Holographic interferometers are generally designed in the common geometry where both interfering waves (reference and object) enter the crystal by the same window (co-propagating configuration). The alternative presented here consists in using a reference beam entering the crystal by a lateral face. The crystal has to be cut adequately in order to obtain electro-optic properties similar to that of the co-propagating configuration but with a smaller optical scattering noise. Therefore higher signal-to-noise ratios are expected in the interferograms. We will present the main features and constraints of this configuration together with the experimental study of its noise characteristics. This works has been performed for sillenite and semiconductor crystals.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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