A new principle for recording information on the structure of optically inhomogeneous layers is proposed. Principles of variations of the polarization state of illuminating laser radiation using a reference wave are used. A digital holographic algorithm for obtaining three-dimensional Muller-matrix images of phase-inhomogeneous layers is presented. The statistical moments of the first and fourth orders are determined, which characterize the layered anisotropy of biological layers.

© 2018 The Author(s)

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