The maximum operating temperature of previously reported terahertz quantum-cascade lasers (QCLs) has empirically been limited to a value of ~ ħω/kB. Here, we report a new design scheme for terahertz QCLs and achieve 163-K operation for a 1.8-THz QCL, which is a factor of 1.9 larger than ħω/kB.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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