Quantum key distribution (QKD) guarantees unconditional security and has thus been intensely studied both from a theoretical and an experimental point of view [1]. However, limitations due to transmission loss and noise are still detrimental for these systems performance in terms of reachable distance and key rates, having so far confined QKD implementations to the use of dedicated channels and hence reduced a successful integration with the classical network, with few exceptions [2-6]. In this work we demonstrate a step forward in the co-existence of QKD with classical bright signals, exploiting a 7.9-km long 37-core heterogeneous multicore fiber (MCF) [7], and a space division multiplexing (SDM) technique to achieve a total of 87 Mbit/s secret key generation rate (SKR) in the finite key scenario with a simultaneous co-propagating classical signal of 10 Gbit/s.

© 2019 IEEE

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