Abstract

Gas-filled Hollow Core Photonic Cristal Fibres (HCPCF) or Photonic MicroCell (PMC) [1] has proven to offer an outstanding gas-cell for laser metrology and spectroscopy applications. Sub-Doppler spectral features, generated via electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) or saturated absorption (SA), have been generated in molecular gases despite the weak strength of their optical transitions [1-4], and an optical frequency reference with excellent accuracy has been demonstrated [1]. So far, the reported stand-alone PMCs are either made by hermetically splicing the HCPCF tips to an all-solid optical fibre [1,2] or by encapsulating them to a glass cell [3]. All these techniques show limitations. For example, the splicing based all-fibre PMC technique is not adapted to all fibres as it requires matching the outer-diameter and/or mode-field-diameters of the two fibres. Also the use of fibre tapering to reduce this mismatch [2] remains too cumbersome for the obtained splice-loss figures, which are >2 dB and exhibit asymmetric loss.

© 2019 IEEE

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