Abstract

A diode-laser-pumped neodymium-doped fiber laser is presented. For a launched pump power of 85 mW, the fiber laser had a cw output power of 43 mW, which is approximately an order of magnitude greater output power than any previously reported diode-pumped neodymium fiber laser operating on the 4 F 3/24 I 9/2 transition, which covers the 900–950-nm region. The fiber laser had a threshold power of 10 mW and a slope efficiency of 58% with respect to launched pump power. Tuning with a diffraction grating was obtained from 896 to 937 nm with narrow-band output powers as high as 32 mW. Emission was also obtained at 939.5 nm with use of a fiber Bragg grating as the output reflector.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Snitzer, “Optical maser action of Nd+3 in a barium crown glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 444–446 (1961).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. J. Koester, E. Snitzer, “Amplification in a fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 3, 1182–1186 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Neodymium-doped silica single-mode fibre lasers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 738–740 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. S. Funk, J. G. Eden, “Glass-fiber lasers in the ultraviolet to visible,” IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 784–791 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Schneider, “Fluoride fibre laser operating at 3.9 μm,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1250–1251 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-Watt CW singlemode ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD30.
  7. T. D. Wilkerson, G. K. Schwemmer, “Lidar techniques for humidity and temperature measurements,” Opt. Eng. 21, 1022–1024 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. V. Browell, T. D. Wilkerson, T. J. McIlrath, “Water vapor differential absorption lidar development and evaluation,” Appl. Opt. 18, 3474–3483 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. H. Kagaan, J. C. Petheram, A. Rosenberg, “Tunable Nd:glass Raman laser for DIAL applications,” in New Slab and Solid-State Laser Technologies and Applications, S. Guch, J. Eggleston, eds., Proc. SPIE736, 93–97 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Z. Chu, T. D. Wilkerson, U. N. Singh, “Water-vapor absorption line measurements in the 940-nm band by using a Raman-shifted dye laser,” Appl. Opt. 32, 992–998 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. C. Barnes, N. P. Barnes, L. G. Wang, W. Edwards, “Injection-seeding II: Ti:A12O3 experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2670–2683 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Chr. Tamm, D. Schnier, “A tunable three-level neodymium-doped fiber laser and its application to depletion of the 4f14 5d 2D3/2 level in optically excited, trapped ytterbium ions,” Opt. Commun. 87, 240–244 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Diode-laser-pumped Nd3+-doped fibre laser operating at 938 nm,” Electron. Lett. 23, 884–885 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  14. I. P. Alcock, A. I. Ferguson, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode neodymium-doped fibre laser at 0.9 μm on the 4F3/2–4I9/2 transition,” Opt. Commun. 58, 405–408 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Kimura, M. Nakazawa, “Multiwavelength cw laser oscillation in a Nd3+ and Er3+ doubly doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1251–1253 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. Sawada, H. Yoshida, H. Ohizuni, T. Gozen, H. Tanaka, N. Yotsuya, “Nd3+-doped-fiber ring laser oscillation at 0.9 mm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 108.
  17. R. Hofer, M. Hofer, G. A. Reider, M. Cernusca, M. H. Ober, “Modelocking of a Nd-fiber laser at 920 nm,” Opt. Commun. 140, 242–244 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  18. O. G. Okhotnikov, J. R. Salcedo, “Spectroscopy of the transient oscillations in a Nd3+-doped fiber laser for the four-level 4F3/2–4I11/2 (1060 nm) and three-level 4F3/2–4I9/2 (900 nm) transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2619–2621 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  19. V. J. Kardos, G. J. Sonek, “A dewpoint temperature sensor based on Nd3+-doped fiber fluorescence,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1198–1200 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, “Aluminum or phosphorous co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  22. B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, D. J. Barber, J. R. Taylor, A. S. L. Gomes, “Optical and structural investigation of Nd3+ in silica-based fibres,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 6, 1361–1363 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. J. F. Digonnet, “Theory of operation of laser fiber devices,” in Rare Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, M. J. F. Digonnet, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993), pp. 215, 262.
  24. M. Shimizu, H. Suda, M. Horiguchi, “High-efficiency Nd-doped fibre lasers using direct-coated dielectric mirrors,” Electron. Lett. 23, 768–769 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  25. P. Urquhart, “Devices and configurations for fiber laser sources and amplifiers,” in Rare Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, M. J. F. Digonnet, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993), pp. 157–158.

