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References

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  1. H. Rosen, A. D. A. Hansen, L. Gundel, T. Novakov, Appl. Opt. 17, 3859 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. Rosen, T. Novakov, B. A. Bodhaine, Atmos. Environ. 15, 1371 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. T. Wolff, R. L. Klimisch, Eds., Particulate Carbon; Atmospheric Life Cycle (Plenum, New York, 1982).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. W. Paltridge, C. M. R. Platt, Radiative Processes in Meteorology and Climatology (Elsevier, Oxford, 1976).
  5. R. W. Terhune, J. E. Anderson, Opt. Lett. 1, 70 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. E. Gerber, Appl. Opt. 18, 1009 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. C. Szkarlat, S. M. Japar, Appl. Opt. 20, 1151 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. I. Lin, M. Baker, R. J. Charlson, Appl. Opt. 12, 1356 (1973).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Rosen, A. D. A. Hansen, R. L. Dod, T. Novakov, Science 208, 741 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Z. Yasa, N. M. Amer, H. Rosen, A. D. A. Hansen, T. Novakov, Appl. Opt. 18, 2528 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. L. Gundel, R. Dod, T. Novakov, “Environmental Pollutant Studies,” Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory report LBL-11986 (1981), p. 5–26.
  12. H. Rosen, T. Novakov, in Light Absorption by Aerosol Particles, H. E. Gerber, E. E. Hindman, Eds. (Spectrum, Hampton, Va., 1982), p. 321.

1981 (2)

H. Rosen, T. Novakov, B. A. Bodhaine, Atmos. Environ. 15, 1371 (1981).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Szkarlat, S. M. Japar, Appl. Opt. 20, 1151 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (1)

H. Rosen, A. D. A. Hansen, R. L. Dod, T. Novakov, Science 208, 741 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (2)

1978 (1)

1977 (1)

1973 (1)

Amer, N. M.

Anderson, J. E.

Baker, M.

Bodhaine, B. A.

H. Rosen, T. Novakov, B. A. Bodhaine, Atmos. Environ. 15, 1371 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Charlson, R. J.

Dod, R.

L. Gundel, R. Dod, T. Novakov, “Environmental Pollutant Studies,” Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory report LBL-11986 (1981), p. 5–26.

Dod, R. L.

H. Rosen, A. D. A. Hansen, R. L. Dod, T. Novakov, Science 208, 741 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gerber, H. E.

Gundel, L.

H. Rosen, A. D. A. Hansen, L. Gundel, T. Novakov, Appl. Opt. 17, 3859 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Gundel, R. Dod, T. Novakov, “Environmental Pollutant Studies,” Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory report LBL-11986 (1981), p. 5–26.

Hansen, A. D. A.

Japar, S. M.

Lin, C. I.

Novakov, T.

H. Rosen, T. Novakov, B. A. Bodhaine, Atmos. Environ. 15, 1371 (1981).
[CrossRef]

H. Rosen, A. D. A. Hansen, R. L. Dod, T. Novakov, Science 208, 741 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yasa, N. M. Amer, H. Rosen, A. D. A. Hansen, T. Novakov, Appl. Opt. 18, 2528 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rosen, A. D. A. Hansen, L. Gundel, T. Novakov, Appl. Opt. 17, 3859 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rosen, T. Novakov, in Light Absorption by Aerosol Particles, H. E. Gerber, E. E. Hindman, Eds. (Spectrum, Hampton, Va., 1982), p. 321.

L. Gundel, R. Dod, T. Novakov, “Environmental Pollutant Studies,” Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory report LBL-11986 (1981), p. 5–26.

Paltridge, G. W.

G. W. Paltridge, C. M. R. Platt, Radiative Processes in Meteorology and Climatology (Elsevier, Oxford, 1976).

Platt, C. M. R.

G. W. Paltridge, C. M. R. Platt, Radiative Processes in Meteorology and Climatology (Elsevier, Oxford, 1976).

Rosen, H.

H. Rosen, T. Novakov, B. A. Bodhaine, Atmos. Environ. 15, 1371 (1981).
[CrossRef]

H. Rosen, A. D. A. Hansen, R. L. Dod, T. Novakov, Science 208, 741 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yasa, N. M. Amer, H. Rosen, A. D. A. Hansen, T. Novakov, Appl. Opt. 18, 2528 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rosen, A. D. A. Hansen, L. Gundel, T. Novakov, Appl. Opt. 17, 3859 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rosen, T. Novakov, in Light Absorption by Aerosol Particles, H. E. Gerber, E. E. Hindman, Eds. (Spectrum, Hampton, Va., 1982), p. 321.

Szkarlat, A. C.

Terhune, R. W.

Yasa, Z.

Appl. Opt. (5)

Atmos. Environ. (1)

H. Rosen, T. Novakov, B. A. Bodhaine, Atmos. Environ. 15, 1371 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (1)

H. Rosen, A. D. A. Hansen, R. L. Dod, T. Novakov, Science 208, 741 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

L. Gundel, R. Dod, T. Novakov, “Environmental Pollutant Studies,” Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory report LBL-11986 (1981), p. 5–26.

H. Rosen, T. Novakov, in Light Absorption by Aerosol Particles, H. E. Gerber, E. E. Hindman, Eds. (Spectrum, Hampton, Va., 1982), p. 321.

G. T. Wolff, R. L. Klimisch, Eds., Particulate Carbon; Atmospheric Life Cycle (Plenum, New York, 1982).
[CrossRef]

G. W. Paltridge, C. M. R. Platt, Radiative Processes in Meteorology and Climatology (Elsevier, Oxford, 1976).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory laser transmission apparatus.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the experimental arrangement used for the model calculation.

Equations (2)

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I = I 0 ( 1 n s σ b n A σ A ) + I 0 ( 1 n s σ B n A σ A ) n s σ B R F + I 0 ( 1 n s σ B n A σ A ) n s 2 σ B 2 R F 2 + I 0 ( 1 n s σ B n A σ A ) n s n σ B n R F n = I 0 ( 1 n s σ B n A σ A ) ( 1 n s σ B R F ) .
I = I 0 ( 1 n A σ A 1 n s σ B ) .

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