Fiber-strain sensors have found numerous applications from structural health monitoring for vibrations, to pressure and temperature sensing. Many of these sensors exploit the strain-sensitivity of the reflection wavelength of fiber-bragg gratings, π-shifted gratings or other waveguide devices. The strain is typically inferred from a change of reflected or transmitted light intensity. Light intensity measurements are not very robust and have an inherently limited accuracy. We propose that a frequency-based strain measurements using fiber Fabry-Perot (FFP) cavities provide not only superior sensitivity but also retain a very high measurement bandwidth.

© 2019 IEEE

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