Abstract

The Cambridge autostereoscopic three-dimensional display is a time-multiplexed device that gives both stereo and movement parallax to the viewer without the need for any special glasses. This analysis derives the size and position of the fully illuminated, and hence useful, viewing zone for a Cambridge display. The viewing zone of such a display is shown to be completely determined by four parameters: the width of the screen, the optimal distance of the viewer from the screen, the width over which an image can be seen across the whole screen at this optimal distance, and the number of views. A display's viewing zone can thus be completely described without reference to the internal implementation of the device. An equation that describes what the eye sees from any position in front of the display is derived. The equations derived can be used in both the analysis and design of this type of time-multiplexed autostereoscopic display.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Okosi, Three-Dimensional Imaging Techniques (Academic, New York, 1976).
  2. H. Isono, M. Yasuda, D. Takemori, H. Kanayama, C. Yamada, K. Chiba, “50-inch autostereoscopic full-color 3-D TV display system,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications III, S. S. Fisher, J. O. Merritt, eds., Proc. SPIE1669, 176–185 (1992).
  3. J. Hamasaki, M. Okada, S. Utsunomiya, “Autostereo-scopic 3D TV on a CRT,” SID Dig. 22, 844–847 (1991).
  4. P. St-Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, P. M. Hubel, “Color images with the MIT holographic video display,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 73–84 (1992).
  5. M. Lucente, T. A. Galyean, “Rendering interactive holographic images,” Comput. Graph. Ann. Conf. Ser.387–394 (1995).
  6. G. R. Little, S. C. Gustafson, V. E. Nikolaou, “Multiperspective autostereoscopic display,” in Cockpit Displays, D. G. Hopper, ed., Proc. SPIE2219, 388–394 (1994).
  7. A. R. L. Travis, “Autostereoscopic 3-D display,” Appl. Opt. 29, 4341–4342 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, “The design and evaluation of a CRT-based autostereoscopic 3-D display,” Proc. Soc. Inf. Disp. 32, 279–283 (1991).
  9. S. R. Lang, A. R. L. Travis, O. M. Castle, J. R. Moore, “A 2nd generation autostereoscopic 3-D display,” in Seventh Eurographics Workshop on Graphics Hardware, P. F. Lister, ed., Tech. Rep. EG92 HW (Eurographics, Oxford, U.K., 1992), pp. 53–63.
  10. J. R. Moore, A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, O. M. Castle, “The implementation of a multi-view autostereoscopic display,” in IEE Colloquium on Stereoscopic Television (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1992), pp. 4/1–4/16.
  11. A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, J. R. Moore, N. A. Dodgson, “Time-manipulated three-dimensional video,” Soc. Inf. Disp. Dig. 26, 851–854 (1995).
  12. L. Lipton, Foundations of the Stereoscopic Cinema (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1982).

1995 (2)

M. Lucente, T. A. Galyean, “Rendering interactive holographic images,” Comput. Graph. Ann. Conf. Ser.387–394 (1995).

A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, J. R. Moore, N. A. Dodgson, “Time-manipulated three-dimensional video,” Soc. Inf. Disp. Dig. 26, 851–854 (1995).

1991 (2)

A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, “The design and evaluation of a CRT-based autostereoscopic 3-D display,” Proc. Soc. Inf. Disp. 32, 279–283 (1991).

J. Hamasaki, M. Okada, S. Utsunomiya, “Autostereo-scopic 3D TV on a CRT,” SID Dig. 22, 844–847 (1991).

1990 (1)

Benton, S. A.

P. St-Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, P. M. Hubel, “Color images with the MIT holographic video display,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 73–84 (1992).

Castle, O. M.

J. R. Moore, A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, O. M. Castle, “The implementation of a multi-view autostereoscopic display,” in IEE Colloquium on Stereoscopic Television (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1992), pp. 4/1–4/16.

S. R. Lang, A. R. L. Travis, O. M. Castle, J. R. Moore, “A 2nd generation autostereoscopic 3-D display,” in Seventh Eurographics Workshop on Graphics Hardware, P. F. Lister, ed., Tech. Rep. EG92 HW (Eurographics, Oxford, U.K., 1992), pp. 53–63.

Chiba, K.

H. Isono, M. Yasuda, D. Takemori, H. Kanayama, C. Yamada, K. Chiba, “50-inch autostereoscopic full-color 3-D TV display system,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications III, S. S. Fisher, J. O. Merritt, eds., Proc. SPIE1669, 176–185 (1992).

