Abstract

Compact solid-state multiple-prism grating dye-laser oscillators are shown to yield in excess of 9% conversion efficiency at Δν ≈ 1.12 GHz and a tuning range of 47 nm.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. J. Duarte, J. J. Ehrlich, W. E. Davenport, T. S. Taylor, J. C. McDonald, “A new tunable dye laser oscillator: preliminary report,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’92, C. P. Wang, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1993), pp. 293–296.
  2. F. J. Duarte, “Laser oscillator,” U.S. patent5,181,222 (19January1993).
  3. F. J. Duarte, “Narrow-linewidth pulsed dye laser oscillators,” in Dye Laser Principles, F. J. Duarte, L. W. Hillman, eds. (Academic, New York, 1990), pp. 133–183.
  4. F. J. Duarte, W. E. Davenport, J. J. Ehrlich, T. S. Taylor, “Ruggedized narrow-linewidth dispersive dye laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 84, 310–316 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Dunn, J. D. Mackenzie, J. I. Zink, O. M. Stafsudd, “Solid-state tunable lasers based on dye-doped sol-gel materials,” in Sol-Gel Optics, J. D. Mackenzie, D. R. Ulrich, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1328, 174–182 (1990).
  6. The material was synthesized by S. Melpolder from Eastman Kodak Company.
  7. The modified PMMA was fabricated by a proprietary method by the Medpolymer Institute, Moscow, and was submitted to us by the New Trade Company, Moscow.
  8. F. J. Duarte, “Dispersive dye lasers,” in High Power Dye Lasers, F. J. Duarte, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), pp. 7–43.
  9. T. J. Pacala, I. S. McDermid, J. B. Laudenslager, “Single longitudinal mode operation of an XeCL laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 507–509 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. W. Hänsch, “Repetitively pulsed tunable dye laser for high resolution spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 11, 895–898 (1972).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Saikan, “Nitrogen-laser-pumped single-mode dye laser,” Appl. Phys. 17, 41–44 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. G. Littman, “Single-mode operation of grazing-incidence pulsed dye laser,” Opt. Lett. 3, 138–140 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. Daussy, R. Dumanchin, O. deWitte, “Fabry–Perot with short pulse lasers: spectral selection and spectral analysis in dye lasers,” Appl. Opt. 17, 451–458 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. F. J. Duarte, J. A. Piper, “A double-prism beam expander for pulsed dye lasers,” Opt. Commun. 35, 100–104 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. J. Duarte, J. A. Piper, “Narrow linewidth, high prf copper laser-pumped dye-laser oscillators,” Appl. Opt. 23, 1391–1394 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. F. P. Schafer, “Principles of dye laser operation,” in Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), pp. 1–89.
  17. F. J. Duarte, J. A. Piper, “Multipass dispersion theory of prismatic pulsed dye lasers,” Opt. Acta 31, 331–335 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  18. F. J. Duarte, “On a generalized interference equation and interferometric measurements,” Opt. Commun. 103, 8–14 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  19. E. J. A. Pope, Matech, 31304 Via Colinas, Westlake Village, Calif. 91362 (personal communication, December1993).
  20. R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid-state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. P. Pacheco, H. R. Aldag, I. Itzkan, P. S. Rostler, “A solid-state flashlamp-pumped dye laser employing polymer hosts,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’87, F. J. Duarte, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1988). pp. 330–337.
  22. E. J. A. Pope, M. Asami, J. D. Mackenzie, “Transparent silica gel–PMMA composites,” J. Mater. Res 4, 1018–1026 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  23. The transparent silica gel–polymer nanocomposites were provided by E. J. A. Pope of Matech.

