Abstract

We report new experimental results on the spectral, thermal, and orientational characteristics of stoichiometry-dependent mid-IR absorption in AgGaSe2 crystals. In currently available material, this absorption poses an obstacle to the power scaling of the 2-μm-pumped AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator (OPO). Preliminary experiments have indicated that this absorption could be substantially reduced by optimization of the process parameters during crystal growth and annealing. OPO output powers approaching 10 W may be achievable by using optimized material.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986);G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, L. Esterowitz, “2 μm pumped AgGaSe2 with continuous tuning 2.49 –12.05 μm,” paper ELT7.1 presented at LEOS'90, Boston Mass., 1990.
    [Crossref]
  2. P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, K. L. Schepler, “High repetition rate AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator,” presented at 1992 Optical Society of American Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, N.M., 1992Opt. Lett., (to be published).
    [PubMed]
  3. C. L. Marquardt, D. G. Cooper, P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, K. L. Schepler, R. DeDomenico, G. C. Catella, “Thermal lensing and power scaling of a AgGaSe2 OPO,” presented at 1992 Optical Society of American Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, N.M., 1992.
  4. J. D. Beasley, “Thermal conductivity of some novel nonlinear optical materials,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).
  5. For spectrum in ZnGeP2 see P. A. Budni, P. G. Schunemann, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient, high average power optical parametric oscillator using ZnGeP2,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp.380–383;for general review of polarization effects see G. A. Medvedkin, Yu. V. Rud, M. A. Tairov, “Photoelectric anisotropy of II-IV-V2 ternary semiconductors,” Phys. Status Solidi A 115, 11–50 (1989).
  6. R. S. Feigelson, R. K. Route, “Recent developments in the growth of chalcopyrite crystals,” Opt. Eng. 26, 113–119 (1987).
  7. N. H. Kim, R. S. Feigelson, R. K. Route, “Surface migration and volume diffusion in the AgGaSe2-Ag2Se system,” J. Mater. Res. 7, 1215–1220 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  8. The dependence of the polarized absorption spectrum on the aspect ratio has been explored most extensively in glasses, where the aspect ratio can be varied over a wide range by stretching or compressing a softened glass. See for example T. P. Seward, “Some unusual optical properties of elongated phases in glasses,” in The Physics of Non-Crystalline Solids, G. H. Frischat, ed. (Trans Tech Aedermannsdorf, Switzerland, 1977), pp. 342–347, and references cited therein.

1992 (1)

N. H. Kim, R. S. Feigelson, R. K. Route, “Surface migration and volume diffusion in the AgGaSe2-Ag2Se system,” J. Mater. Res. 7, 1215–1220 (1992).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

R. S. Feigelson, R. K. Route, “Recent developments in the growth of chalcopyrite crystals,” Opt. Eng. 26, 113–119 (1987).

1986 (1)

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986);G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, L. Esterowitz, “2 μm pumped AgGaSe2 with continuous tuning 2.49 –12.05 μm,” paper ELT7.1 presented at LEOS'90, Boston Mass., 1990.
[Crossref]

Beasley, J. D.

J. D. Beasley, “Thermal conductivity of some novel nonlinear optical materials,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Budni, P. A.

For spectrum in ZnGeP2 see P. A. Budni, P. G. Schunemann, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient, high average power optical parametric oscillator using ZnGeP2,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp.380–383;for general review of polarization effects see G. A. Medvedkin, Yu. V. Rud, M. A. Tairov, “Photoelectric anisotropy of II-IV-V2 ternary semiconductors,” Phys. Status Solidi A 115, 11–50 (1989).

C. L. Marquardt, D. G. Cooper, P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, K. L. Schepler, R. DeDomenico, G. C. Catella, “Thermal lensing and power scaling of a AgGaSe2 OPO,” presented at 1992 Optical Society of American Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, N.M., 1992.

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, K. L. Schepler, “High repetition rate AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator,” presented at 1992 Optical Society of American Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, N.M., 1992Opt. Lett., (to be published).
[PubMed]

Byer, R. L.

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986);G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, L. Esterowitz, “2 μm pumped AgGaSe2 with continuous tuning 2.49 –12.05 μm,” paper ELT7.1 presented at LEOS'90, Boston Mass., 1990.
[Crossref]

Catella, G. C.

C. L. Marquardt, D. G. Cooper, P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, K. L. Schepler, R. DeDomenico, G. C. Catella, “Thermal lensing and power scaling of a AgGaSe2 OPO,” presented at 1992 Optical Society of American Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, N.M., 1992.

Chicklis, E. P.