Dodgson, N. A.

A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, J. R. Moore, N. A. Dodgson, “Time-manipulated three-dimensional video,” Soc. Inf. Disp. Dig. 26, 851–854 (1995).

Galyean, T. A.

M. Lucente, T. A. Galyean, “Rendering interactive holographic images,” Comput. Graph. Ann. Conf. Ser.387–394 (1995).

Gustafson, S. C.

G. R. Little, S. C. Gustafson, V. E. Nikolaou, “Multiperspective autostereoscopic display,” in Cockpit Displays, D. G. Hopper, ed., Proc. SPIE2219, 388–394 (1994).

Hamasaki, J.

J. Hamasaki, M. Okada, S. Utsunomiya, “Autostereo-scopic 3D TV on a CRT,” SID Dig. 22, 844–847 (1991).

Hubel, P. M.

P. St-Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, P. M. Hubel, “Color images with the MIT holographic video display,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 73–84 (1992).

Isono, H.

H. Isono, M. Yasuda, D. Takemori, H. Kanayama, C. Yamada, K. Chiba, “50-inch autostereoscopic full-color 3-D TV display system,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications III, S. S. Fisher, J. O. Merritt, eds., Proc. SPIE1669, 176–185 (1992).

Kanayama, H.

H. Isono, M. Yasuda, D. Takemori, H. Kanayama, C. Yamada, K. Chiba, “50-inch autostereoscopic full-color 3-D TV display system,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications III, S. S. Fisher, J. O. Merritt, eds., Proc. SPIE1669, 176–185 (1992).

Lang, S. R.

A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, J. R. Moore, N. A. Dodgson, “Time-manipulated three-dimensional video,” Soc. Inf. Disp. Dig. 26, 851–854 (1995).

A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, “The design and evaluation of a CRT-based autostereoscopic 3-D display,” Proc. Soc. Inf. Disp. 32, 279–283 (1991).

J. R. Moore, A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, O. M. Castle, “The implementation of a multi-view autostereoscopic display,” in IEE Colloquium on Stereoscopic Television (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1992), pp. 4/1–4/16.

S. R. Lang, A. R. L. Travis, O. M. Castle, J. R. Moore, “A 2nd generation autostereoscopic 3-D display,” in Seventh Eurographics Workshop on Graphics Hardware, P. F. Lister, ed., Tech. Rep. EG92 HW (Eurographics, Oxford, U.K., 1992), pp. 53–63.

Lipton, L.

L. Lipton, Foundations of the Stereoscopic Cinema (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1982).

Little, G. R.

G. R. Little, S. C. Gustafson, V. E. Nikolaou, “Multiperspective autostereoscopic display,” in Cockpit Displays, D. G. Hopper, ed., Proc. SPIE2219, 388–394 (1994).

Lucente, M.

M. Lucente, T. A. Galyean, “Rendering interactive holographic images,” Comput. Graph. Ann. Conf. Ser.387–394 (1995).

P. St-Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, P. M. Hubel, “Color images with the MIT holographic video display,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 73–84 (1992).

Moore, J. R.

A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, J. R. Moore, N. A. Dodgson, “Time-manipulated three-dimensional video,” Soc. Inf. Disp. Dig. 26, 851–854 (1995).

J. R. Moore, A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, O. M. Castle, “The implementation of a multi-view autostereoscopic display,” in IEE Colloquium on Stereoscopic Television (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1992), pp. 4/1–4/16.

S. R. Lang, A. R. L. Travis, O. M. Castle, J. R. Moore, “A 2nd generation autostereoscopic 3-D display,” in Seventh Eurographics Workshop on Graphics Hardware, P. F. Lister, ed., Tech. Rep. EG92 HW (Eurographics, Oxford, U.K., 1992), pp. 53–63.

Nikolaou, V. E.

G. R. Little, S. C. Gustafson, V. E. Nikolaou, “Multiperspective autostereoscopic display,” in Cockpit Displays, D. G. Hopper, ed., Proc. SPIE2219, 388–394 (1994).

Okada, M.

J. Hamasaki, M. Okada, S. Utsunomiya, “Autostereo-scopic 3D TV on a CRT,” SID Dig. 22, 844–847 (1991).

Okosi, T.

T. Okosi, Three-Dimensional Imaging Techniques (Academic, New York, 1976).

St-Hilaire, P.