1993

F. J. Duarte, “On a generalized interference equation and interferometric measurements,” Opt. Commun. 103, 8–14 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid-state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991

F. J. Duarte, W. E. Davenport, J. J. Ehrlich, T. S. Taylor, “Ruggedized narrow-linewidth dispersive dye laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 84, 310–316 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989

E. J. A. Pope, M. Asami, J. D. Mackenzie, “Transparent silica gel–PMMA composites,” J. Mater. Res 4, 1018–1026 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1984

T. J. Pacala, I. S. McDermid, J. B. Laudenslager, “Single longitudinal mode operation of an XeCL laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 507–509 (1984).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Duarte, J. A. Piper, “Multipass dispersion theory of prismatic pulsed dye lasers,” Opt. Acta 31, 331–335 (1984).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Duarte, J. A. Piper, “Narrow linewidth, high prf copper laser-pumped dye-laser oscillators,” Appl. Opt. 23, 1391–1394 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980

F. J. Duarte, J. A. Piper, “A double-prism beam expander for pulsed dye lasers,” Opt. Commun. 35, 100–104 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1978

1972

Aldag, H. R.

D. P. Pacheco, H. R. Aldag, I. Itzkan, P. S. Rostler, “A solid-state flashlamp-pumped dye laser employing polymer hosts,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’87, F. J. Duarte, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1988). pp. 330–337.

Allik, T. H.

R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid-state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Asami, M.

E. J. A. Pope, M. Asami, J. D. Mackenzie, “Transparent silica gel–PMMA composites,” J. Mater. Res 4, 1018–1026 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chandra, S.

R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid-state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Daussy, H.

Davenport, W. E.

F. J. Duarte, W. E. Davenport, J. J. Ehrlich, T. S. Taylor, “Ruggedized narrow-linewidth dispersive dye laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 84, 310–316 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Duarte, J. J. Ehrlich, W. E. Davenport, T. S. Taylor, J. C. McDonald, “A new tunable dye laser oscillator: preliminary report,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’92, C. P. Wang, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1993), pp. 293–296.

deWitte, O.

Duarte, F. J.

F. J. Duarte, “On a generalized interference equation and interferometric measurements,” Opt. Commun. 103, 8–14 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Duarte, W. E. Davenport, J. J. Ehrlich, T. S. Taylor, “Ruggedized narrow-linewidth dispersive dye laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 84, 310–316 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Duarte, J. A. Piper, “Narrow linewidth, high prf copper laser-pumped dye-laser oscillators,” Appl. Opt. 23, 1391–1394 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Duarte, J. A. Piper, “Multipass dispersion theory of prismatic pulsed dye lasers,” Opt. Acta 31, 331–335 (1984).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Duarte, J. A. Piper, “A double-prism beam expander for pulsed dye lasers,” Opt. Commun. 35, 100–104 (1980).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Duarte, “Laser oscillator,” U.S. patent5,181,222 (19January1993).

F. J. Duarte, “Narrow-linewidth pulsed dye laser oscillators,” in Dye Laser Principles, F. J. Duarte, L. W. Hillman, eds. (Academic, New York, 1990), pp. 133–183.

F. J. Duarte, J. J. Ehrlich, W. E. Davenport, T. S. Taylor, J. C. McDonald, “A new tunable dye laser oscillator: preliminary report,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’92, C. P. Wang, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1993), pp. 293–296.

F. J. Duarte, “Dispersive dye lasers,” in High Power Dye Lasers, F. J. Duarte, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), pp. 7–43.

Dumanchin, R.

Dunn, B.

B. Dunn, J. D. Mackenzie, J. I. Zink, O. M. Stafsudd, “Solid-state tunable lasers based on dye-doped sol-gel materials,” in Sol-Gel Optics, J. D. Mackenzie, D. R. Ulrich, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1328, 174–182 (1990).

Ehrlich, J. J.

F. J. Duarte, W. E. Davenport, J. J. Ehrlich, T. S. Taylor, “Ruggedized narrow-linewidth dispersive dye laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 84, 310–316 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Duarte, J. J. Ehrlich, W. E. Davenport, T. S. Taylor, J. C. McDonald, “A new tunable dye laser oscillator: preliminary report,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’92, C. P. Wang, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1993), pp. 293–296.

Hänsch, T. W.

Hermes, R. E.