For spectrum in ZnGeP2 see P. A. Budni, P. G. Schunemann, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient, high average power optical parametric oscillator using ZnGeP2,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp.380–383;for general review of polarization effects see G. A. Medvedkin, Yu. V. Rud, M. A. Tairov, “Photoelectric anisotropy of II-IV-V2 ternary semiconductors,” Phys. Status Solidi A 115, 11–50 (1989).

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, K. L. Schepler, “High repetition rate AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator,” presented at 1992 Optical Society of American Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, N.M., 1992Opt. Lett., (to be published).
[PubMed]

Cooper, D. G.

C. L. Marquardt, D. G. Cooper, P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, K. L. Schepler, R. DeDomenico, G. C. Catella, “Thermal lensing and power scaling of a AgGaSe2 OPO,” presented at 1992 Optical Society of American Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, N.M., 1992.

DeDomenico, R.

C. L. Marquardt, D. G. Cooper, P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, K. L. Schepler, R. DeDomenico, G. C. Catella, “Thermal lensing and power scaling of a AgGaSe2 OPO,” presented at 1992 Optical Society of American Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, N.M., 1992.

Eckardt, R. C.

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986);G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, L. Esterowitz, “2 μm pumped AgGaSe2 with continuous tuning 2.49 –12.05 μm,” paper ELT7.1 presented at LEOS'90, Boston Mass., 1990.
[Crossref]

Esterowitz, L.

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986);G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, L. Esterowitz, “2 μm pumped AgGaSe2 with continuous tuning 2.49 –12.05 μm,” paper ELT7.1 presented at LEOS'90, Boston Mass., 1990.
[Crossref]

Fan, Y. X.

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986);G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, L. Esterowitz, “2 μm pumped AgGaSe2 with continuous tuning 2.49 –12.05 μm,” paper ELT7.1 presented at LEOS'90, Boston Mass., 1990.
[Crossref]

Feigelson, R. S.

N. H. Kim, R. S. Feigelson, R. K. Route, “Surface migration and volume diffusion in the AgGaSe2-Ag2Se system,” J. Mater. Res. 7, 1215–1220 (1992).
[Crossref]

R. S. Feigelson, R. K. Route, “Recent developments in the growth of chalcopyrite crystals,” Opt. Eng. 26, 113–119 (1987).

Kim, N. H.

N. H. Kim, R. S. Feigelson, R. K. Route, “Surface migration and volume diffusion in the AgGaSe2-Ag2Se system,” J. Mater. Res. 7, 1215–1220 (1992).
[Crossref]

Knights, M. G.

For spectrum in ZnGeP2 see P. A. Budni, P. G. Schunemann, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient, high average power optical parametric oscillator using ZnGeP2,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp.380–383;for general review of polarization effects see G. A. Medvedkin, Yu. V. Rud, M. A. Tairov, “Photoelectric anisotropy of II-IV-V2 ternary semiconductors,” Phys. Status Solidi A 115, 11–50 (1989).

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, K. L. Schepler, “High repetition rate AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator,” presented at 1992 Optical Society of American Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, N.M., 1992Opt. Lett., (to be published).
[PubMed]

C. L. Marquardt, D. G. Cooper, P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, K. L. Schepler, R. DeDomenico, G. C. Catella, “Thermal lensing and power scaling of a AgGaSe2 OPO,” presented at 1992 Optical Society of American Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, N.M., 1992.

Marquardt, C. L.

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986);G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, L. Esterowitz, “2 μm pumped AgGaSe2 with continuous tuning 2.49 –12.05 μm,” paper ELT7.1 presented at LEOS'90, Boston Mass., 1990.
[Crossref]

C. L. Marquardt, D. G. Cooper, P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, K. L. Schepler, R. DeDomenico, G. C. Catella, “Thermal lensing and power scaling of a AgGaSe2 OPO,” presented at 1992 Optical Society of American Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, N.M., 1992.

Pollak, T. M.

For spectrum in ZnGeP2 see P. A. Budni, P. G. Schunemann, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient, high average power optical parametric oscillator using ZnGeP2,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp.380–383;for general review of polarization effects see G. A. Medvedkin, Yu. V. Rud, M. A. Tairov, “Photoelectric anisotropy of II-IV-V2 ternary semiconductors,” Phys. Status Solidi A 115, 11–50 (1989).

Route, R. K.

N. H. Kim, R. S. Feigelson, R. K. Route, “Surface migration and volume diffusion in the AgGaSe2-Ag2Se system,” J. Mater. Res. 7, 1215–1220 (1992).
[Crossref]

R. S. Feigelson, R. K. Route, “Recent developments in the growth of chalcopyrite crystals,” Opt. Eng. 26, 113–119 (1987).

