Abstract

A new method of designing nonimaging concentrators is presented and two new types of concentrators are developed. The first is an aspheric lens, and the second is a lens-mirror combination. A ray tracing of three-dimensional concentrators (with rotational symmetry) is also done, showing that the lens-mirror combination has a total transmission as high as that of the full compound parabolic concentrators, while their depth is much smaller than the classical parabolic mirror–nonimaging concentrator combinations. Another important feature of this concentrator is that the optically active surfaces are not in contact with the receiver, as occurs in other nonimaging concentrators in which the rim of the mirror coincides with the rim of the receiver.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. T. Welford, R. Winston, High Collection Nonimaging Optics (Academic, New York, 1989).
  2. I. M. Bassett, W. T. Welford, R. Winston, “Nonimaging optics for flux concentration,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North Holland, Amsterdam, 1989), Vol. XXVII, pp. 161–226.
  3. J. C. Minano, “Synthesis of concentrators in two-dimensional geometry,” in Solar Cells and Optics for Photovoltaic Concentration, A. Luque, ed. (Hilger, Bristol, UK, 1989), pp. 353–396.
  4. R. Winston, “Ideal light concentrators with reflector gaps,” Appl. Opt. 17, p. 1668 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. Winston, “Cavity enhancement by controlled directional scattering,” Appl. Opt. 19, 195–197 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Cooke, P. Gleckman, H. Krebs, J. O’Gallagher, D. Sagie, R. Winston, “Sunlight brighter than the Sun,” Nature (London) 346, 802 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. O. N. Stavroudis, The Optics of Rays, Wavefronts, and Caustics, (Academic, New York, 1972).
  8. G. Schulz, “Achromatic and sharp real imaging of a point by a single aspheric lens,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3242–3248 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. Schulz, “Aspheric surfaces,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North Holland, Amsterdam, 1988), Vol. XXV, pp. 351–416.
  10. J. C. Minano, “Design of three-dimensional concentrators,” in Solar Cells and Optics for Photovoltaic Concentration, A. Luque, ed. (Hilger, Bristol, UK, 1989), pp. 397–429.
  11. P. Gleckman, J. O’Gallagher, R. Winston, “Approaching the irradiance of the sun through nonimaging optics,” Opt. News 15(5), pp. 33–36 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Winston, W. T. Welford, “Geometrical vector flux and some new nonimaging concentrators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 532–536 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Winston, W. T. Welford, “Ideal flux concentrators as shapes that do not disturb the geometrical vector flux field: a new derivation of the compound parabolic concentrator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 536–539 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. T. Welford, J. O’Gallagher, R. Winston, “Axially symmetric nonimaging flux concentrators with the maximum theoretical concentration ratio,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 66–68 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Winston, “Nonimaging Optics,” Sci. Am. 264(3), 76–81, (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. W. Forbes, I. M. Basset, “An axially symmetric variable-angle nonimaging transformer,” Opt. Acta 29, 1283–1297 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

1991 (1)

R. Winston, “Nonimaging Optics,” Sci. Am. 264(3), 76–81, (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

D. Cooke, P. Gleckman, H. Krebs, J. O’Gallagher, D. Sagie, R. Winston, “Sunlight brighter than the Sun,” Nature (London) 346, 802 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

P. Gleckman, J. O’Gallagher, R. Winston, “Approaching the irradiance of the sun through nonimaging optics,” Opt. News 15(5), pp. 33–36 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1983 (1)

1982 (1)

G. W. Forbes, I. M. Basset, “An axially symmetric variable-angle nonimaging transformer,” Opt. Acta 29, 1283–1297 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1979 (2)

1978 (1)

Basset, I. M.

G. W. Forbes, I. M. Basset, “An axially symmetric variable-angle nonimaging transformer,” Opt. Acta 29, 1283–1297 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Bassett, I. M.

I. M. Bassett, W. T. Welford, R. Winston, “Nonimaging optics for flux concentration,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North Holland, Amsterdam, 1989), Vol. XXVII, pp. 161–226.

Cooke, D.

D. Cooke, P. Gleckman, H. Krebs, J. O’Gallagher, D. Sagie, R. Winston, “Sunlight brighter than the Sun,” Nature (London) 346, 802 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Forbes, G. W.

G. W. Forbes, I. M. Basset, “An axially symmetric variable-angle nonimaging transformer,” Opt. Acta 29, 1283–1297 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Gleckman, P.

D. Cooke, P. Gleckman, H. Krebs, J. O’Gallagher, D. Sagie, R. Winston, “Sunlight brighter than the Sun,” Nature (London) 346, 802 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. Gleckman, J. O’Gallagher, R. Winston, “Approaching the irradiance of the sun through nonimaging optics,” Opt. News 15(5), pp. 33–36 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Krebs, H.

