Abstract

Photochromic eyewear is described which selectively blocks the blue and near-ultraviolet portion of the spectrum. The possible advantages of this wavelength-selective protective eyewear are discussed in terms of its applications to certain ocular pathologies such as retinitis pigmentosa, to preserve normal vision longer, and to reduce the visual impairment in lensless eyes following cataract removal.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. T. Ham, H. A. Mueller, D. H. Sliney, Nature (London) 260, 153 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. T. Ham, J. J. Ruffolo, H. A. Mueller, D. Gerry, Vision Res. 20, 1105 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. W. H. Armistead, S. D. Stookey, Science 144, 15 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. H. Armistead, S. D. Stookey, U.S. Pat.3,208,860 (1965).
  5. G. K. Megla, Appl. Opt. 5, 945 (1966).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. P. Smith, IEEE Spectrum 3, 39 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. M. Wedding, U.S. Pat.4,284,686 (1981).
  8. Preliminary Product Bulletin OPM “Corning’s CPF Spectacles” (Technical Products Division, Corning Glass Works, Corning, N.Y., 1982).
  9. D. Sliney, M. L. Wolbarsht, Safety with Lasers and Other Optical Sources: A Comprehensive Handbook (Plenum, New York, 1980).
  10. M. L. Wolbarsht, M. B. Landers, J. A. C. Wadsworth, W. B. Anderson, “Retinitis Pigmentosa: Clinical Management Based on Current Concepts,” in Retinitis Pigmentosa: Current Implications of Current Research, M. B. Landers, M. L. Wolbarsht, J. E. Dowling, A. M. Laties, Eds. (Plenum, New York, 1977), pp. 181–195.
  11. K. R. Barasch, S. Pohler, Am. J. Ophthalmol. Med. 88, 556 (1979).
  12. A. Ivanoff, Les Aberration de l’Oeil (Ed. de la Revue d’Optique, Paris, 1953).
  13. M. L. Wolbarsht, Fed. Proc. Fed. Am. Soc. Exp. Biol. 35(1), 44 (1976).
  14. J. E. Dowling, R. L. Sidman, J. Cell. Biol. 14, 73 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. V. Anderson, W. K. O’Steen, Exp. Neurol. 34, 446 (1972).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. W. Adrian, I. Schmidt, J. Am. Optom. Assoc. 46, 380 (1975).
  17. J. Lanum, Surv. Ophthalmol. 22, 221 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. A. Mainster, J. Am. Intraocular Implant Soc. 4, 84 (1978).
  19. R. S. Harwerth, H. G. Sperling, Vision Res. 15, 1193 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. T. E. Lawwill, Invest. Ophthalmol. 12, 45 (1973).
    [PubMed]
  21. D. Fuller, A. Machemer, R. Knighton, Vision Res. 20, 1070 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. Gorn, T. Kuwabara, Arch. Ophthalmol. 77, 115 (1967).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. D. H. Sliney, “Ambient Light Environment and Ocular Hazards,” in Retinitis Pigmentosa, Clinical Implications of Current Research, M. B. Landers, M. L. Wolbarsht, J. E. Dowling, A. M. Laties, Eds. (Plenum, New York, 1977), pp. 211–221.
  24. D. H. Sliney, C. E. Moss, C. G. Miller, J. B. Stephens, Appl. Opt. 20, 2352 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. Y. Le Grand, Optique Physiologique (Ed. de la Revue d’Optique, Paris, 1956).

1981 (1)

1980 (2)

D. Fuller, A. Machemer, R. Knighton, Vision Res. 20, 1070 (1980).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Ham, J. J. Ruffolo, H. A. Mueller, D. Gerry, Vision Res. 20, 1105 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

K. R. Barasch, S. Pohler, Am. J. Ophthalmol. Med. 88, 556 (1979).

1978 (2)

J. Lanum, Surv. Ophthalmol. 22, 221 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Mainster, J. Am. Intraocular Implant Soc. 4, 84 (1978).

1976 (2)

M. L. Wolbarsht, Fed. Proc. Fed. Am. Soc. Exp. Biol. 35(1), 44 (1976).

W. T. Ham, H. A. Mueller, D. H. Sliney, Nature (London) 260, 153 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (2)

R. S. Harwerth, H. G. Sperling, Vision Res. 15, 1193 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Adrian, I. Schmidt, J. Am. Optom. Assoc. 46, 380 (1975).

1973 (1)

T. E. Lawwill, Invest. Ophthalmol. 12, 45 (1973).
[PubMed]

1972 (1)

K. V. Anderson, W. K. O’Steen, Exp. Neurol. 34, 446 (1972).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1967 (1)

R. Gorn, T. Kuwabara, Arch. Ophthalmol. 77, 115 (1967).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1966 (2)

1964 (1)

W. H. Armistead, S. D. Stookey, Science 144, 15 (1964).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

J. E. Dowling, R. L. Sidman, J. Cell. Biol. 14, 73 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Adrian, W.

W. Adrian, I. Schmidt, J. Am. Optom. Assoc. 46, 380 (1975).

Anderson, K. V.

