In contrast to conventional electronics, where only the charge of electrons is considered, spintronics is based on the utilization of both charge and spin. Due to this additional degree of freedom, spintronic devices can potentially provide higher processing speed or better energy efficiency [1,2]. However, while sub-femtosecond control of the electronic properties of solids has previously been demonstrated , the lack of direct coupling between light and spin has limited the manipulation speed of magnetic properties to the few-tens-of-femtoseconds timescale. Here we introduce a technique able to follow the magnetic properties of a solid with attosecond resolution and demonstrate the direct sub-femtosecond all-optical manipulation of its spin degrees of freedom.
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