Abstract

Since the addition of a modelocker to a passive modelocked laser oscillator results in a great improvement of just about all output characteristics, we wish to describe how to build a modelocker system of commercial performance with resources that are within reach of most university laboratories.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineeering (Springer, New York, 1976).
  2. W. Seka, J. Bunkenburg, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 2277 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. F. Albrecht, J. Bunkenburg, Opt. Commun. 38, 377 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. F. Albrecht, A. Antonetti, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 40, 59 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Uchida, N. Niizeki, “Acousto-Optic Deflection Materials and Techniques,” Proc. IEEE 61, 1073 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  6. O. I. Safronov et al., Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 1030 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. G. Spears, J. Larsen, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 48, 472 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. R. Boyd, E. H. Young, S. K. Yao, Opt. Eng. 16, 452 (1977).
  9. G. A. Alphonse, Appl. Opt. 14, 201 (1975).
    [PubMed]
  10. D. Maydan, D. A. Sealer, “Acousto-Optic Modulators with Nanosecond Rise Time Capability,” IEEE Ultrasonic Symposium Abstracts, Session K, 65 (1970).
  11. A. Adler, “Interaction Between Light and Sound,” IEEE Spectrum 47, 42 (May1967) and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
  12. See Ref. 1, pp. 429–436 and references therein.
  13. E. I. Gordon, Proc. IEEE 54, 1391 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  14. I. P. Kaminow, Introduction to Electro-optic Devices (Academic, New York, 1974), p. 54.
  15. L. Levi, Applied Optics (Wiley, New York, 1980), Vol. 2, p. 254 ff.
  16. See Ref. 1, pp. 456–488 or any good textbook on lasers.
  17. D. J. Kuizenga, A. E. Siegman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 694 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  18. W. P. Mason, H. Jaffe, “Methods of Measuring Piezo Electric, Elastic and Dielectric Coefficients of Crystals and Ceramics,” Proc. IRE 42, 921 (1954).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. F. Tierstein, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 35, 53 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. W. Warner, M. Onoe, G. A. Coguin, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 42, 1223 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. A. Pinnow, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 223 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  22. All our transducers were supplied by Valpey-Fisher Corp., Mass.
  23. E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 67 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  24. We have seen this basic electrode configuration first on commercial units from Quantronix Corp., New York.
  25. J. S. Jones, “VHF Delay Line Bonding,” IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, Cleveland, paper N-8 (1966).
  26. E. K. Sitting, IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason. SU-16, 2 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  27. V. Mahajan, J. Gaskil, Opt. Acta 21, 893 (1974).
    [CrossRef]

1981

G. F. Albrecht, A. Antonetti, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 40, 59 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980

G. F. Albrecht, J. Bunkenburg, Opt. Commun. 38, 377 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1978

W. Seka, J. Bunkenburg, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 2277 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977

K. G. Spears, J. Larsen, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 48, 472 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Boyd, E. H. Young, S. K. Yao, Opt. Eng. 16, 452 (1977).

1975

O. I. Safronov et al., Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 1030 (1975).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Alphonse, Appl. Opt. 14, 201 (1975).
[PubMed]

1974

V. Mahajan, J. Gaskil, Opt. Acta 21, 893 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973

N. Uchida, N. Niizeki, “Acousto-Optic Deflection Materials and Techniques,” Proc. IEEE 61, 1073 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1970

D. Maydan, D. A. Sealer, “Acousto-Optic Modulators with Nanosecond Rise Time Capability,” IEEE Ultrasonic Symposium Abstracts, Session K, 65 (1970).

D. J. Kuizenga, A. E. Siegman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 694 (1970).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Pinnow, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 223 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1969

E. K. Sitting, IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason. SU-16, 2 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1967

A. Adler, “Interaction Between Light and Sound,” IEEE Spectrum 47, 42 (May1967) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

1966

E. I. Gordon, Proc. IEEE 54, 1391 (1966).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Warner, M. Onoe, G. A. Coguin, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 42, 1223 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1965

E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 67 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1963

H. F. Tierstein, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 35, 53 (1963).
[CrossRef]

1954

W. P. Mason, H. Jaffe, “Methods of Measuring Piezo Electric, Elastic and Dielectric Coefficients of Crystals and Ceramics,” Proc. IRE 42, 921 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Adler, A.

A. Adler, “Interaction Between Light and Sound,” IEEE Spectrum 47, 42 (May1967) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Albrecht, G. F.

G. F. Albrecht, A. Antonetti, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 40, 59 (1981).
[CrossRef]

G. F. Albrecht, J. Bunkenburg, Opt. Commun. 38, 377 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Alphonse, G. A.

Antonetti, A.

G. F. Albrecht, A. Antonetti, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 40, 59 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, J. R.

J. R. Boyd, E. H. Young, S. K. Yao, Opt. Eng. 16, 452 (1977).

Bunkenburg, J.

G. F. Albrecht, J. Bunkenburg, Opt. Commun. 38, 377 (1980).
[CrossRef]

W. Seka, J. Bunkenburg, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 2277 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Coguin, G. A.

A. W. Warner, M. Onoe, G. A. Coguin, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 42, 1223 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Gaskil, J.

V. Mahajan, J. Gaskil, Opt. Acta 21, 893 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, E. I.

E. I. Gordon, Proc. IEEE 54, 1391 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Jaffe, H.

W. P. Mason, H. Jaffe, “Methods of Measuring Piezo Electric, Elastic and Dielectric Coefficients of Crystals and Ceramics,” Proc. IRE 42, 921 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Jones, J. S.