1997 (1)

R. Hofer, M. Hofer, G. A. Reider, M. Cernusca, M. H. Ober, “Modelocking of a Nd-fiber laser at 920 nm,” Opt. Commun. 140, 242–244 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

V. J. Kardos, G. J. Sonek, “A dewpoint temperature sensor based on Nd3+-doped fiber fluorescence,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1198–1200 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Funk, J. G. Eden, “Glass-fiber lasers in the ultraviolet to visible,” IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 784–791 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Schneider, “Fluoride fibre laser operating at 3.9 μm,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1250–1251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

O. G. Okhotnikov, J. R. Salcedo, “Spectroscopy of the transient oscillations in a Nd3+-doped fiber laser for the four-level 4F3/2–4I11/2 (1060 nm) and three-level 4F3/2–4I9/2 (900 nm) transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2619–2621 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

Z. Chu, T. D. Wilkerson, U. N. Singh, “Water-vapor absorption line measurements in the 940-nm band by using a Raman-shifted dye laser,” Appl. Opt. 32, 992–998 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Barnes, N. P. Barnes, L. G. Wang, W. Edwards, “Injection-seeding II: Ti:A12O3 experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2670–2683 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Chr. Tamm, D. Schnier, “A tunable three-level neodymium-doped fiber laser and its application to depletion of the 4f14 5d 2D3/2 level in optically excited, trapped ytterbium ions,” Opt. Commun. 87, 240–244 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

Y. Kimura, M. Nakazawa, “Multiwavelength cw laser oscillation in a Nd3+ and Er3+ doubly doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1251–1253 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (4)

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, “The fabrication and optical properties of Nd3+ in silica-based optical fibers,” Mater. Lett. 5, 143–146 (1987).
[CrossRef]

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Diode-laser-pumped Nd3+-doped fibre laser operating at 938 nm,” Electron. Lett. 23, 884–885 (1987).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, D. J. Barber, J. R. Taylor, A. S. L. Gomes, “Optical and structural investigation of Nd3+ in silica-based fibres,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 6, 1361–1363 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M. Shimizu, H. Suda, M. Horiguchi, “High-efficiency Nd-doped fibre lasers using direct-coated dielectric mirrors,” Electron. Lett. 23, 768–769 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

I. P. Alcock, A. I. Ferguson, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode neodymium-doped fibre laser at 0.9 μm on the 4F3/2–4I9/2 transition,” Opt. Commun. 58, 405–408 (1986).
[CrossRef]

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, “Aluminum or phosphorous co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Neodymium-doped silica single-mode fibre lasers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 738–740 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

T. D. Wilkerson, G. K. Schwemmer, “Lidar techniques for humidity and temperature measurements,” Opt. Eng. 21, 1022–1024 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1964 (1)

1961 (1)

E. Snitzer, “Optical maser action of Nd+3 in a barium crown glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 444–446 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Ainslie, B. J.

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, “The fabrication and optical properties of Nd3+ in silica-based optical fibers,” Mater. Lett. 5, 143–146 (1987).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, D. J. Barber, J. R. Taylor, A. S. L. Gomes, “Optical and structural investigation of Nd3+ in silica-based fibres,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 6, 1361–1363 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Alcock, I. P.

I. P. Alcock, A. I. Ferguson, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode neodymium-doped fibre laser at 0.9 μm on the 4F3/2–4I9/2 transition,” Opt. Commun. 58, 405–408 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Arai, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, “Aluminum or phosphorous co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Barber, D. J.

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, D. J. Barber, J. R. Taylor, A. S. L. Gomes, “Optical and structural investigation of Nd3+ in silica-based fibres,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 6, 1361–1363 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, J. C.