D. Cooke, P. Gleckman, H. Krebs, J. O’Gallagher, D. Sagie, R. Winston, “Sunlight brighter than the Sun,” Nature (London) 346, 802 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Minano, J. C.

J. C. Minano, “Design of three-dimensional concentrators,” in Solar Cells and Optics for Photovoltaic Concentration, A. Luque, ed. (Hilger, Bristol, UK, 1989), pp. 397–429.

J. C. Minano, “Synthesis of concentrators in two-dimensional geometry,” in Solar Cells and Optics for Photovoltaic Concentration, A. Luque, ed. (Hilger, Bristol, UK, 1989), pp. 353–396.

O’Gallagher, J.

D. Cooke, P. Gleckman, H. Krebs, J. O’Gallagher, D. Sagie, R. Winston, “Sunlight brighter than the Sun,” Nature (London) 346, 802 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. Gleckman, J. O’Gallagher, R. Winston, “Approaching the irradiance of the sun through nonimaging optics,” Opt. News 15(5), pp. 33–36 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Welford, J. O’Gallagher, R. Winston, “Axially symmetric nonimaging flux concentrators with the maximum theoretical concentration ratio,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 66–68 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Sagie, D.

D. Cooke, P. Gleckman, H. Krebs, J. O’Gallagher, D. Sagie, R. Winston, “Sunlight brighter than the Sun,” Nature (London) 346, 802 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, G.

G. Schulz, “Achromatic and sharp real imaging of a point by a single aspheric lens,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3242–3248 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Schulz, “Aspheric surfaces,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North Holland, Amsterdam, 1988), Vol. XXV, pp. 351–416.

Stavroudis, O. N.

O. N. Stavroudis, The Optics of Rays, Wavefronts, and Caustics, (Academic, New York, 1972).

Welford, W. T.

Winston, R.

R. Winston, “Nonimaging Optics,” Sci. Am. 264(3), 76–81, (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Cooke, P. Gleckman, H. Krebs, J. O’Gallagher, D. Sagie, R. Winston, “Sunlight brighter than the Sun,” Nature (London) 346, 802 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. Gleckman, J. O’Gallagher, R. Winston, “Approaching the irradiance of the sun through nonimaging optics,” Opt. News 15(5), pp. 33–36 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Welford, J. O’Gallagher, R. Winston, “Axially symmetric nonimaging flux concentrators with the maximum theoretical concentration ratio,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 66–68 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. Winston, “Cavity enhancement by controlled directional scattering,” Appl. Opt. 19, 195–197 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Winston, W. T. Welford, “Geometrical vector flux and some new nonimaging concentrators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 532–536 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. Winston, W. T. Welford, “Ideal flux concentrators as shapes that do not disturb the geometrical vector flux field: a new derivation of the compound parabolic concentrator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 536–539 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. Winston, “Ideal light concentrators with reflector gaps,” Appl. Opt. 17, p. 1668 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. M. Bassett, W. T. Welford, R. Winston, “Nonimaging optics for flux concentration,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North Holland, Amsterdam, 1989), Vol. XXVII, pp. 161–226.

W. T. Welford, R. Winston, High Collection Nonimaging Optics (Academic, New York, 1989).

Appl. Opt. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nature (London) (1)

D. Cooke, P. Gleckman, H. Krebs, J. O’Gallagher, D. Sagie, R. Winston, “Sunlight brighter than the Sun,” Nature (London) 346, 802 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Acta (1)

G. W. Forbes, I. M. Basset, “An axially symmetric variable-angle nonimaging transformer,” Opt. Acta 29, 1283–1297 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. News (1)

P. Gleckman, J. O’Gallagher, R. Winston, “Approaching the irradiance of the sun through nonimaging optics,” Opt. News 15(5), pp. 33–36 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Am. (1)

R. Winston, “Nonimaging Optics,” Sci. Am. 264(3), 76–81, (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

O. N. Stavroudis, The Optics of Rays, Wavefronts, and Caustics, (Academic, New York, 1972).

W. T. Welford, R. Winston, High Collection Nonimaging Optics (Academic, New York, 1989).

I. M. Bassett, W. T. Welford, R. Winston, “Nonimaging optics for flux concentration,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North Holland, Amsterdam, 1989), Vol. XXVII, pp. 161–226.

J. C. Minano, “Synthesis of concentrators in two-dimensional geometry,” in Solar Cells and Optics for Photovoltaic Concentration, A. Luque, ed. (Hilger, Bristol, UK, 1989), pp. 353–396.

G. Schulz, “Aspheric surfaces,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North Holland, Amsterdam, 1988), Vol. XXV, pp. 351–416.

J. C. Minano, “Design of three-dimensional concentrators,” in Solar Cells and Optics for Photovoltaic Concentration, A. Luque, ed. (Hilger, Bristol, UK, 1989), pp. 397–429.

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