Terahertz (THz) radiation is critical to the areas of security, medicine, communications, and consumer applications. THz generation is often achieved using lithium niobate, LiNbO3, since it has a high nonlinear coefficient in this regime (d33=180 pm/V ). Dramatic improvement to the generation efficiency has been achieved by incorporating this material into waveguiding configurations [2,3], since waveguides allow the pump pulse to remain confined over large distance (millimeters or longer). To date, waveguides investigated for THz generation utilize transverse core dimensions larger than a few microns. However, when the waveguide core is sub-wavelength with respect to the pump wavelengths, as well as the generated THz wavelengths, another benefit is observed: substantial broadening of the generated THz bandwidth. Here, we report on a sub-wavelength SiO2-LiNbO3-SiO2 slab waveguide that produces wideband THz radiation and emits it in the form of Cherenkov waves.
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