J. C. Barnes, N. P. Barnes, L. G. Wang, W. Edwards, “Injection-seeding II: Ti:A12O3 experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2670–2683 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, N. P.

J. C. Barnes, N. P. Barnes, L. G. Wang, W. Edwards, “Injection-seeding II: Ti:A12O3 experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2670–2683 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Browell, E. V.

Cernusca, M.

R. Hofer, M. Hofer, G. A. Reider, M. Cernusca, M. H. Ober, “Modelocking of a Nd-fiber laser at 920 nm,” Opt. Commun. 140, 242–244 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chu, Z.

Collins, R.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-Watt CW singlemode ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD30.

Craig, S. P.

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, D. J. Barber, J. R. Taylor, A. S. L. Gomes, “Optical and structural investigation of Nd3+ in silica-based fibres,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 6, 1361–1363 (1987).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, “The fabrication and optical properties of Nd3+ in silica-based optical fibers,” Mater. Lett. 5, 143–146 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Davey, S. T.

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, “The fabrication and optical properties of Nd3+ in silica-based optical fibers,” Mater. Lett. 5, 143–146 (1987).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, D. J. Barber, J. R. Taylor, A. S. L. Gomes, “Optical and structural investigation of Nd3+ in silica-based fibres,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 6, 1361–1363 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

M. J. F. Digonnet, “Theory of operation of laser fiber devices,” in Rare Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, M. J. F. Digonnet, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993), pp. 215, 262.

Eden, J. G.

D. S. Funk, J. G. Eden, “Glass-fiber lasers in the ultraviolet to visible,” IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 784–791 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, W.

J. C. Barnes, N. P. Barnes, L. G. Wang, W. Edwards, “Injection-seeding II: Ti:A12O3 experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2670–2683 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Engstrom, B.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-Watt CW singlemode ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD30.

Ferguson, A. I.

I. P. Alcock, A. I. Ferguson, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode neodymium-doped fibre laser at 0.9 μm on the 4F3/2–4I9/2 transition,” Opt. Commun. 58, 405–408 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Funk, D. S.

D. S. Funk, J. G. Eden, “Glass-fiber lasers in the ultraviolet to visible,” IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 784–791 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gavrilovic, P.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-Watt CW singlemode ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD30.

Gomes, A. S. L.

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, D. J. Barber, J. R. Taylor, A. S. L. Gomes, “Optical and structural investigation of Nd3+ in silica-based fibres,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 6, 1361–1363 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Gozen, T.

H. Sawada, H. Yoshida, H. Ohizuni, T. Gozen, H. Tanaka, N. Yotsuya, “Nd3+-doped-fiber ring laser oscillation at 0.9 mm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 108.

Hanna, D. C.

I. P. Alcock, A. I. Ferguson, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode neodymium-doped fibre laser at 0.9 μm on the 4F3/2–4I9/2 transition,” Opt. Commun. 58, 405–408 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hofer, M.

R. Hofer, M. Hofer, G. A. Reider, M. Cernusca, M. H. Ober, “Modelocking of a Nd-fiber laser at 920 nm,” Opt. Commun. 140, 242–244 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hofer, R.

R. Hofer, M. Hofer, G. A. Reider, M. Cernusca, M. H. Ober, “Modelocking of a Nd-fiber laser at 920 nm,” Opt. Commun. 140, 242–244 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Honda, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, “Aluminum or phosphorous co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Horiguchi, M.

M. Shimizu, H. Suda, M. Horiguchi, “High-efficiency Nd-doped fibre lasers using direct-coated dielectric mirrors,” Electron. Lett. 23, 768–769 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Jauncey, I. M.

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Diode-laser-pumped Nd3+-doped fibre laser operating at 938 nm,” Electron. Lett. 23, 884–885 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kagaan, R. H.