Schepler, K. L.

C. L. Marquardt, D. G. Cooper, P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, K. L. Schepler, R. DeDomenico, G. C. Catella, “Thermal lensing and power scaling of a AgGaSe2 OPO,” presented at 1992 Optical Society of American Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, N.M., 1992.

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, K. L. Schepler, “High repetition rate AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator,” presented at 1992 Optical Society of American Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, N.M., 1992Opt. Lett., (to be published).
[PubMed]

Schunemann, P. G.

For spectrum in ZnGeP2 see P. A. Budni, P. G. Schunemann, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient, high average power optical parametric oscillator using ZnGeP2,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp.380–383;for general review of polarization effects see G. A. Medvedkin, Yu. V. Rud, M. A. Tairov, “Photoelectric anisotropy of II-IV-V2 ternary semiconductors,” Phys. Status Solidi A 115, 11–50 (1989).

Seward, T. P.

The dependence of the polarized absorption spectrum on the aspect ratio has been explored most extensively in glasses, where the aspect ratio can be varied over a wide range by stretching or compressing a softened glass. See for example T. P. Seward, “Some unusual optical properties of elongated phases in glasses,” in The Physics of Non-Crystalline Solids, G. H. Frischat, ed. (Trans Tech Aedermannsdorf, Switzerland, 1977), pp. 342–347, and references cited therein.

Storm, M. E.

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986);G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, L. Esterowitz, “2 μm pumped AgGaSe2 with continuous tuning 2.49 –12.05 μm,” paper ELT7.1 presented at LEOS'90, Boston Mass., 1990.
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986);G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, L. Esterowitz, “2 μm pumped AgGaSe2 with continuous tuning 2.49 –12.05 μm,” paper ELT7.1 presented at LEOS'90, Boston Mass., 1990.
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Res. (1)

N. H. Kim, R. S. Feigelson, R. K. Route, “Surface migration and volume diffusion in the AgGaSe2-Ag2Se system,” J. Mater. Res. 7, 1215–1220 (1992).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

R. S. Feigelson, R. K. Route, “Recent developments in the growth of chalcopyrite crystals,” Opt. Eng. 26, 113–119 (1987).

Other (5)

The dependence of the polarized absorption spectrum on the aspect ratio has been explored most extensively in glasses, where the aspect ratio can be varied over a wide range by stretching or compressing a softened glass. See for example T. P. Seward, “Some unusual optical properties of elongated phases in glasses,” in The Physics of Non-Crystalline Solids, G. H. Frischat, ed. (Trans Tech Aedermannsdorf, Switzerland, 1977), pp. 342–347, and references cited therein.

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, K. L. Schepler, “High repetition rate AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator,” presented at 1992 Optical Society of American Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, N.M., 1992Opt. Lett., (to be published).
[PubMed]

C. L. Marquardt, D. G. Cooper, P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, K. L. Schepler, R. DeDomenico, G. C. Catella, “Thermal lensing and power scaling of a AgGaSe2 OPO,” presented at 1992 Optical Society of American Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, N.M., 1992.

J. D. Beasley, “Thermal conductivity of some novel nonlinear optical materials,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

For spectrum in ZnGeP2 see P. A. Budni, P. G. Schunemann, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient, high average power optical parametric oscillator using ZnGeP2,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp.380–383;for general review of polarization effects see G. A. Medvedkin, Yu. V. Rud, M. A. Tairov, “Photoelectric anisotropy of II-IV-V2 ternary semiconductors,” Phys. Status Solidi A 115, 11–50 (1989).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Polarized mid-IR transmission spectra of AgGaSe2 OPO bar #4-072a-1.3; path length, L = 24 mm; phase-matching angle, θ = 46°. Details of the region near the band edge are shown in the inset. In most AgGaSe2 crystals the 1.3-μm band is barely detectable.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Polarized transmission spectra of AgGaSe2 sample #1-154-A1.0(2) in the region of the 2.2-μm band; path length, L = 12 mm; crystal cut (caa). Probe light is propagated along an a axis; spectra are shown for three angles (0°, and 90°) between the E vector and the c axis. (Note that having E parallel to the a or the c axis corresponds to special cases of o waves and e waves, often referred to as pure o and pure e, respectively.) Noise has been reduced by using a 12-point smooth.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission spectra of AgGaSe2 sample #1-154-A1.0(2) in the region of the 2.2-μm band at 293 K and 77 K; path length, L = 12 mm. Probe light is propagated along an a axis, and the E vector is parallel to the c axis. The spectra have been corrected for the transmission of the cryostat windows.

Metrics