Abstract

A crystallization-sapphire-derived-fiber (CSDF)-based Fabry–Perot interferometer (FPI) for refractive index (RI) and high-temperature measurement is proposed and demonstrated. The FPI is formed by splicing sapphire-derived fiber (SDF) to the end face of a well-cleaved single-mode fiber (SMF). CSDF is generated hundreds of micrometers away from the fusion joint resulting from arc discharge and then cuts the SDF to the edge of the CSDF. The FPI consists of two cavities, one of which is formed by CSDF, and the other is SDF, between the SMF and CSDF. The fringe contrast of the reflection spectrum varying with the RI changes of the external environment is used for RI sensing, while the wavelength shifting is for the ambient temperature sensing. In the experiment, the refractive index and temperature sensitivities are about 233.8 dB/RIU in the RI range of 1.333–1.363 and 13.571 pm/°C in the temperature range of 20°C–1000°C.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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