R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid-state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, J. A.

R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid-state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Itzkan, I.

D. P. Pacheco, H. R. Aldag, I. Itzkan, P. S. Rostler, “A solid-state flashlamp-pumped dye laser employing polymer hosts,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’87, F. J. Duarte, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1988). pp. 330–337.

Laudenslager, J. B.

T. J. Pacala, I. S. McDermid, J. B. Laudenslager, “Single longitudinal mode operation of an XeCL laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 507–509 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Littman, M. G.

Mackenzie, J. D.

E. J. A. Pope, M. Asami, J. D. Mackenzie, “Transparent silica gel–PMMA composites,” J. Mater. Res 4, 1018–1026 (1989).
[CrossRef]

B. Dunn, J. D. Mackenzie, J. I. Zink, O. M. Stafsudd, “Solid-state tunable lasers based on dye-doped sol-gel materials,” in Sol-Gel Optics, J. D. Mackenzie, D. R. Ulrich, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1328, 174–182 (1990).

McDermid, I. S.

T. J. Pacala, I. S. McDermid, J. B. Laudenslager, “Single longitudinal mode operation of an XeCL laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 507–509 (1984).
[CrossRef]

McDonald, J. C.

F. J. Duarte, J. J. Ehrlich, W. E. Davenport, T. S. Taylor, J. C. McDonald, “A new tunable dye laser oscillator: preliminary report,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’92, C. P. Wang, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1993), pp. 293–296.

Pacala, T. J.

T. J. Pacala, I. S. McDermid, J. B. Laudenslager, “Single longitudinal mode operation of an XeCL laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 507–509 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Pacheco, D. P.

D. P. Pacheco, H. R. Aldag, I. Itzkan, P. S. Rostler, “A solid-state flashlamp-pumped dye laser employing polymer hosts,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’87, F. J. Duarte, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1988). pp. 330–337.

Piper, J. A.

F. J. Duarte, J. A. Piper, “Multipass dispersion theory of prismatic pulsed dye lasers,” Opt. Acta 31, 331–335 (1984).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Duarte, J. A. Piper, “Narrow linewidth, high prf copper laser-pumped dye-laser oscillators,” Appl. Opt. 23, 1391–1394 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Duarte, J. A. Piper, “A double-prism beam expander for pulsed dye lasers,” Opt. Commun. 35, 100–104 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Pope, E. J. A.

E. J. A. Pope, M. Asami, J. D. Mackenzie, “Transparent silica gel–PMMA composites,” J. Mater. Res 4, 1018–1026 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. J. A. Pope, Matech, 31304 Via Colinas, Westlake Village, Calif. 91362 (personal communication, December1993).

Rostler, P. S.

D. P. Pacheco, H. R. Aldag, I. Itzkan, P. S. Rostler, “A solid-state flashlamp-pumped dye laser employing polymer hosts,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’87, F. J. Duarte, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1988). pp. 330–337.

Saikan, S.

S. Saikan, “Nitrogen-laser-pumped single-mode dye laser,” Appl. Phys. 17, 41–44 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, F. P.

F. P. Schafer, “Principles of dye laser operation,” in Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), pp. 1–89.

Stafsudd, O. M.

B. Dunn, J. D. Mackenzie, J. I. Zink, O. M. Stafsudd, “Solid-state tunable lasers based on dye-doped sol-gel materials,” in Sol-Gel Optics, J. D. Mackenzie, D. R. Ulrich, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1328, 174–182 (1990).

Taylor, T. S.

F. J. Duarte, W. E. Davenport, J. J. Ehrlich, T. S. Taylor, “Ruggedized narrow-linewidth dispersive dye laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 84, 310–316 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Duarte, J. J. Ehrlich, W. E. Davenport, T. S. Taylor, J. C. McDonald, “A new tunable dye laser oscillator: preliminary report,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’92, C. P. Wang, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1993), pp. 293–296.

Zink, J. I.