J. S. Jones, “VHF Delay Line Bonding,” IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, Cleveland, paper N-8 (1966).

Kaminow, I. P.

I. P. Kaminow, Introduction to Electro-optic Devices (Academic, New York, 1974), p. 54.

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineeering (Springer, New York, 1976).

Kuizenga, D. J.

D. J. Kuizenga, A. E. Siegman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 694 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Larsen, J.

K. G. Spears, J. Larsen, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 48, 472 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Lenzo, P. V.

E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 67 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Levi, L.

L. Levi, Applied Optics (Wiley, New York, 1980), Vol. 2, p. 254 ff.

Mahajan, V.

V. Mahajan, J. Gaskil, Opt. Acta 21, 893 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Mason, W. P.

W. P. Mason, H. Jaffe, “Methods of Measuring Piezo Electric, Elastic and Dielectric Coefficients of Crystals and Ceramics,” Proc. IRE 42, 921 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Maydan, D.

D. Maydan, D. A. Sealer, “Acousto-Optic Modulators with Nanosecond Rise Time Capability,” IEEE Ultrasonic Symposium Abstracts, Session K, 65 (1970).

Mourou, G.

G. F. Albrecht, A. Antonetti, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 40, 59 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Nassau, K.

E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 67 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Niizeki, N.

N. Uchida, N. Niizeki, “Acousto-Optic Deflection Materials and Techniques,” Proc. IEEE 61, 1073 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Onoe, M.

A. W. Warner, M. Onoe, G. A. Coguin, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 42, 1223 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Pinnow, D. A.

D. A. Pinnow, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 223 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Safronov, O. I.

O. I. Safronov et al., Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 1030 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Sealer, D. A.

D. Maydan, D. A. Sealer, “Acousto-Optic Modulators with Nanosecond Rise Time Capability,” IEEE Ultrasonic Symposium Abstracts, Session K, 65 (1970).

Seka, W.

W. Seka, J. Bunkenburg, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 2277 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

D. J. Kuizenga, A. E. Siegman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 694 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Sitting, E. K.

E. K. Sitting, IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason. SU-16, 2 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Spears, K. G.

K. G. Spears, J. Larsen, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 48, 472 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Spencer, E. G.

E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 67 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Tierstein, H. F.

H. F. Tierstein, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 35, 53 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, N.

N. Uchida, N. Niizeki, “Acousto-Optic Deflection Materials and Techniques,” Proc. IEEE 61, 1073 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Warner, A. W.

A. W. Warner, M. Onoe, G. A. Coguin, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 42, 1223 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Yao, S. K.

J. R. Boyd, E. H. Young, S. K. Yao, Opt. Eng. 16, 452 (1977).

Young, E. H.

J. R. Boyd, E. H. Young, S. K. Yao, Opt. Eng. 16, 452 (1977).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 67 (1965).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D. A. Pinnow, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 223 (1970).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Kuizenga, A. E. Siegman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 694 (1970).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Spectrum

A. Adler, “Interaction Between Light and Sound,” IEEE Spectrum 47, 42 (May1967) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason.

E. K. Sitting, IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason. SU-16, 2 (1969).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Ultrasonic Symposium Abstracts, Session K

D. Maydan, D. A. Sealer, “Acousto-Optic Modulators with Nanosecond Rise Time Capability,” IEEE Ultrasonic Symposium Abstracts, Session K, 65 (1970).

J. Acoust. Soc. Am.

H. F. Tierstein, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 35, 53 (1963).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Warner, M. Onoe, G. A. Coguin, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 42, 1223 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

W. Seka, J. Bunkenburg, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 2277 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Acta

V. Mahajan, J. Gaskil, Opt. Acta 21, 893 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

G. F. Albrecht, J. Bunkenburg, Opt. Commun. 38, 377 (1980).
[CrossRef]

G. F. Albrecht, A. Antonetti, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 40, 59 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

J. R. Boyd, E. H. Young, S. K. Yao, Opt. Eng. 16, 452 (1977).

Proc. IEEE

N. Uchida, N. Niizeki, “Acousto-Optic Deflection Materials and Techniques,” Proc. IEEE 61, 1073 (1973).
[CrossRef]

E. I. Gordon, Proc. IEEE 54, 1391 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IRE

W. P. Mason, H. Jaffe, “Methods of Measuring Piezo Electric, Elastic and Dielectric Coefficients of Crystals and Ceramics,” Proc. IRE 42, 921 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

K. G. Spears, J. Larsen, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 48, 472 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

O. I. Safronov et al., Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 1030 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Other

See Ref. 1, pp. 429–436 and references therein.

I. P. Kaminow, Introduction to Electro-optic Devices (Academic, New York, 1974), p. 54.

L. Levi, Applied Optics (Wiley, New York, 1980), Vol. 2, p. 254 ff.

See Ref. 1, pp. 456–488 or any good textbook on lasers.

W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineeering (Springer, New York, 1976).

We have seen this basic electrode configuration first on commercial units from Quantronix Corp., New York.

J. S. Jones, “VHF Delay Line Bonding,” IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, Cleveland, paper N-8 (1966).

All our transducers were supplied by Valpey-Fisher Corp., Mass.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Basic modelocker setup illustrating the operating principle.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Explanation of the dimensions referred to in the text.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Acoustic wave resonance spectrum.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Design principles described in the text.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Device used to bond the transducer to the substrate.

Metrics