Abstract

In this work we disclose a novel double resonant-cavity Brillouin ring-laser for Brillouin sensing employing wavelength locking. The tunable probe light exhibits a low RIN (~−145 dB/Hz) and a narrow pump-locked linewidth (~200 Hz), resulting in a stable BOTDA pump-probe source.(

© 2018 The Author(s)

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References

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  1. A.W. Brown et al., “Brillouin scattering based distributed sensors for structural applications,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 10, 1999.
    [Crossref]
  2. M. Nikles et al., “Simple distributed fiber sensor based on Brillouin gain spectrum analysis,” Opt. Lett. 21(10), 758–760, 1996.
    [Crossref]
  3. F. Bastianini, D. Marini, and G. Bolognini, “Modified Brillouin ring laser technology for Brillouin-based sensing,”, in Optical Proc. SPIE 9634, Optical Fiber Sensors Conference, Curitiba, Brazil, 2015.
  4. L. F. Stokes, M. Chodorow, and H. J. Shaw, “All-fiber stimulated Brillouin ring laser with sub-milliwatt pump threshold”, Opt. Lett. 7(10), 509–511, 1982.
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Iuliano et al., “BOTDA sensing system employing a tunable low-cost Brillouin fiber ring laser”, proc. SPIE, 10323, p. 509, 2017.
  6. P. Nicati et al., “Frequency Stability of a Brillouin Fiber Ring Laser”, J. Lightwave Technol., 13(7), 1445–1451, (1995).
    [Crossref]
  7. P. Nicati, K. Toyama, S. Huang, and H. J. Shaw, “Frequency Pulling in a Brillouin Fiber Ring Laser”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 6(7), 801–803, 1994.
    [Crossref]
  8. S. Norcia, S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, and J.-P Huignard, “Efficient single-mode Brillouin fiber laser for low-noise optical carrier reduction of microwave signals”, Opt Lett. 28 (20), 1888–1890, 2003.
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Geng et al., “Highly Stable Low-Noise Brillouin Fiber Laser with Ultranarrow Spectral Linewidth”, IEEE Photonics Techn. Lett., 18(17), 1813–1815, 2006.
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Nickles, L. Thevenaz, and P.A. Robert, “Brillouin gain spectrum Characterization in Single Mode Optical Fibers”, IEEE J. of Lightwave Technology, 15 (10) Oct. 1997.
  11. J. Geng and J. Shibin Jiang, "Pump-to-Stokes transfer of relative intensity noise in Brillouin fiber ring lasers.", Opt. Lett, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 11–13, Jan. 2017.
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Shin et al., “Characterization and analysis of relative intensity noise in broadband optical sources for optical coherence tomography”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 14, pp. 1057–1059, Jul. 2010.
    [Crossref]

2017 (2)

M. Iuliano et al., “BOTDA sensing system employing a tunable low-cost Brillouin fiber ring laser”, proc. SPIE, 10323, p. 509, 2017.

J. Geng and J. Shibin Jiang, "Pump-to-Stokes transfer of relative intensity noise in Brillouin fiber ring lasers.", Opt. Lett, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 11–13, Jan. 2017.
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

S. Shin et al., “Characterization and analysis of relative intensity noise in broadband optical sources for optical coherence tomography”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 14, pp. 1057–1059, Jul. 2010.
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. Geng et al., “Highly Stable Low-Noise Brillouin Fiber Laser with Ultranarrow Spectral Linewidth”, IEEE Photonics Techn. Lett., 18(17), 1813–1815, 2006.
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

S. Norcia, S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, and J.-P Huignard, “Efficient single-mode Brillouin fiber laser for low-noise optical carrier reduction of microwave signals”, Opt Lett. 28 (20), 1888–1890, 2003.
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

A.W. Brown et al., “Brillouin scattering based distributed sensors for structural applications,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 10, 1999.
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

M. Nickles, L. Thevenaz, and P.A. Robert, “Brillouin gain spectrum Characterization in Single Mode Optical Fibers”, IEEE J. of Lightwave Technology, 15 (10) Oct. 1997.

