High-performance systems allowing the generation of ultra-stable microwave signals are of great interest in a variety of applications such as radar, telecommunication and deep space navigation systems, timing distribution and synchronization [Kim_Nature_08], ultra-high resolution Very Long-Baseline Interferometry (VLBI), or development of local oscillators for accurate fountain atomic frequency standards [Lipphardt_IM_09, Millo_APL_09].

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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