Microlenses have been implemented in confocal systems successfully as components of aperture arrays and as arrays of objective lenses. The use of the novel technology of variable focal length (VFL) microlenses in the confocal system has also shown potential. The properties of the VFL microlenses are controlled by the physical and chemical parameters of the microlenses. Arrays of microlenses with varying parameters are fabricated and their characteristics evaluated in terms of the requirements of confocal microscopy.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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