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

P. Nicati et al., “Frequency Stability of a Brillouin Fiber Ring Laser”, J. Lightwave Technol., 13(7), 1445–1451, (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

P. Nicati, K. Toyama, S. Huang, and H. J. Shaw, “Frequency Pulling in a Brillouin Fiber Ring Laser”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 6(7), 801–803, 1994.
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

Bastianini, F.

F. Bastianini, D. Marini, and G. Bolognini, “Modified Brillouin ring laser technology for Brillouin-based sensing,”, in Optical Proc. SPIE 9634, Optical Fiber Sensors Conference, Curitiba, Brazil, 2015.

Bolognini, G.

F. Bastianini, D. Marini, and G. Bolognini, “Modified Brillouin ring laser technology for Brillouin-based sensing,”, in Optical Proc. SPIE 9634, Optical Fiber Sensors Conference, Curitiba, Brazil, 2015.

Brown, A.W.

A.W. Brown et al., “Brillouin scattering based distributed sensors for structural applications,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 10, 1999.
[Crossref]

Chodorow, M.

Dolfi, D.

S. Norcia, S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, and J.-P Huignard, “Efficient single-mode Brillouin fiber laser for low-noise optical carrier reduction of microwave signals”, Opt Lett. 28 (20), 1888–1890, 2003.
[Crossref]

Geng, J.

J. Geng and J. Shibin Jiang, "Pump-to-Stokes transfer of relative intensity noise in Brillouin fiber ring lasers.", Opt. Lett, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 11–13, Jan. 2017.
[Crossref]

J. Geng et al., “Highly Stable Low-Noise Brillouin Fiber Laser with Ultranarrow Spectral Linewidth”, IEEE Photonics Techn. Lett., 18(17), 1813–1815, 2006.
[Crossref]

Huang, S.

P. Nicati, K. Toyama, S. Huang, and H. J. Shaw, “Frequency Pulling in a Brillouin Fiber Ring Laser”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 6(7), 801–803, 1994.
[Crossref]

Huignard, J.-P

S. Norcia, S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, and J.-P Huignard, “Efficient single-mode Brillouin fiber laser for low-noise optical carrier reduction of microwave signals”, Opt Lett. 28 (20), 1888–1890, 2003.
[Crossref]

Iuliano, M.

M. Iuliano et al., “BOTDA sensing system employing a tunable low-cost Brillouin fiber ring laser”, proc. SPIE, 10323, p. 509, 2017.

Marini, D.

F. Bastianini, D. Marini, and G. Bolognini, “Modified Brillouin ring laser technology for Brillouin-based sensing,”, in Optical Proc. SPIE 9634, Optical Fiber Sensors Conference, Curitiba, Brazil, 2015.

Nicati, P.

P. Nicati et al., “Frequency Stability of a Brillouin Fiber Ring Laser”, J. Lightwave Technol., 13(7), 1445–1451, (1995).
[Crossref]

P. Nicati, K. Toyama, S. Huang, and H. J. Shaw, “Frequency Pulling in a Brillouin Fiber Ring Laser”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 6(7), 801–803, 1994.
[Crossref]

Nickles, M.

M. Nickles, L. Thevenaz, and P.A. Robert, “Brillouin gain spectrum Characterization in Single Mode Optical Fibers”, IEEE J. of Lightwave Technology, 15 (10) Oct. 1997.

Nikles, M.

Norcia, S.

S. Norcia, S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, and J.-P Huignard, “Efficient single-mode Brillouin fiber laser for low-noise optical carrier reduction of microwave signals”, Opt Lett. 28 (20), 1888–1890, 2003.
[Crossref]

Robert, P.A.