R. H. Kagaan, J. C. Petheram, A. Rosenberg, “Tunable Nd:glass Raman laser for DIAL applications,” in New Slab and Solid-State Laser Technologies and Applications, S. Guch, J. Eggleston, eds., Proc. SPIE736, 93–97 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kardos, V. J.

V. J. Kardos, G. J. Sonek, “A dewpoint temperature sensor based on Nd3+-doped fiber fluorescence,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1198–1200 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kea, D.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-Watt CW singlemode ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD30.

Kimura, Y.

Y. Kimura, M. Nakazawa, “Multiwavelength cw laser oscillation in a Nd3+ and Er3+ doubly doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1251–1253 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Koester, C. J.

Kumata, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, “Aluminum or phosphorous co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Laliberte, B.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-Watt CW singlemode ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD30.

McIlrath, T. J.

Mears, R. J.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Neodymium-doped silica single-mode fibre lasers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 738–740 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Minns, R.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-Watt CW singlemode ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD30.

Muendel, M.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-Watt CW singlemode ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD30.

Nakazawa, M.

Y. Kimura, M. Nakazawa, “Multiwavelength cw laser oscillation in a Nd3+ and Er3+ doubly doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1251–1253 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Namikawa, H.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, “Aluminum or phosphorous co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ober, M. H.

R. Hofer, M. Hofer, G. A. Reider, M. Cernusca, M. H. Ober, “Modelocking of a Nd-fiber laser at 920 nm,” Opt. Commun. 140, 242–244 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ohizuni, H.

H. Sawada, H. Yoshida, H. Ohizuni, T. Gozen, H. Tanaka, N. Yotsuya, “Nd3+-doped-fiber ring laser oscillation at 0.9 mm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 108.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

O. G. Okhotnikov, J. R. Salcedo, “Spectroscopy of the transient oscillations in a Nd3+-doped fiber laser for the four-level 4F3/2–4I11/2 (1060 nm) and three-level 4F3/2–4I9/2 (900 nm) transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2619–2621 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Diode-laser-pumped Nd3+-doped fibre laser operating at 938 nm,” Electron. Lett. 23, 884–885 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Neodymium-doped silica single-mode fibre lasers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 738–740 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Petheram, J. C.

R. H. Kagaan, J. C. Petheram, A. Rosenberg, “Tunable Nd:glass Raman laser for DIAL applications,” in New Slab and Solid-State Laser Technologies and Applications, S. Guch, J. Eggleston, eds., Proc. SPIE736, 93–97 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Poole, S. B.

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Diode-laser-pumped Nd3+-doped fibre laser operating at 938 nm,” Electron. Lett. 23, 884–885 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Neodymium-doped silica single-mode fibre lasers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 738–740 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Diode-laser-pumped Nd3+-doped fibre laser operating at 938 nm,” Electron. Lett. 23, 884–885 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Neodymium-doped silica single-mode fibre lasers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 738–740 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Reider, G. A.

R. Hofer, M. Hofer, G. A. Reider, M. Cernusca, M. H. Ober, “Modelocking of a Nd-fiber laser at 920 nm,” Opt. Commun. 140, 242–244 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, R.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-Watt CW singlemode ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD30.

Rockney, B.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-Watt CW singlemode ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD30.

Rosenberg, A.

R. H. Kagaan, J. C. Petheram, A. Rosenberg, “Tunable Nd:glass Raman laser for DIAL applications,” in New Slab and Solid-State Laser Technologies and Applications, S. Guch, J. Eggleston, eds., Proc. SPIE736, 93–97 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rowley, A.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-Watt CW singlemode ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD30.

Salcedo, J. R.

O. G. Okhotnikov, J. R. Salcedo, “Spectroscopy of the transient oscillations in a Nd3+-doped fiber laser for the four-level 4F3/2–4I11/2 (1060 nm) and three-level 4F3/2–4I9/2 (900 nm) transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2619–2621 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sawada, H.

H. Sawada, H. Yoshida, H. Ohizuni, T. Gozen, H. Tanaka, N. Yotsuya, “Nd3+-doped-fiber ring laser oscillation at 0.9 mm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 108.

