Space division multiplexing based on multi-core fibers and multi-mode fibers is a promising approach to overcome the nonlinear Shannon limit of single-core and single-mode fibers. This paper reviews the recent progress of optical space division multiplexing, such as ultra-high capacity over 1 Peta bit/s and high capacity long-haul transmission with capacity-distance produce over 1 Exa bit/s-km.

© 2017 Optical Society of Japan

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