K. V. Anderson, W. K. O’Steen, Exp. Neurol. 34, 446 (1972).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, W. B.

M. L. Wolbarsht, M. B. Landers, J. A. C. Wadsworth, W. B. Anderson, “Retinitis Pigmentosa: Clinical Management Based on Current Concepts,” in Retinitis Pigmentosa: Current Implications of Current Research, M. B. Landers, M. L. Wolbarsht, J. E. Dowling, A. M. Laties, Eds. (Plenum, New York, 1977), pp. 181–195.

Armistead, W. H.

W. H. Armistead, S. D. Stookey, Science 144, 15 (1964).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Armistead, S. D. Stookey, U.S. Pat.3,208,860 (1965).

Barasch, K. R.

K. R. Barasch, S. Pohler, Am. J. Ophthalmol. Med. 88, 556 (1979).

Dowling, J. E.

J. E. Dowling, R. L. Sidman, J. Cell. Biol. 14, 73 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Fuller, D.

D. Fuller, A. Machemer, R. Knighton, Vision Res. 20, 1070 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Gerry, D.

W. T. Ham, J. J. Ruffolo, H. A. Mueller, D. Gerry, Vision Res. 20, 1105 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gorn, R.

R. Gorn, T. Kuwabara, Arch. Ophthalmol. 77, 115 (1967).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ham, W. T.

W. T. Ham, J. J. Ruffolo, H. A. Mueller, D. Gerry, Vision Res. 20, 1105 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. T. Ham, H. A. Mueller, D. H. Sliney, Nature (London) 260, 153 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Harwerth, R. S.

R. S. Harwerth, H. G. Sperling, Vision Res. 15, 1193 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanoff, A.

A. Ivanoff, Les Aberration de l’Oeil (Ed. de la Revue d’Optique, Paris, 1953).

Knighton, R.

D. Fuller, A. Machemer, R. Knighton, Vision Res. 20, 1070 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kuwabara, T.

R. Gorn, T. Kuwabara, Arch. Ophthalmol. 77, 115 (1967).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Landers, M. B.

M. L. Wolbarsht, M. B. Landers, J. A. C. Wadsworth, W. B. Anderson, “Retinitis Pigmentosa: Clinical Management Based on Current Concepts,” in Retinitis Pigmentosa: Current Implications of Current Research, M. B. Landers, M. L. Wolbarsht, J. E. Dowling, A. M. Laties, Eds. (Plenum, New York, 1977), pp. 181–195.

Lanum, J.

J. Lanum, Surv. Ophthalmol. 22, 221 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lawwill, T. E.

T. E. Lawwill, Invest. Ophthalmol. 12, 45 (1973).
[PubMed]

Le Grand, Y.

Y. Le Grand, Optique Physiologique (Ed. de la Revue d’Optique, Paris, 1956).

Machemer, A.

D. Fuller, A. Machemer, R. Knighton, Vision Res. 20, 1070 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Mainster, M. A.

M. A. Mainster, J. Am. Intraocular Implant Soc. 4, 84 (1978).

Megla, G. K.

Miller, C. G.

Moss, C. E.

Mueller, H. A.

W. T. Ham, J. J. Ruffolo, H. A. Mueller, D. Gerry, Vision Res. 20, 1105 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. T. Ham, H. A. Mueller, D. H. Sliney, Nature (London) 260, 153 (1976).
[CrossRef]

O’Steen, W. K.

K. V. Anderson, W. K. O’Steen, Exp. Neurol. 34, 446 (1972).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pohler, S.

K. R. Barasch, S. Pohler, Am. J. Ophthalmol. Med. 88, 556 (1979).

Ruffolo, J. J.

W. T. Ham, J. J. Ruffolo, H. A. Mueller, D. Gerry, Vision Res. 20, 1105 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, I.

W. Adrian, I. Schmidt, J. Am. Optom. Assoc. 46, 380 (1975).

Sidman, R. L.

J. E. Dowling, R. L. Sidman, J. Cell. Biol. 14, 73 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Sliney, D.

D. Sliney, M. L. Wolbarsht, Safety with Lasers and Other Optical Sources: A Comprehensive Handbook (Plenum, New York, 1980).

Sliney, D. H.

D. H. Sliney, C. E. Moss, C. G. Miller, J. B. Stephens, Appl. Opt. 20, 2352 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. T. Ham, H. A. Mueller, D. H. Sliney, Nature (London) 260, 153 (1976).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Sliney, “Ambient Light Environment and Ocular Hazards,” in Retinitis Pigmentosa, Clinical Implications of Current Research, M. B. Landers, M. L. Wolbarsht, J. E. Dowling, A. M. Laties, Eds. (Plenum, New York, 1977), pp. 211–221.

Smith, G. P.

G. P. Smith, IEEE Spectrum 3, 39 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Sperling, H. G.

R. S. Harwerth, H. G. Sperling, Vision Res. 15, 1193 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stephens, J. B.

