Two-photon microscopy is a powerful technique for in vivo imaging, due to its high penetration depth and axial sectioning. Usually excitation wavelengths in the near infrared are used. However, most fluorescence techniques for live cell imaging require labeling with exogenous fluorophores. It has been shown that shorter wavelengths can be used to excite the autofluorescence of endogenous proteins, e.g. tryptophan .
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