Schneider, J.

J. Schneider, “Fluoride fibre laser operating at 3.9 μm,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1250–1251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schnier, D.

Chr. Tamm, D. Schnier, “A tunable three-level neodymium-doped fiber laser and its application to depletion of the 4f14 5d 2D3/2 level in optically excited, trapped ytterbium ions,” Opt. Commun. 87, 240–244 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schwemmer, G. K.

T. D. Wilkerson, G. K. Schwemmer, “Lidar techniques for humidity and temperature measurements,” Opt. Eng. 21, 1022–1024 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, M.

M. Shimizu, H. Suda, M. Horiguchi, “High-efficiency Nd-doped fibre lasers using direct-coated dielectric mirrors,” Electron. Lett. 23, 768–769 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Singh, U. N.

Snitzer, E.

C. J. Koester, E. Snitzer, “Amplification in a fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 3, 1182–1186 (1964).
[CrossRef]

E. Snitzer, “Optical maser action of Nd+3 in a barium crown glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 444–446 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Sonek, G. J.

V. J. Kardos, G. J. Sonek, “A dewpoint temperature sensor based on Nd3+-doped fiber fluorescence,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1198–1200 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Suda, H.

M. Shimizu, H. Suda, M. Horiguchi, “High-efficiency Nd-doped fibre lasers using direct-coated dielectric mirrors,” Electron. Lett. 23, 768–769 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Tamm, Chr.

Chr. Tamm, D. Schnier, “A tunable three-level neodymium-doped fiber laser and its application to depletion of the 4f14 5d 2D3/2 level in optically excited, trapped ytterbium ions,” Opt. Commun. 87, 240–244 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, H.

H. Sawada, H. Yoshida, H. Ohizuni, T. Gozen, H. Tanaka, N. Yotsuya, “Nd3+-doped-fiber ring laser oscillation at 0.9 mm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 108.

Taylor, J. R.

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, D. J. Barber, J. R. Taylor, A. S. L. Gomes, “Optical and structural investigation of Nd3+ in silica-based fibres,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 6, 1361–1363 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, A. C.

I. P. Alcock, A. I. Ferguson, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode neodymium-doped fibre laser at 0.9 μm on the 4F3/2–4I9/2 transition,” Opt. Commun. 58, 405–408 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Urquhart, P.

P. Urquhart, “Devices and configurations for fiber laser sources and amplifiers,” in Rare Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, M. J. F. Digonnet, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993), pp. 157–158.

Wang, L. G.

J. C. Barnes, N. P. Barnes, L. G. Wang, W. Edwards, “Injection-seeding II: Ti:A12O3 experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2670–2683 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wilkerson, T. D.

Yoshida, H.

H. Sawada, H. Yoshida, H. Ohizuni, T. Gozen, H. Tanaka, N. Yotsuya, “Nd3+-doped-fiber ring laser oscillation at 0.9 mm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 108.

Yotsuya, N.

H. Sawada, H. Yoshida, H. Ohizuni, T. Gozen, H. Tanaka, N. Yotsuya, “Nd3+-doped-fiber ring laser oscillation at 0.9 mm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 108.

Zhang, Y.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-Watt CW singlemode ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD30.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Kimura, M. Nakazawa, “Multiwavelength cw laser oscillation in a Nd3+ and Er3+ doubly doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1251–1253 (1988).
[CrossRef]

O. G. Okhotnikov, J. R. Salcedo, “Spectroscopy of the transient oscillations in a Nd3+-doped fiber laser for the four-level 4F3/2–4I11/2 (1060 nm) and three-level 4F3/2–4I9/2 (900 nm) transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2619–2621 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Diode-laser-pumped Nd3+-doped fibre laser operating at 938 nm,” Electron. Lett. 23, 884–885 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, “Neodymium-doped silica single-mode fibre lasers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 738–740 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Schneider, “Fluoride fibre laser operating at 3.9 μm,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1250–1251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Shimizu, H. Suda, M. Horiguchi, “High-efficiency Nd-doped fibre lasers using direct-coated dielectric mirrors,” Electron. Lett. 23, 768–769 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. C. Barnes, N. P. Barnes, L. G. Wang, W. Edwards, “Injection-seeding II: Ti:A12O3 experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2670–2683 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. S. Funk, J. G. Eden, “Glass-fiber lasers in the ultraviolet to visible,” IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 784–791 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, “Aluminum or phosphorous co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. Lett. (1)