B. Dunn, J. D. Mackenzie, J. I. Zink, O. M. Stafsudd, “Solid-state tunable lasers based on dye-doped sol-gel materials,” in Sol-Gel Optics, J. D. Mackenzie, D. R. Ulrich, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1328, 174–182 (1990).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys.

S. Saikan, “Nitrogen-laser-pumped single-mode dye laser,” Appl. Phys. 17, 41–44 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid-state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Pacala, I. S. McDermid, J. B. Laudenslager, “Single longitudinal mode operation of an XeCL laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 507–509 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Res

E. J. A. Pope, M. Asami, J. D. Mackenzie, “Transparent silica gel–PMMA composites,” J. Mater. Res 4, 1018–1026 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Acta

F. J. Duarte, J. A. Piper, “Multipass dispersion theory of prismatic pulsed dye lasers,” Opt. Acta 31, 331–335 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

F. J. Duarte, “On a generalized interference equation and interferometric measurements,” Opt. Commun. 103, 8–14 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Duarte, J. A. Piper, “A double-prism beam expander for pulsed dye lasers,” Opt. Commun. 35, 100–104 (1980).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Duarte, W. E. Davenport, J. J. Ehrlich, T. S. Taylor, “Ruggedized narrow-linewidth dispersive dye laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 84, 310–316 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

The transparent silica gel–polymer nanocomposites were provided by E. J. A. Pope of Matech.

E. J. A. Pope, Matech, 31304 Via Colinas, Westlake Village, Calif. 91362 (personal communication, December1993).

D. P. Pacheco, H. R. Aldag, I. Itzkan, P. S. Rostler, “A solid-state flashlamp-pumped dye laser employing polymer hosts,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’87, F. J. Duarte, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1988). pp. 330–337.

B. Dunn, J. D. Mackenzie, J. I. Zink, O. M. Stafsudd, “Solid-state tunable lasers based on dye-doped sol-gel materials,” in Sol-Gel Optics, J. D. Mackenzie, D. R. Ulrich, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1328, 174–182 (1990).

The material was synthesized by S. Melpolder from Eastman Kodak Company.

The modified PMMA was fabricated by a proprietary method by the Medpolymer Institute, Moscow, and was submitted to us by the New Trade Company, Moscow.

F. J. Duarte, “Dispersive dye lasers,” in High Power Dye Lasers, F. J. Duarte, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), pp. 7–43.

F. P. Schafer, “Principles of dye laser operation,” in Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), pp. 1–89.

F. J. Duarte, J. J. Ehrlich, W. E. Davenport, T. S. Taylor, J. C. McDonald, “A new tunable dye laser oscillator: preliminary report,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’92, C. P. Wang, ed. (STS, McLean, Va., 1993), pp. 293–296.

F. J. Duarte, “Laser oscillator,” U.S. patent5,181,222 (19January1993).

F. J. Duarte, “Narrow-linewidth pulsed dye laser oscillators,” in Dye Laser Principles, F. J. Duarte, L. W. Hillman, eds. (Academic, New York, 1990), pp. 133–183.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Solid-state multiple-prism Littrow (MPL) dye-laser oscillator, (b) solid-state hybrid multiple-prism grazing-incidence (HMPGI) dye-laser oscillator. Excitation was accomplished semi-longitudinally, with the excitation beam incident at an angle of a few degrees relative to the optical axis of the cavity. Both oscillator configurations incorporate a Glan–Thompson polarizer output coupler.2

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Temporal pulse from the MPL oscillator showing double-longitudinal-mode oscillation at Δν ≈ 1.12 GHz, (b) temporal pulse from the HMPGI oscillator showing near single-longitundinal-mode oscillation. The full-width laser linewidth determined interferometrically for this case was Δν ≤ 500 MHz. In both cases the time scale is 1 ns/div.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Performance of Solid-State Dispersive Dye Laser Oscillators

Equations (1)

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Δλ = Δθ [ M ( ∂θ ∂λ ) G + ( ∂Φ ∂λ ) P ] 1 ,

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