Stookey, S. D.

W. H. Armistead, S. D. Stookey, Science 144, 15 (1964).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Armistead, S. D. Stookey, U.S. Pat.3,208,860 (1965).

Wadsworth, J. A. C.

M. L. Wolbarsht, M. B. Landers, J. A. C. Wadsworth, W. B. Anderson, “Retinitis Pigmentosa: Clinical Management Based on Current Concepts,” in Retinitis Pigmentosa: Current Implications of Current Research, M. B. Landers, M. L. Wolbarsht, J. E. Dowling, A. M. Laties, Eds. (Plenum, New York, 1977), pp. 181–195.

Wedding, B. M.

B. M. Wedding, U.S. Pat.4,284,686 (1981).

Wolbarsht, M. L.

M. L. Wolbarsht, Fed. Proc. Fed. Am. Soc. Exp. Biol. 35(1), 44 (1976).

D. Sliney, M. L. Wolbarsht, Safety with Lasers and Other Optical Sources: A Comprehensive Handbook (Plenum, New York, 1980).

M. L. Wolbarsht, M. B. Landers, J. A. C. Wadsworth, W. B. Anderson, “Retinitis Pigmentosa: Clinical Management Based on Current Concepts,” in Retinitis Pigmentosa: Current Implications of Current Research, M. B. Landers, M. L. Wolbarsht, J. E. Dowling, A. M. Laties, Eds. (Plenum, New York, 1977), pp. 181–195.

Am. J. Ophthalmol. Med. (1)

K. R. Barasch, S. Pohler, Am. J. Ophthalmol. Med. 88, 556 (1979).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Arch. Ophthalmol. (1)

R. Gorn, T. Kuwabara, Arch. Ophthalmol. 77, 115 (1967).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Exp. Neurol. (1)

K. V. Anderson, W. K. O’Steen, Exp. Neurol. 34, 446 (1972).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fed. Proc. Fed. Am. Soc. Exp. Biol. (1)

M. L. Wolbarsht, Fed. Proc. Fed. Am. Soc. Exp. Biol. 35(1), 44 (1976).

IEEE Spectrum (1)

G. P. Smith, IEEE Spectrum 3, 39 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Invest. Ophthalmol. (1)

T. E. Lawwill, Invest. Ophthalmol. 12, 45 (1973).
[PubMed]

J. Am. Intraocular Implant Soc. (1)

M. A. Mainster, J. Am. Intraocular Implant Soc. 4, 84 (1978).

J. Am. Optom. Assoc. (1)

W. Adrian, I. Schmidt, J. Am. Optom. Assoc. 46, 380 (1975).

J. Cell. Biol. (1)

J. E. Dowling, R. L. Sidman, J. Cell. Biol. 14, 73 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

W. T. Ham, H. A. Mueller, D. H. Sliney, Nature (London) 260, 153 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

W. H. Armistead, S. D. Stookey, Science 144, 15 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Surv. Ophthalmol. (1)

J. Lanum, Surv. Ophthalmol. 22, 221 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vision Res. (3)

R. S. Harwerth, H. G. Sperling, Vision Res. 15, 1193 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. T. Ham, J. J. Ruffolo, H. A. Mueller, D. Gerry, Vision Res. 20, 1105 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Fuller, A. Machemer, R. Knighton, Vision Res. 20, 1070 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

D. H. Sliney, “Ambient Light Environment and Ocular Hazards,” in Retinitis Pigmentosa, Clinical Implications of Current Research, M. B. Landers, M. L. Wolbarsht, J. E. Dowling, A. M. Laties, Eds. (Plenum, New York, 1977), pp. 211–221.

Y. Le Grand, Optique Physiologique (Ed. de la Revue d’Optique, Paris, 1956).

W. H. Armistead, S. D. Stookey, U.S. Pat.3,208,860 (1965).

B. M. Wedding, U.S. Pat.4,284,686 (1981).

Preliminary Product Bulletin OPM “Corning’s CPF Spectacles” (Technical Products Division, Corning Glass Works, Corning, N.Y., 1982).

D. Sliney, M. L. Wolbarsht, Safety with Lasers and Other Optical Sources: A Comprehensive Handbook (Plenum, New York, 1980).

M. L. Wolbarsht, M. B. Landers, J. A. C. Wadsworth, W. B. Anderson, “Retinitis Pigmentosa: Clinical Management Based on Current Concepts,” in Retinitis Pigmentosa: Current Implications of Current Research, M. B. Landers, M. L. Wolbarsht, J. E. Dowling, A. M. Laties, Eds. (Plenum, New York, 1977), pp. 181–195.

A. Ivanoff, Les Aberration de l’Oeil (Ed. de la Revue d’Optique, Paris, 1953).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectral sensitivity of photoreceptors and transmittance of faded (I) and darkened (II) photochromic filterglass CPF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dynamic range of photochromic features.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral absorption of cornea and lens.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Special transmittance of the natural lens for people of less than 30 years and 70 years of age.

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