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, D. J. Barber, J. R. Taylor, A. S. L. Gomes, “Optical and structural investigation of Nd3+ in silica-based fibres,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 6, 1361–1363 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett. (1)

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, “The fabrication and optical properties of Nd3+ in silica-based optical fibers,” Mater. Lett. 5, 143–146 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

R. Hofer, M. Hofer, G. A. Reider, M. Cernusca, M. H. Ober, “Modelocking of a Nd-fiber laser at 920 nm,” Opt. Commun. 140, 242–244 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chr. Tamm, D. Schnier, “A tunable three-level neodymium-doped fiber laser and its application to depletion of the 4f14 5d 2D3/2 level in optically excited, trapped ytterbium ions,” Opt. Commun. 87, 240–244 (1992).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Alcock, A. I. Ferguson, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode neodymium-doped fibre laser at 0.9 μm on the 4F3/2–4I9/2 transition,” Opt. Commun. 58, 405–408 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

T. D. Wilkerson, G. K. Schwemmer, “Lidar techniques for humidity and temperature measurements,” Opt. Eng. 21, 1022–1024 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

V. J. Kardos, G. J. Sonek, “A dewpoint temperature sensor based on Nd3+-doped fiber fluorescence,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1198–1200 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

E. Snitzer, “Optical maser action of Nd+3 in a barium crown glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 444–446 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

R. H. Kagaan, J. C. Petheram, A. Rosenberg, “Tunable Nd:glass Raman laser for DIAL applications,” in New Slab and Solid-State Laser Technologies and Applications, S. Guch, J. Eggleston, eds., Proc. SPIE736, 93–97 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, D. Kea, B. Laliberte, R. Minns, R. Robinson, B. Rockney, Y. Zhang, R. Collins, P. Gavrilovic, A. Rowley, “35-Watt CW singlemode ytterbium fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD30.

H. Sawada, H. Yoshida, H. Ohizuni, T. Gozen, H. Tanaka, N. Yotsuya, “Nd3+-doped-fiber ring laser oscillation at 0.9 mm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 108.

M. J. F. Digonnet, “Theory of operation of laser fiber devices,” in Rare Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, M. J. F. Digonnet, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993), pp. 215, 262.

P. Urquhart, “Devices and configurations for fiber laser sources and amplifiers,” in Rare Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, M. J. F. Digonnet, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993), pp. 157–158.

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectra of the Nd fiber when pumped by 805 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Side-light fluorescence spectra of the Nd fiber when pumped by 805 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup for the Nd-doped fiber laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fiber laser output power versus fiber length for output mirror reflectivities of 50% and 92%.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Directly deposited dielectric coating placed on the end of the optical fiber.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Fiber laser output power versus launched pump power for a fiber length of 20 cm and output mirror reflectivity of 50%.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Emission spectrum of the fiber laser for a fiber length of 20 cm and output mirror reflectivity of 50%. Insert shows a close-up of the emission spectra near 925 nm.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental setup for tuning the fiber laser. OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Tuning curve for the fiber laser. Also shown are the side-light fluorescence spectrum and the spontaneous emission from the end of a 20-cm length of fiber that was pumped with a few milliwatts from the other end.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Typical emission spectrum from the tunable laser.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Configuration of the fiber laser using a Bragg grating as the output reflector. LD, laser diode.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Emission spectrum of the fiber laser for a fiber length of 20 cm and with a fiber Bragg grating serving as the output reflector.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Close-up of the emission spectrum of the fiber laser for a fiber length of 20 cm with a fiber Bragg grating serving as the output reflector.

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