M. Nickles, L. Thevenaz, and P.A. Robert, “Brillouin gain spectrum Characterization in Single Mode Optical Fibers”, IEEE J. of Lightwave Technology, 15 (10) Oct. 1997.

Shaw, H. J.

P. Nicati, K. Toyama, S. Huang, and H. J. Shaw, “Frequency Pulling in a Brillouin Fiber Ring Laser”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 6(7), 801–803, 1994.
[Crossref]

L. F. Stokes, M. Chodorow, and H. J. Shaw, “All-fiber stimulated Brillouin ring laser with sub-milliwatt pump threshold”, Opt. Lett. 7(10), 509–511, 1982.
[Crossref]

Shibin Jiang, J.

J. Geng and J. Shibin Jiang, "Pump-to-Stokes transfer of relative intensity noise in Brillouin fiber ring lasers.", Opt. Lett, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 11–13, Jan. 2017.
[Crossref]

Shin, S.

S. Shin et al., “Characterization and analysis of relative intensity noise in broadband optical sources for optical coherence tomography”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 14, pp. 1057–1059, Jul. 2010.
[Crossref]

Stokes, L. F.

Thevenaz, L.

M. Nickles, L. Thevenaz, and P.A. Robert, “Brillouin gain spectrum Characterization in Single Mode Optical Fibers”, IEEE J. of Lightwave Technology, 15 (10) Oct. 1997.

Tonda-Goldstein, S.

S. Norcia, S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, and J.-P Huignard, “Efficient single-mode Brillouin fiber laser for low-noise optical carrier reduction of microwave signals”, Opt Lett. 28 (20), 1888–1890, 2003.
[Crossref]

Toyama, K.

P. Nicati, K. Toyama, S. Huang, and H. J. Shaw, “Frequency Pulling in a Brillouin Fiber Ring Laser”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 6(7), 801–803, 1994.
[Crossref]

IEEE J. of Lightwave Technology (1)

M. Nickles, L. Thevenaz, and P.A. Robert, “Brillouin gain spectrum Characterization in Single Mode Optical Fibers”, IEEE J. of Lightwave Technology, 15 (10) Oct. 1997.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

S. Shin et al., “Characterization and analysis of relative intensity noise in broadband optical sources for optical coherence tomography”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 14, pp. 1057–1059, Jul. 2010.
[Crossref]

P. Nicati, K. Toyama, S. Huang, and H. J. Shaw, “Frequency Pulling in a Brillouin Fiber Ring Laser”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 6(7), 801–803, 1994.
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Techn. Lett. (1)

J. Geng et al., “Highly Stable Low-Noise Brillouin Fiber Laser with Ultranarrow Spectral Linewidth”, IEEE Photonics Techn. Lett., 18(17), 1813–1815, 2006.
[Crossref]

J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. (1)

A.W. Brown et al., “Brillouin scattering based distributed sensors for structural applications,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 10, 1999.
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

P. Nicati et al., “Frequency Stability of a Brillouin Fiber Ring Laser”, J. Lightwave Technol., 13(7), 1445–1451, (1995).
[Crossref]

Opt Lett. (1)

S. Norcia, S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, and J.-P Huignard, “Efficient single-mode Brillouin fiber laser for low-noise optical carrier reduction of microwave signals”, Opt Lett. 28 (20), 1888–1890, 2003.
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett (1)

J. Geng and J. Shibin Jiang, "Pump-to-Stokes transfer of relative intensity noise in Brillouin fiber ring lasers.", Opt. Lett, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 11–13, Jan. 2017.
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

proc. SPIE (1)

M. Iuliano et al., “BOTDA sensing system employing a tunable low-cost Brillouin fiber ring laser”, proc. SPIE, 10323, p. 509, 2017.

Other (1)

F. Bastianini, D. Marini, and G. Bolognini, “Modified Brillouin ring laser technology for Brillouin-based sensing,”, in Optical Proc. SPIE 9634, Optical Fiber Sensors Conference, Curitiba, Brazil, 2015.