P. St-Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, P. M. Hubel, “Color images with the MIT holographic video display,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 73–84 (1992).

Takemori, D.

H. Isono, M. Yasuda, D. Takemori, H. Kanayama, C. Yamada, K. Chiba, “50-inch autostereoscopic full-color 3-D TV display system,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications III, S. S. Fisher, J. O. Merritt, eds., Proc. SPIE1669, 176–185 (1992).

Travis, A. R. L.

A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, J. R. Moore, N. A. Dodgson, “Time-manipulated three-dimensional video,” Soc. Inf. Disp. Dig. 26, 851–854 (1995).

A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, “The design and evaluation of a CRT-based autostereoscopic 3-D display,” Proc. Soc. Inf. Disp. 32, 279–283 (1991).

A. R. L. Travis, “Autostereoscopic 3-D display,” Appl. Opt. 29, 4341–4342 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Moore, A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, O. M. Castle, “The implementation of a multi-view autostereoscopic display,” in IEE Colloquium on Stereoscopic Television (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1992), pp. 4/1–4/16.

S. R. Lang, A. R. L. Travis, O. M. Castle, J. R. Moore, “A 2nd generation autostereoscopic 3-D display,” in Seventh Eurographics Workshop on Graphics Hardware, P. F. Lister, ed., Tech. Rep. EG92 HW (Eurographics, Oxford, U.K., 1992), pp. 53–63.

Utsunomiya, S.

J. Hamasaki, M. Okada, S. Utsunomiya, “Autostereo-scopic 3D TV on a CRT,” SID Dig. 22, 844–847 (1991).

Yamada, C.

H. Isono, M. Yasuda, D. Takemori, H. Kanayama, C. Yamada, K. Chiba, “50-inch autostereoscopic full-color 3-D TV display system,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications III, S. S. Fisher, J. O. Merritt, eds., Proc. SPIE1669, 176–185 (1992).

Yasuda, M.

H. Isono, M. Yasuda, D. Takemori, H. Kanayama, C. Yamada, K. Chiba, “50-inch autostereoscopic full-color 3-D TV display system,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications III, S. S. Fisher, J. O. Merritt, eds., Proc. SPIE1669, 176–185 (1992).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Comput. Graph. Ann. Conf. Ser. (1)

M. Lucente, T. A. Galyean, “Rendering interactive holographic images,” Comput. Graph. Ann. Conf. Ser.387–394 (1995).

Proc. Soc. Inf. Disp. (1)

A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, “The design and evaluation of a CRT-based autostereoscopic 3-D display,” Proc. Soc. Inf. Disp. 32, 279–283 (1991).

SID Dig. (1)

J. Hamasaki, M. Okada, S. Utsunomiya, “Autostereo-scopic 3D TV on a CRT,” SID Dig. 22, 844–847 (1991).

Soc. Inf. Disp. Dig. (1)

A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, J. R. Moore, N. A. Dodgson, “Time-manipulated three-dimensional video,” Soc. Inf. Disp. Dig. 26, 851–854 (1995).

Other (7)

L. Lipton, Foundations of the Stereoscopic Cinema (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1982).

P. St-Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, P. M. Hubel, “Color images with the MIT holographic video display,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 73–84 (1992).

T. Okosi, Three-Dimensional Imaging Techniques (Academic, New York, 1976).

H. Isono, M. Yasuda, D. Takemori, H. Kanayama, C. Yamada, K. Chiba, “50-inch autostereoscopic full-color 3-D TV display system,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications III, S. S. Fisher, J. O. Merritt, eds., Proc. SPIE1669, 176–185 (1992).

S. R. Lang, A. R. L. Travis, O. M. Castle, J. R. Moore, “A 2nd generation autostereoscopic 3-D display,” in Seventh Eurographics Workshop on Graphics Hardware, P. F. Lister, ed., Tech. Rep. EG92 HW (Eurographics, Oxford, U.K., 1992), pp. 53–63.

J. R. Moore, A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, O. M. Castle, “The implementation of a multi-view autostereoscopic display,” in IEE Colloquium on Stereoscopic Television (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1992), pp. 4/1–4/16.

G. R. Little, S. C. Gustafson, V. E. Nikolaou, “Multiperspective autostereoscopic display,” in Cockpit Displays, D. G. Hopper, ed., Proc. SPIE2219, 388–394 (1994).

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