Optically amplified long-haul terrestrial and ultralong submarine lightwave systems are evolving towards high channel bit rates and wave length-division multiplexing (WDM) to achieve higher capacities. Accumulated fiber dispersion and nonlinearities, however, degrade system performance.1

© 1997 Optical Society of America

PDF Article


You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
Login to access OSA Member Subscription