) the phase-conjugate output beam at F = 50 Hz, (d) the two-pass amplified beam at F = 200 Hz, and (e) the phase-conjugate output beam at F = 200 Hz. E in = 0.5 mJ, E 0 = 6.5 mJ, sample 2.

Equations (1)

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η = E out 2 × E sto ,

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